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ҽҩȫ > ҩ > ҩ > C > ǰ

ǰ

2017-07-05 23:37 Ķ:

йҩ䡷ǰ

ҩơǰ

ƴCh Qián Co

ӢHERBA PLANTAGINIS

ԴƷΪǰֲǰPlantago asiatica L.ƽǰPlantago depressa Willd.ĸȫļڣȥɳɹɡ

״ǰ״Ҷ߳ҶƬչƽ״ԲλΣ613cm2.58cmɫɫԻ57ȶ˶ۻ̼⣬ШΣȫԵв״dzݡ״

ѣ޴档΢㣬ζ΢ࡣ

ƽǰֱҶԲλԲ״Σ514cm23cm

𡿱ƷҶıۣǰ ϡ±Ƥϸ೤ΣϱƤϸ߽ơײʽϸ34ëͷ2ϸԲΣϸëټ25ϸ100320μԺ΢״ͻ

ƽǰ ë37ϸ350900μ

ơȥʣϴжΣɹɡ

ζʣ

龭ΡΡС

Ρ̵Ѫⶾˮ٣ɬʹʪк̵ȿԣѪѪӸ״

÷930gƷ3060g֭Ʒ󻼴

ءͨﴦ

ժ¼йҩ䡷

ǰ
ǰͼƬ

лݡǰ

ҩơǰ

ƴCh Qián Co

qǰţݡϺ¡ţšʤֲˡʤˡݡϺݡǮݡţҰˡصͷ׹ݡݡײݡDzݡݡݡܲݡӡݡ˾ݡꤲݡ¿ݡǮݡţˡҶţ

ǰҩ,ʼڡ,¼Ҷݾעƣ"˼·ࡣ"ͼƣ"……񽭺顢ش֮,Ҷ,߳,β,ϸ,ɫ΢ࣻʵ,ɫ""ݳǰ"ͼ̬ȷΪǰֲﳵǰ

ԴҩĻԴΪǰֲﳵǰǰƽǰȫݡ

ֲﶯ1.Plantago asiatica L.2.Plantago major L.3.Plantago depressa Willd

պʹأֵ2^գȫ꣬ϴɳɹɻá

ԭ̬1.ǰ ݱɸߴ50cm߳ҶƬȳҶƬҶƬλԲΣ4-12cm2-7cmȶ˼ۣխɳȫԵʲIJ״dzݣͨ5-712-50cmǣë״Ϊ2/5-1/2ɫÿ޴Ƭ1öΣ4ȫԲλԲΣ޴棻СĤʣڹΣȶ4ƬΣⷴ4ڻڹܽ뻨ƬҩԲΣȶͻ˿Σ1ӷλԲΣ2ң4ң1ë״Բ׶ΣԼ·2/5ѣ·2/5޴档4-8Ż9ţԲΣںɫ6-9£10¡

2.ǰ 복ǰIJͬڣҶƬλΣ6-10cm3-6cmȶԲۣԲοШΣҶ״״3-10cmнܡ7-15ţɫ

3.ƽǰ ǰֲͬڣֲԲֱҶƬԲΡԲ״λ״ΣխƬƬԼȳԲ׶״ӳԲΣغɫ

ֲ̬1.ɽҰ·ԡԻ԰ӱʪء

2.·ߡԡ߳ʪ

3.ں1800mµɽɽ﹡ͺӱߡ

Դֲ1.ֲȫء

2.ֲȫء

3.ֲȫԱΪࡣ

ࡿѧ ϲʪůʪ򣬽ͺɽꡢƽӾҪϣһء߽ǡǰݺ֣ԽϷ֡ʪļɳϺá

༼ ӷֱֳԷ6-10½ճӡֱ3-4½У1.3m裬Լ27cmdzѨÿ1hm24.5kgԷ9-10ﲥ1.3m裬ÿ1hm215kg2Ѯ-3ѮԣԼ27cmѨÿѨ2-3꣬ÿ1hm2紲10hm2ҡ

иݡ׷3Ρֱֵģ13cmʱ粹磬2356½СԵģÿ1Ժ½У2ո1󣬵3ո2

溦 Ҷ߲65%ɭˮ500-600ҺΡ50%˾ؿʪԷۼ1000-1500Һࡣ˪ùڷǰ11300ҺΡ溦棬40%ֹ800-1500ҺΡ50%п1000Һࡣ

״״ 1ǰ Ҷڻ߳ҶƬչƽΪλΣ4-12cm2-5cmȶ˶ۻ̼⣬ШΣԵȫԵ״۳ݣԻ7ɫɫ״ڻ룬5-15cmԲΣѣ޴档΢㣬ζ΢ࡣ

2ǰ ߶̶ʵĸ״ҶƬλΣ6-10cm3-6cmȶԲۣԲШΣ5-7״нܡͬǰ

3ƽǰ Բ׶״ֱҶƬԲλԲ״Σ5-10cm1-3cmԵСݻݣխ5-7״򶥶˻²ϡ衣ͬϡ

ҶƬɫΪѡ

΢ Ҷıۣ1ǰ±Ƥϸ෽ΣϱƤϸϴ󣬾߽ƣײʽϸ3-4ëͷ2ϸԲΣ48-72μm15-18μmҶϷëϸ30ϣҶά7-9

2ǰ ëͷ2ϸ36-48μm30-38μmϸ12-24μm12-24μmҶϷëϸ10-15Ҷά4-7

3ƽǰ ëͷ2ϸ30-42μm20-24μmϸ15-21μm12-15μmҶϷëϸ20-30Ҷά5-7

ѧɷ֡1.ǰ ȫݺܹᣨursolic acidʮһ飨n-hentriacontaneβ-޴β-sitoserol޴stig-masterolβ-ȴβ-sitosteryl palmitate޴stigmasteryl palmitate[1]Ҷɺ߰aucubin[2]ǰգplantainosideABCDEFȥ߰Bcal-ceorioside B34-ǻҴ-6-O--β-D-߰3,4-dihydroxyphenethyl alcohol-6-O-caffeoyl-β-D-glucosideȥ߰acteoside߰isoacteoside߰acteoside˲߰leucosceptosideAǺ߰isomartynosideǺ߰martynoside[3]

ϲֺǰͪ߰plantagininȥӣ߰ǰ߰plantagininȥӣ߰ǰ߰plantamajoside7-ǻǰ߰hellicoside[4]

ҶҶɺ߰[2]ǰͪ߰[5]߳ǰ߰homoplanta-ginin[6]

кҶɺ߰[2]ǰͪ߰[5]߳ǰ߰homoplanta-ginin[6]

кˮǣstachyoseǣsucroseǣraffi-nose[7]

2.ǰ ȫݺչᣨoleanolic acidβ-޴޴campesterol޴ľϬأluteolin6-ǻľϬأ6-hydroxyluteolin߰ľϬ7-O-߰lu-teolin7-O-glucoside6-ǻľϬ-7-O-߰6-hydroxy-luteolin7-O-glucoside[8]ƻϩ߰ɷҶɺ߰ǰ߰plantarenaloside߰ixorosideҶ߰as-perulosideɽܻ߰melampyroside[9]ǰ߰majoro-side[10]

ҶӺᣨfumaric acidᣨbenzoic acidƤᣨcinnamic acidᣨsyringic acidᣨvannillic acid-㶹ᣨp-coumaric acidᣨgentisic acidˮᣨsalicylic acidᴼtyrosol34-ǻƤ34-dihydroxy cin-namic acid methyl ester34-ǻƤ3,4-dihydroxy cinnamic acid ethyl esterloliolide,digiprola-ctone[11]߰ԪbaicaleinɽأscutellareinľϬأ߰baicalinԭᣨchlorogenic acidԭᣨneochlorogenic acid[12]Ҷɺ߰[13]ǰ߰[14]____ǰƤplantaglucide[15

ҩá1.ϵͳӰ죺ǰһ,ʹȮü˵ˮų,ءἰȻƵųǰҴȡNa+-K+-ATPøĻ,ʼ,50%Na+-K+-ATPøԵIC50Ϊ16.0μg/mlǰˮᴼҺ0.5gҩ/kgȮע,,ʹ䶯Ƶǿ,϶ǻѹߡѹ仯Ϊ䶯ԡʱ15-70룩Ժͳʱ70ϣѹߡ⼸Эͬ,ܽʯ,ΪǰʯĻ֮һ

2.ȡƽ̵ãǰݼԸߵּèθ,ʹè¿ȵ̼,,ͼǿС30g/kgǰݼ,ưˮ¿ԡǰݼ2.0×10-2g/Lʹ֧ܷα걾ķӡǰݼŶԿ鰷ܵ,ʹƽɳ,ƽáùǰݼ,ʹܷ,һ̵áǰݼèθ,ʹèڷ,̵,ò۹ڸҩ3-6Сʱô߷,ά6-7Сʱǰܴͪ߰ٽܼ֧ճҺķ,ƺ,ʹ,һá

3.ԭ΢ãǰˮԹڶͬëѢë״СѿѢ״ūв̶ͬȵáƽ򶴷֤ɫԳǰݸ߶,˾ж,󳦸˾ŧ˾˺˾Сǰݴȡ15mg/mlɱ𹳶á

4.θã͸СθθĹǰľ0.5g/kg,θҺ˫ãëܿθҺڹθҺڹ,жԿáǰݶԹ״̬θ,԰״̬θȴáǰݻʱӳҺ,Գ˶Ӱ졣ǰҶˮȡõijǰܽʹθָ95%,ٽȮθҺ,ͼ峦,ԿȻ鰷áǰݹСƶθ񡢰˾ƥθ񡢱̩θģ;÷áǰҶۻӳθſʱ䡣

5.ãڷǰ0.5g/kg1g/kg,ɼȩˮ,á

6.ãǰȡ԰ϸˮСS180нáǰͪ߰plantagininСʹ,Ӵ,Ѫѹ,,Ѫѹ͡ʹ,ٽ֧ܼķ,ٽܡӹ˶ȫݺҶɺ߰Ск,ҩ6Сʱʼк,ЧΪ0.39g/kgҶɺ߰Ա,ԿȻ̼α-ӬصĶ,ǶᣨAmanita phalloidesֶĢĽⶾӳǰеõıҴ߰໯phenylethanoid glycosidesп,ڴ΢ ADPNADPHյ֬ʹӦ,ǰ߰DIC50Ϊ0.36μmol/L

ԡǰݼСҩİΪ7.9g/kgǰˮҺСǻעİΪ1.7g/kgÿտڷ2g/kg3g/kg,28,ÿտڷ3g/kg5g/kg,3,δ쳣

ơ׹ۡ"ʹҶ,ʹᆬ……,̯֮"ǧҪ"С",ȡԭҩ,ȥ,ˮϴ,,ж,,ɸȥм Ƭ״ΪС,ҶϡΪ״ҶƬ,е,ɫɫ,,Ҷ5-7״΢,ζ΢,ճԡ ,ͨﴦ,

ζζʣԺ

龭Σ׾

ΡѪⶾȽףС㲻Ǵ£ʪкѪѪĿࣻʺʹӸ״

÷ڷ15-30gƷ30-60g֭ãˮϴ÷֭Ϳ

ע⡿ԭ"黬߽á"

Ŀ:“š:,,ǰ½ᡶʫ衷:˲ݺ߼ţ,гǰţ֮,Ҳ”ֲˡꤲͬˡע:“ΪϺ¡”ϺϲطҲ,ݡܲݵȡͼ:“,Ҷ档”ŷײײ֮òݡţݵ,Ҷƶ

1.¼"ǰ,涨ƽ극,ղ,ɡ"2.ݾע"˼Ҽ·ࡣʫqľ,ʳʵ,Ϊӡ"3.ͼ"²,¡²ʵ˼԰л֮,Сȡո,ϻ֮,áʫƣɲqšq,,ǰƣǰ,Ҷ,롣,˺ΪϺ¡"4.Ȼıݡ"ֲ,Ҷߥľ,β,ɫ,΢ࡣʵ,ɫ ,,Ҷ,,ˮȥĭ,Ծ,εʳ"5.Ŀ"Fɽ¼,ֳǰʳ,˳ΪӡҰ̲ʳ֮"6.ֲʵͼ"ǰ,Ʒšq,,ǰ͡ʫ߻Ϊȥ,Ϊ,Դʦ˵,δɷҲ顷qΡνDZ,ʳ,˵ˡŽľ,ͬ,ͬ,οϤ"עš,˵,ǿʦӡȻıݡνֲ֮′ũʣšq,,ǰǰʶ,ʫ˵ΪΪҮǺؾѧ֮,ȱм,ѧʦ˵,ڶ,,,֮ҲʯΪѧ,ͨ,һ˵Խ֮,·,Ϊղɷ,ι˲ξǰ֮,֪֮ͯν֮ϺҶϺ֮תҲ,ռ"

ٴӦáǰݳǰ1 000g,ǰݼˮ,Һϲ,Ũ21,2Ҵ,,Ҵ,Ũɳ,ȴ뱸õİǷ,,16Ŀɸƿ,װ,ÿ൱ҩ20gʪڼԻ͡޻͸סڷ,ÿ1,ÿ1-2ΡҽѧԺвҩƼϻࡷ1971꣩ ڸĿ,ʺʹ,,,Ӹ״Ȳ֢,ڷþ,Ϊε,ĸݡݵ󣻰дؽ,ۻƼ ,ǰ̵ȿ,Ѫѹ,׼С̳಻߼ʹԹؽס

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