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2017-08-03 15:13 Ķ:

йҩ䡷

ҩơ

ƴHú Huán Lián

ӢRHIZOMA PICRORHIZAE

ٻ

ԴƷΪοֲ Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora Pennell ĸ^ڣȥɳɹɡ

״ƷԲΣżз֦312cmֱ0.31cmɫɫֲڣнܵĻ״ڣ¡ѿۻۣ϶ܱɫƬ״ҶлᣬӲ࣬۶ϣƽ̹ɫɫľ410ɫ״άгɻ΢ζࡣ

𡿣1ȡƷĩ0.5gУ60804 Сʱ΢¹۲죬ɼ״״״״ᾧɫ״

2ȡƷĩ5gˮ50ml60ˮԡ½20ӣ˹ȡҺ1mlȻҴҺ2ΣɰɫȡҺ1ml 5ᣭݱҴҺ2Σҡȣɻưɫǣعܱڼ0.5mlҺӽ紦ɫҡɫˮϡɰɫ

3 ȡ1 µȷʹܽ⣬ΪƷҺȡᡢƷȷƳÿ1ml 1mg ĻҺΪƷҺձɫ׷¼ B飬ȡҺ5μlֱͬһ轺ǣ254 ϣ飭ѣᣨ5:5:0.1 Ϊչչȡɣƣ254nm ¼ӡƷɫУƷɫӦλϣͬɫİߵ㡣

ơȥʣϴ͸бƬʱ顣ƷΪԲαƬҺɫغɫаɫ״άܱغɫʴࡣ

ζ࣬

龭Ρθ󳦾

Ρʪȣȡʪк㣬̼ȣСȡ

÷1.59g

ءøﴦ

ע1Ʒ֪ĸعƤܴ׵飬鷢ȣȣ«ͬãСȵ֢

ժ¼йҩ䡷


ͼƬ

ҩǵ䡷

ҩơ

ƴHú Huán Lián

¶󣨡ݡ塷

Ʊݡ

ԴΪοֲغڵϲֿήʱڣȥӼϲ֣ϴɹɡ

ԭ̬ٺ

ݱëԲΣԴľʡ1525סҶڸԴʣҶƬΣ510ףȶ˼⣬խгľҶԵоݡҶ״510ףƬȱ磻ƬԲλΣȳƬ5ΣԼ5ףԵëڽϻ̣ȶмȵ5ƬƬΣԵëëëë4˿ϸӻԶëӷ2ңϸͷһΣ6ףвۣҪҼ俪ѣӳԲΣ1ס

ڸɽݵءֲϲɽ

غ:ٻ

ݱ׳ߣ1550ףڼܣаɫƬ״Ҷ༰Ҷ״λΡԲΣ27ף1.53.5ףȶԲۣɿԵж۾ݡбϣ515ףë״״ƬΣëƬ556ףкɫëԵë4ƬΡԲԲΣ1ƬΪΣڰɫdzɫ912ף56ףȶ˾߲ȵ4Ƭ2Σǰ3Ƭϸߣ1ƬϵͣëԵë42ǿǰ2öʶë2ö⻬ëҩԲΣӷ2ңϸͷͷ״ԲΣ912ףۣҪұѣӶԲԲΣ11.5ףƤۣ󡣻6¡7¡

ڸߺʯϼʯУdzϲֲϲ

״ٺ

ԲΣƽֱ಻磬ƷΪԼ29׵СΣֱ38סһɫɫй󣬴ֲڣ弰ỷƣ˨Ƥʱ䣬¶ɫƤвҶܼƬ״ɫ뻷״ĽںۣȦ״ڴ϶ࡣӲ࣬۶ϣ۶ʱз۳ɳƤҺɫľưɫά47гɻ״лҺɫ貿΢ζ־á֡۶ʱз۳ҺɫζΪѡ

Ϊڣӡȡ

غ

ԲΣżз֦312ףֱ214סɫɫкƽƣͻѿѿԲεĸۻϸлܱƬ״ҶлʻɫɫɫʡӲ۶ϣƽ̹ľ˨ɫƤɫɫԼռ뾶1/31/2,ж϶ľʲưɫͨΪ9ľάгɻ״貿ɫж϶еڸڲĸɫơ΢г־ԵĿζԸִϸΪѡ

ء

ѧɷ֡3.4D-¶0.50.1޴0.18Լͪزһ򵥵ĻǺ߰ͺ߰ȶ쾧ֺ߰

ʵѪᡢࡢۺ͵ʡ

ҩáˮ1:4ԹڶɫëѢƤв̶ͬáȡãڸ׼·Ⱦ

ơȥʣˮԾ͸Ƭɹɡ

ζ࣬

١Ʊݡ:"󺮡"

ڡݡ:"ζ࣬ƽ޶"

龭Ρθ󳦾

١׹ҩԽ⡷:"Ρθ"

ڡݻԡ:"֣̫"

ΡȣѪʪἲкȹԺѪѪۣ

١Ʊݡ:"ȣεĿйɫθθ̥龪̣ķȣĿ"

ڡݡ:"ᣬ˺ԣűȣȥСȣʳ"

ۡϪķ:"ȥӻ"

ܡ:"ѪѪ"

÷ڷ:0.51.5Ǯ衢ɢ:ĩ֭ۡ

ע⡿Ƣθ

ءøﴦ

η:Ǯ彤ɰһǮУ϶Ϊϸĩɰĩڣõˮߵ֮ŵףһȡ«һ֣Ӵÿ塢ʮ裬£ʳ󡣣Сҩֱ֤裩

Сȣͣȣ:Ǯ֬һΪĩ̶֭ÿһʮ衣ȫļ

Ѫ:÷⡢ȷ֡Ϊĩ£ʳǰո·ɢ

ʹ:ĩӴÿʮ衣๳

˺͸ȣСѪɫ:һɽӶȥƤ۰ͣ΢ζΪĩ֭ͩӴÿƬ÷һͯСϣգȥңʳůСʮ裬ٷͼ

С:ȷ֡޼ϸۺ缦ͷÿ裬þˮ֣ʮУ£ʳҷúͣ

ѪѪ:ػơȷ֡Ϊĩ֭ΪͩӴÿʮ裬Լé¡ռ÷ɢ

ӤĿ:ĩͿġüɷ

̴ף:ĩ쵨֭Ϳ֮.ʼЧ

©ɹ:ĩһɽףɫʯѣ΢ĩǮӴÿһǮģ£硢սʮն˷뵶ߣܿ©֮ıӲͻߣӲϼʮĩҩУȼ©Чڡչ裩

Ӹᴯףδ߽Կ֮:ɽףմԣȷΪĩԲͿ׷ۡ

÷:ͬԭ

١ݾ衷:"Ƴʪȣἰйθ˺ߣа̫ҲűߣڹǼҲȥߣʪ֮ʹȷҲСȡʳߣ磬ʷθڣʲʳҲɫƢθ⣬ʪȥɫԼҲ̣ķߣ޷ʪڳθҲ֮࣬ԣȣԳθԴڹǣһʪȡаȣַĪ""ζຮ֮ʹѪ̫飬澫Ľ߶θƢߣ֤Ͷ֮뽡Ƣθҩͬã˿ޱף֮"

ڡҩƷ塷:"ѪֶȡϪƣȣԻɡѪ书ʤҹȣˣѪ֣ԴܺΪ"

ۡԭ:"ຮอаȣ̥СȻ֮ҩͬ÷ֹСѪͬСۣͬ÷ͬɽιӻȡΡаҲСʵʿɵˣƢθ಻߷֮ԪΪdzΩùúֱ½֮"

ܡ塷:"֮ãϤ봨ͬΩ֮٣嵼½ʪȣרЧϴΪݡѸأ©ѪѪܣѪкѪ÷ᴯ֤ʪۣǴ˲ֱﲡС֮ʵ֤֮ǿֱཱུ׹ΪѸҲ¾ݣƢθ֮""󺮣£ҽϴΪҡչ̥֮˵֮ݡɣ֪̥ǰʵֹǰٲ֮һˣΩ̥ƢθຮҩͶչι񩣬裬ѪȿݣԻףʵߣ󺮴࣬޷ݿϢ?֮ϡᡷνᣬС֮Ȼ֮࣬ɾÿຮƢ"

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


лݡ

ҩơ

ƴHú Huán Lián

ӢFigwortflower Picrorhiza Rhizome,

¶󡢺 غ

ԡƱݡ

ԴҩĻԴΪοֲغͺĸ

ֲﶯ1.Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora Pennell.2.Picrorhiza kurroa Royle.

պʹأ^ϲֿήʱڣȥϲּϴɹɡ

ԭ̬1.غ ݱ5-10cm׳Բ׶Σߣ15-50cmڼܣаɫƬ״ҶԲ״֧Ҷ״ҶƬѱ2-7cm1.5-3.5cmȶԲۣխɶ̱Եж۾ݣëʱڡҶ5-15cmëܼɶ״Բ׶ɡ򣻰ƬëƬΣƬ45-6mmһƬΣ4ƬΡԲԲΣڰɫdzɫΣë4ǿڻڹвӷ2ңÿҶϸͷͷ״ԲΣ9-12mmȶ4ѡӶԲΣй󣬾ۡ6-8£8-9¡

2. ݱëԲΣԴľʣ15-20cmҶڸԴʣҶƬΣ5-10cmȶ˼⣬խгľҶԵϸݡҶ״5-10cmƬƬԲλΣȳƬ5ΣԼ5mmԵëڶڻ࣬ȶ5ȵƬƬΣԵëëëë4˿ϸڣëӷ2ңϸͷһΣ6mmвۣҪҼ俪ѡӳԲΣ1mm6£7¡

ֲ̬1.ں3600-4400mĸߺʯϼʯУdz

2.ڸɽݵء

Դֲ1.ֲĴϡء

2.ֲϲɽ

ࡿѧ ϲˬʪʷ֣ʺڸߺεضࡣ

༼ ӷֳѡӣĩ֡ǰ紲߳20cm浱صĵɳΣˮֺDzݱʪ괺硣̫ǿ֧

״״ 1غ ԲΣżз֦3-12cmֱ2-14mmɫͻѿۼԲθۻϸлϴ߾߽ܺƣ϶ܱɫƬ״ҶлᣬӲ࣬۶ϣ浭ɫɫ4-10ɫ״άгɻ΢ζࡣ

֡ʴࡢζŨΪѡ

2 ԲΣƽֱ಻֦ƷΪСΣ2-9cmֱ3-8mmһɫɫй󣬴ֲڣ弰ỷƣ˨Ƥ䴦ʺɫ϶вҶܼƬ״ɫʰԲ״ĽںۡԲ״ڴ϶ࡣӲ࣬۶ϣ۶ʱз۳ɼάС4-7гɻ΢ζ־á

֡۶ʱз۳ҺɫζΪѡ

΢ غ棺Ƥ1ϸϴָıƤڡľ˨Ϊл10ľ˨ϸƤ㱡ϸԺеľԲεƿ׻״ƿףǻں֬͵ΣƤϸΡΪ2-3бϸƤϸ֬͵μ֬顣γɲ㲻ԡľʲɵܡľڰľɣľ߿9ϸ貿ΪԲεıϸϸ϶ԣеϸھԲεƿ׼״ƿס

ѧɷ֡غклϩ߰߰picroside)񡢢򡢢[1]Ҷɺ߰aucubin)catalpol)߰Ҷ߰androsin)«߰25--2β--31620-ǻ-9-ȥë-523-ϩ-22-ͪ25-acetoxyl-2β-glucopyranosyloxy-31620-trihydroxy-9-methyl-19norlanosta-523-diene-23-one)2β--3162023-ǻ-9-׻-19-ȥë-524-ϩ2β-glucopyranosyloxy-3162022-tetrahydroxy-9-methyl-19-norlanosta-524-diene)ᣨvanillic acid)Ƥᣨcinnamic acid)κᣨferulic acid)[1]D-¶D-man-nitol)[2]

кD-¶[3][3]Ҷapocynin)[4]ʢ[5]߰(kutkoside)[7]6-κ6-vanilloylcatalpol)߰veronicoside)߰minecoside)֧ɼ߰picein)Ҷ߰[8]-6′-Ƥpanta-acetyl-6-vaniloyl catalplol)hex-aacetyl catalpol)[9]«߰ɷ֣25--2β--31620-ǻ-9-׻-19-ȥ-523-ë޶ϩ-22-ͪ25-acetoxy-2β-glucosyloxy-3,16,20-trihydroxy-9-methyl-19-norlanosta-5,22-dienen-22-one)[10]«B-2-O-߰߰cucurbitacin B-2-O-glucoside arvenin 񣩣2324-«B-2-O-߰2324-dihydrocucurbitacin B2-O-glucoside)2-β-glucosyolxy-3162025-ǻ-9--19-ȥ-523-ë޶ϩ-22-ͪ2-β-glucosyloxy-3,16,20,25-tetrahy-droxy-9-methyl-19-norlanosta-523diene-22-one)2-β--3162025-Ȼ-9-׻-19-ȥ-5-ëϩ-22-ͪ2-β-glucosyloxy-3,16,20,25-tetrahydroxy-9-methyl-19-norlanosta-5-ene-22-one)«Q-2-O-߰cucurbitacin Q-2-O-glu-coside)ȥ«B-2-O-߰deacetoxy-cucur-bitacin B-2-O-glucoside)[11]߰arvenin)2-β--3162025-ǻ-9-׻-19-ȥ-523-ë޶ϩ-1122-ͪĪ«O-2-O-β-߰2-β-glucosyloxy-3,16,20,25-tetrahyolroxy-9-methyl-19-norlanosta-5,23-diene-1111,22-dione,cucurbitacin O-2-O-β-glucoside)2-β-1620-ǻ-9-׻--19-ȥ-524-޶ϩ-31122-ͪ2-β-glu-cosyloxy-16,20-dihydroxy-9-methyl 19-norlanosta-5,24-diene-31122-trione)[12]2-β--162022-ǻ-9-׻-19-ȥ-524-޶ϩ-311-ͪ2-β-glucosyloxy-16,20,22-tri-hydroxy-9-methyl-19-norlanosta-5,24-diene-3,11-dione)߰[13]25--2-β--316-ǻ-9-׻-19-ȥ-523-ë޶ϩ-22-ͪ25-acetyloxy-2-β-glucopyra-nosyloxy-3,16-dihydroxy-9-methyl-19-norlanosta-5,23-diene-22-one)25--2-β-D--31620-ǻ-9-׻-19-ȥ-523Z-ë޶ϩ-22-ͪ25-acetyloxy-2-β-D-glu-copyranosyloxy-3,16,20-trihydroxy-9-methyl-19-norlanosta-5,23Z-diene-22-one25--2-β-D--31620-ǻ-9-׻-19-ȥ-5-ëϩ-22-ͪ25-acetyloxy-2-β-D-glucopyranosyloxy-3,16,20-trihydroxy-9-methyl-19-norlanosta-5-ene-22-one)2-β-D--31620-ǻ-9-׻-19-ȥ-524-ë޶ϩ-22-ͪ2-β-D-glucopyranosyloxy-3,16,20-ȥ-524-ë޶ϩ-22-ͪ2-β-D-glucopyranosyloxy-3,16,20-trihydroxy-9-methyl-19-norlanosta-5,24-dinene-22-one)2-β-D--316-ǻ-44914-ļ׻-19-ȥ-5-ϩ-20-ͪ2-β-D-glucosyloxy-3,16-dihydroxy-4,4,9,14-tetram-ethyl-19-norpregn-5-ene-20-one)23162025-ǻ-9-׻-19-ȥ-5-ëϩ--2-ͪ2,3,16,20,25-pentahydroxy-9-methyl-19-norlanosta-5-ene-22-one2-6-O-Ƥ-β-D--3162025-ǻ-9-׻-19-ȥ-5-ëϩ-22--ͪ[26-O-cinnamoyl-β-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-3,16,20,25-te-trahydroxy-9-methyl-19-norlanosta-5-one][14]2β9β10α16α20ξ24ξ-2024--2-β-D--1625-ǻ-9-׻-19-ȥ-5ëϩ-311-ͪ[2β9β10α16α20ξ24ξ-2024--2β-D--31625-ǻ-9-׻-19-ȥ-5-ëϩ-11-ͪ[2β3β9β10α16α20ξ24ξ-2024-epoxy-2-β-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-2,16,25-trhydroxy-9-methyl-19-norlanost-5-ene-11-one]2β9β10α16α20ξ24ξ-2024--2-β-D--162526-ǻ-9-׻-19-ȥ-5-ëϩ-311-ͪ[2β9β10α16α20ξ24ξ-2024-epoxy-2-(β-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-16,25,26-tri-hydroxy-9-methyl-19-norlanost-5-ene-3,11-dione]2β3β9β10α16α20ξ24ξ-2024--2-β-D--3162526-ǻ-9-׻-19-ȥ-5-ëϩ-11-ͪ[2β3β9β10α16α20ξ24ξ-20-epoxy-2-(β-D-glucopyranosyloxy-3,16,25,26-tetrahydroxy-9-methyl-19-norlanost-5-ene-11-one)]2β9β10α16α20β24z-2-β-D--162026-ǻ-9-׻-19-ȥ-524-ë޶ϩ-311-ͪ[2β9β10α16α20β24z-2-Βd-glucopyranosyloxy-16,20,26-trihydroxy-9-methyl-19-norlanost-5,24-driene-3,11-dione]2β9β10α16α20β24z-2-β-D--3162026-ǻ-9-׻-19-ȥ-524-ë޶ϩ-11-ͪ[2β9β10α16α20β24z-2-β-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-3,16,20,26-tetrahydroxy-9-methyl-19-norlanost-5,24-diene-11-one][15]

ҩá1.ΡãԺõĺ߰򣬼Vanilloylcatalpol֤Ȼ̼¸жСбãԴáɺʯзֵ޲Apocynirie֤ԼáӺҴзõĻ߰Kutkinڷ3-50mg/kgԼԵطֹ3ֻѧ´Ѫ弰仯ñˮɼغá߰ĺѵĴмԵԼ׿Ȳƶĵ֭á

2.ãˮ1 4ԹڶɫëѢͬëѢʯëѢϻѢ¶ŰСѿѢɫСѿѢë״СѿѢʯСѿѢɹƤѢɫƤѢ-ֶϱƤѢūϾƤв̶ͬȵá

3.ãӺʯȡзõ޲Դӹãáֱ䣨4棩ȣȥˮȡȡﶳɺü״ȡȡڼ״IJ֣Ծ䲹弤;IJнǿãˮȡвڼ״IJԾ䲹弤;·弤;IJԾнǿá

1ȡƷĩ΢΢¿ɼ״״״ᾧ

2ȡƷĩ5gˮ50ml60ˮ½20min˹ȡҺ1mlȻҴҺ2ΣɫȡҺ1ml5%α-ӵҴҺ2Σҡȣưɫǣعܱڼ0.5mlҺ洦ɫҡɫˮϡͲɫ

ơȥʣˮԾ͸Ƭɹɡ

ζζࣻԺ

龭Σθ󳦾

ΡȣȣʪкⶾȵСἲʪк㣻ѪѪĿʹӸ״̴׶

÷ڷ6-12g衢ɢãĩ󣻻֭ۡ

ע⡿Ƣθ

1.ƱݡȣεĿйɫθθ̥龪̣ķȣĿ

2.ݡᣬ˺ԣűȣȥСȣʳ

3.Ϫķȥӻ

4.ѪѪ

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