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2017-05-25 09:13 Ķ:

йҩ䡷

ҩơ

ƴChái Hú

ӢRADIX BUPLEURI

ԴƷΪɡοֲBupleurum chinense DC.ҶBupleurum scorzonerifolium Willd.ĸ״ֱͬϰ“”“ϲ”ڣȥҶɳ

״ԲλԲ׶Σ615cmֱ0.30.8cmͷ󣬶˲315ά״Ҷ²֦ںɫdzɫơ֧ۼƤסӲͣ۶ϣάԣƤdzɫľưɫ΢㣬ζ΢ࡣ

ϲϸԲ׶Σжϸë״Ҷά²಻֦Է֦ɫɫͷϸܻơ۶ϣƽ̹άԡ߰

𡿣1 ȡƷĩ0.5gˮ10mlҡ־ĭ

2 ȡƷĩ0.5gӼ״20ml80ˮԡ1 Сʱ䣬˹ҺŨ5ml,˹ҺΪƷҺȡգᡢգƷӼ״Ƴÿ1ml 0.5mg ĻҺΪƷҺձɫ׷¼ B,ȡҺ5μlֱͬһ轺DZϣԴҴˮ8:2:1 Ϊչչȡɣ2 Զװȩ40Һ60ߵɫֱչ⼰ƣ365nm¼ӡƷɫУƷɫӦλϣͬɫİߵɫӫߵ㡣

ơȥʼоϴ͸кƬ

ײȡƬմ˷¼ Dɡ

ζ࣬΢

龭Ρ

ΡͽΣڸðȣвʹ¾ӹѴѸء

÷39g

ע⡿ҶBupleurumlongiradiatumTurcz.ĸڣжɵá

ءͨﴦ

ע1ƸðǼͬáнϼѵãаˡĵͬãСűֿ֢ݹƤӦáȾõνãΪҩ֮򵼣θ֮ҪҩʹɸͽԿӦãµ¾ʹȣ뵱顢֡㸽ҩͬáҩ䵳ΡȵȲҩݵľкѸءӹ´֢á

2һҩɢйص㡣͸ȡνֿˣٴһζȿʵֿ֢֢ҩ鲻ͬɷֲͬĹЧ磺Ǽ򷢺ˡ͸йȣ䳣ɽݹűȣ㸽ν䵳ΡȡזXȣټϿ߲ӦáɢĹƣڽʱͬáسνҩݣӹѴѸأȻֹ֮ãˮкȻνܡ

ժ¼йҩ䡷

ͼƬ
ԭ̬ͼƬ

ҩǵ䡷

ҩơ

ƴChái Hú

ѬɽˡݣձݡݣƷ㾫Ҫ

ԴΪɡοֲҶȵȡȥ硢ɹɡ

ԭ̬ٱҶֲʵͼȡɽˡڲɽ

ݱ4570סֱ򲻷硣ֱϲ֦"֮"Ҷ״Σ39ף0.61.3ףȶ˽⣬ճʶâ״ȫԵɫ浭ɫƽ79ɡλҸ涥ɡ41014ףȳܰƬȱ12ƬСɡ510Լ2ףСܰƬ5Сɫ1.5ңݲԣ5ȶ2״5ҩΣ1ӷλ⻬ë2̡˫Բ״ԲΣұƽ3ңֹ5⣬ͨ͹3Ӻ͹489¡910¡

ڸĻɽ¡Ұ·ԡֲ֡ϡɽաա㽭Ĵɽࡢصȵء

ҶϸҶ

ݱ3065סԷ磬Ƥɫ1֦ϲ֦⻬ëҶҶ²ҶгҶƬλ״Σ715ף26ףȶ˽⣬Ҷ57ƽСɡλɡ315ܰƬȱ23Сɡ1020Լ2ףСܰƬ5Сɫ5ȶۣ5ӷλ⻬ë˫ԲλԲ״Σ23ףֹ5ֶ۵Ĺ⣬ʵ͹ܲԣ׹ĺ泣ÿ͹379¡810¡

ڸԭֲ֡ɹšӱɽաաࡢຣ½Ĵȵء

״ٱ

ӲΪֲﱱĸĻԲ׶Σ˳ֱ²з磬ͷ󣬳ʸ״620ףֱ0.61.5ףƤҺɫɫƼ֧ۣϸëӲIJоʽϼ͡۶ϣľάԣưɫ΢㣬ζ΢ԸֳƤϸ֧Ϊѡ

ࡢӱϡ⣬ɹšɽȵ

ϲ

ݻԡΪֲҶĸ뱱ƣΩϸ٣ֱ410ףֱ610ףɫ弰ۣ޸ͷеϾҶë״άʴ࣬۶ϣƽ̹ʵɫζͬԸֳΪѡ

աĴ⣬աֵȵ

ѧɷ֡ӷ͡ᡢᡢᡢӲ֬ᡢإᡢǼ߰ȡ߰в߰acd߰ԪFEG߰Ԫбзֳ߰Ƕ߰ܳơ⣬кα-޴Δ7-ϩΔ22-ϩ޴յءҶܿ߰ʵ11.2ܾݴᡢʽܾݴᡣ

Ҷ߰֬͡ӷ͡Ҷܿ߰

Ʋܿ߰Ǵإͪإα-޴ͪࡢ߰ѪᡢܲصȡڿڣӻҶпɵõƤءƤ߰ܿ߰غ-3-ܿ߰

Ҷ߰α-޴ǼȲ໯

ҩáٽ

֤IJ5ҩ/򴼽ࣨ2.5ҩ/˹ȵļнá˺֮ãڷ2/ҲȵĽáԺбĽòԣ߰200800/ڷСп϶Ľ¼á

򾲡ʹ

߰ڷСã飩ӳͱ׵˯ߣõʹúͽǿֹã޿ãҲͺƼΪ߰Ƽһࡣ

ۿ

߰ڷ600/ʹ׵5-ɫˮסڴƤѿףͶͼ򷨣Уȷ߰пѿáûɸЧѿǿ俹ãѪҩɢʳĵƤȣǿȷ෴ʽߺá߰֯5-ɫµѪͨ͸ԵߣĤԽDz˽ˮЧ֯ݿ˼СĹݿޱá

ܿԭ

˱棬עҺԸðǿҵãӴעҺ״δ֪ɷֶԸòҲǿáԽ˸˾ijһݳЧƲⱱֹűԭķʵо֤ʵ

ݶԸӰ

ιʳù׶ιϰ֮СͬʱιʳȱȲתø֮ߣԶϲ֮Ϊ᣻֮߰ãƲۡ˺øιϰԪԷӦڷ0.51.0ҩ/нĸãԾƾĸιϰЩЧʲݣлЧܲȻ̼ЧעʼҺĴʵ"ά"ޱáֲͬ½ԲҶݳá

޶Ѫ

ҺʹѪѹ½ãƷϴƣעҺýϴλèġѪѹӰ졣߰Ȯ֮ѹӦʼнѹãġķöѪܡ

ȡÿڷѪǡѪã൱Merkƴ߰1/100ؼɼʱ䲻ͬ߰ѪǿҲͬ߰ԴӦзֹãܴٽССƽ˶ǿس֮ãǿ֯ĴãóЩ˷á߰ľֲ̼áעӹáĶԺСƾСƤע䣬СΪ1.1/10ˣ10ˮҺ߰Сڷ֮Ϊ4.7/ǻע100/¡עԼ΢5/ᄇעèѪѹӰ죻0.2/20Ƥע䣬С޶ԡ

νձϲԲͬ

⣬ƲĻҶԶãԵס׼ãߵ֭еᡢʵĺ֭ĵ޴-ϵ

ơȥʣȥоϴɳ̳͸ʱƬ漴ɹɡײȡƬôװȣùĻ΢ɣȡɹɡÿ100ô12

ѪȡƬôڣˮϡ͵ıѪȣĻ΢ȡÿ100û200ȡѪ

ζ࣬

١"ζ࣬ƽ"

ڡ¼"΢޶"

ۡջӱݡ"ζʡ"

龭Ρ

١ҡ"Ρİ硣"

ڡ¡"ġΡƢ"

ΡͽΣκвʹڿͷʹĿѣűѸأ¾ӹ´

١"ĸθнʳۣаƳ¡"

ڡ¼"˺·ȣ̵Ƚʵа棬ؼͣˮͣʪԾΡԡ"

ۡҩۡ"͹ǽڷۣ米ʹѪͷݣʳʱȲ⣬"

ܡǧ𷽡"֭ζС"

ݡݡ"̵вƦ"

ޡջӱݡ"ˣ̵ֹֹԣķΣ裬¼ȿ񷦾в"

ߡҡ"ȥȣԣDzӲܳ"

ࡶҽѧԴ"ͷȣɢȣȥ糿ȡ"

ᡶϱݡ"˺Ҫҩаμаȡȣиξֹ֮вʹθѪվܵ¾""ȡø"

⡶Ŀ"ݣƽΡ𣬼ͷʹѣΣĿ衢ʹ裬űȣѪңˮСȣȡ"

÷ڷ0.81.5Ǯ衢ɢ

ע⡿𣬸߼ɷ

١ݾע"Ϊ֮ʹԡηŮҡ޼«"

ڡҽѧš"Ԫ¾ູߣ"

ۡݾ衷"߼֮Ż¼ߣͬɡűʳ"

˺塢գз磬ȣвٺٲʳķϲŻзŻʣʹвƦ왣¼¡С㲻򲻿ʡ΢ȣߣ˲İϴʲݣˣУʮö뢣ζˮһȡȥңټȡ·һ˺ۡС

а뾭磬ݼȣƳ£˺ʱкȡϴȥ磩ʲһˣϸĩÿǮˮһᣬͬ˷֣ʳȷ·ɢ

з纮Ⱥͷʹ^ű𣺲һǮһǮƤһǮ룬ҩǮʲһǮƬˮһӰ룬ߡ˷֣ȷȫ顷

θвʹƤ-Ǯ֣֡׿ǡ׳㸽-Ǯ˲֡ҽҽż¼

θξвʹˡɽ١Ƥ֡׿ǡ֢Ρ

Ѫ;룬ķȣ֫ʹͷĿأճ࣬ʸɣȵʳԣѪಫˮ긹ʹűŮѪ飬̵ͣԳȣݣɹʲݰ΢ࣩ飨ȥ磬ﱣ΢ߣȥƤߣҩȥ磩һΪĩÿǮˮһյһƣͬ߷֣ȥȷʱ򡣣ַңɢ

εȣȥ磩ȷ֣Ϊĩۺ͸࣬輦ͷӴÿһ裬þˮ֣ʮУ·ʱС΢۷ࣩ

˳ȵʹʳˣ׶ʲݡ֪ĸһܴһ롣ζΪĩÿǮˮ˷֣ö֣ȷ÷ɢ

λ㣺һȥ磩ʲһ֡϶ϸһˮһ룬éһգͬ߷֣ȥʱʱһվر

θλƣһȥ磩ʲݰ΢࣬ﱣӡǰӡмҩɸΪɢÿǮˮһյ֣ȥңʱ·ʥݷɢ

λ˵ȷ֡ưˮ߷֣䣬ķ֮üɷ

١塷"һͣͷУвߡԭͣһ𣬸аȣаͣԻҲ֮硶鷽ȣ裬˶֮޲Чȥ뼱ѣȣôջӡνˣҩۡνͷݣ˵Ȳʵȣҽִ֮δپκű״òˡ"

ڡҽѧԴ"ҩҲ˲ǰ֮ҩҲƳͷʹǴҩֹ廡ʹ……θԷɢȡ"

꽣"кλû֮øƽм½øδ֮ʮҩУɢѪۣͬ"

ܡϱݡ"˺òպ󷽿ãȣ֢á"

ݡĿ"ͣࡣڸΡļȣߣ֮ҩƢθȣݣȱ֮ҩΩڷ߲ÿɶȻԫ˼֮򲻼ӡ֮űԲΪʮңòɢۡǷűűʮ֮ߣԿ֮ӡҪ߾˼ԭӼʹҲ硶ͼַѪԼ裬֪֭֮ӡԪӢ޴ƣ֪xòűʱҽסҩҽ֮ͶСһȼʮ֮ţȻԻűȴԸּѪò?Ƥอڹ裬DzɡֻһϷЧҲ۴ˣҩ֮ӡ֮˵ɾƾ?"

ޡݾ衷"ΪҩĸθнʳۣаƳ£˺·ߣҲΪ徻֮޳룬ɺ££侭ڰʷӺͽ⣬С֮ҲɢܴɢаҲа·ȣаɢԽ⡣ݣΪʳۣУƢθ֮ʳɢӡ̵Ƚʵа棬ߣʵ֮аҲƽ΢ܳɢͣˮͣʪԾߣΪҩʤʪҲ""ж֣һɫ׻ƶߣרȹɫ΢ڶϸߣԽɢ޶֮˵޷ֱ𣬵Ϊ֪ڷɢ֮ҩӡ"

ߡݻԡ"ζԿຮȻбҲȣҲȣ˺аҲȣθȹҲɲͬɫ̺ڰײͬ书βͬǰ˻һ?ջӡνˣξݣ롶鷽ȣҲ塷ƣһͣͷ֮вߣԱҲȻԭѪճͣ£ɣá硶˺дСپñҲƢ;룬ò˸ңɢָҲҵҽߵοҲ"

ࡶ"ôɢƽ֮ȡʽ⺮ȣεףвʹᣬδѪȣɢ˺аδ⣬²ʢͷʹξ֤֮аʵ߿ãߵˣȻɢ߲ɢ߲ɺ?""֮ԣйɢԴߺйϷ̲֮ˮߣӪδɢйӪߣδжӪѪߡӪҲӣп?Ȼò֮ߣȡҮ"

ᡶҩƷ塷"壬ɢζ΢࣬ΡöǮɢҩκűȡķ֣ݣԪԲȣƫͷ磬ȵԣвʹòɢε֢֮ϤƢѪ飬ȣңɢԴָͬɢ𣬿ֲԾư裬Ѫ֣֮Ѫ֮ˣУаȣߣԴЧνûˣòΪͽҪ"

⡶ݳԭ"˴̫̫֮ҩҲ桶䲡ۡ˺з粻ӱ⣬̫֮תС̫֮ڼDzҩв̫òа֮˵޻֮ԡ"

ϡԭ"Сȣűȣ֮кȣвȣ͸ҩ֮ʹУҧ֮"

Сݾ⡷"ĸθнߣĸθҲظʮʮһؽȡڵ壬ﵨʮһش֮ĸθУнɢ֮ҲʳߣʳθɢڸΣ֮ɢֽΪ֮Ҳﵨɢʳӡааа򺮣аȣͽ֮аҲ"

ѡݾ¼"θ֮ҩҲۡЧθζ壬书ˡΩľǰ˽ָΪ֮ҩ֪ĩδ֪䱾Ҳ"

ҡ桷"죬ЮʵߣݿɢʵаʵЮʵȣ൱ˡ֮УȻɢ޹顢ͬͶɢȲɺѪ˥߲ɲ٣?֮Իͨйߣ֮"

ӡҩ"ݸĿУΪҲνű亮ҲӣòҲߣвҲߡ֮֮飬òҲ޲в֤֮ʩвߣӦֱ֮űҲټȻв֤ߣ֮ЧɡȻ֮Σڱ˶ڴˡ"

ԡʡ"Ϊ˺ҪҩԸУΪűҩԸűΪҩԸԽ֮壬֮"

ա塷"ζ࣬רаȣʡҽ¼΢Ȼ壬ζ㱡֮ຮйߣ鹦ãDzͬ¼Σθʳ̵ˮͣͻ֢ۣ֮ȨʹȻԻа֮غаѽڼǽɢҩ͸Բ֮ζ巼йߣ֮аԱֶ⣬ʲΪ֮ҩ顢𡢾רбҲ֤֮Ż漰Ʀʹ֢̽ԸεľаΪԲ֮й֮ȷ֮ƷƸľ֮?Բ֮аˣεֲ֮ʧ֮ԣйааε֮棬ľȳï˹֤ѡ˻˶νƽε֮ᣬľ裬ͷʹͣѣŻ桢вʹ֢ͶţΪľֺ֮ǧ֮ӡҲ֮κ֮Ҳ˺ȡʪʼ𺮴ȣѶȼϣʱв棬̦ߣ˹Ϊаڰй͸ר˾է֮ʱºȣһа֣DZΡ飬ิɫ⻬νȣַаʢ֮ȿɱȣ٣ˡΩ֪ΪƢݣԫ֮˿ãȻ壬֮Ʒű֮вʱ̣پСɷΪ֤һ֮Ȼںȷʢ֮ຮȣ൱ֱ֤Ϊƣõһζνͨű֮ԿΩȷжʱ̣а뽥Ϊ㣬֮νDz֣ڱ⣬DZز֮ҩűȾãа˥౹νƢ֮Բʹ󲼣ȿֹ벹Ƣ֮ҩãԫ֮Ϊģű֮ڲߡ֮ȣDZ֮ҩӡԼ֮Σֹж㣺һΪаʵа֮ڰߣ֮ʹڱаɢһΪ飬֮ߣٶ֮ʹլ񡣴и粻֢֮ΪвߴʹΪ긹ͣʵˣľʧ£ӦҩУΪʹ򵼣Чݡ""ʤͨɢаȥ֮ҩDz֮ҩƢ֮֮ߣ˽֮ݣƢ֮ת䣬Ա벹Ƣ֮ΡΡãǼԲƢҲȨҩۡν͹ǽڷۣ鷦ݣָƢ֮ĸѪ֡νѪòѪҿ͸йȣ˹ΪӮ֮Ρνȳ֮ѪҺĽߣȽݣԲɢ֮Ҳ˺˲֪𣬾Ϊ֮ͨջӱݡв֮䣬ɢа֮ҩΪɣʵԴڴˣ֮ԳΪԣ˶Ϊ֮רӡ֪֣֮֮죬޲ߡƢ֮ͣΪȣԲٶйɢȣҲ֮ͣ˸ΪȣԲαȣɺ?֮ȣΪԲ֣ʹ֮鱾λ׹Ԩ֮ǰҲ֮ȣΪ֮Բ֮ʹ֮ܣٹ֮ʯϣɺ?"

ٴӦá ͨðԸðű׵нϺõЧ143ٴ۲죺Ըð24Сʱߴ98.1ͨð24Сʱߴ87.9Ƽ÷ñĸƳעҺÿ2൱ԭҩ2ˡע䣬ÿ12Σÿ2Ӥÿ11.5

ע2⣬жֲͬҩҪУײֲ˰ֲɹšӱҶֲֲӱɽࡢĴϡຣĤԵֲϡĴݡСֲĴϡݡƲҶֲ½ֲĴࡢɹš

ҩУ"Ҷ"""֣ԭֲҪΪҶǰϵճɳȫ꣬ȫԼ2040ףͬϲҶɫɫͬϲϵ۵ȫֳ꣬"ѿ"ȫԼ15ףϸɫҶɫաաɽ

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


лݡ

ҩơ

ƴChái Hú

ӢRoot of Chnese Thorowax, Root of Red Thorowax, Chinese Thorowax Root,Red Thorowax Root

Ѭɽˡݡ

ԡũݾ1. պ뾰״ǰǿ֮ һá

2.ݱҪãƳø½ңкˮ

ԴҩĻԴΪɡοֲҶĸ

ֲﶯ1.Bupleurum chinense DC.2.Bupeurum scorzonerifolium Willd.

պʹأȡȥ硢ɹɡ

ԭ̬ݱ40-85cmϴִ󣬼Ӳһϲط֦΢“֮”ۡҶҶλԲΣ4-7cm6-=8mmȶ˽⣬ɱҶԲ״Σ4-12cm6-18mmʱ3cmȶ˽򼱼⣬жâͷҶʣ7-9ɫ浭ɫа˪ɡλ֦ϸˮƽγɵԲ׶״ܰƬ2-3ޣΣ1-5mm0.5-1.2mm1-5ɡ3-8ϸȳ1-3cmСܰƬ5-7Σ3-3.5mm0.6-1mmȶ˼3Ҷ͹Сɡλл5-10Լ1.2mmֱ1.2-1.8mmʻɫϲۣ¡СƬԲΣȶ2dzѣɫӷ˫ԲΣɫԱ⣬2.5-3mm״ԣÿ͹3447-9£9-11¡ݱ30-60cmԲ׶ΣƤɫɶԴࡣһ֦жغɫԵҶάҶϸΣ6-16cm2-7mmȶ˳⣬ԱխʺӲͦۻھ3-7ҶԵɫʣϲҶСͬΡܰƬ1-4ΣϸС1-3䣻СܰƬ5״ΣϸСɡɫdzɫֶ͹ÿ͹5-64-67-9£9-11¡

ֲ̬ڸԭɽ¼ľԵȴڸԭɽ¼ľԵȴ

Դֲֲڶࡢɽաաȵءֲڶࡢɽ䡢աȵء

ࡿѧ ϲůʪͺͺԡѡɽ£ɷֳ֡ʵɰࡣճ͵ݵ֡

༼ ֳӷֱֳԷ2-3׳޲溦ֲϲɼӡ9-10¹ʵԴɫʱոȫ꣬ɡȾرáֱ3-4£ﲥ10£ﲥΪˣ15-20cm2cm2cmӾ빵ڣϸԼѹˮÿ1hm222.5kgԷо6-10cm֣ˮʪ1꣬6×6cmѨ֡ӷѿԼ50%¶20棬һʪȣԼ7d磬¶ȵ2棬Ҫ10d硣

󾭳ݡ׷ʡ10cmʱ硢硣10-11ʩŨ˷ʡѷʵȡ꼾Ӧע

溦 ¶꼾׷50%˾1000Һ䡣Ʒ6-9׳ΪҶƬ٣90%аٳ800Һÿ5-7d1Σ2-3Σ300Һ󭣬90%аٳ800Һɱ

״״ Բ׶λԲΣʱ6-15cmֱ0.3-1.2cmз֦ͷ󣬶˲ά״ҶҺɫغɫơ֦ۼƤסʼӲ۶ϣάԣƤɫľưɫ΢㣬ζ΢

Ҷ Բ׶Σٷ֦5-14cmֱ0.3-0.8cmɫɫƣͷ߶״ͻеĽڻƣܱά״ҶӲ࣬۶ϣƽ̹ɫγɲ㻷ɫ΢㣬

Ըֳ޾硢Ϊѡ

΢ 棺1 ľ˨ϸ7-8СƤխ7-11ң40-80μm48-68μmΧϸ6-8ƤңֱԼ27μmγɲ㻷״ľʲԼռ4/5ֱϴĵܶУľάȺг״

2Ҷ ľ˨6-10СƤխ8-1250-60μm70-102μmΧϸ8-10ƤҶ࣬17-27μm24-80μmɫ״ľʲܶྶУľάȺ٣ɢڣϸʱɶ״

ѧɷ֡1 ӷ0.15%Уᣨpentanoic acid)ᣨhexanoic acid)ᣨheptanoic acid)2-ϩᣨ2-heptenoic acid)ᣨoctanoic acid)2-ϩᣨ2-octenoic acid)ᣨnonanoic acid)2-ᣨnonanoic acid)ӣphenol)-ӣo-methoxyphenol)γ-γ-octalactone)γ-γ-decalactone)ͷӣeugenol)γ-ʮһγ-undecalactone)ױӣcresol)ѻӣethyphenol)ӣthymol)messoia lactone)㱽ȩvanillin acetate)[1]У2-׻ϣ2-methylcyclopentanone)ϩlimonene)¹ϩmyrcene)㾣ͪcarvacrone)ʽέcarveol)ͪpulegone)ҽﴼmyrtenol)α-ʹα-terpineol)linalool)ţgeraniol)ʮ飨n-tridecane)E-ţͪ[E-geranyl acetone]α-ϻϩα-cubebene)ξ-ϻϩξ-cadinene)Ȅϩhumulene)ʽϩcaryophyllene)Ҷϩlongifolene)Ŭؿͪnootkatone)ʮᣨhexadecanoic acid)ϻͪhexahydrofarnesyl acetone)[2]ֺ߰saikosaponin)acdS1[3]߰S13-O-α-L-૰ǻ1→3β-D-ȩչ-28-β-D-[3-O-α-L-arabinopyranosyl(1→3)-β-D-glucuronopyranosyl oleanolic acid-28-β-D-glucopyranosylester][4]յadonitol)[56]α-޴α-spinasterol)[6]ǣΪ--5311ϵԶǣԷԼ80 000ɰǣgalactose)ǣglu-cose)ǣarabinose)ľǣxylose)ǣribose)ǣrhamnose)һδ֪ɷɣǺͺǵĺ[7]Ҷͪɷ֣ɽͷӣkaempferol)ɽͷ-7-߰kaempferol-7rhamnoside)ɽ߰kaempferitrin)ɽͷ-3-O-α-L-߻૰߰-7-O-α-L-߰kaempferol-3-O-α-L-߻૰߰-7-O-Αl-߰daempferol-3-O-α-L-arabinopyranoside-7-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside)[89]

2Ҷ ӷͣУβ-ϩβ-terpinene)ϩϩcamphene)β-Сϩβ-fenchene)ͪԣisoborneol)β-ʹβ-terpineol)α-ţͣϩα-co-paene)Ȅϩα-ϻϩα-farnesene)ϩaromaden-drene)˳ʽĺͷʽĶϩβ-ϩβ-elemene)γ-ϩγ-muurolene)飨patchoulane)ŬؿͪȲ贼ledol)[2]ֺ߰0.15%в߰a0.05%߰d΢߰c0.10%[1011]

ϲֺͪ໯ԣɽͷӣɽͷ-7-߰[8]Ƥquercetin)Ƥأisoquercetin)أisorham-netin)ܿ߰rutin)ˮ߰narcissin)[12]

3ʱزĺ ӷͣУ2-׻ͪϩҽﴼʽέα-ʹʮһ飨n-undecane)5-׻-5-ѻ飨5-methyl-5-ethyldecane)E-ţͪα-ϩξ-ϳϩα-ţͣϩȄϩʽβ-ϻϩβ-farnesene)˳ʽϩβ-ϩ48-׻ʮ飨48-dimethyltridecane)ʮᣨtetradecanoic acid)ʮᣬϻͪ[2]ֺ߰acd3e6-O-߰6-O-acetylsaikosaponin)aǰ߰Ԫprosaidogenin)FҶ߰chikusaikoside)򣬲߰saikosaponin)d3-O-β-D-ǻ߰Ԫ3-O-β-D-fucopyranosylsaikongin)Fȥǻ߰desglucosaikosaponin)a6-O-߰6-O-acetylsaikosaponin)b311α-߰11α-methoxaikosaponinf[313]4Ҷ ӷͣУβ-ϩϩβ-ϩβ-thujene)α-β-γ-ʹ¹ϩͪcarvone)ҽﴼȻȩneral)ʮһ飬ϩbornylene)ʮʮ飨n-tetradecane)α-ѩϩα-himachalene)α-ţͣϩȄϩʽϻϩfarnesene)β-ϩ[2]߰ad[10]зֵãα-̴ϩα-santene)ϩocimene)α-ϩ㶹cormarin)ԣborneol)ᠽţgeranyl acetate)écytronelly acetate)[14]

5ݲ ߰ab22-O-Ѵ߰2-O-acetyl saikosaponin)b23-O-߰3-O-acetyl-saikosaponin)b2[3]յܿ߰-3-ܿ߰isorhamnetin-3-O-rutnoside)α-޴α-޴߰α-spinasteryl-β-D-glucoside)[15]

6׶Ҷ ߰10.85%в߰a0.25%߰c0.6%߰d0.54%[11]кܿ߰ƤأƤأأˮ߰[16]

7СҶڲӷͣУ2-׻ͪ£azu-lene)α-β-ϩα-β-ϩϩϩαСϩα-fenchene)¹ϩ3-ϩ3-carene)26-׻飨26-dimethyloctane)ͪҽﴼ4-ʹ4-ter-pinen-4-ol)ţʮһ飬ʮ飬α-ϩγ-ξ-ϩα-ţͣϩȄϩα-ϻϩβ-ûҩϩβ-γϩʮ[2]ֺ߰a0.35%δ߰cd[11]

8խҶ ӷͣУ2-׻ͪβ-ϩβ-pinene)ϩ335-׻飨335-trimethyl-heptane)ʽέҽﴼα-ʹıʮһ飬α-ϩȄϩϩ޽飬γ-޽ϩγ-patchoulene)β-ûҩϩβ-bisabolene)Ŭؿͪݱϩacoradiene)[2]ֺ߰acdb3b4[1516]3-O-߰3-O-acetylsaikosaponin)a6-O-߰6-O-acetylsaidosaponin)a3-O-߰3-O-acetylsaikosaponin)d6-O--߰6-O-acetylsaikosaponin)dҶ߰񼰢11α-߰f[313]

9˰ ߰1.678%в߰a0.16%߰d0.36%[10]6738-˫޻ZZ-6-7-3a6-diligustilide)[1718]˳ʽǻ޻cis-6,7-di-hydroxyligustilide)ϩͪpregnenolone)[17]

10 ӷͣУ2-׻ͪ3-ͪ3-heptanone)ϩ3-ϩ2-߻ૣ2-pentylfuran)㾣ӣcarvacrol)ͪ޲ϩͪverbenone)СͪʽέͪȻȩʮһ飬ᣨp-isopropylbenzoic acid)5-׻-5-ѻ飬3-׻ʮ飨3-methyldodecane)ʮ飬α-ϩγ-ϩβ-ܿϩβ-gurfunene)α-ţͣϩϩ˳ʽϩα-ľϩα-guaiene)α-β-ϩγϩʮ飨n-pentadecane)ŬؿͪȲ贼ϻͪfarnesylacetone)[2]ֺ߰1.83%в߰a0.30%߰c0.82%߰d0.71%[11]

11ײ ߰ab1b2cd[1920]IJӷͣڣͪcycolhexanone)ȩoctanal)ʠβ-ϩα-γ-ʹϩ¹ϩ3-ϩӣ㾣ӣͪͪisopinocamphone)ԣɴisopulegol)ͪmenthone)18-Ҷأ1,8-cineole)Ȼnerol)ʮһ飬α-ϩγ-ϩα-ϻϩ˳ʽͷʽĶϩβ-ϩβ-selinene)β-ľϩβ-cedrene)γ-޽ϩγ-patchoulene)ʮ[2]ֺ߰1.03%,в߰a0.48%߰c0.11%߰0.44%[11]

12С ӷͣУᣬ26-׻飬ͪα-ʹͪ«޼veratryl alcohol)Ѷϩ޽飬ľϩcedrennol)α-Ҷα-eudesmol)ʮ[2]ֺ߰0.05%в߰a0.05%߰cd΢[11]

13봨 ӷͣڣ2-׻ͪȩn-heptanal)4-׻-3-ͪ4-methyl-3-heptanone)ϩ3-ϩ2-߻ૣͪ2-׻飨5-methyldecane)ʮһ飬ᣬʮ飬7-׻ʮ飨7-methyltridecane)ʮ飬α-ϩξ-ϳϩβ-ܿϩα-ţͣϩȄϩα-ϻϩβ-ľϩ48-׻ʮ飬2-׻ʮ飨2-methylhexadecane)ϻͪԼȻ崼nerolidol)ͬʹ[2]ֺ14߰ɷ֣߰ab2d2-O--߰a2-O-β-D-ľǻ߰2O-β-D-glucopyranosyl saikosaponin)b26-O-߰6-O-acetylsaikosaponin)b236-OO-߰36-OO-diacetylsaikosaponin)b22-O-߰2-O-acetylsaikasaponin)d3-O-߰d6-O-߰d16-Ҷ߰16-epichiku-saikoside)ǰ߰Ԫprosaikogenin)G[21]

14 ӷͣУ2-׻ͪ3-׻-3--5-ѻ飬β-ܿϩα-ţͣϩβ-ûҩϩ48-׻ʮ[2]

ҩá1.ϵͳã1.1ã С10ֻθ20g൱ҩ/kglСʱƤע䲻ͬĿȣ15ڸ鷢ʵĶҩİЧֱΪ350385.O-318.2mg/kg250302.5-206.6mg/kgС󿧷жԿá

1.2ʹã ÿ6ֻǻע䱱300mg/kg1/4߰ 380635mg/kg1/51/3עĸ5-8СʱھԵĽáõβ߰478mg/kg1/4ԵʹáСθ10g൱ҩ/kgʹãʹÿưƷθ25mg/kgͪƤע0.26mg/kg׿

1.3ã ƼͲ߰ãСڷֲ߰200-800mg/kgɳáСʵУֲ߰߶ͨƵãڷ˶ƼCD50Ϊ347mg/kg߰ԴԻرܡӱܷӦԵơСڷ߰500mg/kgӳͱƵ˯ʱ䡣

1.4ã ע50mg/kg25mg/kg2%߰ˮҺ6%Һ0.1ml/ֻ㸡ףأȥٺԼСǻעl00mg/kg߰2%ˮҺ0.6%0.2ml/ֻԴСǻҺԵá߰ͻӷ͸ǻעԽDz˽´׾Եáֲ߰ڷ600mg5-ɫͰͶСסֲ߰Դᡢ鰷5-ɫѪͨ͸Ӿá߰adעڷпͿѿá߰ad ǻע󣬴ѪƤͪӣҲв̶ͬӣ̼ܿ٣ٽƤϵͳйء

2.ѪϵͳӰ죺ҺʹѪѹ½߰ȮݵĽѹӦʼнѹáļĶɼ߰1-2×10-4Ũļá߰ԵѪá߰ѪǿΪ߰d acѪÿɱʡơȮע߰5mg/kgʱɳʱԵѪѹ½ʼ١ϲֺ6-8%ͪǿëϸѪá

3.ϵͳã3.1Ըã ˮ120ʹȮ֭ܵų뵨γɷӡֲ߰ÿտڷ500mg/kg3죬ʹȻ̼˴ĸιָܻʹµĸι֯˻ָ߰aȻ̼Сʵ飬ɼʺͣGSHߣѪGTP½иͣбϸ˺ʹٽ֬ʴл

3.2θʮָã ߰Ũl-2×10-4ʱ,˷峦ƽҲΪƷԿ3×10-6Ũʱ峦Сǿáڷ߰θķڣθҺpHֵԴʵԵĴÿտڷ߰10mg/kg15죬дٽθãϴ50100mg/kgù̶ˮԡӦУڷ߰500mg/kgԵá⣬߰ȵøнǿá

4.ԭãпԭãעҺ״вǿá߰aʵвҲáп˾áעҺҲƵ岡Ĥףܴٽϣۼʵʲˮʧڻָ

5.ʴлӰ죺5.1Ե״лӰ죺 ߰acd3 2 2Ӵĵϳɡע߰Ҳá

5.2ǴлӰ죺 ߰ʹӣٽ֬ʺ͵޴ϳеӡ

5.3֬ʴлӰ죺߰غACTHյ֬еֽ֬ãҲȵشٽ֬ãʹѪ֬͡

5.4a-޴нѪ̴ãܶԿऽͼûлá

6.ԴһƤùܵӰ죺ڷ߰ʹСήӡ߰adʹԷʴ󣬶߰còԡ߰ad˷ܴǰҶACTH̼Ƥͪĺϳɺͷڡ

7.֬ʹãעҺ1g/1mlСȽȩMDAH2O2úѪMDAѪѪ쵰ףPHbӰ졣ʵעҺƸȽMDAɺH2O2ѪMDAPHbߣӶǿп֬ʹá

8.ã߰d θǻעСϸˮãӳʱ䡣òְƱпЧӦӣTNFԸΰϸΪϸʹϸѽ⣻Helaϸͷϸͬʵ飬ͬ

9.ã9.1ã Сǻעǣ9900ƢϵǻϸɰٷָвѪпζȣӰƢϸѪءǶСٷӦDTHãȫָֻвСDTHӦơConAƢܰϸתʼȻɱϸĻԣСҺϸ߹ܣʹ״̬һ̶ȵĻָ

9.2ǻпá

9.3߰ͻͪѪ֬ø50%ʱҩŨȷֱΪ44.2±3.7mg/ml30.3±2.4mg/ml߻ʱΪ26.0±1.8mg/mlҩóɷֶø־һǾͻá

ԡԺܵͣࣨ10%ˮҺ Ƥע䣬СΪ100mg/kgС1θǻע䱱ܻӷ͵İΪ1.19±0.12g/kg߰İΪ1.906±0.21g/kgб߰СڷİΪ4.7g/kgǻעΪ0.112g/kgǻעİΪ0.583g/kgƷشǻעİΪ165mg/kgСΪ254mg/kg

𡿣1—ȡˮƬμˮѴϵҺ1ΣԻɫɫ5-10minɫΪɫ1hϣΪɫʧ߰2ȡƷĩ0.5gӼ״10mlҡ30min˹ȡҺ0.5minӶԶװȩļ״Һ1300.5mlȣ2mlˮԡȣҺԵɫ򵭺ɫݺ۳Һ߰3ɫ ȡƷĩ2gӼ״10ml½2h˹ҺŨԼ2mlƷҺȡ߰acdƷԼ״ܽ1ml5mgĶƷҺȡҺ10μlͬһ轺Gϣ-״-ˮ30101չչ10cmȡɣ50%ԶװȩҺ1005minƷɫƷɫӦλͬϺɫߵ㣻ˮߵɫʧ

ơ1ȥʣȥоϴ ɳ̳͸ʱƬ漴ɹɡ

2 ȡƬôװȣùĻ΢ɣȡɹɡ(ÿ100 ô12)

3ѪȡƬôڣˮϡ͵ıѪȣ ùĻ΢ȡ(ÿ100û200ȡѪ)

4ƲȡƬûƾưȣ͸ùĻȳɣȡÿƬ100kgûƾ10kg

5̿ȡƬĻɫˮȡɡ

6۲ȡùڣУƬĻƣճΪȡ

ζζࣻ΢

龭Σ

Ρȣνзȣűвʹͣͷʹͷѣ¾֮ѸأӹѴθ´

÷ڷ3-10g衢ɢãˮϴĩ

ע⡿𣬸߼ɷ

1.ݾעΪ֮ʹԡηŮҡ޼«

2.ҽѧšԪ¾ູߣ

3.ݾ衷߼֮Ż¼ߣͬɡű ʳ

˺塢գз磬 ȣвٺٲʳķϲŻ ʹвƦ왣¼£С㲻򲻿ʡ΢ȣߣ ˲İ(ϴ) ʲ()()ʮö() ζˮһȡȥңټȡ·һ(˺ۡС)а뾭磬ݼȣƳ£˺ʱЕ(ϴȥ) ʲһ()ϸĩÿǮˮһյͬ˷֣ʳȷ(ݷɢ)з纮ȶ񺮣ͷʹ^ű𣺲һǮһǮƤһǮ ҩǮʲһǮƬˮһӰ룬ߡ˷֣ȷ(ȫ顷)θвʹƤһǮ֣֡׿ǡ׳㸽һǮ˲֡ (ҽҽż¼)θξвʹˡɽ١Ƥ֡׿ǡ(֢Ρ)Ѫ;룬ķȣ֫ʹͷĿأճ࣬ʿȵʳԣѪಫˮ긹ʹűŮѪ飬̵ͣ ȣݣɹʲݰ(΢)(ȥ磬ﱣ΢)(ȥƤ )ҩ(ȥ)һΪĩÿǮˮһյһ ƣͬ߷֣ȥȷʱ(ַңɢ)ε ȣ(ȥ)ȷ֡Ϊĩۺ͸࣬輦ͷӴÿһ 裬þˮ֣ʮУ·ʱ(С΢ )˳ȵ̹ʹʳˣ׶ʲ ֪ĸһܴһ롣ζΪĩÿǮˮ˷֣ö֣ȷ( ÷ɢ)λ㣺һ(ȥ)ʲһ֡϶ϸһˮһ룬éһգͬ ߷֣ȥʱʱһվ(ر)θλƣһ(ȥ)ʲݰ(΢࣬)ӡǰӡм ҩɸΪɢÿǮˮһյ֣ȥңʱ·(ʥݷ ɢ)11.λ˵ȷ֡ưˮ߷֣䣬ķ֮(üɷ )

1.ĸθнʳۣ аƳ¡

2.¼˺ ·ȣ̵Ƚʵа棬ؼͣˮͣʪԾΡԡ

3.ҩۡ͹ǽڷۣʹѪͷݣʳ ʱȲ⣬

4.ǧ𷽡֭ζС

5.ݡ̵вƦ

6.ջӱݡˣ̵ֹֹԣķΣ裬 ¼ȿ񷦾в

7.ҡȥȣԣDzӲܳ

8.ҽѧԴͷȣɢȣȥ糿ȡ

9.ϱݡ˺Ҫҩаμаȡȣиξֹ֮вʹθѪվܵ¾ ø

10.ĿݣƽΡ𣬼ͷʹѣΣĿʹ裬űȣѪңˮСȣȡ

11塷һͣͷУв ԭͣһ𣬸аȣаͣԻҲ֮ 硶鷽ȣ裬ò˶֮޲Чȥ뼱ѣȣôջӡνˣҩۡνͷݣ˵Ȳʵȣҽִ֮δپκű״òˡ

12ҽѧԴҩҲ˲ǰ֮ҩҲƳͷʹǴҩֹƦʹθԷɢȡ

13꽣кλû֮øƽм½ҡ δ֮ʮҩУɢѪۣͬ

14ϱݡ˺ òպ󷽿ãȣ֢á

15.ĿͣࡣڸΡļȣ ֮ҩƢθȣݣȱ ֮ҩΩз߲ÿɶȻԫ˼֮򲻼ӡ֮űԲΪʮңòɢۡзűűʮ֮ Կ֮ӡҪ߾˼ԭӼʹҲ

16.ݾ衷Ϊҩĸθнʳۣа Ƴ£˺·ߣҲΪ徻֮޳룬ɺ£ £侭ڰʷӺͽ⣬С֮ҲɢܴɢаҲа·ȣаɢԽ⡣ Ϊʳۣ Ƣθ֮ʳɢӡ̵Ƚʵа棬ߣʵ֮аҲƽ΢ܳɢͣˮ ʪԾߣΪҩʤʪҲж֣һɫ׻ƶߣרȹɫ΢ڶϸߣԽɢ޶֮˵޷ֱ𣬵Ϊ֪ڷɢ֮ҩӡ

17.ݻԡζԿຮȻбҲȣҲȣ˺аҲȣθȹҲɲͬɫ̺ڰײͬ书βͬǰ˻һ ޷?ջӡνˣξݣ롶鷽ȣҲ塷ƣһͣͷ֮вߣԱҲȻԭѪճͣ£ɣá硶˺ дСپñҲƢ;룬ò ˸ңɢָҲҵҽߵοҲ

18.ôɢƽ֮ȡʽ⺮ εףвʹᣬδѪȣɢ˺аδ⣬²ʢ ͷʹξ֤֮аʵ߿ãߵˣȻɢ ߲ɢ߲ɺ?19.ҩƷ塷壬ɢζ΢࣬ΡöǮɢҩκűȡķ֣ݣԪԲȣƫͷ磬 ȵԣвʹòɢε֢֮ϤƢѪ飬 ңɢԴָͬɢ𣬿ֲԾư裬Ѫ֣֮Ѫ֮ˡУаȣߣԴ ЧνûˣòΪͽҪ

20.ݳԭ˴̫̫֮ҩҲ桶䲡ۡ˺з粻ӱ⣬̫֮תС̫֮ Dzҩв̫òа֮˵޻֮

21.ԭСȣűȣ֮кȣ вȣ͸ҩ֮ʹУҧ֮

22.ݾ⡷ĸθнߣĸθҲظʮʮһؽȡڵ壬ﵨʮһش֮ĸθУнɢ֮ҲʳߣʳθɢڸΣ֮ɢֽΪ֮Ҳﵨɢʳӡааа򺮣аȣͽ֮аҲ

23.ݾ¼θ֮ҩҲۡЧθζ壬书ˡΩľǰ˽ָΪ֮ҩ֪ĩδ֪䱾Ҳ

24.桷죬Юʵߣݿɢ( ʵаʵ)Юʵȣ൱ˡ֮УȻɢ޹顢ͬͶɢȲɺѪ˥߲?֮Իͨйߣ֮

25.ҩݸĿУΪҲνű 亮ҲӣòҲߣвҲߡ֮֮飬òҲ ޲в֤֮ʩвߣӦֱ֮űҲ ټȻв֤ߣ֮ЧɡȻ֮Σڱ˶ڴˡ

26.ʡΪ˺ҪҩԸУΪűҩԸűΪҩԸԽ֮壬֮

27.塷ζ࣬רаȣʡҽ¼΢Ȼ 壬ζ㱡֮ຮйߣ鹦ãDzͬ¼ Σθʳ̵ˮͣͻ֢ۣ֮ȨʹȻ Իа֮غаѽڼǽɢ ҩ͸Բ֮ζ巼йߣ֮аԱֶ⣬ʲΪ֮ҩ顢𡢾רбҲ֤֮Ż漰Ʀʹ֢ԸεľаΪԲ֮й֮ ȷ֮ƷƸľ֮? Բ֮аˣεֲ֮ ʧ֮ԣйааε֮棬ľȳï ˹֤ѡ˻˶νƽε֮ᣬľ裬ͷʹ͡ѣŻ桢 вʹ֢ͶţΪľֺ֮ ǧ֮ӡȨҩۡν͹ǽڷۣ鷦ݣָƢ֮ĸѪ֡νѪòѪҿ͸йȣ˹Ϊ֮Ρνȳ֮ѪҺĽߣȽݣԲɢ֮Ҳ˺˲֪𣬾Ϊ֮ͨ

ٴӦáȡͨðԸðű׵нϺõЧ143ٴ۲죺Ըð24Сʱߴ98.1%ͨð24Сʱ ߴ87.9%Ƽ÷ñĸƳעҺÿ2ml൱ԭҩ2gע䣬ÿ1-2Σÿ2mlӤÿ1-1.5ml

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