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2018-10-07 15:22 Ķ:

йҩ䡷

ҩơ

ƴGo Lián Jin

ӢRHIZOMA ALPINIAE OFFICINARUM

罪С

ԴƷΪֲ Alpinia officinarum HanceĸĩڣȥƬϴжΣɹɡ

״ƷԲΣз֦59cmֱ11.5cmغɫɫϸܵƼɫIJ״ڣڼ䳤0.21cmһԲεĸۡʼͣ۶ϣɫɫάԣԼռ1/3㣬ζ

𡿱Ʒ棺ƤϸеĺɫǾƤҶά϶࣬͡Ƥԡά࣬άɻľƤ㼰֯ɢжϸںɫɫ֬״ϸ

ơȥʣϴ͸бƬɹɡ

ζȡ

龭Ƣθ

Ρθɢʳֹʹ丹ʹθŻ£ᡣ

÷36g

ءﴦ

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ҩĸͼƬ

ҩǵ䡷

ҩơ

ƴGo Lián Jin

ݾעַָĎfұݡСҩ־ҩѧ

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ֲ·ߡɽµIJݵػľСֲ㶫ĺϼݰ뵺ϡ̨ȵء㶫ϲࡣ㶫̨ȵء

״ԲΣ磬46ףֱ11.5ף氵ɫɫ״ڣÿڳ0.51ף²ԲεϸкۡʼӲ۶ϣɫغɫϴֲڡ㣬ζԴ׳ʵɫζΪѡ

ѧɷ֡ӷ0.51.5Ҫɷ18-Ҷغ͹ƤжͷӡϩϳϩȡкͪءɽءɽηӡƤءصȺһɷ֣Ƹӡ

ҩáҺ100̿Ҹ˾α-β-Ѫ׺׺˾ɫɫɫݲݸ˾Ƚв̶ͬȵĿã֬ƽڹԹڶͽ˸˾ãЧȡ

ơʣˮϴԽ̳͸Ƭɡ

Ŀ"춹ޢ˳ҩԽͬǡҩߡ"

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١¼"¡"

ڡʰš"ζ¡"

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١׹ҩԽ⡷"Ƣθ"

ߡ±ࡷ"СƢθľ"

Ρθ磬ɢֹʹƢθк丹ʹŻйкҭθʳͣű񱡣

١¼"䡢θ桢Ҹʹ"

ڡҩۡ"ھ䣬θ桢Ż¡η磬ʹȥģʹк"

ۡʰš"ֹ֮ҡ"

ܡջӱݡ"תкθŻʳʳ"

ݡͼ"κж񣬿ˮߣȡӿ飬֮ʽѲУຬʣӲݶޢͬΪĩ֮ѡ"

ޡҡ"ͨƢθ"

ߡϱݡ"θۣǸʹ"

ࡶĿ"ƢθҭѢű"

Ҧɳɡʳﱾݡ"ȥ׾ĤƢθԪ"

⡶ԭ"ν£Ŀ࣬ͷʹʹ"

ϡ㶫ҩ"κʪԡ"

÷ڷ0.51.5Ǯ衢ɢ

ע⡿߼ɷ

ݾ衷"θŻңעкʹ̼֮"

ĸʹ̣в֧Ʋ̣Ӷ顢ĸζˮȡһ˺ϣնһʹֹͣٷǿΪ˷ǧ𷽡

Ƣθȥ̵Ƣʹʳһˣȥ«ɽڣȷ֡ΪϸĩΪ裬ͩӴÿʮʮ裬ʳƤ¡︾˼ɷַ裩

ƢʹƵȷ֣Ϊϸĩ״ε¡һѡ

Ŀһʹθͻг棬ŭܺϴߴΣУ㸽ӣϴߴΣУ϶ζҪС粡򺮶ߣøǮ㸽ĩһǮ粡ŭߣøһǮ㸽ĩǮŭߣøһǮ֣㸽ĩһǮ֣֭һףһ飬Ϊ֮Ҹ裩

λʹ㡣ÿƣԾһȡķУٷ

λŻ²ֹﱣһζֵɸÿǮذˮһյһöȥˣ֣ȥңˮ䣬ٷʥ¼

ű׽ȷ֡ζѣԣΪĩÿǮһˮһյº͵֭¡·

ηʹ¾ãʹһ飨Լ磩ȫһöϱɣΪĩָҩҩãȳ³ѣڡһѡѲɢ

£ˣ׷¡ճעͶʳʳͲʳһࡣз¸оʱҩøһˮһһηꡣ缱мҲĸһ棬ˮЧϲȻЧ

ƢʹθʹøƬֳķݣһԳװϳƣȥףһԳ±ƣȥһ԰Ͷʮĸƣȥһ԰ʮĸƣȥȡһƽһҹͬһٳΪĩԽǵľƵҩӣӴÿʮ裬ķ¡˷""ַǮ֬ǮΪĩÿǮ¡

Ƣθȥ̵øɽȷ֣ڹϸӣӴÿʮ裬Ƥ¡Ѹɷ

Ƣ麮ű٣˼ʳøͳɽڣһΪĩÿǮ֭ɸӣٷǰȾƵַϷƵҩĩӵ֭裬ÿʮ裬¡ַɽڸɽǮΪĩÿǮ¡

˫ĿͻȻʹСܴĩǡʹ磬ʹ

季"θߣΪҪҩ˲Ρ֮ΪθɢθзаҲ"

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ۡ±ࡷ"ֹ֮ʹȻͬΪвȥʪʶ"

ܡԭ"Сʹ֮ͬ½麮ѪУСʹ߼֮"

ݡ桷"ͬθɢͬ㸽ܳйкʵȸʹмɡɽͬɽھƣȥںɢ֮Ա⺮֮Ҳ"

ޡ塷"£νȴרй溮֢¼θ棬ҸʹߣԻҽ󺮣Ȼ֮ͣ䣬ظʹк֫䣬洽ɫֽ亹ͣⶸʢ֮ʱ䣬û֢֮磬һʱѸУ˷Ǵȣش֮Ԫǡ֮Ϊ֢ҪҩΩӢ½֥ңۻңʪȶԣν֮֫򲻿淨ߣʱ֢֮ͬʱ֮Ǩвһߡ˵̦֮ǰ֮к֮һ峺ˮһǣȷƾ̲֢ʱ֮ʴҲ""ֹߣ麮֮طȻ֮ݿ֪Ȩνθھʹνתк溮֮תҲνηθθ޻ʳ뷴֮ʳĺ£峺ҲνʽκȻŻˮθ֢֮νƢθҭԡűԡθ֮ҭʪȻʴ֮űǿһӡ"

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


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ҩơ

ƴGo Lián Jin

ӢLesser Galangal Rhizome

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ԡҽ¼1. պ뾰:˸ʹֹʳЧƣҶɽ

2.Ʊݡδϸζ಻ʵһҲϸΪΪ˷Ҳ

3.ͼݼǭ֮ڿжҩҶ罪󣬸һɫɽ¡²ɸɡ

ԴҩĻԴΪӿֲĸ

ֲﶯAlpinia officinarum Hance

պʹأĩ4-6ĸȥϾϴжɹɡ

ԭ̬ݱ30-110cmԲ״Σغɫֱ1-1.5cm߽ڣлĤƬֱҶޱޱҶƬ״Σ15-30cm1.5-2.5cmȶ˽β⣬խȫԵëҶʿţĤʱԵĤʣ2-3cmѡ״ֱ6-15cmᱻëͲ״ܳ8-14mmȶ˲3dzԲѣڹ©״Լ1cmƬ3ԲΣΣɫкɫƣԼ2cm˻׶״1Լ1.6cmڻڹܺϷӷ3ңܱëϸ·2Բ٣ͷ2״ΣѣֱԼ1.2c mëʱȺɫӾ߼Ƥжǣɫ4-9£8-11¡

ֲ̬ڻ¹Իлࡣ

Դֲֲ̨塢ϡ㶫ϵȵء

ࡿѧԣϲůѡ񡢷ɡˮõɳࡣ

༼÷귱ֳ3-4£ĸȡѿĸÿ4-5ѿ2m×1mѨѨ20-25cm15-20cmԣԺѹˮ

ÿи2-3Σ׷ʩˮ2-3Ρ

״״𣬸ԲΣз֦4-9cmֱ1-1.5cmغɫ򰵺ɫϸƼɫ״ڣڼ䳤0.5-1cmԲθۡʼͣ۶ϣɫɫάƤ㻷ԣɢάۡ㣬ζ

Է֦١ɫءŨζΪѡ

΢𣬸棺ƤϸӳƤҶά϶࣬ͣάƤԡɢжάƤ㴦άСܣɻ״άάɻں񣬷ľ΢ľ֯ɢжϸںɫɫ֬״ϸ

ĩɫٵΡΡԲΡλΣ24-44-93μmֱ8-27μm״̷״״ƫһ˻λвƲԻԼɼ2-8ɣż븴ڷϸ飬ԲλԲΣֱ40-48μmԺƿףǻȺɫغɫ֬״۱ϸԺԲƿףżϸСƷơƼƵֱ18-56μm⣬άҶƤϸʱɼƤϸɢڣΣĩƽػԼͻ120-200μmֱ22-27μmһ߱Ҳ񣬷ľҲԡ

ѧɷֶ֡໯(curcumin)⽪(dihydrocurcumin)⽪(hexahydrocurcumin)⽪(octahydrocurcumin)(1ξ)-1-ǻ-17-˫(4-ǻ-3-)-6-ϩ-35-ͪ[(1ξ)-1-hydroxy-1,7-bis(4-hydroxy=-3-methoxyphenyl)-6-heptene-3,5-dione](3R,5R)-1-(4-DZ)-7--35[(3R,5R)-1-(4)-hydroxyphenyl]-7-phenylheptane-3,5-diol]5-ǻ-7-(4-ǻ-3-)-1--3-ͪ[5-hydroxy-7-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3-heptanone]17--4-ϩ-3-ͪ(1,7-diphenyl-hept-4-en-3-one)7-(4-ǻ-3-)-1--4-ϩ-3-ͪ[7-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenylhept-4-en-3-one]17--5-ǻ-3-ͪ(1,7-diphenyl-5-hydroxy-3-heptanone)7-(4-ǻ-3-)-1--35-ͪ,[7-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3,5-heptadione],5--7-(4-ǻ-3-)-1--3-ͪ[5-methoxy-7-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3-heptanone]5-ǻ-7-(4-DZ)-1--3-ͪ[5-hydroxy-7-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3-heptanone]7-(4-DZ)-1--4-ϩ-3-ͪ[7]-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-4-hepten-3-one]5--7(4-DZ)-1--3-ͪ[5-methoxy-7-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3-heptanone],5--1,7--3-(5-methoxy-1,k7-diphenyl-3-heptanone)⽪(epihexahydrocurcumin)5?-ǻ-1,7--3-ͪ[(5R)-hydroxy-1,7-diphenyl-3-heptanone]5R-ǻ-7-(4-ǻ-3-)-1--3-ͪ[5R-hydroxy-7-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3-heptanone]ͪ໯(galangin)Ƥ(quercetin)ɽͷ(kaempferol)ɽ(kaempferide)(isorhamnetin)Ƥ-5-(quercetin-5-methylether)-3-(galangin-3-methyl ether)ܺ(rhamnocitrin)7-ǻ-35-ͪ(7-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxyflavone)ֺӷͣУҶ(1,8-cineole)ͷ(eugenol)㱨ϩ(pinene)ϩ(cadinene)Ƥ(methylcinnamate)кβ-޴-β-߰(β-sitosterol-β-glucoside)޴߰(stigmasterol-β-glucoside),޴߰(campestrol-β-glucoside)

ҩá1.ֹʹãˮŶԿСˮӦʹˮСθƽƣȡﶼŶԿĸкˮﻹԷкҶĸкЧˮЭͬתøáȡãýǿȼŤУȡﶼʹá

2.΢ѭӰ죺ΪʹҩĽʹпֹʹãʹ΢ѪֹͣƳáԹܾʱƳáڶԸ10Ӻʹܾлָãж΢á

3.ȱܺСӰ죺СθˮﶼӳͷСſڶʱKCNжСĴʱ䣬ӰNaNO2жСʱ䡣ﻹӳѹܱȱСĴʱͼٶȣˮﲻӳѹܱȱСĴʱ䣬СڵµȡܺСĴʱӰ졣

ԡСθİΪ4.2±0.4ml/kgжΪʧ8СʱϲСθˮ120g/kg۲7죬ʹ˺ɳϾTA98TA100ձ䡣

𣬣1ȡѽҺӸɣ÷Ļɫ״Ũ1ȩᾧ1Ϻɫ

2ȡƷ95%ҴҺ1ΣֽϣѬԻɫȥɫdz1%ȻҺӫ¹۲죬Իɫ͹⡣

ơʣˮϴԽ̳͸ƬɡĿ춹ޢ˳ҩԽͬǡҩߡ

ζζ

龭Ƣθ

Ρɢֹʹ丹ʹŻ£

÷ڷ3-6g衢ɢ

ע⡿߽

ĸʹ̣в֧Ʋ̸Ӷ顢ĸ.ζˮȡһ˺ϣնһʹֹͣǿΪ˷(ǧ𷽡)Ƣθȥ̵Ƣ۲ʳһˣ(ȥ)ɽ()ȷ֡ΪĩΪ裬ͩӴÿʮʮһ裬ʳƤ¡︾˼ɷ(ַ) ƢʹƵȷ֣Ϊϸĩ׵¡(һѡ)Ŀһʹθͻг棬ŭܺ(ϴߴΣ)㸽(ϴߴΣ)϶ζҪС粡ߣøǮ㸽ĩһǮ粡ŭߣһǮ㸽ĩǮŭߣøһǮ֣㸽ĩһǮ֣뽪֭һףһ飬Ϊ֮(Ҹ)λʹ㡣ÿƣԾһȡķУٷ()λŻ²ֹ()һζֵɸÿǮذˮһյһö(ȥ)֣ȥңˮ䣬ٷ(ʥ¼)ű׽ȷ֡ζѣԣΪĩÿǮһˮһյº͵֭¡(·)ηʹ¾ãʹһ(Լ)ȫЫһö(ϱ)Ϊĩָҩҩãȳ³ѣڡ(һѡѲɢ)

1. ʿ季θߣΪҪҩ˲Ρ֮ΪθɢθзаҲ

2.ݻԡʪƢθ֮ҩҲƢ麮йкθʹŭ̵ߣҩȴһг䣬𡢸ͬȡǿͺθθŻ棬ʳ³ɻкߣáҶԻŷƢۣߣľɰͬǮߣɽҩ֣ͬҩУȡֹʹƢθ麮֤֮Ρȡ롢ͬƣöãɢغij֮Ҳ

3.±ࡷֹ֮ʹȻͬΪвȥʪʶ

4.ԭСʹ֮ͬ½麮ѪУСʹ߼֮

5.桷ͬθɢͬ㸽ܳйкʵȸʹмɡɽͬɽھƣȥںɢ֮Ա⺮֮Ҳ

6.塷£νȴרй溮֢¼θ棬ҸʹߣԻҽ󺮣Ȼ֮ͣ䣬ظʹк֫䣬洽ɫֽ亹ͣⶸʢ֮ʱ䣬û֢֮磬һʱѸУ˷Ǵȣش֮Ԫꡢ֮Ϊ֢ҪҩΩӢ½֥ңۻңʪȶԣν֮򲻿淨ߣʱ֢֮ͬʱ֮Ǩвһߡ˵̦֮֮к֮һ峺ˮһǣȷƾ̲֢ʱ֮ʴӿҲpHֹߣ麮֮طʪȻ֮Ƨ֪Ȩνθھʹνתк溮֮תҲνηθθ޻ʳ뷴֮ʳ£峺ҲνʽκȻŻˮθ֢֮νƢθҭԡűԡθ֮ҭʪȻ֮űǿһӡ

7.¼䡢θ桢Ҹʹ

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14.ĿƢθҭ񱣬ű

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16.ԭν£Ŀ࣬ͷʹʹ

17.㶫ҩκʪԡ

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