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ҽҩȫ > ҩ > ҩ > C > ɽ

ɽ

2017-06-22 16:50 Ķ:

ȫвҩࡷɽ

ҩơɽ

ƴChun Shn Lón

ǡչǡͷҰɽҩ

ԴֲDioscorea nipponica Makino״ҩڣȥƤƬɹɡ

ζ࣬ƽ

Ρ磬ֹʹڷʪʹʪؽʹľǽڲˣ֧ס

÷13Ǯ

ժ¼ȫвҩࡷ

ɽͼƬ
ɽͼƬ

ҩǵ䡷ɽ

ҩơɽ

ƴChun Shn Lón

ǡҩֲ־ɽҩӱҩġɽɽɽҩɽǣйҩֲͼٸвҩZƽɽйֲ־۽Ʊޣ㽭䳣òҩǡɽչǣӱҩֲᡷɽвҩֲᡷ

ҩֲ־

ԴΪֲ^ڣȥϸȥ˨Ƥɹɡ

ԭ̬ɽɽ

ƲݱߣԲΣƺɫ5ףëҶ߳λΣ512ףͨ57ѣΣƬг⣬Ҷ9֧״ɫԣ꣺Ҹ´ۻ״ƻ״ۻСΣƬ66ڻͲϣƻ6ԲΣͷ3ѣƬ2ѡ״ԲΣ3ᡣӾ߳γᡣ68¡810¡

ֲɽֱߡУ򹵱ߡֲɹš֡ӱϡɽࡢĴݡϡɽաա㽭ȵء֡ɽ㽭ӱɽȵء

״dzԲΣ1020ףֱԼ1.5ף߶ķ֦.ɫжϸƼͻлȫ¹ǡʼӲ浭ɫԣɼϸ׵άɢڡ΢ζࡣԸֳɫʼӲΪá

ѧɷ֡߰ȶ߰߰ˮ߰Ԫ߰ԪĺԼ1.52.6з25---3,5ϩ

ҩá

Сڷ߰ˮԻˮ߰ɸ1ţҴŨҺѼ£ˮҺŨͨɸȺ÷ɸ1ź2ţǻעԵֹãˮȷ߰ԪЧЧҪڼǿIJ֣߰ڽϴʱҲЧ

̵

Сڷ߰ˮ߰ɸ1Żǻעŵ̵ãӺ취ˮ߰ЧšҪЧɷ߰ࡣ

ƽ

ڷɸ1ƽã֯ɸ2ż߰ԪЧ֧ܾ֯ζԤáƽЧɷڼǿIJּ߰ϴЧ

ܶѪܵ

߰10/Ѫ޴Ѫѹӻʡǿβ/α֬ױƹ״ѭΪȶӲЧб棬߰3/ʵԶӲ֮Ѫ޴ˮƽԽã߿顢֬мá400/θ3죬3ٸǻעͬҩСʾٷܶԿҶĹĵͼԴļãˮ߰Ȯע䣨70/Ѫѹ½ʮָҩ޴á

ԡСǻעһƼΪ9.9ҩ/ڶΪ19ҩ/ڷ߰СΪ2.21±0.14ˣ

ζ١㽭䳣òҩ"ƽζࡣ"

ڡвҩֲᣬ"ʿ࣬¡"

ΡѪʳˮ̵űη纮ʪԣףŤˣűӸס

١ҩֲ־"Ѫʹľ"

ڡɽҩ"η纮ʪԡ"

ֲۡҩ顷"űֹۣס"

ܡвҩ"οԣʪԹؽףǽڲؽʹűˣӸ׶񴯡"

÷ڷ0.5112ơãƷ

ʹľʴɽˮһɼ壬ΣӺЧѡҩֲ־

𣺴ɽǮˮǡƾơÿ硢һΡ㽭䳣òҩ

δǽڲʹɽ׾һ졣ÿһÿΡӱҩֲᡷ

ŤʹɽǮˮӱҩֲᡷ

űٸǮߡҰ޻Ǯǰˮвҩ

Ӹ׶񴯣ʻٸf÷󻼴вҩ

ףʴɽһƤȥ룬ϴƬˮСʱΣϲҺŨ100ηʮΪһƳ̡ɹšвҩҽƷѡࡷ

ٴӦá

ӦôɽƬÿƬԭҩ2.5ˣһƳÿ2Σÿ2ƬڶƳÿ3Σÿ2Ƭ10ΪһƳ̡26һƳ̵ЧΪ80.8Ч30.8ڶƳ̵Ч84Ч60ٴ֤ɽƬԿȡ̵׾Чȣ̵ýǿҽͷ棬Ƣʪ͵Чϸߡôɽϻˡ۹ƳɸעҺÿ2ҩ2ˡע䣬ÿ2Σÿ26ΪһƳ̣Ϣ3еڶƳ̣Ҳ12졣117߾12Ƴƺ󣬽6152.1Ч3731.6ת1916.2ɽעõ̵Чһҩ12켴ʹ̵ϡ̵֮٣òǿвֲʳӣ˯ߺתδֲáʵ֤עҺԷ˫־á

ƼԻŧԹǹؽ

ȡɽϴƬɹɡÿ3Сÿ21Ρ85Ȭ6ŧѪ֢ѪԣΪɫڿδܿƣôɽñȽԵЧ

Ƽ״ͼ״ŧܿ

ȡɽƷ20Ƭзۣ60Ȱ׾1001ܺˣҺѹÿ1000Һ׾600󼴳ɴɽࣨÿҩ0.5ˣշ3Σÿ1020۲״8Ч7Ч1ҩ20ҿʼЧСԭб߾ʧ2ңһСʵرһҩ3£۲׿5ҩͻ֢״ʧļ£ʳֺࡢֲҲв̶ͬȸƣԻлʺʵĸƲʼЧʱڷҩ1ңҩ23ºͻ֢״ʧãиʹͣҩʧ

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


лݡɽ

ҩơɽ

ƴChun Shn Lón

ӢChuanlong Yam

ǡɽҩɽɽɽǡٸƽɽ۽ƱޡҰɽҩǡչǡɽɽ

ԡҩֲ־

ԴҩĻԴΪֲﴩͲƽĸ

ֲﶯ1.Dioscorea nipponica Makino. 2.Dioscorea nipponica Makino subsp.rosthornii(Prain et Burkill)C.T.Ting

պʹأֵ4-5ֳ꣬ĵ3괺вڣȥƤжΡɹɻɡ

ԭ̬1.Ʋݱ5mԲΣľʣ֦˨ƤŰ롣ԲΣëҶҶ10-20cmҶƬ״Σ仯ϴ󣬾Ҷ10-15cm9-13cmԵȴ״dzѡѻѣȶҶƬСȫԵҶɫйëϡİɫϸëϽܡԣꡣۻΪҸ״򣬻2-4伯Сɡ״򶥶˳ΪƬΣȶ˽⣬ڻΣ6ѣƬȶ˶Բ6ڻƬ룬ҩ򡣴ƻ״6ѣƬΣͷ3ѣƬ2ѡݻɫΣȶ˰룬ԲΣÿ״Сһһ㳤Լ2cmԼ1.5cmÿ2ʱ1ŷвȵıĤ״ᣬϷʳΣԼȿ26-8¡ 2.ƽ 봩ʮƣҪڣֲϴ׳ûа˨ƤбҶƬн϶Сë6-8£8-10¡

ֲ̬1.ں300-2000mɽ¡ֱߡӹľУɽ·ԡҲС 2.ƽں1000-1800mĺӹȹԺϡľ¼Ե

Դֲ1.ֲڶ½ϡɽաա㽭Ĵȵء 2.ƽֲϺ͸ϲϡĴݵȵء

ࡿѧ ¶ӦķȽϹ㣬8-3515-25ˡͺֲҪաѡɡֵɰΪˡճ֡ ༼ Ӻ͸ֳӷֳ磬2괺ԣо45-60cm20-30cmֳѿǰڳ۲г3-5cmСΣо45-60cm10-15cmĹ30cmڹУѹʵ ڼÿи3-4ΣԹֲƣ34ֲѸ٣ִ׷ʣʩ׼طʡ

״״ 1 ԲΣз֦10-15cmֱ0.3-1.5cmưɫػɫвݹߵ״ۼƫһͻ𾥺ۣżĤ״dzɫƤϸʼӲƽ̹ɫưɫɢеɫάС㡣΢ζɬ 2ƽ 봩ƣΨϴ֣Ϲ⻬Ƥ ΢ 棺1 ľ˨ϸУ䡣Ƥϱϸ΢ľճҺϸ51-58μmֱ37-47μmں뾧ɢάƷϸ 2ƽ 봩ƣ˨ϸƽ룬䡣 ĩ ɫٵԲΡΡ«ΡΣϱ⣬˻һ˽ϼ⣬Եа͹ֱ3-17μm33μm㳤״ڲ뾧48-112μmľϸɫԲλ೤Σһխƫбֱ26-77μmԼ343μmں2-5μm΢ľƿ׽СԲΡܾԵƿ׵ֱ17-56μmԵƿ׼ϸܣƵܡľ˨ϸ

ѧɷ֡ɽ߰dioscinϸ߰gracillin߰asperin25-D--35-ϩ25-D-spirosta-35-dieneǻлʯᣨpiscidic acid

ҩá1.ãСڷ߰ˮԻˮ߰ɸ l(ҴŨҺѼ£ˮҺŨͨɸȺ÷ɸ lź2)ǻעԵֹ(ˮȷ)߰ԪЧЧҪڼǿIJ֣߰ڽϴʱҲЧ

2.̵ãСڷ߰ˮ߰ɸ lŻǻעŵ̵(Ӻ취)ˮ߰ЧšҪЧɷ߰ࡣ

3.ƽãڷɸ lƽ(֯)ɸ2ż߰ԪЧ֧ܾ֯ζԤáƽЧɷڼǿIJּ߰ϴЧ

4.Ѫܵã߰10mg/kgŽѪ޴Ѫѹӻʡǿβ/α֬ױƹ״ѭΪȶӲЧб棬߰3mg/kgʵԶӲ֮Ѫ޴ˮƽԽã߿顢֬мá400mg/kgθ3죬3ٸǻעͬҩС(86ʾٷ)ܶԿҶĹ(ĵͼ)Դļãˮ߰Ȯע(70mg/kg)Ѫѹ½ʮָҩ޴á1g/kgǻעСȺ̵ã0.5-1.0g/kg鰷ϢжԿã̵õҪЧɷΪ߰Dt õЧǼǿIJ-š

ԡСǻעһƼΪ9.9gҩ/kgڶΪ19gҩ/kgڷ߰СΪ2.210.14g/kg

1ȡƷĩԼ2gˮ30mlˮԡϼ10min˹ȡˮȡҺ2mlھԹܣҡ1min״ĭ10minĭûʧ߰ 2ȡˮȡҺ2ml2%ϸҺ5-10ΣӣѪҺ𽥱ܽʹȡҺʺɫ͸Һ߰ 3ȡƷĩ2g80%ҴȽᣬ˹ҺȥҴ䣬УӴŨᣬӦϺɫ߰ 4ɫ ȡƷĩ1g2mol/LԼ10mlˮ4h˹ˮϴԣ60ո2hʯѣ60-90棩ȡ4hȡҺɺȷ2mlܽҺȡ߰ԪȷƳÿ1ml1mgաȡ10μlͬһ轺-10%CMCϣȷ-ͪ937չ3%ᴼҺɫƷɫƷɫӦλͬɫ㡣

ζƽ

龭Σξ

ΡʪѪͨ磻ֹȡʪǰ֫ľرʹףˣŰӸ

÷ڷƷ6-9gƷ30-45gơãƷ

ʹľʴɽˮһɼ塢ΣӺЧѡ(ҩֲ־)𣺴ɽǮˮǡƾơÿ硢һΡ(㽭䳣òҩ)δǽڲʹɽ׾һ졣ÿһÿΡ(ӱҩֲᡷ)ŤʹɽǮˮ(ӱҩֲᡷ)űٸǮߡҰ޻Ǯǰˮ(вҩ)Ӹ׶񴯣ʻٸ÷󻼴(вҩ)ףʴɽһƤȥ룬ϴƬˮСʱΣϲҺŨ100ηʮΪһƳ̡(ɹšвҩҽƷѡࡷ)

1.ҩֲ־Ѫʹľ

2.ɽҩη纮ʪԡ

3.ֲҩ顷űֹۣס

4.вҩοԣʪԹؽףǽڲؽʹűˣӸ׶񴯡

ٴӦá1.ףӦôɽƬ(ÿƬԭҩ2.5g)һƳÿ2Σÿ2ƬڶƳÿ3Σÿ2Ƭ10ΪһƳ̡26һƳ̵ЧΪ80.8%Ч30.8%ڶƳ̵Ч84%Ч60% ٴ֤ɽƬԿȡ̵׾Чȡ̵ýǿҽͷ棬Ƣʪ͵Чϸߡôɽϻˡ۹ƳɸעҺÿ2mlҩ2gע䣬ÿ2Σÿ2ml6ΪһƳ̣Ϣ3еڶƳ̣Ҳ12졣 l17߾ l-2Ƴƺ󣬽61(52.1%)Ч37(31.6%)ת19(16.2%)ɽעõ̵Чһҩ l-2켴ʹ̵ϡ̵֮ż٣òǿвֲʳӣ˯ߺתδֲáʵ֤עҺԷ˫־á

2.ƼԻŧԹǹؽףȡɽϴƬɹɡÿ3Сÿ21Ρ85Ȭ6ŧѪ֢Ѫ(Ϊɫ)ڿδܿƣôɽñȽԵЧ

3.Ƽ״ͼ״ٻܿȡɽƷ20Ƭзۣ60Ȱ׾100lܺˣҺѹÿ1000mlҺ׾600ml󼴳ɴɽ(ÿҩ05g)շ3Σÿ10-20ml۲״8Ч7Ч lҩ20ҿʼЧСԭб߾ʧ2ңһСʵرһҩ3£۲׿5ҩͻ֢״Ÿʧļ¡ʳֺࡢֲҲв̶ͬȸƣԻлʺʵĸƲšʼЧʱڷҩ1ңҩ2-3ºͻ֢״ʧãиʹͣҩʧ

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