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2017-07-24 23:54 Ķ:

йҩ䡷

ҩơ

ƴDì Yú

ӢRADIX SANGUISORBAE

ƹ㡢ɽ

ԴƷΪǾޱֲSanguisorba officinalis L.ҶSanguisorba off icinalis L.var.longifolia Bert. Yu et Li ϰ“”ѿʱ^ֲήڣȥϴƬ

״ƷʲĴλԲΣŤ525cm,ֱ0.52cmҺɫغɫɫֲڣơƼ֧ۡӲƽ̹ƤڶĻưɫɫ״άľɫƺɫԳʷ״СƬʲԲλԲΣ0.20.5cmϺɫغɫ޳ζ΢ɬ

𡿣1 ȡƷĩ2gҴ20mlȻԼ10ӣ˹ҺμӰҺpHֵ8 9 ˹ãҺɣˮ10mlʹܽ⣬˹ȡҺ5ml ɣӴ 1ml 2ΣҺԺɫúΪغɫ

2 ȡ1 µıˮ2ml,ȻҺ2 Σɫ

3 ȡƷĩ2gˮ50ml30ӣ䣬10ӣȡҺᱥ͵ҡȡ2Σÿ15mlϲҺӸɣӼ״1mlʹܽ⣬ΪƷҺȡûʳƷӼ״Ƴÿ1ml0.5mgҺΪƷҺձɫ׷¼ B飬ȡƷҺ24μlƷҺ2μlֱͬһȼ׻άΪϼĹ轺GϣԼױˮͣ--ᣨ6:3:1Ϊչչȡɣ1ȻҴҺƷɫУƷɫӦλϣͬɫİߵ㡣

ơȥʣδƬߣϴȥо͸кƬ

̿ȡƬճ̿¼ D潹ɫڲغɫ

ζࡢᡢɬ΢

ΡѪֹѪⶾڱѪѪѪ©ˮˣӸ״

÷915gĩͿ󻼴

ءͨﴦ

ժ¼йҩ䡷

ܵͼƬ
ҩĵܵͼƬ

ҩǵ䡷

ҩơ

ƴDì Yú

׵ܡβܣϱݡɬܣ䷽ҩҽҩֲɽӱҩġ䡢ϵܣҩ־죨ҩݡҵܸܣҩ־ˮ魸䡢εܡˮơɽΡƸӡާΣвҩ

ԴΪǾޱֲѿǰ^ήڣȥоϴɹɡ

ԭ̬ܣɷ¼ϵʯҩšҰ顢졢ɽʣһ֦϶ӡСϲݡ桢ӡƹ㡢Ѫݡ

ݱ12ס׳ʺķĴγɳԲεĸֱ⡣״ҶҶϾҶ󣬾߳ҶޱаԲλ״ҶҶԵ״ݣСҶ519ƬԲԲΣ27ף0.53ףȶ˼ԲΡШλΣԵ߼ԲݣСҶ̻ޱСܼɵΣԲλε״ھϸ⻬ԱϸëɫƬ2ĤʣΣϸë4ѣƬԲλΣ4󣺻Ͳĺҩɫӷλëϸͷͷ״ݹԲλΣɫ4⣬״1ö69¡

ֲɽصĹľԡԭɽ»ﰶߡȫ󲿵зֲڽգաϡӱ㽭ȵء⣬ࡢɹšϡ֡ȵ

״ĸʲķĴλԲΣԼ813ףԼ0.52סƤϺɫغɫ弰ƣʱ߻ơԲ״ۼʼӲ۶ϣۺɫеɫųɻ״С׵㡣ޣζ΢ɬ֡ʼᡣۺɫΪѡ

ѧɷ֡Լ17߰2.54.0߰У߰IˮģᡢǺǣ߰ˮģͰǣ߰Bȩ߰ҶƤغɽͷӵܹ߰ʡҶάCʸ߰ʸ˫߰ѹá

ơܣȥʣˮϴԽݣ͸гɺƬɹɡ̿ȡƬùڳ±Ϊɫڲϻɫˮȡɹɡ

ζᣬ

١"ζ࣬΢"

ڡ¼"ᣬ޶"

ۡϱݡ"ɬ¡"

龭Ρ󳦾

١׹ҩԽ⡷"󳦡ζ"

ڡݾ衷"֡"

ۡ¡"Σ"

ΡѪѪȽⶾѪѪѪ©磬©Ӹףʪ𴯣ˡ

١"bʹˣ²ֹʹ⣬ֹƽ𴯡"

ڡ¼"ֹŧѪ񴯣ƣʣˣ𴯸ࡣ""©ֹѪ㡣"

ۡҩۡ"ֹѪʴŧ"

ܡƱݡ"ʮ"

ݡջӱݡ"ŧֹѪǺ飬¾ֹѪǰѪˮкŨֹ硣"

ޡݡ"עƣֹȡ"

꽣"ε㡣"

ࡶϱݡ"ξƺ溮ۣǸۡ"

ᡶĿ"֭ƣηԣԡ֭ͿȮ.ˡ"

⡶"աδ©ɢʧƦ"

ϡҩƷ塷"ȶӸ"

Сҩͼ"ˣᴯá"

ѡ䳣òҩ"θʹθѪ"

÷ڷ23Ǯ衢ɢã֭ĩ

ע⡿麮߼ɷ

١ݾע"÷Ŷ"

ڡ塷"麮˼ˮкδʹ"

ۡҽѧš"麮С಻áɬҲ"

ܡݾ衷"̥麮йкѪƢйкá"

ݡݻԡ"Ӹò޻𣬲˥Ѫ֤֮"

ޡԭ"ݶŧѪ޲ߣΪнθ¿䲻ʳ"

Ѫֹܶʲݣˡﱣ϶ζֵɸÿǮذˮһյȡ߷֣ȥ·նҹһʥ¼

κ׵ܶǮ÷öɽһǮˮΪΪϱݡ

μԾˮ魸зۣÿ֣ÿΣͯ롣ȫչѡ·Ⱦ

αѪ˸ʲÿĩǮˮյɰĩһǮյ룬ֶ顷ܸʲ

ξò磬ʹֹǮһˮӣһӣķһҪ

θ©³ɫֹ˻ʣܶϸﱣԴһʮУȥʳǰȷһϡŻѪʥݷ

ԭѪС񣣺ܡ̫Ӳθһӻţϥһˮ¡ɹšвҩҽƷѡࡷ

׶ףӸףŧף500ˣ200ˣĩ߷515ˡ700˷ʿгɸ࣬󻼴вҩҽƷ

ʪһˮ룬ɰ룬ɴմҩҺʪ󡣢桢ʯʮݷ-ȣӷʿʮʮ󡣢ʮɮʮȣӷʿʮʮ󡣣ȫչѡ·Ƥơ

洯ן{ʹܰϸﱣˮһȥʺϴ֮С΢ۡ

ˣܸ̿ԣĥۣ͵50࣬Ϳڴ棬ÿΡ鷽ѡࡷ

ΪaȮҧˣܸĩذһĩϣѡȱ󷽡

߶ܸȡ֭մȱ󷽡

ٴӦáС˺

414Сõ1׻5Ǯˮ360ڷ4¼롣ÿ23Σ½Ϊÿ1ΣΪֹ5714µĻ498ЧƽΪ7.3죬2죬19졣ʵ֤15110ĵ־áδ÷

ܱгɼϸĩɸͣͣУȻѸͶܷۣʹɺ״ʢڱáʱҩֱͿڴ棬Ժܿγ1ҩ裬ԤͿƸȾʹٽѸϵáһһˡ˲ˡܺдʣнǿԺѪܵãɽѪܵͨ͸ԣͬʱԵɱãܶԿŧ˾ȾɲõܾƾҺϴɹɣдĩ7075ƾȡҺҺֱĤȴãͿ˴棬ÿ23ΣͿԴγɸֹΪȡȾĴӦ崴ͨһ˻40Ĺ۲죬֤˷dzˣرСȾЧϺãһ㾭1224СʱϿγ1ɫĤԷֹϸȾٴӰ졣

Ƥ

˻ƣϸĩɸԷʿ30ҩ࣬󻼲ǰƤIJͬϴ18000Һʪ󡣾ʪʪƤף֬ʪ֫ʪøȾѢȼ10947ЧЧ50ƽΪ8.3졣ʪʪƤ׵ߣ֬ʪ֫ʪ26ȫЧʵ֤30ֹܸ׵á1ˮԼ600300ҩҺȴʪ󻼴ˮλʪãСʱٽٷÿ34Σ34죬ֱˮΪֹڼԡǼԡ֬ʪӤ׶ʪʪԷڡ϶ʱٺ󣬿õ20ʯ20ݷ1гϸĩȣƳ4050ÿ12ΡǼԡʪƤȷʺʱõܷ1.5ɮĩ3ȼӷʿֵ5060ÿ12Ρ

ƽŧԹ

õƳעҺÿ2ҩ2ˣÿ1Σÿ4ע䣻õ5Ũڷÿ1СüɼעڷСһ1ΪһƳ̡ٴ4ŧ2ԹףƳƣյһЧ

עƷ⣬ֲͬС׻ɹţϸҶ󻨵ܣɹţҶɹţȣͬҩ

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


лݡ

ҩơ

ƴDì Yú

ӢGarden Burnet Root, Root of Garden Burnet, Root of Longleaf Garden Burnet

ϵ׵ܡβܡܡѿҰ顢ܡˮ魸εܡˮơɽΡާΡܡҵܸѪݡƹ

ԡũݾ

ԴҩĻԴΪǾޱֲܡҶܵĸ

ֲﶯ1.Sanguisorba officinalis L.2.Sanguisorba officinalis L.var.longifolia(Bertol.)Yü et Li

պʹأ23괺^ɲգڴѿǰ^ήǰڳȥϾҶϴɹɣƬ

ԭ̬1.ֱ⣬ëϡëҶΪ״СҶ4-6ԣҶëϡëСҶƬж̱ҶĤʣɫëϡëСҶƬλԲΣ1-7cm0.5-3cmȶԲۣϡ⣬dzΣԵжִԲ۵ľݣëҶ٣СҶƬԲԲ״Σ΢ԲΣȶ˼⣬Ҷ󣬸ʣΣԵмݡ״ԲΡԲλΣֱ1-3(-4)cm0.5-1cmɫɫӻ򶥶¿ţƬ2ĤʣΣȶ˽⣬Ƭ̻ȳ漰ԵëƬ4ԲΣȶ˳߶̼ͷϺɫ4˿˿״ƬȳͷȶΡݹ޴Ͳڣ״ԲλԲΣ4⡣7-10£9-11¡

2.Ҷ ֵҪڣҶСҶ״Բ״Σ΢ΣԲШΣҶ϶࣬Ҷƣխ볤ԲΣ2-6cm0.5-1cmƬȳ8-11¡

ֲ̬1.ں30-3000mIJԭݵ顢ɽ²ݵءл¡

2.ں100-3000mɽ²ݵءϪߡСʪݵؼС

Դֲ1.ֲڶϼϡϡȵء

2.ֲڻϡϡӱɽȵء

ࡿѧ ϲůʪͺֲ궬ҪǷ4-11£78졣ԸֳʵɰճΪáӷѿԼ60%¶17-21棬㹻ʪȣԼ7dҳ硣겥ֵ磬γҶأӡ7¿9СѮӳ졣

༼ ҪӺͷֳָӷֳﲥʹ֡ﲥ8СѮ34²֡о45cmdzӾ빵ڣ1cmң1hO15-22.5kgɺнˮԼ2ڳ硣紺ɺɲԷֳָ紺ĸѿǰĸȫڳȻֳ3-4겻ȣֱֲÿѨ1꣬35-45cmо60cm

ֱ10cmң1Σ35-45cmֲڼҪעݣ龥ע׷ʣ׷ʩʺ׷Ϊʩ˷򡢶ơľҵȡ黨ʱҪʱժ

溦 а׷۲ʼҪڳӲݣֲʹͨ͸⣬ʪȹߵķԤ溦нӣΪڼ50%800-1000׳档

״״l ԲΣŤ״18-22cmֱ05-2cmʱɼ֧֧ۡغɫ塣Բ״лʼᣬԴ࣬۶ƽԾ߷ʡγɲ㻷ԣƤɫľػɫۺɫŷ״Сգζ΢ɬ

2Ҷ ԲΣ15-26cmֱ05-2cmʱ֧϶࣬غɫʽϼͣ۶ϡ۶ϸë״ɼڶάγɲ㻷ԣƤɫľɫʷ״Сζ΢ɬ

֡ʼᡢۺɫΪѡ

΢ 棺1 ľ˨ϸ8-9У롣Ƥϸ1-3УӳƤ㣬ɸȺɼƤάɢڣںǻСľγɲʻ״2-4ϸɡľʲϡ裬3-5Χľάں񣬳3-5Ⱥϸ״УΪгԲϸľʲԭ͡ϸгЩϸкƴؾ2Ҷľ˨ϸɡƤϿάɢڡƤάڶ࣬ɢڻֱ 7-24μmľγɲ㻷״ľʲϷֱ 87μmΧн϶άϸкƴؾ

ѧɷ֡кʳɷ֣أsanguiinH-1H-2H-3H-4H-5H-6H-7H-8H-9H-10H-11126-ûʳ-β-D-ǣ126-trigalloyl-β-D-glucose1236-ûʳ-β-D-ǣ1236-tetragalloyl-β-D-glucose2346-ûʳ-D-ǣ2346-tetragalloyl-D-glucose12346-ûʳ-β-D-ǣ12346-Pentagalloyl-β-D-glucose6-O-ûʳ׻-β-D-߰methyl-6-O-galloyl-β-D-glucopyranoside6-O-˫ûʳ׻-β-D-߰methyl-6-O-digalloyl-β-D-glucoPyranoside46-O-˫ûʳ׻-β-D-߰methyl-46-di-O-galloyl-β-D-glucopyranoside236-O-ûʳ׻-β-D-߰methyl-236-tri-O-galloyl-β-D-glucopyranoside346-O-ûʳ׻-β-D-߰methyl-346-tri-O-galloyl-β-D-glucopyranoside2346-O-ûʳ׻-β-D-߰methyl-2346-tetra-O-galloyl-β-D-glucopyranosideûʳ-3-O-β-D-6’-O-ûʳ-߰[gallic acid-3-O-β-D-6’-O-galloyl-glucopyranoside]343’--O-׻ûʳᣨ343’-tri-O-methylellagic acid͵˫sanguisorbic acid dilactone2ûʳ÷52’-˫-O-ûʳ÷ǣ52’-di-O-galloylhamamelose2’35--O-ûʳ-D-߻૽÷ǣ352’-tri-O-galloyl-D-hamamelofuranoseлжֻ-3-辫catechin7-O-ûʳ--辫[7-O-galloyl--catechin]3-O-ûʳǰʸB-33-O-galloylprocyanidin B-33-O-ûʳǰسC-23-O-galloyl-procyanidin C-2ضA-1gambiriin A-1ضB-3gambiriinB-3Ӹлõ߰zigu-glucoside񼰢򣬵߰sanguisorbinABCDEУȷṹΪBE߰R1sauvissimoside R1ģ-28-O-β-D-߰pomolic acid-28-O-β-D-glucopyranoside 24-ǻ-6-ͪ24-dihydroxy-6-methoxyacetophenone33’4--O-׻ûʳᣨ343’-tri-O-methyl ellagic acid344’--O-׻ûʳᣨ344’-tri-O-methyl ellagic acid߰Ԫsanguisorbigeninܲ߰β-Sitostrol-β-D-glucoside3--19a-ǻ-12-ϩ-28-ᣨ3-oxo-19a-hydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid311--19a-ǻ-12-ϩ-28-ᣨ311-dioxo-19a-hydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acidģᣨpomolic acid2a-ǻģᣨ2a-hydroxypomolic acidίᣨtormenticacid

з뵽ز辫ûʳӶ辫gallocatechinҶͪ߰߰ԪΪƤأquercetinɽͷӣkampferol֬ᣨbetulic acid

ҩá1ֹѪ Եܷۻܷ̿5g/kgСθѪʱֱ319%455%ˮȽϾŲ죬ܷۺͳܷ֮̿ͳѧ졣Եܷۻܷ̿2g/kgθˮȽϣѪʱ25%ڳ̿ʹʼȫƻֹѪòȫ¡ҲбΪܼСθҩҲʹβѪѪʱ̣ȥʺʧΪֹѪйء⣬еʼԪӶάøǿáܳɷ33’4--O-׻ûʳֹѪá

2 ǻעˮȡ 400mg/kgȡ650mg/kgԴȩ;ãǻעˮȡ500mg/kgưͶͺϼСã800mg/kgǻעǰE1ĴƤѪͨ͸ӳãˮȡ750mg/kgȡ800mg/kgԴѿá͵õЧɷΪ 33’4--O-׻ûʳᡣСͿĨ4mgưͶշĶͣڷ˻1g/kg·d4dҲЧưͶշĶ͡

3ٽ˿ ɱƤ˿ڡ10%ˮȡÿͿĨ˿1ȽŴٽ˿á85-95ˮȮƤ-ˣóܷЧʹ١֯ˮ׼ᣬȾʽͣʹָ١ʵ֤жʵЧԶܣܵñȵжҪСö࣬͵ȥ֯϶˵Чûȥ֯ϵЧЩ˵ܵòǵ¡

4 ܶԴ󳦸˾˾θ˾˺˾˺˾ŧ˾һ˸˾Ĥ˫пãܵҴҺԹڶԴ󳦸˾ݲݸ˾ͽɫáֵпɾãɾɾھڷֳֹɾϸ

5 Եˮ3g/kgθÿ 2Σ2dػĴãЧ뼡ע025mg/kgȱ£ưȮŻ·Ӧ

6 ʵ͵ӹJTC-26áСڷϣӳһԴټԹϵСڷ20mg/kgԶԿƥֺϲƣNaNO2ļԸˣ25 μm/mlO2IJ60μg/mlŶԿ⣨H2O2շѪ 160μg/mlɻOHá

7 ԶԵˮСθ25g/kg۲7dδκβӦˮҺҺСǻעLD50ֱΪ160±029g/kg217±049g/kg˵ܿڷԼСÿտڷˮȡ1320ml/kg10dδж֢״ڸҩ5-10dδ̼飬֬ϸ϶ӡ

ԡÿˮȡ1320ml/kg10죬δж֢״ڸҩ510졢δ̼飬֬ϸ϶ӡÿigˮ1320ml/kg10죬δж֢״ڸҩ5켰10δ̼飬֬ϸ϶ӡ

1ȡƷĩ2gҴ20mlȻԼ10min˹˲μҺpH8-9˹Һɣˮ10mlʹܽ⣬ȥȡҺ5mlɺ󣬼Ӵ1ml2ΣҺԺɫúΪغɫ

2ɫ ȡƷĩ02gӼ״2mlˮԡ80min˹Һɣ1mlʹܽ⣬ΪƷҺȡûʳ߰Ziyu-glycoside IƷƳÿ1ml5mgĻҺΪƷҺȡҺ10μlֱͬһ轺Hϣȷ-״-ˮ631²㣩չ10cmȡɡõɫƷɫУƷɫӦλϣͬɫİߵ㡣

ơ1.ȥʣˮϴԽݣ͸гɺƬɹɡ

2.ȡƬùڳΪɫڲϻɫˮȡɹɡ

ζ᣻޶

龭ΣΣ󳦾

ΡѪֹѪȽⶾѪѪѪѪѪѪѪ©״£Ӹʹʪˮˣ߳ҧ

÷ڷ6-15gƷ30-120g衢ɢɽ֭ڷãˮ֭ͿҲĩ

ע⡿麮߼ɷ1.ݾע÷Ŷ

2.塷麮˼ˮкδʹ

3.ҽѧš麮á಻ãɬҲ

4.ݾ衷̥麮йкѪƢйкá

5.ݻԡӸò޻𣬲˥Ѫ֤֮

6.ԭݶŧѪ޲ߣΪнθ¿䲻ʳ

1.Ŀ:ܣ½ȣδСѪֹ֤ѪȡϽƬãѪɲ֪ʿƣʹ߼ӵܣ߼ӻˡ

2.桷:ܣຮ½ѪֳȣϤ½⡣Գɬ֢гѪ֢ôɬѪ⡣˲磬ڪ֪ȲѪֹȼ壬Ѫ԰彵ɬ岻йɬ಻ͣʵֹѪҩҲ

3.衷߲α֮£˴²֮ʹߣΩܳ˴²ֹʹֿɼӡοѪȥɢΪ⣬Ӫ֮ĵΪ𴯱ʹ񬣬ΪҮ¼ֹ֮ŧѪ񴯡ȴ𴯸࣬ڡ֮ΩơʡˡߣȻʢķѪѪ룬ѪҺṣѪ֮䣬Ѫ֮ѪΥΪΪ֮ԻΪѪʹ͵ӡ

4.ѡּܣֹ֮ѪȡϽسá֮Ѫȡ½á֮Ѫͬ顢֮֡ȣͬ顢֮ʪͬ顢ˡ֮Ѫ֮ʹͬ顢ǡ֮¾Ѫͬ顢֮òأúůѪ龭Ե֮ѡ

5.塷ܿຮΪѪ֮רʹ£ڸξ裬ຮй֮˹ʹѶֹȻ̵֮ʹ鲻֮£Ҳֹʹ⣬֮ѪȻʢʹ⣬Ѫֹʹܳ⡣ƽ𴯣¼νֹŧѪȴ𴯸࣬ԼѪ֮áνˣˣָ֮νܿຮ֮ҲֹʣԺʤ֮ЧߣຮʤʪҲ

6.ˣ²ֹʹ⣬ֹƽ𴯡

7.¼ֹŧѪ񴯣ƣʣˣ𴯸ࡣ©ֹѪ㡣

8.ҩֹۡѪʴŧ

9.Ʊݡʮ

10.ջӱݡŧֹѪǺ飬¾ֹѪǰѪˮкŨֹ硣

11.ݡעƣֹȡ꽣ε㡣

12.ϱݡξƺ溮ۣǸۡ

13.Ŀ֭ƣηԣԡ֭ͿȮߡˡ

14.Ŀδ©ɢʧƦ

15.ҩƷ塷:ȶӸ

16.ҩͼ:ˣᴯá

17.䳣òҩθʹθѪ

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