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2018-05-16 12:11 Ķ:

ȫвҩࡷ֦

ҩơ֦

ƴBàn Zh Lián

ӢHERBA SCUTELLARIAE BARBATAE

ͷݡҶŲݡˢݡķ

ԴƷΪοֲ֦Scutellaria barbata Don [S. rivularis Wall]ĸȫġҶïʢʱڣϴɹɡ

״Ʒ1535cmë豻ëϸϸΣ氵ɫɫҶж̱ҶƬչƽ״λΣ153cm051cmȶ˶ۣШΣȫԵԵĶ۳ݣϱ氵ɫ±ɫھ֦ϲҶҸƬۻԲڶΣػɫdzɫԼ12cmëʵΣdzɫ΢ζ΢ࡣ

ơȥʣϴжΡ

ζ࣬

龭ΡΡ

ΡȽⶾ۴׶ʺʹҧˣʹˮף㡣

÷1530gƷ3060gƷ󻼴

ءøﴦ

ע1Ʒԭڶҧ˼Ӹ׶֢ٴڸס״󡢸Ӳˮ׼Ѫ˳Ѫ֢ڷΰȪѰǷ硢ȲݵӦãθ֢׻ݡʯ񡢰ͬá

ժ¼ȫвҩࡷ


ҩǵ䡷֦

ҩơ֦

ƴBàn Zh Lián

ͨݡݡͷݣϾҩݡˢݣֲҩ־СŲݡˮţҩֲͼ־Сڲݣҩ־Ϫ߻ˡڶҩ鷽ҰĿݲݡݶ򻨡滨ƫͷݡķݣ㽭䳣òҩڲݣвҩСյҧ졢ݣвҩɽޣɶòҩֲᡷҶյҽƷѡࡷ

ֲҩ־

ԴΪοֲ֦ȫʱգȥûɹɡ

ԭ̬֦ҶŲݡ

ݱ״ֱΣ1550סҶΣԼ732ף415ףλΣȶ˶ΣԵݣ²Ҷж̱˵Ҷޱл2䲢ɶҸƫ״򣻰ƬΣ漰Եëë115ףܱճҺԵĶëΣ2ѣڻһߵıжƬdzɫ״2ѣϴ״3ѣƬΣмƬԲΣ´Σ42ǿӷ4ѣȫӷײ2ѡСΣı56¡68¡

ֲڳӱߡ߻·Գʪֲա㶫Ĵӱɽա㽭ݡϡ̨塢ϵȵءա㶫ȵء

״ȫݣҶƬ䣬Ϊлľ֦1525ףΣɫɫ⻬۶ά״пգҶƬɫ鲻ȫʴ䣻֦ˣɫ΢ζ΢̿ࡣ

ѧɷ֡ȫݺͪ߰ࡢ塣

ҩáԹܷɸѡ飬ԼϸͰѪѪϸкȵãϸɸѡʵ飬ѪѪϸʴ75

ζƽ

١ҩֲͼ־"ζ΢ȣƽ޶"

ڡҩ־"ʣƽ޶"

ۡҩ鷽"ƽζ΢࣬޶"

ܹݲӡвҩֲᡷ"΢࣬"

ΡȣⶾɢֹѪʹѪѪѪܣ㣬ʺʹӸ۴ߣףˣҧˡ

١Ͼҩݡ"Ѫͨ"

ڡҩֲͼ־"ףɢֹѪεˣѪ"

ۡҩ־"ףֹʹε򣬵ˣ"

ܡȪݱݡ"ȣⶾ磬ɢѪˮͨ磬ֹʹڷѪܣѪѪζҧˣӸң۴׶"

ݹݲӡвҩֲᡷ"Ƚⶾΰ֢״Чβףס"

޳ɶòҩֲᡷ"ʳθӹ"

÷ڷ0.51Ʒ12֭ã

ע⡿Ѫ߲ˣи

ѪѪҶŲһý֭·նΡȪݱݡ

ףСѪʹҶŲһϴǷնΡȪݱݡ

ѪСŲݶҩֲͼ־

ҶŲý֭ȫһˮвҩ

θףʰ֦Ǯˮ㽭䳣òҩ

θʹҶŲһǻһֻȥͷż⣬ࣩˮƸȣֶηȪݱݡ

ʺʹҶŲݰǮ޲ݰǮʳˮвҩ

ʺסף֦¹ײݡһ֦ƻǮˮ㽭䳣òҩ

ηŧ񣺰֦Ȳݸһˮ㽭䳣òҩ

ͷۡܰףҶŲ-ʳ󡣣вҩ

ܰͽˣ֦ˮ֦ˮǸһ죬

αӸʰ֦ҪͷһΡȡȫһˮġμŧŧø֭ڣɴһ컻Ρ

ΰ֢֦Ѹһˮ÷éβݡǮˮϷ³㽭䳣òҩ

εˣСŲݵãͬȷ󡣣ҩֲͼ־

һжҧˣҶŲݣϴã֭ƾ·󻼴Ȫݱݡ

ζҧˣʰ֦ݸ-ʰһˮȡʲϴʳȡ֭󡣣㽭䳣òҩ

ٴӦáڰ:ȡ֦1ˮΣϡַ衣36ʳܰΰߵĹ۲죬ҩ󲿷ֻн֢״ĸƣδиЧð֦Ӣ1ˮÿ1ڷΰԸ֢״һЧ

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


лݡ֦

ҩơ֦

ƴBàn Zh Lián

ӢBarbed Skullcap Herb, Herb of Barbed Skullcap

ҶŲݡͨݡݡͷݡˢݡˮšϪ߻ˡڶҰĿݲݡԲݶ򻨡ƫͷݡķݡڲݡСյҶյ

ԡֲҩ־

ԴҩĻԴΪοֲ֦ȫݡ

ֲﶯScytekarua barbvata D. Don(S.riu-larias Wall.)

պʹأӷֳģӵ2ÿ5¡7¡9¶ջһΡ귱ֳģڵ9ջ1ΣԺջ3Ρõظȡȫ꣬ӲݣСѣɹɻɡ

ԭ̬ݱ15-50cmΣëڻϲ豻Сë֦߻ٵķ֦ҶһҶ1-3mmҶƬΡ״λΣ1-3cm0.4-1.5cmȶ˼ԶۣШλΣԵdz۳ݣɫɫëë2-3ԣ¡𡣻ƫһ࣬г4-10Ķ״²ҶҶ״Сϲ𽥱øСȫԵ1-2mm΢ëв1ԳԼ0.5mm״СƬ೤2-2.5mmʱ4mm΢ëƬ߶ԵëƬԼ1mmʱԼ2mmɫ1-1.4cmⱻëͲ״󣬿1.5mmϽ3.5mmϴ̫Լ2mm´ϿƬΣԼ3mmƬ״Σ4ǰԽϳҩ˻ҩԣԽ϶̣ȫҩ˿²ë״ǰ¡𣬺ɶӷӷ4ѣϸСɫΣԼ1mmС״ͻ𡣻5-10£6-11¡

ֲ̬Ϫߡ߻ʪݵϡ

Դֲֲڻϡкӱϲϡϡ

ࡿѧ ϲůʪѡɷ֡ˮõɰࡣ

༼ ӷֳ귱ֳӷֳΪӷֱֳ3-4²֣Ϸﲥ10ѮΪáѨо25cmdz͸ˮľӻҾȲ룬ϸ0.7-1cmѨ߰25cm×25cmѨ֡ÿ1hm24.5-6.0kg귱ֳڴ^СȽѡ׳޲߷ֳ3-4ΪһԣѨõϣΪ25cm×25cm

ֱ5-7cmʱ磬ԣɻʩʿɽиУʩ嵭ˮӵ2𣬷ֱ3º579ջ׷1Σʩ淋ȡúҪˮ꼾Ҫʹ

״ ȫݳ15-30cmϸΣֱ2-5mmɫɫҶչƽ״Σ1.5-3cm0.5-1cmëɫɫҶ̻޻֦ƫһ״򣬾߲д࣬ʱڲĸС۶ϡ΢ζɬ

ɫ̡ζΪѡ

΢ ҶۣƤϸΣܱڲ״ϱƤϸϴеϸƤ߰ᾧΧΪֱʽë1-4ϸھ״ͻ𣬻ϸ״۽϶࣬ͷԲΣ4-10ϸֱ25-47μmδԲλԲΣеıԵ͹ʮϸɣֱ140-266μСëͷԲΣ1-2ϸֱԼ28μṃϸ

ѧɷ֡ȫݺ컨أcarthamidin)컨أiso-carthamidin)ɽأscutellarein)ɽ߰scutel-larin)β-޴β-sitosterol)Ӳ֬ᣨsteraric acid)[12][3]ȡݱӵϲַõأwogo-nin)֦أscutervulin)֦أrivularin)Ƥأnaringenin)۲أapigenin)ëأhispedulin)ʥأeriodictyol)ľϬأsuteolin)574-ǻ-8-ͪ57-trihydroxy-6-methoxyflavanone)4-ǻأ4-hydroxywogonin)7-Ȼ-58-ͪ7-hy-droxy-5,8-dimethoxy flavane)-Ȼأp-hydroxyben-zaldehyde)-Ȼлͪp-hydroxybenzylacetone)-㶹ᣨp-coumaric aicd)ԭᣨprotocatechuic acid)ܹᣨut-solic acid)ֲ޴phytosterol)ֲ޴β-D-߰phy-tosteryl-β-D-glucoside)[4]ȡ

ҩá1.־:֦50%ƽڹԽɫ˾˺˾ŧ˾󳦸˾á

2.⾷̵:Ʒĺ컨нǿĿ鰷ƽãнϺõ̵á

3.:ԹܷɸѡƷԼϸͰѪϸкȵãϸɸѡʵԼϸͰѪѪϸʴ75%

4.ߵ:ƷĶɴٽConAյСƢϸܰϸתŨΪ400r/mlScҩ1ܺСѪܰϸøϸİٷʣٽDNCBյijٷͱ̬Ӧҩ200mg/kgСָƢָӰ졣

5.:5.1. ATP:ƷĻؾ-3-øATPɡ

5.2. ׳Heliothiszea׳

5.3.Ѫã߰ѪѪѪͨ͸ԣԼԿɶٹѪСá

ԡСivLD50Ϊ6.10±0.26gҩ/kgigLD5075.1±13.1gҩ/kgÿip0.10.31.0gҩ/kg3moء򵰰׼쳣֡飬ִ⣬δԱ仯߰СpoΪ10g/kgivLD50Ϊ1314mg/kg

1ȡƷĩ10g80%Ҵ50mlˮԡϻ0.5h˹ȡҺ1mlþŨΣ糺ɫࣩͪ2ȡ1Һ1ml1%ȻҺ1-2ΣҺīɫࣩ(3)ȡ1Һ4mlˮԡɣ̶5%5mlܽ⣬˹Һ3֧Թڷֱӵ⻯Һ⻯ҺҺ1-2ΣԹܾ

ζζࣻԺ

龭ΣΣ

ΡȽⶾɢֹѪסȶӸףʺʹӸӸߣҧˣˣѪѪѪܣˮףˮ֢

÷ڷ15-30gƷӱ衢ɢãƷ

ע⡿Ѫ߲ˣи

1.ϾҩݡѪͨ

2.ҩֲͼ־ףɢֹѪεˣѪ

3.ҩ־ףֹʹε򣬵ˣ

4.Ȫݱݡȣⶾ磬ɢѪˮͨ磬ֹʹڷѪܣѪѪұҧˣӸң۴׶

5.ݲӡвҩֲᡷȽⶾΰ֢״Чβףס

6.ɶòҩֲᡷʳθӹ

ժ¼лݡ

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