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ҽҩȫ > ҩ > ҩ > E > 첻ʳ

첻ʳ

2017-06-23 11:56 Ķ:

йҩ䡷첻ʳ

ҩơ첻ʳ

ƴé Bù Shí Co

ӢHERBA CENTIPEDAE

Ӳݡʯ䡢غ

ԴƷΪտֲ첻ʳ Centipeda minima L. A. Br. et Aschers. ĸȫġʱգϴȥɳɹɡ

״Ʒšϸɫϸ֦ʴ࣬۶ϣưɫҶСޱҶƬ飬չƽʳΣɫغɫԵ35ݡͷ״ɫƺɫ΢㣬д̼Уζࡢ΢

𡿱ƷĩɫɫƤϸʳλΣԺ񣬱ԼɼסҶƤϸΣܱڱ״ײʽϸ46ë۳ЬΣϸɶУںɫڱƤϸɫ۳ʳλΣϸë״ͻ𣬱нëڻڱƤ2ԣ1ΪϸԶ̣Ϊ2ϸϸ϶̣ȶ˳ʹ״ϲ2/3΢ϸɫԲΣֱ1522μm3׹д̡

ơȥʣжΣ

ζ¡

龭Ρξ

Ρͨϣֹȣڷ纮ͷʹ̵࣬ͨԨ顣

÷69g

ءͨﴦ

ժ¼йҩ䡷

첻ʳ
첻ʳ

ҩǵ䡷첻ʳ

ҩơ첻ʳ

ƴé Bù Shí Co

ʳݴƷ㾫ҪҰ԰ݴ򷽡ݣĿ첻ʳҩԱҪܾݴҽҪǡɳɲݡغȼݣײҩڽҩԡɽذޣϲҩ¼Ӳݣֲ־ꪡСȼݣ䷽ҩݡʺݣҩɰҩݣֲҩ־׵磨ҩ־ʺҩ־ͨϣĴҩ־ˮɳèɳСȭͷ㶫ҩȭͷɢDzݡ÷

ʳԱݡ

ԴΪտֲʯݴȫʱգȥӣɹɡ

ԭ̬ʯݴݡ

һ״ݱ֦չ820ףͺԱëҶҶƬСΣ720ף35ףȶ˶ۣШΣԵݡͷ״ޱֱ34ףҸܰƬԼ2УԵĤʣƽ̹¡𣻻ԣɫɫ״ƻλͷ״ΧУڶ̣Ի䣬λͷ״룬״4ѣ4Χƻܣҩ̣ΣƬ̣ۻͷΡݹΣë޹ë911¡

ֲڵʪ·ԡֲ֡ӱϡɽϡա㽭աĴݡ̨塢㶫ȵء㽭ա㶫ȵء⣬ϡյȵ

״ȫݣ໥ţɫغɫϸ֦ɫʴ׶ϣưɫаɫγɿնҶСۡ鲻ȫҶƬʳΣԵ35ݣҶԣʼ࣬䡣ͷ״СΣɫƺɫ΢д̼ԣζࡢ΢Իɫлʡ֮Ϊѡ

ѧɷ֡ȫкƳɷ֡ѹӢѹӢ޴ɽϩһδ֪ƶкж޴޴ͪࡢӷ͡лȡ

ҩáӷͺҴȡҺ岿ijЩֹȡ̵ƽãֹЧԣ̵á2550ڶԽ˸˾ijЩá

ơʣжΣɹɡ

ζ¡

١Ďfұݡ"£޶"

ڡҽҪ"ࡣ¡"

龭䱾ݡ"̫֡"

Ρ磬ɢʤʪȥ裬ͨθðԣտȣʹװűкԨϢ⣬Ŀɬ존Ѣ

١ʰš"ȥĿ裬УĤ䡣"

ڡݡ"ͨϣ·̵"

ۡĿ"ⶾĿɢĿס裬ͷʹᣬ̵űJ򣬱ͨϢ䣬ɢס"

ܡҩԱҪ"۹ǣʹס"

ݡҽҪ"ͨȥűֹĩǣɷȥ"

ޡֲʵͼ"֢"

ߡҩֲͼ־""

ࡶҩ"κ"

ᡶ㶫ҩ"ΰտȡ"

ݲӡвҩֲᡷ"ηʪʹ"

÷ڷ1.53Ǯ֭ãǡĩǻ򵷷

˷ͷʹĿ裺첻ʳݣʻɾɣ࣬磬ÿնΡҩݡ

κ̵JҰ԰ݴ֭;Ʒ򷽡

©ʯݴãǿڡ㽭ҩ

ε˫꣺첻ʳһһ첻ʳݵãȡ֭Ŵĥ캬ʡ䳣òҩ

Ŀͺ࣬谵ɬʹͷʹᣬʾճ첻ʳݶǮһǮܺһǮΪϸĩˮڣÿڣΪȡʱ򡣣ԭ΢DZɢ

ʾʶ첻ʳݶãȡ֭г壬÷Ƭһֵȣڡ䳣òҩ

Ƣűʯݴһѣ֭룬ư룬ͷ򷽡

μűűʶ첻ʳݣţڣ磬ͣһҹЧִʵҩ

ΰװʯݴھ¸ǮˮÿһѪ߼ɺײǮҩ

кʯݴǮˮҩ־

֢ʹӲݻ飬Ա֮ʹ硣㽭ҩ

ʪִҰ԰ݴ²ȡɹΪĩÿǮ֣ͩ͵ֽ࣬Χ춨Բϴϸҩˮ㵥

׶Ұ԰ݴһѣɽףմԣ߷֣βǮһ룬֭֮򷽡

̴ʹʯݴ֮򷽡

ţƤѢ첻ʳݵͿҩݡ

ˣʯݴã˲Ȫݱݡ

εʹ첻ʳãȣ󻼴䳣òҩ

μۣȽۺƤƽʯݴð󻼴ȡ¡㽭䳣òҩ

١Ŀ"첻ʳݣϴͷԣζʹĿͨϢ⣻ڴξJ̵űɢף֮Ω¡ԭ΢ƣĿ贤ǣɢö첻ʳݽⶾΪȥΪ֮ܺаΪʹ͸֮ҩҲ翪Ƿаգг·ȻС˳ԾĿԿ֮"

ڡݻԡ"ʯݴϣ֮ͨҩҲζңѬɢͨξϴͷԣJ̵ղ̣ͨƲȥĿϣͷкаͷʹȡɢ֮Ҳ"

ٴӦáű

ʯݴƳעÿҩ2ˣڷǰ2Сʱע1Σ3¡ÿμã1324839144155۲ű֢18713ҩȬ17593.6ୡ୶ȣЧŲ3עĺŻ£ͣҩʧ

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300Ĺ۲죬һ90ҡҩ24Сʱڵ;ȿʼᡣʱ䣬36죬1015졣ƼȡƷ5ƳɼҺ500ټǽСÿ20404ηַȡҩ1ƳɼҺ500ټǽ100014310581120ÿ3Ρȡȫ1500ˣƳҺ500ٺǽ15510515շ34

֯

첻ʳгɷĩÿ23ǮС룩Իƾ68þˮ룩12ͬ󣨷кܸй˺·ҩȷڻ÷ۼÿ36ˣʲ12֭3¾Ƴء֯ˣˡˡˡŤ˵ȣЧʮ۲죬ҩ12Ȭθʹ߷ʹ⣬һ޸áнʯݴƳעÿ1500ҩƳ500Ѩλע䣬ƹؽŤˡ𡢷ʪʹ֢۲94Ȭ31ת60Чʴ97÷ʹѭȡѨע䣬ÿ0.20.51Σһ35ΪһƳ̡

Ʊ

ԱסԵԱסʺԱס̬ӦԱ׵ȡҩͷʹ֢״ʧᡣ÷첻ʳгϸǿףÿΣ޻ʪšɺ󣬰ҩϸǣ2030Ӻȡÿ1ΣƳ͸ɴñǻڣ1Сʱȡҩ硢⣬޲Ӧ

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


лݡ첻ʳ

ҩơ첻ʳ

ƴé Bù Shí Co

ӢSmall Centipeda Herb

ʳݴҰ԰ݴݡ첻ʳܾݴǡɳɲݡغȼݡڽɽذޡӲݡꪡСȼݡݡʺݡɰҩݡ׵硢ʺͨϡˮɳèɳСȭͷȭͷɢDzݡ÷ꡢӲݡӲݡɽ

ԡʳԱݡ

1.Ʒ㾫ҪʳݴҶԲпգ֮а֭ڼҶɫ仨ϸףԶҶݴ졣˲ݶԲʳ첻ʳݡ

2.Ŀʯݴʯ켰ʪСҲ߶磬磬ϸСҶ״ۺݴѬʳ಻ʳ֮Ŀϸɫϸӣ׷ܣƧҲ

ԴҩĻԴΪտֲʯݴȫݡ

ֲﶯCentipeda minima(L.) A. Br. Et Ascher.

պʹأ9-11»ʱգûɹɡ

ԭ̬ʯݴ һСݱ5-20cmϸ֦룬ŵغëԾϸëҶޱҶƬШ״Σ7-20mm3-5mmȶ˶ۣԵݣëϸëͷ״ϸСΣֱԼ3mmҶҸܻܻܰΣܰƬ2㣬Բ״ΣɫԵĤʣڲ󣻻ƽ̹ƬԣɫɫȫΪͲ״Χƻ㣬ϸвԵƬԻ4ѡݹԲΣԼ1mm4⣬Եгë޹ë9-11¡

ֲ̬·âҰ﹡ʪݵϡ

ԴֲֲڶСϡϡ

״״ ȫŤšϸɫϸ֦ʴ࣬۶ϣưɫҶСޱҶƬ飬չƽʳΣɫغɫԵ3-5ݡͷ״ɫƺɫ΢磬д̼Уζࣻ΢

ɫ̡̼ǿΪѡ

΢ Ҷ棺ϱƤϸ΢ӳդ״֯1У֯ϸԲΡ±Ƥë϶࣬зë4-6ϸɣ560-750μmϸֱ40-60μm𽥱СϸխϸխϸŤɸ״ıƤۣھԼ20μmײʽ

棺Ƥϸ1У෽λӳԺ⸲ʲ㡣Ƥϸ5-8Уϸ϶ϴƤά4-15ľֱ8-16μmں3-4μmľʲУУľľд貿

ѧɷ֡ȫݺѹӢ޴taraxasteryl palmitateѹӢ޴taraxasteryl acetateѹӢ޴taraxasterol޴stigmasterolɽ𳵶arnodiol[1]޴sitosterolʮʮĴtetratriacontanyl nonade-caoate2--5-׻-4-O-β-D-ľ߰2-isopropyl-5-methylhydroquinone-4-O-β-D-xylopyranoside)2α3β19α23-ǻ-12-ϩ-28-O-β-D-ľ߰2α3β19α23-te-trahydroxy urs-12-ene-28-oic acid-28-O-β-D-ľ߰2α21β22α28-tetrahydroxy olean-12-ene-28-O-β-D-xylopyranoside3β16α21β22α28-ǻ-12-չϩ-28-O-β-D-ľ߰3β16α21β22α28-pentahydroxy olean-12-ene-28-O-β-D-xy-lopyranoside33′55′-ļΣ33′55′-tetram-ethoxystibene[2]1α3β19α23-ǻ-12-ϩ-28--28-O-β-D-ľ߰1α3β19α23-tetrahydroxy urs-12-ene-28-oic acid-28-O-β-D-xylopyranoside1β2α19α23-ǻ-12ϩ-28--28-O-β-D-ľ߰1β2α3β19α23-pentahydroxyurs-12-ene-28-lic acid-28-O-β-D-xylopyranoside3α21α22α28ǻ-12-չ-28-O-β-D-ľ߰3α21α22α28-te-trahydroxy olean-12-ene-28-O-β-D-ľ߰3α21α22α28-te-trahydroxy olean-12-ene-28-O-β-D-xylopyranoside3α16α21α22α28-ǻ-12-չϩ-28-O-β-D-ľ߰3α16α21α22α28-pentahydroxy olean-12-ene-28-O-β-D-xylopyrano-side[3]6-ǻ--8-ʮ̼-ϩ3-ͪ6-hydroxy hexacos-trans-8-ene-3-one354---Σ354′-trimethoxy-trans-stilbene3α21β22α28-ǻ-12-չϩ-28-O-β-D-ľ߰3α21β22α28-ǻ-12-չϩ-28-O-β-D-xylopyranoside[4]Ƥأnobiletin[5]ȶlupeolʮhexacosanol[6]ȶlupeyl acetate10-춡-89-춡-8-ǻӣ910-diisobutyryloxy-8-hydroxythymol֪ҶϹأbrevifolinľ飨helenalin춡ľflo-rilenalin isobutyrate [7]춡ľ飨isobutyroylplenolinǧľ飨senecoylplenolinľ飨tetrahydrohelenalinα-ɯͪα-cyperoneƤ-373-quercetin-373-trimethyletherƤ-3734-ļquercetin-3734-tetramethyl-ether[8]Ƥ-3-quercetin-3-methyl-etherƤ-33-quercetin-33-dimethylether۲أapigeninaurantiamide acetate[89]6-O-ǧ飨6-O-senecoylplenolinɽarnicolideC[9]

ҩá1.־ãƷ25-50%Խ˸˾á

2.ֹȡƽãƷӷͺҴȡҺֹȡ̵ƽá

3.ãBrevelinʾԴWalkerãһЩHelenalinҲʾԡ

4.̬Ӧԣ첻ʳݵˮȡᆳƤֳŵĿ̬Ӧԡɶ첻ʳݵȷȡļ״ַܲõArnicolide c6-O-SenecioylplenolinAurantiamide acetateͪ໯Ƥ-33Ƥ 3-۲ؾʾ˽ǿĿ̬Ӧԡ

ȡƷĩ1gҴ10mlˮԡϻ10min˹Һ顣ȡҺ1mlСԹУˮԡϻȥҴȷ1mlŨ1mlٹҺֲȷ²ɫɫӫ⡣ࣩȡҺ1mlСУˮԡɣӴ-Ũᣨ191ԼΣȣɫתΪɫ→ɫ→ɫ→ɫࣩ

ơʣжΣɹɡ

ζζ

龭Σξ

ΡͨԡⶾסðͷʹԨϢ⣻ԣԣĿĤűʪʹˣ׶Ѣ

÷ڷ5-9g֭ã󣻻ǣĩǡ

˷ͷʹĿ: 첻ʳ(ʻɾ)࣬磬ÿնΡ(ҩݡ)κ̵GOU: Ұ԰ݴ֭;Ʒ (򷽡)©:ʯݴãǿڡ(㽭ҩ)ε˫: 첻ʳһŴһ첻ʳݵãȡ֭Ŵĥ캬ʡ (䳣òҩ)Ŀͺ࣬谵ɬʹͷʹᣬʾճ: 첻ʳݶǮһǮܺһǮΪϸĩˮڣÿXIUڣΪȡʱ (ԭ΢GOUDZɢ)ʾ: ʶ첻ʳݶãȡ֭г壬÷Ƭһֵȣڡ (䳣òҩ)Ƣű: ʯݴһѣ֭룬ư룬ͷ(򷽡)μűű: ʶ첻ʳݣţڣ磬ͣһҹЧ (ִʵҩ)ΰװ: ʯݴھ¸ǮˮÿһѪ߼ɺײǮ (ҩ)к:ʯݴǮˮ(ҩ־)(11)֢ʹ:Ӳݻ飬Ա֮ʹ硣(㽭ҩ)(12)ʪִ: Ұ԰ݴ(²ȡɹΪĩ)ÿǮ֣ͩ͵ֽ࣬Χ춨 Բϴϸҩˮ(㵥)(13)׶: Ұ԰ݴһѣɽ(մ)߷֣βǮһ룬ʼƷ֮ (򷽡)(14)̴ʹ: ʯݴ֮ (򷽡)(15)ţƤѢ: 첻ʳݵͿ (ҩݡ)(16): ʯݴã˲ (Ȫݱݡ)(17)εʹ: 첻ʳãȣ󻼴(䳣òҩ)(18)μ: ȽۺƤƽ ʯݴð󻼴ȡ¡ (㽭䳣òҩ)

1.ĿʳݣϴͷԣζʹĿͨ⣻ڴξGOUHE̵űɢף֮Ω¡ԭ΢ƣĿǣɢö첻ʳݽⶾΪȥΪ֮аΪʹ͸֮ҩҲ翪Ƿаգг·ȻС˳ԾĿԿ֮

2.ݻԡʯףϣ֮ͨҩҲζңѬɢͨξϴͷԣGOUHE̵ղ̣ͨƲȥĿϣͷкаͷʹȡɢ֮Ҳ

3.ʰšȥĿ裬LUУĤ䡣

4.ݡͨϣ·̵

5.ĿⶾգɢĿס裬ͷʹᣬ̵űGUHEͨDZ䣬ɢס

6.ҩԱҪ۹ǣֹʹס

7.ҽ׭Ҫͨȥűֹ Ըδǣɷȥ

8.ֲʵͼ֢

9.ҩֲͼ־

10.ҩ־κ

11.㶫ҩΰտȡ

12. ݲӡвҩֲᡷηʪʹ

ٴӦá1.űʯݴƳע(ÿҩ2g)ڷǰ2Сʱע1Σ3աÿμ1-32ml4-83ml9-144ml155ml۲ű֢1871-3ҩȬ175(93.6%)ୡ୶ȣЧŲ3עĺŻ£ͣҩʧ

2.ưտȣ300Ĺ۲죬һ90%ҡҩ24Сʱڵ;ȿʼᡣʱ䣬3-6죬10-15졣

Ƽ2.1.ȡƷ5ƳɼҺ500mlټǽСÿ20-40ml4ηַ

2.2.ȡҩ1ƳɼҺ500mlټǽ1000ml1-43-10ml5-811-20mlÿ3Ρ

2.3.ȡȫ1500gƳҺ500mlٺǽ1-55-10ml515mlշ3-4Ρ

3.֯ˣ첻ʳгɷĩÿ2-3Ǯ(С)Իƾ6-8(þˮ)1-2ͬ(кܸй)˺·ҩȷڻ÷ۼÿ3-6gʲ1-2֭3¾Ƴء֯(ˡˡˡŤ˵)Чʮ۲죬ҩ1-2Ȭθʹ߷ʹ⣬һ޸áнʯݴƳע(ÿ1500gҩƳ500ml)Ѩλע䣬ƹؽŤˡ𡢷ʪʹ֢۲94Ȭ31ת60Чʴ97%÷ʹѭȡѨע䣬ÿ0.2-0.5ml1Σһ3-5ΪһƳ̡

4.ƱףԱסԵԱסʺԱס̬ӦԱ׵ȡҩͷʹ֢״ʧᡣ÷첻ʳгϸǿףÿΣ޻ʪšɺ󣬰ҩϸǣ20-3OӺȡÿ1ΣƳ͸ɴñǻڣ1Сʱȡҩ硢⣬޲Ӧ

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