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ҽҩȫ > ҩ > ҩ > C > С

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2018-09-20 10:19 Ķ:

йҩ䡷С

ҩơС

ƴChì Xio Dòu

ӢSEMEN PHASEOLI

ඹС

ԴƷΪֲСPhaseolus calcaratus Roxb. Phaseolus angularis Wightĸ^ʵδʱȡȫ꣬ɹɣӣȥʣ ɹɡ

״СʳԲζԱ⣬58mmֱ35mmϺɫ޹΢йһͻ꣬ƫһˣɫԼΪȫ2/3м䰼ݳݹ1Ե⼹Ӳ飬Ҷ2ɫ޳ζ΢ʡ

ඹʶԲΣ˽ƽػԲֱ46mm氵غɫй겻ͻ

𡿱Ʒ棺С ƤƤΪ1 դ״ϸ괦2 УϸںɫԴԡ֧ϸ1 У״Ϊ10бϸڲϸǷ״ҶϸڶϸСƷʹؾ겿λդ״ϸָڲйܰԲΣϸ״Ϊ״֯ϸâ״дϸ϶

ඹ ҶϸżϸСƷؾ

ζʡᣬƽ

龭ġС

Ρˮףⶾŧˮ֫ף࣬ʪȱԣӸ״Ӹʹ

÷930gĩ

ءøﴦ

ע1ˮ׵֢ɵζߡкƤҩͬáʪȻ̡֢ɣƤͬáڴ׶̵֢֮ȼ֭ڷܽҶСۣĩ

2ҩõijСϰΪǰΪţϷһӽխijСýϷԲijС

ժ¼йҩ䡷

СͼƬ
СͼƬ

ҩǵ䡷С

ҩơС

ƴChì Xio Dòu

ඹջӱݡ춹ĿСԭʼС̶ʭĴ½ݡඹҩֲᡷССҩѧ

ԴΪֲСġժԹɹɣӣȥʣɹɡ

ԭ̬ٳСγࣨԭųඹݱ׳ඹéࡢ׳ࡣ

һԮݱɴ1.8ףܱë3ҶҶ816ףҶλ״ΣСҶ3öΡԲ״״Σ610ף26ףȶ˽⣬λԲΣȫԵ3dzѣëҶëֽʣ3߱״ҸСöС̣С2ö״ΣԼ5ףë״5ڵΣɫΣ΢ΣбΣ߽צǰн״ͻ10壬ҩСӷλܱӲëΡԹ״ԲΣ610öɫԲΣԲֱݵꡣ58¡89¡

Ұֲ㶫Ϻȵء

ڳඹ췹αҩ桷

һֱݱ3090סӲë3ҶҶΣɫëСҶб״Σ510ף3.57ףȶ˶̼򽥼⣬λԲΣȫԵdz3ѣ汻賤ë26䣬ҸܻˣλͬԹԲͲ״Ӽë610ɫԲΣ˽λԲΣ겻67¡78¡

ȫعΪࡣ

״ٳСԳԲζԱ⣬57ףֱԼ3ףƤɫϺɫƽ΢йΣɫԼΪȫ23м䰼ݳһݹƫһˣһԵ⼹ʼӲ飬ȥƤɼɫʡ΢֮жζɣɫ췢Ϊѡ

㶫ȵء

ڳඹඹӣʾԲΣԲۻƽأ58ףֱԼ46ףƤɫԵƽйλڲԵ϶ˣɫͻ಻ݣ״Сơ

ȫ󲿷ֵ

ҩԳСƷΪãԴ࣬Ϊඹ档

ѧɷ֡ÿٿ˺20.7ˡ֬0.5ˡ̼ˮ58ˡά4.9ˡҷ3.3ˡ67ˡ305ˡ5.2ˡ0.31ˡ˻0.11ˡ2.7ˡ

ζᣬƽ

١Ҫ"ζ࣬¡"

ڡ¼"ᣬƽ޶"

ۡǧ·ʳΡ"̣ƽ޶"

ܡʳԱݡ"΢"

ݡҺݡ"£ζᣬ޶"

龭ġС

١׹ҩԽ⡷"ľ"

ڡ±ࡷ"Ƣ"

ۡ䱾ݡ"̫"

ܡ¡"ġζ"

ΡˮʪѪŧ׽ⶾˮף㣬кѪӸס

١"ˮӸŧѪ"

ڡ¼"ȣУʣֹйС㣬棬ݣ"

ۡҩۡ"ȶӸףɢѪˮƤͿӸϣСơôȡ֭ϴ֮ʳĩ뼦Ӱ׵ͿȶӸףͨƢθ"

ܡʳƱݡ"ʳ֮νˮףɢȥؽڷȣĿ׿ֹС̳ߣʳʳһٷ֮"

ݡ񱾲ݡ"ȣ֭"

ޡʳԱݡ"ǣˮСȶ"

ߡջӱݡ"ඹۣηȶŧѪ"

ࡶĿ"ߣβѣ°£֭ͨ"

ᡶ¡"ȺѪˮͨ"

÷ڷ0.31ɢãе

ע⡿պ뾰"Һʳ˿"

ڡʳԱݡ"ʳˡ"

ۡϢʳס"ҧ߰ڼ֮"

ˮԲãͷϤףɣ֦ջҡ֭СʳʳóԷ÷ʦ鷽

ˮéһѣСȡɣȥéʳˮС¡ȱ󷽡

ˮ״ӽ븹ɱˣСһãȡ֭ġϥ£븹Сʳз

νСϣһͷһ֣飩½һУͬˮ󣬶ɣʺ£ȥȣϸոʳ֭֮ͼ

νСɬͨףͣˮߣСɣƤˣﱣվҶһգﱣζС⣬ΪĩÿԶһϣˮյ죬ȥȡ֭յ룬ҩĩǮذһ֣飬һյ룬·Ȼȡʳ١ʥ¼С

˺ػƣƶȥڣСһʮȥƤ⣩ʮö뢣ƤУһУʲݶˣϰζˮһٷУȥĭҩȡȥңշ˺ۡС

μɫСһһ֣һ֣ϵٰ֣Ѭ½һǮ಼磨ջңһǮϸУҩϸΪɢȡÿʱһǮУ»ˮʥݷСɢ

γ̴㳣ѪСһ죬ɣУƾֹĩƷذȡ󷽡

ȶѪʳ﷢Сĩˮ·ذ÷ʦ鷽

ξҳСĩ׷֮СƷ

δСӸʪ£С޲ʡʲݣƽݾඹ޲

С𵤣г絤ɫ֣߱ʹףСĩ֮Ӱ׺籡֮סһеô˷ǧ𷽡

ףСĩͿ֮ܽҶĩĿ

СࣺСĩ׺Ϳϡǧ𷽡

ϺѪףСһ飬ˮͽȡ֭󷽡

֭Сȡ֭鷽

θ˴̣СУ·ҷ֮š

ηСȷ֣ΪĩͿ֮Ŀ

ʳжСһĩذǧ𷽡

ٴӦá

ȡС5070гϸۣˮ۵ϡ״̯ڲϣڻһһμס7Ч

ƸӲˮ

ȡС111ϣͬŹڣˮ20003000С͸ΪֹСη¡ÿջ1ãΪֹ2ӣΧСã޲Ӧ

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


лݡС

ҩơС

ƴChì Xio Dòu

ӢRice Bean

Сඹ춹СγࡢųඹС̶ʭඹССéࡢ׳ඹ

ԡũݾ

ݸĿСԽСɫҩԴʺ쵭ɫߣβҩһӸҴ꼰ףƶ񣬵ˮ֮޲ߡճѽңѸĩճ˷ȼѡ

ԴҩĻԴΪֲСඹӡ

ֲﶯ1.Vigna umbellata Thunb.Ohwi et Ohashi[Dolichos umbellatus Thunb.phaseolus calcaratus Roxb.]2.Vigna angularis Willd.Owhwi et Ohashi [Dolichos angularis Willd.Phaseolus Willd.W.F.Wight]

պʹأ^Թδʱȡȫ꣬ɹɲӣȥʣɹɡ

ԭ̬1.С һԮݱɴ1.8mܱëҶҶ8-16cmҶλ״ΣСҶ3öΡԲ״Σ6-10cm2-6cmȶ˽⣬λԲΣȫԵ3dzѣëֽʣСҶ߱3״ҸСọ̈С2ö״ΣԼ5mmë״5ڵΣɫΣ΢ΣбΣ߽צǰн״ͻ10壬ҩСӷλܱӲëΡԹ״ԲΡ6-10ţɫԲΣԲֱݵꡣ5-8£8-9¡

2ඹ һֱݱ30-90cmаɫӲëҶҶΣɫëСҶΣҶ20cm賤ëСҶΣСҶб״Σ5-10cm3.5-7cmȶ˶̼򽥼⣬λԲΣȫԵ΢3ѣ汻賤ëСҶ̣ܶ32-6䣬ҸܻɫСƬΣ೤״5ѣΣԲλΣб˰ǰ꣬߶צǰ϶һƬ²һ״ͻ𣬻צ10öֳ91壻ڷΣȶëԹԲԱ⣬ʱӼ6-10ԲΣ˽λԲΣɫɫ7-8£8-9¡

ֲ̬Ұ

Դֲ1.ֲ㽭ϡ㶫ݡϵȵءϷձࡣ

2.ȫΪࡣ

ࡿѧ СӦǿһũﶼ֡ɣеȷͽ٣Ϊã

༼ ӷֳ4Ѯ5ϡѮ֣1.3mĸ裬о33cmѣÿѲ5-6lhm222.5-30kgˮʪĻ1ѡҲڹ԰еϵ㲥

8-10cmʱи1Σʩˮңʩδǰٳ1Ρ2ºҪ“”

溦 ⲡ65ɭп500ҺΡȥIJ꣬Ρ溦DZҶӬ֩뼰ȡ

״״ 1СԲζԱ⣬ƽػԲۣ5-7mmֱ3-5mmϺɫ򰵺ɫƽԾ߹޹һͻ꣬ƫһˣɫԼΪӳȵ2/3밼ݳݹһԵּʼӲ飻ʿƤ࣬Ҷ2öɫʺ߸ϸһˡգζ΢ʣ֮ж

2ඹӽԲζԱ⣬ֱ4-6mmСҪΪƽͻҲݡ

ԿɫϺ췢Ϊѡ

΢ 1СӺ棺ƤƤΪ1դ״ϸ񣬰ǻɫʣ1ԴƤ1״֧ϸϸԼ10Уλ֧ϸڷڲϸǷϡλ겿λıƤΪ2դ״ϸָϸڶڲйܰϸ״Ϊ״֯дϸ϶ϸ״ҶƤϸΣҶϸƽᾧڶ࣬ԲΡλԲΣֱ4-35-70μm״ѷ״ԣƷֱ3-13μmؾ6-16μm

2ඹҶҶϸƴؾƷֱ3-6μm

ѧɷ֡1С ࣬߰triterpenoidsaponinÿٿ˺20.7g֬0.5g̼ˮ58gά4.9ҷ3.3g67mg305mg5.2mgأthiamine0.3lmg˻أriboflavine0.11mgᣨnicotinicacid2.7mgȡ

2ӳඹзõ3-߻ૼ״-β-D-߰3-fu-ranmethanol-β-D-hlucopyranoside辫-7-O-β-D߰catechin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside1D-5-O-a-D-૰ǻ-4-O-׻[1D-5-Oa-D-galactopyranosyl-4-O-methyl-myoinositol]õ6չϩ;߰oleanene-oligoglycosidesඹ߰azukisaponin񣬼3-O-[β-D-ǻ1→2-β-D-ȩ]3-O-[β-D-glucopyranosyl1→2-β-D-glucuronopyranosyl] sophoradiolඹ߰򣬼3-O-[β-D-ǻ1→2-β-D-ȩ]B3-O[β-D-glucopyranosyl1→2-β-D-glucuronopyranosyl]soyasapogenol Bඹ߰󣬼3-O-[β-D-ǻ1→2-β-D-ȩ]ඹ3-O-[β-D-glucopyranosyll→2-β-D-glucuronopyranosyl]azukisa-pogenolඹ߰3-O[β-D-ǻ-28-O-ǻl→6-β-D-ǻ]Ҷ˿ʯ3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl28-D-glucopyranosyl1→6-β-D-glucopyranosyl] gypsogenic acidඹ߰3-O-[a-L-ǻl→2-β-D-ǻ1→2-β-D-ȩ]B3-O-[a-L-rhamnopyranosyl1→2-β-D-glucopyra-nosyll→2-β-D-glucuronopyranosyl]-soyasapogenol Bͳඹ߰3-O-[β-Dǻ1→2β-D-Ǵ]-29-O-[β-D-ǻ1→6-β-D-ǻ]ඹ3-O-[β-D-glucopyranosyl1→2β-D-glucuropyranosyl]-29-O-[β-D-glucopyranosyl1→6-β-D-glucopyranosyl]azukisapogenol

ӳඹˮȡлõֻ鴼ʣflavanoltanninsD-辫D-catechinD-辫D-epicatechinͱûʳӶ辫epigallocatechinз뵽ԭʸأprocyanidinB1B3

ҩá־á

Ʒַ1gӶ70Ҵ10mlˮԡϼ20min˹ȡҺ0.2mlˮԡɣӴ2-3Ρ1-2ΣԻɫΪɫϺɫ߰

ζζʣ᣻΢

龭ģƢС

Ρˮ˻ƣȽⶾӸˮף㣻ܲѪ׶Ѣ

÷ڷ10-30gɢãе󣻻ϴ

ע⡿պ뾰Һʳ˿ʳԱݡʳˡϢʳסҧ߰ڼ֮

1.С(ʥ¼)νСɬͨףͣˮߡ2.̳С(˺ۡ)˺ߡ3.Сɢ(ʥݷ)μɫߡ4.ඹ޲(ƽݾ)ʪ´СӸ5.(ݸĿ)η6.ɢ(ǧҪ)ӸҴ7.Сɢ(Ҫԡ)δѪѪ㡣8.Сɢ(֤׼·ҽ)θʹʹ΢ףűƤ״޿ԣŧѪߡ9.ɢ(ǧ)κ㣬ƤԺߡ10.ɢ(гҩ淶)ЧȽⶾֹʹθӸ״ڣ׼Ӳʹδ鴯{ʹѳŧʹ

1.ũݾˮӸŧѪ

2.ҽ¼ȣУʣֹйС㣬棬Ƨ

3.ҩۡȶӸףɢѪˮƤͿӸϣСơôȡ֭ϴ֮ʳĩ뼦Ӱ׵ͿȶӸףͨƢθ

4.ʳƱݡʳ֮νˮףɢȥؽڷȣĿ׿ֹС̳ߣʳʳһٷ֮

5.񱾲ݡȣ֭

6.ʳԱݡǣˮСȶ

7.ջӱݡඹۣηȶŧѪ

8.ݸĿߣβѣ°£֭ͨ

9.¡ȺѪˮͨ

10.ùţˮΨ֪ˮ֪θʧ֮͡СˮͨƢθҩҲ

11.ݸĿСУͨС֣֮нҺС㣬ͳףֹ¶ƧƲӸףŧɢѪ֭ͨ°²ѣԲ֮ߡ÷̫ҺйҲ䴵ǹϵɢ֮ȡͨʪɢȶ

12.ݾ衷ˮסйкʪƢ£СƢʪˮֹйСҲʮƣȥʪС֮ӡպ뾰ƣСҺС㣬÷˿ˮƢ飬ӲƢθҩ֮ȥҲʣθȴСȥ֮࣬Һ߶ɲҲ

13.±ࡷСˮɾʪʪ֢飬ˮתתʪȥӣСר֮ˮ֮ʪ֮ʪʪҲ֮Ч֮ʪʪҲ֮ɲ档

14.֤ӸŧѪѪֲˮֲԳС֮ѪԴƢ֪ѪˮͬԴɣԴδв˳ӡȻ֮ˣʢߣ˥˥ߣʢӸŧѪΪ֮࣬ˮ֮㣬С߼Σʢֲ˥

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