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ҽҩȫ > ҩ > ҩ > B > ׶ޢ

׶ޢ

2018-10-14 23:22 Ķ:

ҩǵ䡷׶ޢ

ҩơ׶ޢ

ƴBái Dòu Kòu

ǣʰšޢԭޢݾ⡷

ʰš

ԴΪֲ׶ޢʵ1012¹ʵʻɫδʱգȥĹɹɡ

ԭ̬ݱ룬ִнڣľʡֱԲ״23סҶ2УҶҶƬ״ΡλΣ23ף7.5ף10ףȶ⣬Ե״⻬Ҷ೤7ףȶ2ѣӲë״ڸϣ8ףԲεƬƬȶ˼⣬ܾëƬԲΣȶ˼⣬ëɫ3ףСƬ״3ѣԱë15ף״3ѣëƬˢ״͸ɫܲ2ףСëƬۣԼ1ף굹Σ1.6ףȶ΢3״м񣬱΢ëɫɫƣ˻״3ף˿й5ףҩ3ףҩ3ѣ3Ƭȳηۣ2öԲ״2ףӷλë3ңΣֱԼ1.5ףҰɫ3ѡ

ֲȴֲ̩ԽϡկΡ˹ΣԼ޵ȵءҹ㶫ࡣ

״ʵƷ"ޢ"ԳԲΣ߲ŵĶ⣬ֱԼ1.21.7סƤưɫ⻬¡2532һСͻһйۣ˵⹵глɫëסƤ࣬ѿں2030ţϰ"ޢ"ޢΪ3꣬аɫĤÿ710ϰ"ޢ""ޢ"ΪĶ壬ֱ34ף氵ɫɫ΢ϸIJƣһԲС㡣ʼӲɫԡ㣬ζԸ˱ƤζŨΪѡԽϡ̩ȵء

ѧɷ֡ʵӷͣd-ԡd-ԡȄϩ价18-Ҷءα-δ-ϩα-β-ϩʯϩ¹ϩҽȩͪϩ-4-ϩȡ

ơʣɸȥƤм飬ȥǣȡʴá

Ŀ"׶ޢҩȥƤá"

ζ¡

١ݡ"ζ£޶"

ڡҽѧԴ"ȣζ"

龭ΡƢ

١Һݡ"̫"

ڡ׹ҩԽ⡷"ΡƢθ"

ۡ¡"ġΡƢ"

ΡůθʳСͣʳͣƣͣҭ棬θű

١ݡ"ֹ棬θ"

ڡͼ"θ䡣"

ۡҽѧԴ"ҪƣνҩɢкʹůƢθ۱׾ߡ"

ʿ季"ƢűŻ£ȣĥ"

ùţ"ƢθԪ"

ޡĿ"ҭűȣƶ"

ߡݱҪ"ʪʳ"

÷ڷ˾ü壩0.52Ǯ衢ɢ

ע⡿Ѫ޺ʪ߼ɷ

١ݾ衷"Żȸʹ̼֮"

ڡݻԡ"Ż£ںڻߣűаߣĿг裬ڱ磬ھѪѪߣԲɷ"

ۡݱҪ"θʢ߽á"

ܡԭ"ɼ"

θں¼ʹߣ׶ޢǮΪĩ¡ˮ顷׶ޢɢ

θ䣬Է£׶ޢöɸϸþһյ΢µ֮յ

ƢθֹͣƢйк׶ޢʣһһ죩׿ǰȥȿԽˮﳴֹȥƤƤȥȿϸڭӶȥˣ죩ϴζΪĩÿ-Ǯˮһյͬ߷֣·Ҫ裬ú棬ˮȥƤˣϸУΪͩӴԽƣɫˮʮ衣÷׶ޢɢ

Ƣθȫʳ׶ޢʡɰһϴڳ𣩡ΪϸĩΪ裬Сඹÿ塢ʮ裬¡κϼҲط̫裩

Ż£׶ޢһǮǮöʽһǮȡ֭ǰҩȡһ豭Լ5060ˣ彪֭人ҽҩ32881959

Сθߣ׶ޢʮĸɰʮĸʲݶǮ˸ʲݶǮΪĩСҽЧ

Żܣޢ޽㡢ġƤˮ顷׶ޢ

β棺׶ޢϸһǮٷǬ⡷

עһСޢϵֲСޢĸʵʳΣ˼⣬3⣬11.5ףԼ1ףɫɫ3꣬ÿ59ÿӳλ34Σ浭ɫɫɫ㣬ζ΢ࡣԽϡ˹ӡȵȵءֶޢг׶ޢʹߣƷʽϲ

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷

׶ޢ
׶ޢͼƬ

лݡ׶ޢ

ҩơ׶ޢ

ƴBái Dòu Kòu

Ӣcardamom, cluster, katsumadai seedRound Cardamom, Fruit Java Amomum, Round Cardamom Fruit, round cardamon seed, Semen Amomi Cardamomi

ǡޢޢԲޢסޢ

1.ʰš׶ޢŽҶƶˡų߶⻬IJ񣻻dzɫѣ΢࣬ף²֮

2.ͼ׶ޢݡ֮߼ѡ

3.Ŀ׶ޢԲǣţӣǰ׺ɰʡ

4.һֹޢֳޢΪAlpinia sp.Ĺʵ֤౾ݡͼ֮ݰ׶ޢܼΪࡣޢ

ԴҩĻԴΪֲޢצ۰׶ޢijʵزͬΪ“ԭޢ”“ӡǰޢ”

ֲﶯ1.Amomun kravanh Pierre ex Gagnep2.Amonum compactum Soland.ex Maton

պʹأʵʱ¹룬ɹɻ򿾸ɡ

ԭ̬1.׶ޢݱ1.5-3m׳غɫҶޱҶƬԲλ״ΣԼ60cm5-12cmȶβ⣬ШΣ⻬ëҶԲΣ3-10mmҶڼҶܱë״2-ԾԲλԲ׶Σ7-14cmֱ3-5cmܱľ괺߹еİƬƬΣ3.5-4cmѻɫëԵķ״ƣڰƬĸڣ״ɫ΢͸죬Լ1.2cmȶ3ѣڹ뻨ܽȳƬ3ɫԲΣԲΣ1.5-2cmԼ1cm״ɫɫ߰䣬Լ6mmҩԲΣԼ3mmҩ3ѣӷë߶ö״塣Σɫ򵭻ɫԾ߶⣬ֱ1.5-1.8cm׿ѡ3꣬ÿ7-10š2-5£7-8¡

2.צ۰׶ޢǰֵҪΪֲ٪С1-1.5mҶ֮ɽζҶʿëҶԵ豻ëƬС2-2.5cm

ֲ̬1.ůʪֳʵ¡

2.ˮõȴ¡

Դֲ1.ҹ㶫ࡣԭ̩Խϡկȹ

2.ҹϡࡣԭӡǡצۣ

ࡿѧԣϲůˬʪʱ9.5ʱֹͣҶƬҶ⽹ݡֲ0ʱϲ˸´41棬£ѡлʵɰ࣬ճɰֲ

༼Ӻͷ귱ֳӷֳճʵǣϴ⣬̯ڣǰ¶ʪɳѿڡо12cmʵ糤Ҷ2-3ƬʱµӪУ 12cm ×5cm1ɶֲڴ귱ֳӴУѡȡ3-5һ׳ʵֲ꣬СĸĸжϺγֱӶֲֲǰֺʡڴ3-4»^8-9½Уʡ˫ɵ5-6¶ֲΪ2-1.5m ×1mÿ1hm2ֲ4995-6660ԡ

ֲÿ4-5ΡޣڿǰҪڵӲݼ֦ҶչҪݡꡣÿʩ5-6ΣʩӷΪںƽԭȱٴ棬˹ڷۣ߳ɹʡ

溦βˤݲҶݲöвɻͭҺ

״״𣬣1׶ޢʵΣ1.1-1.2cmֱ1.2-1.8cm3⣬ưɫ򵭻ɫ⻬жƣȶͻаĹۣ˾лɫëƤѹ׿ѣڱ浭ɫй̥3ңÿ7-10ţӼšӳʲΣ¡ֱ3-4mm氵ɫɫԹĿ״ͻⱻɫĤ״ƤխԲѵ״꣬кϵ㣬ּλڸ棬ΪһdzݹζŨңԡ

2צ۰׶ޢʵΣȫ3⣬ֱ0.8-1.2cmƤ޹̥3ңÿ2-4

󡢹ƤɫסζŨΪѡ

΢Ӻ棺1׶ޢλ򲻹Σ΢״ƤϸУӳƤƤϸӳԲλ೤Σ40-90μmֱ10-45μmⱻʲ㡣Ƥϸ1Уӳɫɫɫءϸ1УֺɫغɫӳԲΣ26μmֱ21μmǻʿ飬ϸ΢СɵĵţϸСƷϸϸ͵Ρ

2צ۰׶ޢƤƤϸС12-40μmֱ8-20μmϸ;ӳ

ĩ׶ޢɫɫƤƤϸ۳Σ662μmֱ18-58μmƤϸλΣ72-146μmֱ16-50μmƤƤϸ²㴹ֱУǻںɫɫɫؿ顣ϸ෽ΡƤϸ۴λΣֱ7-23μmں񣬷ľǻڹʿ飬ֱ5-16μmϸųդ״ڽϱڱڼ񣬰ǻλ϶ˣʿ顣⣬мƤϸɫϸϸϸƷؾȡ

ѧɷ֡1.׶ޢӺӷͣɷֺΪ18-Ҷ(1,8-cineole)66.81%Խϸߵβ-ϩ(β-pinene)10.93%α-ϩ(α-pinene)3.71%ϩ(caryophellene)3.01%(bornyl acetate)2.04%α-ʹ(α-terpineol)2.03%(linalool)1.39%⻹4-ϩ(terpinene-4-ol)ϩ(aromadendrene)γ-޽ϩ(γ-patchoulene)α-ϩ(α-elemene)γ-ϩ(γ-cubebene)ˮϩ(sabinene hydrate)Ȼ(nerolidol)ûҩϩ(bisabolene)ϩ(camphenen)ͪ(carvone)ȡҶӷͣɷֺߵΪ18-Ҷ(59.91%)Ϊα-ʹ(10.69%)⻹ϩ(limonene)β-ϩϩ-ɡ(p-cymene)ȡ

2.צ۰׶ޢӺӷͣɷֺߵΪ18-Ҷ(68.56%)Խϸߵиͪ(14.67%)α-ϩ(1.63%)(1.41%)-ɡ(1.11%)⻹ϩ(sabinene)¹ϩ(myrcene)¹ϩ(myrcenol)14-Ҷ(1,4-cineole)ϩ3-ϩ(3-carene)β-ʹ(camphor)(borneol)ȡҶӷͣɷҪΪ18-Ҷ(80.03%)⻹ϩ(0.80%)α-ϩ(0.56%)α-ʹ(0.46%)β-ϩ(0.33%)ϩ(0.13%)-ɡ(<1%)ȡ

ҩá1.־ãƷ100%Ǽƽڹ˾áƷ4-ʹBacillcus thurin giensis־á

2.ƽãƷα-Ʒƽýǿƽ0.05mlkgʱǿڰҶ͡4-ʹŵƽá

3.߷㽡θãޢͺܲȶʹغܺãҲɥʧ֮ζһɷӦǰĥ飬õķ㽡θãܴٽθҺڣ˷ܳ䶯ڻƳ쳣͡

4.׶ޢ峦ܵŨ˷ܣ1%ӷͱˮҺá

5.ãӷͶʵԽˣǿСùصá

ԡƷӷα-ƷСڷLD50Ϊ12.08ml/kg

𣬱ףȡ׶ޢצ۰׶ޢӷƷҺȡƷҺҪʱɷֱҴϡͣȡҺ10μlֱͬһ轺GϣԱ-9505Ϊչչȡɣ5%ȩҺ1055-10minӡƷɫƷɫӦλϣͬɫİߵ㡣

Ʒʱ־л񹲺͹ҩ䡷1995涨ԭޢʺӷͲ5.0%ml/gӡǰޢʲ4.0%ml/g

ơʣɸȥƤм飬ȥǣȡʴá

ζζ

龭ΣƢθ

ΡʪֹŻθʳʪͣƢθͣ丹˼ʳʪ³ƲθŻ£ʳ

÷ڷ3-6£衢ɢ

ע⡿Ѫ߽

²桷˻ʯ²桷׶ޢʥ¼ʥ¼ʥ¼

1.ݾ衷׶ޢ棬򺮷θůȣͨУԫɢʳȥ׾Ĥɢ֮Ҳ

2.ͨ׶ޢ书ȫڷ֮һ𳴣Һϸҩã˷е

3.ҩ⡷׶ޢ彵θǣƶŻ.֮θӦʱˬŷνȣȻҲ

4.ҽҪ׶ޢȣ𣬴ݶϸУкɢ衣Ҳ……к֮аκűͽƣֹ棬УƢθʳȥ

5.桷׶ޢɰһ࣬ζͬĪȻһˬξ֣ΪμɢҪҩܣůƢθʹʪ͡ű桢θʹĤĿ֢Ϥɰܼ࣬רθƢУڷΡֹ֮Ҳ

6.ԭ׶ޢܺͺ֮УռУ뺮Ȼ֮Կ֮ѪҩͨʹѪ󣬲ѪѪȣںȷ֮ʺνƢθԪ

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