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2017-11-02 14:47 Ķ:

ȫвҩࡷ˽

ҩơ˽

ƴB Jio Lián

һɡҶһ֦[]һˮ[]˽ߡ˽DZߡ

ԴΪС޿ư˽ֲ˽Dysosma pleiantha (Hance) Woods.[Podophyllum pleiantha Hance]˽ǽD. versipellis (Hance) M. Cheng״ҩ^ڣϴɹɻá

ԭ̬1˽ݱ1040סд׳״ĸ״ֱëҶΪ2ƬҶ1015ף״ҶƬԲλԲΣ1622ף1219ףϸݣʱаơļϺɫ48ڶҶĽ洦´2.8ףƬ6״Բ״ԲΣ6Σȶ岨״ƣ6ҩȻ˿ƿ״ͷΡΣɫ

ɽɽľʪطֲա㽭̨塢ϡ㶫Ĵݡصʡ

2˽ǽ̣֣Ҷ47dzѣҶϳ18סļƬȶޣҩȻ˿1

ʪֲڰա㽭ϡϡ㶫ϵʡ

ࡿϲʪǿ͸ɺѡɷֵɰֳࡣ귱ֳ紺״ڳпѨأÿѨ1꣬Ϊ1×1ߡڼӦע⽽ˮֺ֩Ϊֹ1ˮ2000䡣

ѧɷ֡״ľࣺʶأ˽ؼףpodophyllotoxinȥʶأ˽ңdehydropodophyllotoxinʶأdeoxypodophyllotoxinӢ߰astragalinC21H20O11Ϊɽʹ-3-߰Ƥ-3-D-߰β-޴ȡ

ҩáʶϸڵ˿ѣԶԵáڶ̫ٴδܽһʹá

龭ʡζ࣬С

ΡȽⶾѪΣҧˣˣγҧˣӸףܰͽףףٰ

÷13Ǯ÷ĥơ׵󻼴

1ҧˣ˽Ҷһ֦ǡס۷3ǮˮвݡǡҶǰˮϴȲݡܰ顢޲ˡȄݵʲݵ÷󻼴Χ

2ף˽зۣӷʿ90%󻼴

3ٰ˽ƶž5Ǯϱ1Ӱ׾17ڷ롣ÿ3Ǯÿ23Ρ

עֲͬ3֣ڲͬҲ˽á

1˽Ѫ˿裩Dysosma veitchii (Hemsl. et Wils) Fu [Pldophyllum-veitchii Hemsl. et Wils.]Ҷ2ƬԲΣֱԼ20ףͨ68״ѼвƬШΣ˳3ѣֽʡɫֲĴݡϵʡ

2߽Dysosma aurantiocaula (Hand.-Mazz.) Hu [Podophyllum aurantiocaule Hand.-Mazz.]⣬ɫҶ12ƬҶҶƬλΣ47ѻѣƬΣСԲȣԵϸСݣݼСͻ㡣23䣬ɫëֲںϡϵʡ

3ϰ˽Dysosma delavayi (Franch.) Hu [Podophyllum delavayi Franch.]ϡݺ͹Ҳ˽ҩ

ժ¼ȫвҩࡷ

˽

ҩǵ䡷˽

ҩơ˽

ƴB Jio Lián

˽Ŀʰšҩԡ˽ǡҶ»ҩݡһɡҶһ֦ҩ־˽̡ݲӡвҩֲᡷ˽ǽ̣ҩɽҶ㽭䳣òҩ

ҩ

ԴΪС޿ֲ˽ڣϴɳɹɻá

ԭ̬ݱԣߴ׳״ֱԼ2040סҶ2ƬڽӶ14ңҶƬ״ԲΣֱ2030ף59dzѣƬ״Σ35ףҶԵϸݡɡλھҶ洦58࣬´Ƭ6ԲΣԼ12ף6ɫ2У3öԲΣ3öΣ6˿ƽţҩ뻨˿ȳϳ򣻻̣ͷ״ӷλԲΡڳġ

ֲɽʪֲҹϲϲϲ

״ʽ״Լ610ףԼ0.71.5ףʱdzɫɺغɫƽ̹΢мСİ㣬߻ơ20ףԼ1ףëʱdzɫɺػɫӲ࣬۶ϡɫʣĶɫԲ״΢ζࡣ

Ĵݵȵء

ѧɷ֡ʶأpobophyllotoxinʶأdeoxy-podophyllotoxinͪisopicropodophyllone˿߰hyperinȡ

ζƽж

١ҩԡ"ζ࣬޶"

ڡҩ"΢£ж"

ۡҩݡ"΢࣬ƽ޶"

ܡҩ־"ʿ΢޶"

龭ҩ־"ξ"

ΡȽⶾ̵ɢᣬסӸף۴ߣ꣬ˣҧˡ

١Ŀʰš"һжˡ"

ڡ䷽ҩ"Ѹأףҧˣ۴"

ۡҩ"ɢⶾ"

ܡҩ־"Ȼ̵߳涾η̵ȣҧˣ˫ʹܡ"

ݡĴҩ־"ѪʹѢͺ"

޹ݲӡвҩֲᡷ"ȽⶾʪкܰͽףףӸ"

ߡҩ"飬ˣθʹ"

÷ڷ24Ǯĩãĩ󡢵Ϳ

׶𣺰˽Ӻǻ÷ջΡҩ

۴˽ǮƷ÷󻼴ҩݡ

ߣ˽һƾƶˮҩ

δ״˽ĩ׵Ϳвҩ

ε˫ʹ˽һǮĥ֭ʡҩ־

εˣ˽һǮϸĩͷÿնΡҩ

ζҧˣ˽ǮãƷ˴Χвҩ˽׾ĥͿڷÿǮԶأȡ˽ڣ75ƾ7죬ȡҺһע˿ڡҩ

̵ȣ˽Ǯζҷҩ־

˿ԣ麹˽Ǯӻҩݡ

עֲͬ˽ֲĴϡݡڹݵ˽ͬҩЧͬ

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


лݡ˽

ҩơ˽

ƴB Jio Lián

ӢCommon Dysosmatis Rhizome and Root,Sixangular Dysosma Rhizome and Root, Rhizome and root of Sixangular Dysosma,Rhizome and root of Veitch Dysosma

ʡϬĿžʡʡⶾĸݡɲݡ컨ɲݡݡɽҶɡ˽̡ǰ˽ǡҶһ֦˽˽ڡװ˽

ԡҩ

ԴҩĻԴΪС޿ֲ˽ʹ˽ĸ

ֲﶯ1.Dysosma versipellis(Hance)M.Cheng ex Ying2.Dysosma pleiantha (Hance)Woods.[D.hispida(Hao)Chun]3.Dysosma veitchii(Hemsl.et Wis.)Fu ex Ying

պʹأȫɲɣĩΪѡȫ𣬳ȥҶϴɰɹɻɱãмܳø߾ɡ

ԭ̬1.˽ݱֱ20-30cm֦ëɫ׳Ե״ڡҶ1Ƭʱ2Ƭ״Ҷ10-15cmҶƬԲΣֱԼ30cm״ѼҶвԵ4-9dzѻѣƬШ״Բλ״ԲΣ2.5-9cm5-7cmȶ⣬Ե״ݣëܱë5-8ųɡλڽҶϷҶƬϸԼ5cm´ɫƬ6汻ë6״ΣԼ2.5cm6̺ͻӷλ1ңͷ󣬶״ԲλΡӶ4-6£8-10¡

2.ݱֱë10-20cm׳ԡҶͨ2״Ҷ10-15cmëҶƬԲλԲΣ16-22cm9-18cmë6-9dzѣƬ״ΣԵ״ϸݡ5-10ųɡλҶĽ洦2-3(-6)cm´Ƭ6״Բ״ԲΣ6ϺɫԲΣ2.5-3.5cm1-1.5cm61.2-2.3cmҩԲΣȶ˶ۣӷλ1ң̣ͷ״Ρ5-6£8-9¡

3.˽ݱ֭10-20cmܱɫƬҶֽʣ2Ƭ״ҶƬԲΣֱԼ20cmͨ6-8״ѼвƬШ״ԲΣȶ˳3ѣСƬΣëҶвɫҶëëɡλ2-6仨ھҶֲ洦Ҹ(ϡҸ)1.5-2cmëƬ6ĤʣԲ״Σ4-5cmʱɴ6cm6ҩȶ˾ϸ⣻ӷ1ң̴֣ͷ״ΣɫԼ3cm4-6£8-10¡

ֲ̬1.ں300-2200mɽʪࡣ

2.ں600-1600mɽʪࡣ

3.ں1200-2200mɽʪ¡

Դֲ1.ֲ㽭ϡϡ㶫Ĵݡϵȵء

2.ֲڰա㽭̨塢ϡϡĴϵʡء

3.ֲĴݡϡ

ࡿѧԣϲʪǿ⡢ɺѡ񸻺ֳʡֵɰ֡

༼ӷֳ귱ֳӷֳ8-9²ɼʵȥƤռӡѨҵݱ¡귱ֳ2-3ȡϸس12-15cmСΣ30-35cmѨԣÿѨ1Σˮ4-11¾ԡ

¿յ࣬Ȼע⽽ˮʪ󡣴ʩʣļʩлʡԾǷʡԭʪԽ

溦Σ֩ơ20%˫1000Һɱ

״ʽ״Լ6-10cmԼ0.7-1.5cmʱdzɫɺغɫƽ̹΢мСİ㣬߻ơ20cmԼ1mmëʱdzɫɺػɫӲ࣬۶ϡɫʣĶɫԲ΢ζࡣĴݵȵء

ѧɷ֡͸ɷֹʶأPodophylloto-xinʶأDeoxypodophyllotoxin⣬з߰AstragaIin˿߰HyperinƤأQuercetinɽͷӣKaempferol͹޴

1˽֬Լ4.2%зֵùʶأʶأҶأpodophyl-lotoxinʶأdeoxypodophyllotoxin4@-ȥ׹ʶأ4@-demethylpodophyllotoxin?-Ҷأ?-peltatin?-Ҷأ?-peltatinʶͪpodophyl-lotoxone4@-ȥʿͪ4@-demethyl-isopicrop-odophylloneʿͪpicropodophylloneȥʶأdehydropodophyllotoxinԼʶ-4-O-߰ɽͷӵȡ

2ʶء4@-ȥ׹ʶͪȥʶءʶͪ4@-ȥ׹ʶͪ4@-demethylpodophyllotoxoneʿͪisopicropodophylloneʿأpicropodophyllinʿͪpicropodophylloneɽҶأdi-phyllinȥʶأdehy-dropodophyllotoxinкؼѣphyscionɽͷӡƤءӢ߰ȡ

ҩá1.ļãĽᾧʣҶأ˷ãʹͣ״̬

2.ѪãöѪãܺ֫ѪܡСѪȵá

3.ƽãó˷üӹ

ԡȫк֬è¡к

𡿱ƷҴȡҺΪҺȡʶҴҺΪƷҺȡҺƷҺֱͬһ轺Gϣȷ-״91չ18cm-Ҵ1:1120濾5ӣɫߵ㡣

ơȡɸϴɳɹɣжϱáá

ζζࣻж

龭Σξ

Ρ̸ɢ᣻ֹʹȽⶾԣʺʹߣӸף۴ҧˣ֤

÷ڷ3-12gĥ֭衢ɢãĥ֭סͿ룻÷ĩ

ע⡿и

1׶𣺰˽ӺǻƲ÷ջΡҩ2۴˽ǮƷ;÷󻼴ҩݡ3ߣ˽һƾƶˮҩ4δ״˽ĩ׵Ϳвҩ5ε˫ʹ˽һǮĥ֭ʡҩ־6εˣ˽һǮϸĩͷÿնΡҩ7ζҧˣһ.˽ǮãƷ˴Χвҩ.˽׾ĥͿڷÿǮԶأȡ˽ڣ75%ƾ7죬ȡҺһע˿ڡҩ8̵ȣ˽Ǯζҷҩ־9˿ԣ麹˽Ǯӻҩݡ

1.ݸĿʰšӿСƷƣ˽֮Էߡƣʶð˽߹ߡһжˡ2.䷽ҩѸأףҧˣ۴3.ҩɢⶾ4.ҩ־Ȼ̵߳涾η̵ȣҧˣ˫ʹܡ5.Ĵҩ־ѪʹѢͺ6.ݲӡвҩֲᡷȽⶾʪкܰͽףףӸ7.ҩ飬ˣθʹ

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