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2018-10-07 16:12 Ķ:

йҩ䡷鲹

ҩơ鲹

ƴG Suì B

ӢRHIZOMA DRYNARIAE

鲹ʯҽェë꽪ҽ

ԴƷΪˮǿֲާDrynaria fortunei Kunze J. Sm.ĸȫɲڣȥɳȥëƬ

״Ʒʱƽ״з֦515cm11.5cm0.20.5cmܱɫɫСƬë߳غɫ򰵺ɫ༰ϱ͹µԲҶۣҶлᣬʴ࣬۶ϣɫάʻɫ״гɻ޳ζ΢ɬ

ȡƷĩ0.5gӼ״30mlȻ1 Сʱ䣬˹ҺɣӼ״1ml ʹܽ⣬ΪƷҺȡƤնƷӼ״Ƴÿ 1ml0.5mg ҺΪƷҺձɫ׷¼ B飬ȡҺ4μlֱͬһ轺 DZϣԱᣭˮ1:12:2.5::3ϲҺΪչչȡɣȻҺƣ365nm ¼ӡƷɫУƷɫӦλϣͬɫӫߵ㡣

ơȥʣϴ͸кƬ

̹鲹ȡ鲹Ƭ̷¼ Dɰײȥë

ζ࣬¡

龭ξ

Ρǿǣֹʹʹɶ죬ˣΰͺ硣

÷39gƷ615gƷ

ءøﴦ

ժ¼йҩ䡷


ҩǵ䡷鲹

ҩơ鲹

ƴG Suì B
ェʰšʯëջӱݡʯ̣ݡɽֲʵͼʯҽľ㷽ʯҩԡë꽪ãë٣ຣҩġ⬽ҩ־鲹Ĵҩ־ë㽭䳣òҩ

ʰš

ԴΪˮǿֲާлާʯާ½ާԼ鲹ֲҶ鲹ݹ鲹ȵڣȥҶƬɰɹɻɹɣûȥëס

ԭ̬ާ½ҽ鲹ʯ鲹ţ硢ɶݡ

ݱ2040ס״ʴ׳ߣܱػɫ״ƬҶͣӪҶʣɫҺɫΣޱ56.5ף45.5ףԵ״dzѣҶҶɫ߶̱гᣬҶƬԲλԲΣ2037ף818.5ף״ѣƬ615ԣλԲΣ410ף1.52.5ףȶ˼ۣԵвdz״ݣ23Ƭɶ״ëҶϸ45гۡȺԲΣƺɫг24УÿεҶ1öȺǡ

ϡɽʯϻǽϡֲ㽭̨塢㶫Ĵݡϵȵء

лާ

ݱ2040ס״ܱɫ״ƬҶͣӪҶϡ٣ɫޱԲΣ910ף49ף״ѣƬԲλ״Σ24.5ףԼ0.81.3ףȶ˶ۻ򼱼⣬²Ƭ̣汻ëëҶɫ߳غɫᣬҶƬԲλԲ״Σ2040ף6.513ף״ѼᣬƬ1425ԣԲλ״Σ11.4ףȶ˶Բ򼱼⣬²Ƭ̻ɶ״ҶƬ豻ëҶ״ڲϸȺԲΣֱԼ2.5ףɫгһУȺǡ

ڸɽشʯϻϡֲຣࡢĴϵȵء

ֲϵƬ鲹ë๩ҩãר

ʯާާ

ݱߴ60סʴַʣߣλ״ƬԵнëҶͣëӪҶɫʣΣ816ף610ף1/22/3Ҷ820ףҶƬ2545ף2030ףԲλԲ״Σ״ѴҶ᣻Ƭ²һԶ̻̣вij1218ף1.52.5ףͷԵdzọ̇̄״ҶԡȺųһУȺǡ

ɽɻʯϣֲĴϡݺ͹

½

ݱ60150סʴֺ񣬺ߣɫнëƬҶޱ⻬ӲʣԲ״Σв1525ף״ѣ²вϵƬ1020ףԼ3ףȫԵëȶ˳β״⣬йؽڣҶԣ״зڲСȺڿϱߺڲСĽϣԲλԲΣʱʶΣȺǡ

ֻеʯϡֲ㶫̨ϡ

ݹާ"ëާ"

޴Ҷ鲹Ӳ鲹Ϲ鲹

ݱߴ1ס״׳ߣͬҶΡĤʡɫƬҶֽʣëҶҶɫҶƬΣԼ6090ף4ػ5״ѣⲢΪѣƬбһв𽥱ССƬж̱ͬС᣻ĩƬбΣѳɲȳļݡȺСвµ乭Сֲ洦ȺΡ

ʯϡֲ㶫̨塢ϡ

ߺݹ鲹

ݱ1520סߣεƬԵвϸݡҶԶҶӲֱԼ10ףҶƬ״ΣȣԼ814ף4״ϸѣһƬ󣬳Լ57ףĩƬԲΣ1.52ףۼ⣬ΪȳĴֶ۳ݣҶһ򽻲棬ÿС1ȺСˣȺ״Եڣʱͻ⣬Ƭùij۳ݡ

ʯɽֲɽա㽭̨塣

״ާлާʯާĸŤıƽ״磬620ףֱ0.512ףԼ24ס浭ɫɫܱϸСƬɫɫëûǹƬɫɫ༰ϱͻµԲҶۡӲ۶ϣƽ̹ɫлưɫɢڵάԲȦ״Сޡζ΢ɬԴ׳ƽΪѡ

ާ㽭㶫Ĵ⣬ݡȵлާࡢຣĴϡʯާĴϡ

½ĸԲλ״ִŤ֦715ףֱ12ףغɫҺɫвݹƺƣڹơƼҶɼɫϸܵƬпԲҶֱۣԼ1סʼӲ۶ϣ治ƽ̹ʺɫڶĻɫ״άг""Ρ΢ζ΢ɬ

ڹ㶫㶫ʹá

۹ާĸ"ëާ"

ܴҶ鲹ĸŤԲΣԱ⣬413ףֱ79ףغɫݹƼƣɫƬϲͻԲҶۡʼӲ۶ϡƽ̹ɫжɫ״άųɻ״άϴ󣬳Ρ΢ζ΢ɬ

ڹ㶫㶫ʹá

ѧɷ֡ާ16.45.37Ƥ߰

ơ鲹ȥɰʣϴԽݣ͸Ƭɹɡɰ̹鲹ȡɰùڳȣ𾻵Ĺ鲹̳ëʽɫѸȡɸȥɰȥëɡ

׹ۡ"ʹ鲹ɵúøֵȥϻƳëϸУ۰󣬼һպá"

ζ࣬¡

١ջӱݡ"ƽ"

ڡݡ"ζ࣬£޶"

ۡҩ־"΢ɬ¡"

龭Ρ

١Ŀ""

ڡ桷"ġ"

ۡ¡"Ρ"

ΡѪֹѪкʹʪʹʹ졢ˣβףͺۡ

١ҩۡ"жѪʹڣһ’’ֲգ䡣"

ڡջӱݡ"ζ񴯣ʴ⣬ɱ档"

ۡݡ"ѪֹѪۡ"

ܡ"ƹаʹзʪʹ"

ݡ"ʹбԣзϥ֤йкܣžѸء"

ޡҩ־"С"

ߡĴҩ־"йʪͨ"

÷ڷ35Ǯƻ衢ɢã

ע⡿鼰Ѫ

١ݾϡ"ҩͬá"

ڡݻԡ"ѪѪлѪαߣ֮"

ۡ䱾ݡ"⡢Ѫܿ޷ˡ"

ʹֹ鲹һһ룬ţϥ֣ȥ磩ƶ֬΢Ϣʵ죩Ϊĩ밲Ϣ㣬͵ƣͩӴÿʳǰ¾¶ʮ衣ʥݷ

ζֹʹ鲹ȥëϸк۰裬ɣĩijԡ׹ۡ

ʹ̣鲹ءɽǣ߸ĵƤһǮƳкǮˮΪĩ衣ÿǮʳǰ¡ݻԡ

ʹާһȥë飬ˮ󡣣鷽ѡࡷ

ν𴯣˽Ϲǣʹ̣鲹ȥëﳴ΢ƣȻͭϸУֹǣͿ˻ƣܹ꣨Ϳ΢ƣûҩһϼҩϸΪɢÿһǮԺʰһã¾һյ֮ķʥݷ鲹ɢ

δ𣺺Զ٣֮ͬã𴦣Ƭɼ֮һѡ

߽ӹ鲹һʮڷÿնΣɹĩ󡣣Ȫݱݡ

δ鲹ãͬĸ͡󻼴ݡ

ιؽλۣڹؽڸλȡާȥëƤãɺ״˴ջҩһΡ

εˣؽʹާȥëǮһˮ

βףާȥë飬ӴѪǮˮ᷽³㽭䳣òҩ

ΰͺާǮֻվʮ󣬹˲նΡвҩ

١Ŀ"鲹йκijйҽЧôҩĩʳסС㣬й飬רƢθҲ׹ۡô˷ζ֮Ҳԭ֢Ҫƣ飬ƵԶУͣУʹԣ磬ö̻Ľ裬Թ鲹֮һͬУȡ֭ƽ֮öţϥɼľڣZơǼƵƵѬϴҲ"

ڡ桷"鲹벹֬ƣȻܲ粹֬רͨģѪ֮Ҳ"

ۡ衷"鲹ݡѪֹѪۣܲʹͣʹУۣδҲ"

ã"鲹ȨνжѪʹ䡣Ԫ֮ȣ½լԿ䡣νĩͬʳζйʹǴ⣬ǿͨθʵ֮ʹκ̵ͣزճʹ֮Dz֢н顣ַ£ε̵֮ʹ۲ϸ֮ʹѢ֢ôЧԼʹ֮⣬аʵʢߣԲԡÿνҩιǣι飬ôߣԵʶô⣬֮ʹһҲԪ֢Ҫν飬Ƶ磬֮麮ԣҩήӡΩ֮ϥףߣκ֮һ壬ϴ˷ǿɸͶ"

ٴӦáٷùضԼӦ

ȡ鲹Ƭ5Ǯˮ2ηÿ1Ҫɳڷá֪ùضԷӦߣùͬʱʹñҩɷ䶾ԷӦùعĻٴʹʱСʼ⣬ӷҩʹùعѳֶԻӦߣñƣٴ۲21Ӧ2ԷӦ19ҩ2Ч⣬ڵڶ췴Ӧ֢״ᣬ󲿷ڵ34췴Ӧ֢״ʧͣ鲹ùطӦٴγ.ù鲹Чݹ۲죬ҩԷӦеͷʹͷΡڴľ֢״ЧãԶĿҲһЧʾҪãڽùضԵڰ˶񾭺֦Ķá

Ƽ

ȡ鲹3Ǯɴĩ95ƾ100н3ձáʱȽ㲿ۻˮϴСȥƤȻͿ鲹ƾÿ2Сʱ1Σ46Σÿ10ΡʹУӿʧƼ61015Ȭ23

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷

ͼƬ
ʵĹ鲹ͼƬ


лݡ鲹

ҩơ鲹

ƴG Suì B

ェʯëʯ (ܳ)ɽʯҽʯҽ鲹򼡢򼡢ɽ鼦ɽ鲹ƽʯʯơë꽪ҽ

ԡݸĿʰš

1.ݸĿʰš鲹ェۡ飬鲼ӡ˺ΪҲ򯡢֮ҶʯΤһҶľ

2.ջӱݡェϼݣƽϸ

3.ݡ鲹ϡʯϣëҶ̡

4.ͼ鲹񻴡㡢硢·ݿ֮ľ

ԴҩĻԴΪާֲާާҶާ½ާĸ

ֲﶯ1.Drynaria fortunei(Kunze) J.Smith[Polypadium fortunei Kunze]2.Drynaria baronii (Christ)Diels [Polypodium baronii Chirst; Drynaria sinica Diels]3.Drynaria propinqua (Wall.)J. Smith[Poly-podium propinquum Wall.]4.Pseudodrynaria coronans(Wall.)Ching[Poly-podium coronans Wall.]

պʹأȫɲڣȥɳȥë״Ƭ

ԭ̬1.ֲ25-40cm״״ʣܱ״ƬëҶͣҶ״ӪҶɫΣޱĤʣ5-7cmԼ3.5cmΣëԵдdzѣҶߴֽʣɫëԲΣ14-18cmɲ״ӳгĶ̱вѣƬ7-13ԣбϣ7-10cm2-3cm̼ͷԵвԵ۳ݣ״ԡȺԲΣڲСĽϡų2-3УȺǡ

2.ֲ20-50cm״ʣԼ1cmܱɫƬҶͣҶҶëӪҶϡ٣Բ״ΣѣҶıйؽڣҶƬΣ20-40cmв5-10cmѼҶᣬҶҶᱻɫëƬ20-30ԣ5-15mmۼͷԵȱ״ݳݣҶԡȺԲΣڲСĽϡ1УȺǡ

3.ֲߴ60cm.״ʣ͸غɫƬҶͣëӪҶΣ8-15cm5-10cmdzѣҶҶ8-20cmԹؽڸ״ϣҶƬ25-45cmԲλԲ״ȶ˶̽⣬20-30cm ,״ѴҶ᣻ƬΣ⻬ԵԼӺdzọ̇̄״ҶԡȺǡ

4.ֲ80-140cm״״ܱɫƬҶһͣԲпյĸߴԣҶƬ80-140cmȶ˽⣬в½ֽΣвѣ½ѳ״⻬ëȫԵҶ״ԣеһֲСȺС洦ÿԲ֮1УԲλͨСӳʱʶΡԲΣ߱ھС̻С״ƣȺǡ

ֲ̬1.ں200-1800mʯϡ

2.ں900-2800mԵʯϻɽʯ䡣

3.ں500-2400mɻʯϡ

4.ں1000-1900mɻʯϡ

Դֲ1.ֲϼ㽭ϡ㶫ȵء

2.ֲϼɽࡢຣġ

3.ֲϼ

4.ֲڻϡϼ̨ȵء

״״ 1.ܱɫɫϸСƬ߳Ĥʶ״ֱΣȶ˼⣬Ե״ëб͸۶˽ܼƬ䴦ɫɼϸС͹ҶۣݼƼϸۡʼӲɫаɫųɳԲΡ㣬ζ΢ɬ

2.Ƭ״ΣƬʪԻҺɫϸСػɫҰɫ״ųԲΡ㣬ζɬ

3.ƬɫʣΣ״У״档ʴ࣬ųԲΡʣζɬ

4.ԲΣܱ״ζƬƬ䴦ϺɫдСȵ򹵼ϸСɫ״ųԲΡ΢ζɬִɫΪѡ

΢ 1ާʳԲΡƤϸ1УԺƬλڱƤݴϸ3-4УںںɫɫءƤΧƷϸӳ18-28ųɱԲλľʲܰΣֱ6-40μmвϴ˽αС缸˽ƤΪ֣ڲƤеϸ񣬲ɫ

2ԲΡƤϸв룻ƬڱƤ͹𴦣ϸ2УڱںػɫɫءƤ2-3ϸԼƤ1ϸڱ񡣷18-25ųԲΣֱܰ10-26μm

3ƤߺƬ2-3ϸƤ3-5ϸƤ1ϸ񣬿׹ͲԣϸںƹɫɫءԲΣųɻ״ֱܰ10-48cmμm

4ƤߺƬ2-3ϸƤ1ϸ񡣷ųɲ2-3ȦһȦ28-35ԲλԲΡ

ɫףȡƷ0.5gӼ״5mlҹ˹ҺҺȡƤ߰ƷֱͬһĤϣԱ-״-ͪ311չ1%ȻҴҺƷɫУƷɫ׵Ӧλϣͬɫߡ

ѧɷ֡ާƤ߰naringin,21-ϩhop-21-ene,911ϩ[fern-911ene],7-ϩfern-7-ene,3-ϩfilic-3-ene,β-޴β-sitosterol,޴sting-masterol,޴campesterolĻ໯ľ޴-cycloardenyl acetate,ˮ޴cy-clomargenyl acetate, ѻƬϩcyclolaudenylacetaet,9,10-ë-25-ϩ-3β-910-cycloanost-25-en-3β-yl acetate½ާ21-ϩ1318ºϩ[neohop-13(18)-ene],911-ϩβ-޴޴޴Ļ໯ľ޴ˮ޴ϩѻƬϩ910-ë-25-ϩ-3β-

ҩá1.йҩƴѧͭˮоާˮ(20g/kg30g/kg)Ƥ߰(൱ԭҩ20g/kg )θʵԴдٽá

2.鲹ˮ7.5-50g/kgθԴʵԹؽ׾д̼ǹؽϸãָܲѧӦ߸ıɹؽǵԱ䣬Ӷ͹ǹؽڲʡ

3.鲹˫ͪ߰ļϸIJƵʣʹļϸãûһβ-弤

4.鲹ˮҺ(100%)0.8ml/kgڷʵԸѪ֬ÿԤѪ嵨޴ֹܷӲ߿γɡ

5.ʵʾ鲹뿨ùغÿɼῨùضԶϵĶãܿͣҩжԶķչ

6.鲹Թ

鲹ˮ75102550g/kgڷԴԹؽģͣһĸϸƳϸԱ䡢͹ǹؽڲʵĹܣӴӣڸҩºýϼѡ鲹ˮ100g(ҩ)/kg/ڸ迨ùǰ2Сʱڷ8죬ܼῨùضԶϵĶԣܿͣҩжԶķչ

ơ鲹ȥɰʣϴԽݣ͸Ƭɹɡɰ̹鲹ȡɰùڳȣ𾻵Ĺ鲹̳ëʽɫѸȡɸȥɰȥëɡ׹ۡʹ鲹ɵúͭȥϻƳëϸУ۰󣬼һպá

ζࣻ

龭Σ

ΡǿǣѪֹʹʹϥʹй򣻵ۼͺ

÷ڷ10-20g衢ɢã ÷ɹĩҲɽƲ롣

ע⡿ȼѪ

1.ݾ衷 ҩͬá

2.ݻԡ ѪѪлѪαߣ֮

3.䱾ݡ ⡢Ѫܿ޷ˡ

ʹֹ鲹һһ룬ţϥ(ȥ)ƶ֬(΢)Ϣ(ʵ)Ϊĩ밲Ϣ㣬͵ƣͩӴÿʳǰ¾¶ʮ衣(ʥݷ)ζֹʹ鲹ȥëϸк۰裬ɣĩijԡ(׹ۡ)ʹ̣鲹ءɽǡ߸ĵƤһǮ(Ƴ)кǮ(ˮ)Ϊĩ衣ÿǮʳǰ¡(ݻԡ)ʹާһ(ȥë)飬ˮ(鷽ѡࡷ)ν𴯣˽Ϲǣʹ̣鲹(ȥëﳴ΢)Ȼͭ(ϸ)ֹ(Ϳ˻)ܹ(Ϳ΢)ûҩһϼҩϸΪɢÿһǮԺʰһã¾һյ֮ķ(ʥݷ鲹ɢ)δ𣺺Զ٣֮ͬã𴦣Ƭɼ֮(һѡ)߽ӹ鲹һʮڷÿնΣɹĩ(Ȫݱݡ)δ鲹ãͬĸ͡󻼴(ݡ) ιؽλۣڹؽڸλȡާ(ȥë)Ƥãɺ״˴ջҩһΡ(㽭䳣òҩ)εˣؽʹާ(ȥë)Ǯһˮ(㽭䳣òҩ)(11)βףާ(ȥë)飬ӴѪǮˮ(㽭䳣òҩ)(12)ΰͺާǮֻվʮ󣬹˲նΡ(вҩ)

1.ҩۡжѪʹ(һ'')ֲգ䡣

2.ջӱݡζ񴯣ʴ⣬ɱ档

3.ݡѪֹѪۡ

4.ƹаʹзʪʹ

5.ʹбԣзϥ֤йкܣDzѸء

6.ҩ־С

7.Ĵҩ־йʪͨ

8.Ŀ鲹йκijйҽЧôҩδʳסС㣬й飬רƢθҲ׹ۡô˷ζأ֮Ҳԭ֢Ҫƣ飬ƵԶУͣУʹԣ磬ö̻Ľ裬Թ鲹֮һͬУȡ֭ƽ֮öţϥɼľڡXIEơǼƵƵѬϴҲ

9.桷鲹벹֬ƣȻܲ粹֬רͨģѪ֮Ҳ

10.衷鲹(ݡ)ѪֹѪۣܲʹͣʹУۣδҲ

11.ã鲹ȨνжѪʹ䡣Ԫ֮ȣ½լԿ䡣νδͬʳζйʹǴ⣬ǿͨθʵ֮ʹκ̵ͣزճʹ֮Dz֢н顣ַ£εЮ̵֮ʹ۲ϸ֮ʹѢ֢ôЧԼʹ֮⣬аʵʢߣԲԡÿνҩιǣι飬ôߣԵʶô⣬֮ʹһҲԪ֢Ҫν飬Ƶ磬֮麮ԣҩήӡΩ֮ϥףߣκ֮һ壬ϴ˷ǿɸͶ

ٴӦá1.ȡ鲹Ƭ5Ǯˮ2ηÿ1Ҫɳڷá֪ùضԷӦߣùͬʱʹñҩɷ䶾ԷӦùعĻٴʹʱСʼ⣬ӷҩʹùعѳֶԻӦߣñƣٴ۲21(Ӧ2ԷӦ19)ҩ2Ч⣬ڵڶ췴Ӧ֢״ᣬ󲿷ڵ3-4췴Ӧ֢״ʧͣ鲹ùطӦٴγ֣ù鲹Чݹ۲죬ҩԷӦеͷʹͷΡڴľ֢״ЧãԶĿҲһЧʾҪãڽùضԵڰ˶񾭺֦Ķá

2.Ƽۣȡ鲹3Ǯɴĩ95%ƾ100mlн3ձáʱȽ㲿ۻˮϴСȥƤȻͿ鲹ƾÿ2Сʱ1Σ4-6Σÿ10ΡʹУӿʧƼ610-15Ȭ23

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