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2018-04-22 14:06 Ķ:

йҩ䡷

ҩơ

ƴBò He

ӢHERBA MENTHAE

ԴƷΪοƱֲ Mentha haplocalyx Briq.ĸϲġҶïʢ򻨿ʱѡ죬ִβɸɹɻɡ

״ƷʷΣж֦1540cmֱ0.20.4cmɫɫǴëڼ䳤25cmʴ࣬ɫ貿пաҶж̱ҶƬչƽʿΡԲλΣ27cm13cm;ϱɫ±ɫϡëа״ۡɡҸ״ȶ5ѣڵɫζ

𡿣1 ƷҶıۣͷ8 ϸֱԼ90μm,ϸСëͷΪϸë18ϸں΢״ͻ±Ƥ׶ֱʽ

2 ȡƷҶķĩ΢״2 μȩᾧԻɫȻɫټˮ1 ΣϺɫ

3 ȡƷĩ0.5gʯѣ6090棩5ml,ҡӣ30ӣ˹ҺΪƷҺȡԶƷʯƳÿ1ml 2mg ҺΪƷҺձɫ׷¼ B飬ȡƷҺ1020μlƷҺ10μl ֱͬһ轺DZϣԱ19:1ΪչչȡɣȩҺҴ2:8 ĻҺ100 ߵɫƷɫУƷɫӦλϣͬɫİߵ㡣

ơȥϾʣˮж̶Σʱ¸ƷΪ58mmĶ̶ΣīɫɫҺɫ[ⶨ]µķⶨӷͲ0.40ml/g

ζ

龭Ρξ

ΡɢȡͷĿ͸ڷȸð³ͷʹĿ࣬ԣڴвơ

÷36g˺¡

ءﴦ

ע1ڷȱ֢ͷʹĿ֢뾣桢ɣҶջţӦã纮ðҲաǼͬáʺţҪڷʹɢãţӡʲݵӦáҲĩʺʹ֢͸ã͸ţӡµͬá

ժ¼йҩ䡷

ˮͼƬ.

ҩǵ䡷

ҩơ

ƴBò He

ެɲˣǧ·ʳΡʳԱݡϱɣ塷èĎfұݡˣϱݡƷ㾫ҪXɣܡҹϢֲ㡷

׹ۡ

ԴΪοֲұȫҶ󲿷ֲÿո2Σ1ΣͷС䡣2Σں¶˪䣬ȡȫݣɹɡ㶫ů1ո3Ρ

ԭ̬ٱ

ݱ1080סΣijëٵ㡣ҶҶ215ףܱɫëҶƬԲ״Σ37ףȶ⣬ШΣԵϸݣԵë汻ɫë汻ëٵ㡣ɡҸƬ1״ΣԵϸݼ΢ë״5ѣƬΣԵ5ɫëٵ㣻ڶΣɫ򵭺ɫʱΪɫ35ףϴ1ƬԲΣȶ΢´3ƬСȫԵ⻬ƬëڲһȦϸë4ҩɫ˿˿״ڻͲвͲ⣻ӷ4ѣͲ⣬ͷ2硣С1ףڡ810¡911¡

СϪߡ·ԼɽҰʪأΪࡣֲϡмϸء

ڼұ

ơҶԲΣ25ףٵ㡣ƬխΣԵëڵɫɫС0.7ס

ȫضࡣ

⣬˰ɣԼգݡ̫֣Աɣ塷ȣͬҩá

ֲȫ󲿷ֵա㽭

״ȫݣΣ1535ףֱ24ףƺɫϣɫнڣڼ䳤37ףϲж֦汻ɫë⴦ܣʴ࣬۶ϣɫпաҶҶƬ顣ɫdzɫаɫëʴࡣ֦ɡ򣬻ɫڶڡ㣬ζɡ޸Ҷࡢɫ̡ζŨΪѡ

ѧɷ֡Ҷӷ0.81ɾҶ1.32ɷΪɴԼ7778ΪͪΪ812,ᱡݨϩϩ챡ͪϩϩͪ֬ʡԵᡣ

ҩáɴֲӦÿͷʹʹȡӦƤУԺ΢ƸСвƤ¶Ƚͣϵ̼ĩ֮

ɴͪóãߵýǿС飬Сɾн⾷ãСС֮ƽٶȲӰ죬򣬹Ʋ佡θÿᡢζоġɴľƾҺзáԺ֢ijЩãٽ˷ڶȥ˸ճĤϵճҺ¡̼֮ͪǿڱɴ

ֲͬŷеܻͪá

ơʣȥиȽҶţȻ󽫾ˮ͸жΣɹɣҶȡ

ζ

١ҽѧԴ"Ҫƣ"

ڡҽҪ""

龭Ρξ

١Һݡ"ִҩ"

ڡĿ"١̫"

ۡ±ࡷ"Ρ"

Ρ磬ɢȣٻ࣬ⶾзȣͷʹĿ࣬ʺʹʳͣڴʹ꣬

١ҩۡ"ȥѪֹͨؽڡ"

ڡǧ·ʳΡ"ȴ˿ࡣаͱס"

˼"ϴᴯ"

ܡƱݡ"磬Σҡʳ"

ݡʳƱݡ"֭ȥȡ"

ޡʳԱݡ"ҩӪ˺ͷʹ"

ߡջӱݡ"зʧ̵硣ĸ͡ʳͷȡ"

ࡶͼ"˷硢ͷԷ磬ͨظСѡ"

ᡶ塷"С磬׳ȣҩιȣ֭ҩΪࡣ"

꽣"ͷĿ"

ùţ"Ѹʢ࣬米ʹ纮"

Сϱݡ"һ˺ͷۣкӸҡꡢ"֣"ҰͷĿ磬ֹͷʹѣΡȣȥ̵˷ԡ©飬췢ȡ"

ѡĿ"ʺڳߣ꣬"

ҡ"з磬"

ӡҽҪ"ʹԣֹʣֹѪͨС㡣"

ԡ¡"Ŀ衣"

÷ڷ˾ü壩0.82Ǯ衢ɢã֭֭Ϳ

ע⡿Ѫƫ麹߼ɷ

١ҩۡ"²ʳ麹ֹ"

ڡǧ·ʳΡ"ʲ"

ۡԭ"÷䣻鷢ȣԺʩ"

ܡݴ¡"㷥ģԶ֮"

ϻ̵ηȣĩ裬Ӵÿһ衣ɳǺ֮ɡ㵥

ҳãɣ֭һޣɹΪĩÿһǮϴĿ鷽

߽ɿſ飬ʹŧˮԶһɣʮͦһ߶粻ߣȥƤͿףƣ飬ԾһޣȡظɣޣȡƾΪȣɣΪɢշ裬ͩӴÿʳǰԻ¶ʮ裬С֮ʥݷ裩

η󱡺ɡȷΪĩÿ¾ƵһǮԷ

ѪҶռ÷

Ѫֹ֭֮Ըˮǡ·

ηˣɰ֮ڷЧ

λģڣ֭ˮߣɼ֭ƵͿҽ˵

ζʹʱɽ֭롣ݡ

١Ŀ"ɣܷɢרɢȡͷʹͷ磬ĿʺڳСȣߡΪҪҩ"

ߡݾ衷"ɣڿ޶ϷΣκƤëĶӻ𻯣ѪȣҲ˺аڱʷ⡣ҩּ£ɢаٶͨϣθҡʳơΪȥļȣΪС硢ȼҪҩɢͨؽڣ硢ߣӺҲƢθҩʳ֮ԣͷ飬ɢɽ⣬ƾǣߵӱ֮"֣"䷢Ҳ麮֢֮䵱˷ԳҺҲ˺䲡¶ƢҲѪͷʹͬѪҩáСʳ߲ãС߲áСߣȳ಻á"

ۡҩƷ塷"ɣζɢ壬֮ͨף֮аȡ壬ͷ棬ʧƿڳݣʺͬܺ۶Ե֮ȡȡϣ߼ףɢȣʹҩӪ֮"

ܡ±ࡷ"ɣƽа?ƽ㸽Խñɽ֮񡣱ε֮ƽ֮аϲΪ塣"

ݡ桷"ɣζרΡܷɢͷʹͷ硢ȶˣͨĸ̵ΣȣʺڳݡۡꡢȣѪԹŷңôΪɢ֮ߣСôΪ֮ܣѪôΪ֮Ȼ಻ҶãòΪֹйԪ"

ޡ衷"ӦʳӦУУԿ˳ΪΣȡڱ?֪֮ƺޢԭܿ˽Ҳ䷼ⷢƶޢڲأɢڲרʹʳţԸиڱDZ֮ڽᣬʹᄀҮ"

ߡҽѧв¼"ζܣƽ͸ǣAͨอᴮ磬֮͸Ϊ²˺֮Ҫҩ֮ƵˣθʹηڶȻᄋSͷۡĿۣԨۡʺۣۣ֫һз֮֮Юߣ֮ɢ֮а峦֮ȣһл֤ΪҪҩΪζƱƤΪƳ֮Ʒ²ñɣ˺Ҳɹԭ֮ߣ֮ҩ¼δ֮ʱʼҩƷԡ˺ۡδñߡȻϸ˺֮ۡȷзеñɣʱδҩƷñ֮òתҩߡȡ˺֮֮Ӹʯ֮ƣñɴ֮Ӹʯԭκ޴ȣ޴ȣȿ֪ȶߣȡкζҲȻкζкζַ֮֮ʢѷη磩ȣñȺ?緲и֮Աɴ֮ǸԭԷھ֮ȣ֮籡ɣ䷢֮Զ籡ɣøֺ籡ɺ?˹DZѵҲ˵ҩδ֮ʱ֮ԭвܾƾ֮ʱ֮Ҳ"

ࡶ塷"̡ܼݾν࣬ȷšƱݡνΪ£֮Ȼ֮ɢȣҩʽֱν֮Ʊν˺ĸҡʳֽմΩ΢ɢ߲ͬη֭ĩҩ֮뼡ֹʹ"

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


лݡ

ҩơ

ƴBò He

ӢWild Mint,Herb of Wild Mint, Peppermint

ެɲˡzzϱɡèҰɡ˱XɡҹϢҩʵݡˮĸӹDzݡɡݡ޸

ԡ׹ۡ

1.ƱݡɾҶⳤߣơ

2.ͼɣɲ񴦴֮ġɾҶɡŷϡãޯʳҽС

ԴҩĻԴΪοֲﱡɵȫݻҶ

ֲﶯMentha canadaensis L. [M. haplocalyx Briq.; M.aruensis L.var. haplocalyx Briq.; M.aruensis auct.non L.]

պʹأڽÿ2ΣġҶïʢ򻨿3ʱѡִβɸ1-2ΣĴ2-4Ρһͷո7£10£ѡɸ̯ɹ2dԸɺСѣɹɻɡɾҶɹɣ󣬵ñ͡

ԭ̬ݱֱ30-80cmĸ13cmʴ࣬۶ϡΣ֦IJëԾߵë缰ڴëšҶҶ2-15mmҶα仯ϴΡ״ΡԲ״ԲΣ2-7cm1-3cmȶ򽥼⣬ШԲΣڻִ״ݣ5-6ԣɫ浭ɫëɫֲۣܡɡҸΣʱԼ18mm򾥶ڼ䡢ҶݽСܹСƬö״Σ2mm£Եëϸ2.5mmԱëë״Σ2-3mmⱻë䣬105״ΣԼ0.7mmԵëڵɫɫ4ѣƬȶ2ѣϴ3Ƭȴ󣬻ںڲ΢ë4ǰԽϳڻͲڣ˿˿״ëҩԲΣ2ңҩƽУԳȶ˽2dzѣƬΡСǶԹΣ0.9mm0.6mmƺɫ򵭺ɫСѡ7-9£10-11¡

ֲ̬ںԣ·߼ɽҰʪأοɸߴ3500m

ԴֲֲڻСϼϸء

ࡿѧ ɶԻӦԽǿں2100mµԵͺ࣬侫ͺͱԺϸߡϲůʪ򡣸5-6ȷԺϸߡϲůʪ򡣸5-6ȷ磬ֲ¶Ϊ20-30棬нǿͺһʪȣ-30--20ĵԿԽϲ⣬δ࣬ɶҪϣɡ֡ʪļɳɳϺápH5.5-6.5Ϊˣ΢ԵҲࡣ

༼ ӡǤ塢֦͸ֳϣһһøÿֳ^ջʹǰڳѡڼ̡ɫס׳޲溦ĸţг6-10cmСΪֳϣ11-3³ɣض졣ֵӦʩ׷ƽ󣬰о25cm6-8cmø빵ڣ渲ƽѹʵÿ1hm2Լø1125-1500kg

гиݡֹͨˮʱ⣬Ҫ׷ʣһΪ4Σ45-6ʢڣ7ͷո8Ѯ15cmʱʩԵΪͬʱ׼طʡ˻Ҫעѡ֡

溦 ⲡ켰ʱųˮ25%1000Һ11200ҺΣջ״20dֹͣҩ溦еϻų桢ͺ֩Ϊ

״״ Σж֦15-40cmֱ0.2-0.4cmɫɫǴëڼ䳤2-5cmʴ࣬ɫ貿пաҶж̱ҶƬҶƬչƽΡ״ΡԲ״ԲΣ2-7cm1-3cmԵڻִ״ݣ5-6ԣϱɫ±ɫ뱿ɼ״ۡϲҸɡ򣬻״ȶ5ѣ״Σ΢ëڶڣɫزζ

Ҷࡢɫ̡ζŨΪѡ

΢ 棻Ƥϸ1Уⱻʲ࣬ʱëĽԵ⼹ʮкϸԵΪбϸϸ϶Ƥϸ1УϵɼάĽǴϷǼСάƤխγɲɻľʲĽǴϷɵܡľϸľάɡ貿ɱϸɣڳпնĸϸʱ״γƤ߰ᾧ

ĩɫͷ۳ԲΣ۳ʱΣ8ϸֱ61-99μmںԷϸ̣ܱƤϸ10״ССëͷԲΣϸֱ15-26μmںɫ1-2ϸ۷ëϣ1-8ϸں2-7μm״ͻϸܡܼƤ߰ᾧھҶƤϸϸУɫԳλ򲻹ΡҶƬϱƤϸ۲Σ±ƤϸϸɫƤ߰ᾧ׽϶࣬Ϊֱʽ

ѧɷ֡Ҷ1%-1.46%ɷΪɴmenthol)62.3%-87.2%ͪmenthone)챡ͪisomenthone)ͪpulegone)decyl acetate)ᱡmenthyl acetate)methylbenzoate)α-β-ϩpinene)β-ϩβ-thu-jene)3-촼3-pentol)2-Ѵ2-hexanol)3-3-octanol)¹ϩmyrcene)ϩ(limonene)Ҷأcineole)α-ʹα-terpineol)[1]ֺͪɷ֣飨iso-raifolin(ľϬ-7-߰luteolin-7-glucoside)ͪ߰methoside);лɷ֣Եᣨlusmarinic acid)ᣨcaffeic acid)[2]Ȼɷ֣춬ᣨaspartic acid)Ȱᣨglutamic acid)˿ᣨalanine)춬asparagine)Ӱᣨvaline)ᣨleuine)ᣨisoleucine)ᣨphenylalanine)ᣨmethionine)ᣨlysine)[3]ִҶзֽ׶εþ߿õԶǻ-12-Ϊĸ˵Ķֳɷ֣1-34-ǻ-67-ǻ-12--23[1-34-dihydroxyphenyl)-67-dihydroxy-1,2-dihy-dronaphthalene-23-dicarboxylic acid]1-34-ǻ-12--2-

ҩá1ãˮ120 ŨȣԲECHO11á

2ʹֹãҪֹ΢ľ鼰Կ̼Ϳھֲڴ̼񾭶Уʹ񾭡

3ֹ̼ãԵĿ̼õܲµķڣʹճҺų̵ãбԶ˾õֹá

4ɱãкǿɱãd-Ա1-Ե־ǿ

5ŴãͶСһĿŴ뿹ãǿӣǻע0.035ml/ֻŴʴ100%ֹԭӹǿҲųĤ֯ȵֱˡڸҩͲʹԭе6黵ҿʹ֮ų⣬ȣš

6ãɵıͪɽ50%״ɽãȣ֭ԵӡлӷͶıͪɽЧ50%״ɽǿʵ֤ӷҪɷֱɴкǿ⣬лóɷ֡⣬ѱɴĴǻҲˣ˵ǻõIJҪá

ԡԣԴƤעΪ2.0g/kgԶԴƤעΪ2.0g/kgֲͬԲҶɺŷɵ͵İֱΪ641.1±2.4mg/kg 437.4±18.3mg/kg

1ȡҶĩ΢״2μȩᾧԻɫȻɫټˮ1ΣϺɫ鱡ԣ2ɫ ȡȫݷĩ0.5gʯѣ60-90棩5mlҡӣʩ30min˹ҺΪƷҺȡԶƷÿ1ml2mgʯҺΪƷҺȡƷҺ10-20μlƷҺ10μlֱͬһ轺GϣԱ-Ҵ191չԼ15cmȡɺ2%Һ-Ҵ28ĻҺ100Լ5-10minƷɫƷɫӦλϣͬɫİߵ㡣

ơʣȥиȽҶţȻ󽫾ˮ͸жΣɹɣҶȡ

ζζ

龭Σξ

ΡɢȣͷĿʺ͸ȱ֤ͷʹĿࣻʺʹ͸вʹ

÷ڷ3-6gɾü壬£衢ɢãˮȻ֭Ϳ

ע⡿Ѫƫ麹߼ɷ

1.ҩۡ²ʳ麹ֹ

2.ǧ·ʳΡʲ

3.ԭ÷䣻鷢ȣԺʩ

4.ݴ¡㷥ģԶ֮

ϻ̵ηȣĩ裬Ӵÿһ衣ɳǺ֮ɡ(㵥)ҳãɣ֭һޣɹΪĩÿһǮϴ(Ŀ鷽)߽ɿſ飬ʹŧˮԶһ()ʮͦ(һ߶粻ߣȥƤͿף)飬ԾһޣȡظɣޣȡƾΪȣɣΪɢշ裬ͩӴÿʳǰԻ¶ʮ裬С֮(ʥݷ)η󱡺ɡɵȷΪĩÿ¾ƵһǮ(Է)ѪҶ(ռ÷)Ѫֹ֭֮Ըˮǡ(·)ηˣ֮(ڷЧ)λģڣ֭ˮߣɼ巨ƵͿ(ҽ˵)ζʹʱɽ֭롣(ݡ)

1.Ŀɣܷɢרɢȡͷʹͷ硢ĿʺڳСȣߡΪҪҩ

2.ݾ衷ɣڿ޶ϷΣκƤëġӻ𻯣ѪȣҲ˺аڱʷ⡣ҩּ£ɢаٶͨϣθҡʳơΪȥļȣΪС硢ȼҪҩɢͨؽڣ硣ߣӺҲƢθҩʳ֮ԣͷ飬ɢɽ⣬ƾǣߵԱ֣֮䷢Ҳ麮֢֮䵱˷ԳҺҲ˺䲡¶ƢҲѪͷʹͬѪҩáСʳ߲áС߲áСߣȳ಻á

3.ҩƷ塷ɣζɢ壬֮ͨף֮аȡ壬ͷ棬ʧƿڳݣʺͬܺ۶Ե֮ȡȡϣ߼ףɢȣʹҩӪ֮

4.±ࡷɣƽаƽ㸽Խñɽ֮񡣱ε֮ƽ֮аϲΪ塣

5.桷ɣζרΣܷɢͷʹͷ硢ȶˣͨĸ̵ΣȣʺڳݡۡꡢȣѪԹŷңôΪɢ֮ߣСôΪ֮ܣѪôΪ֮Ȼ಻ҶãòΪֹйԪ

6.衷ӦʳӦУУԿ˳ΪΣȡڱɣ֪֮ƺޢԭܿ˳Ҳ䷼ⷢƶޢڲأɢڲרʹʳţԸиڱDZ֮ڽᣬʹᄀҮ

7.ҽѧв¼ζܣƽ͸ǣAͨอᴮ磬֮͸Ϊ²˺֮Ҫҩ֮ƵˣθʹηڶȻᄋͷۡĿۣԨۡʺۣۣ֫һз֮֮Юߣ֮ɢ֮а峦֮ȣһл֤ΪҪҩΪζƱƤΪƳ֮Ʒ²ñɣ˺Ҳɹԭ֮ߣ֮ҩ¼δ֮ʱʼҩƷԡ˺ۡδñߡȻϸ˺֮ۡȷзеñɣʱδҩƷñ֮òתҩߡȡ˺֮֮Ӹʯ֮ƣñɴ֮Ӹʯԭκ޴ȣ޴ȣȿ֪ȶߣȡкζҲȻкζкζַ֮֮ʢѷη磩ȣñȺ緲и֮Ա ֮ǸԭԷھ֮ȣ֮籡ɴ֮ǸԭԷھ֮ȣֺ籡ɺ˹DZѵҲ˵ҩδʱ֮ԭвܾƾ֮ʱ֮Ҳ

8.塷̡ܼݾν࣬ȷšƱݡνΪ£֮Ȼ֮ɢȣҩʽֱν֮Ʊν˺ĸҡʳֽմΩ΢ɢ߲ͬη֭ĩҩ֮뼡ֹʹ

9.ҩۡȥѪֹͨؽڡ

10.ǧʳΡȴ˿ࡣаͱס

11. ˼㣺ϴᴯ

12.Ʊݡ磬Σҡʳ

13.ʳƱݡ֭ȥȡ

14.ʳԱݡҩӪ˺ʹ

15.ջӱݡзʧ̵硣ĸͣʳͷȡ

16.ͼ˷硣ͷԷ磬ͨظСѡ

17.塷С硢׳ȣҩιȣ֭ҩΪࡣ

18. 꽣ͷĿ

19. ùţѸʢ࣬米ʹ纮

20.ϱݡһ˺ͷۡкӸҡꡢ֣Ұ ͷĿ磬ֹͷʹѣΡȡȥ̵˷ԡ©顣췢

21.Ŀʺڳߣ꣬񫡣

22.з磬

23.ҽҪҪʹԣֹʣֹѪͨС㡣

24.¡Ŀ衣

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