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ҽҩȫ > ҩ > ҩ > H > ƾ

ƾ

2018-11-05 15:48 Ķ:

йҩ䡷ƾ

ҩơƾ

ƴHuán Jn

ϻ

ԴƷΪٺϿֲƾPolygonatum kingianum Coll.et Hemsl.ƾPolygonatum sibiricum Red.໨ƾPolygonatum cyrtonema Hua ĸ״ͬϰ“ƾ”“ͷƾ”“λƾ”ڣȥϴ÷ˮ̻͸ģ

״ƾʷʺʵĽڿ״ڳɴ10cmϣ36cm23cm浭ɫɫ߻ڣƼۣϲྥ۳Բ״Բܰ룬вͻӲͣ۶ϣʣɫɫ΢ζ𣬽֮ԡ

ͷƾʽ״Σ310cm,ֱ0.51.5cmڳ24cmԳԲ׶Σз֦ưɫһɫ͸ƣԲΣֱ58mm

λƾʳڿ״̲ȣ״һɫƺɫֲڣϲͻԲ״ֱۣ0.81.5cm

ζ߲ҩá

𡿱Ʒ棺ƾ ƤϸڽϺ񡣱֯ɢжҺϸں뾧άɢУΪľ͡

ͷƾλƾ άΪ͡

ơƾȥʣϴкƬ

ƻƾȡƾվ¼ D͸͸кƬÿ100kgƾ ûƾ20kg

ζʣƽ

龭ƢΡ

ΡƢΣƢθ뷦ڸʳ٣ȣѪ㣬ʡ

÷915g

ءͨﴦù

ժ¼йҩ䡷

ƾ
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ҩǵ䡷ƾ

ҩơƾ

ƴHuán Jn

Σš̫ݣŻ־׼񡢴顢񣨡ӡ¹¥¼ήިʲˣͼ֥֥ݾʹܲˣȻıݡϱݡҰܡҰɽͨ־ɽݱҪƾܸƾݴ¡ȸޮϪ־֥ϻľ㷽ɽʣϲҩ¼ͷΣɽҩ־Ƽˣҩ־ɽũ峣вҩֲᡷ

׹ۡ

ԴΪٺϿֲƾ˿ƾȺӻƾƾҶƾȵգʼѡȡȥϲּϴȥʱȡɹɻɡˮк̳ɹɻɡ

ԭ̬ٻƾ

ݱߣʴʣưɫԳʱԲΡۣ۴ϴֱִִɴ2.5ףֱԲΣһ5080ף⻬ëҶޱͨ45öҶƬ״Σ711ף512ףȶ˽Ⲣɫ浭ɫҸ´1.52ףȶ2磬2䣻ƬСԶϻ̣Ͳ״813ףɫȶ6ѣ̰ɫ6ڻܵв˿⻬1ȳӷλͷаɫëΣֱ710ףʱɫ56¡67¡

ڻɽ¼ɽľֻľԵıԵֲ֡ӱɽաϡɽɹŵȵء

˿ƾ

ݱʴʣԲΣڴֱ1.5סԲΣ4080ף⻬ëʱɢɫߵ㡣ҶޱҶƬʣԲΣʱΪԲ״״ԲΣ814ף36ףȶ˶ۼ⣬⻬ëҶ57Ҹܻ´Լ2ףͨŻ35࣬ԳɡΣСԼ1ף̰ɫͲ״Լ2ףȶ6ѣ6˿ëСͻ1ȳΣʱɫֱ11.5סԲΡ45¡69¡

ɽءֲɽաա㽭ϡ㶫ϵȵء

Ⱥӻƾ໨

ݱ3070סԲΣнڡֱһҶھвϵޱм̵ıҶƬԲλΣ38ף13ףȶ˶ۣԲΣȫԵ߻ҷ״Ҹܻ36ף410ɾɡ򡣻Ͳ״ɫȶ6ѣƬΣ6ڻͲ룻ӷԲΣϸɫΣʱɫ5¡67¡

¡ɽ²ݵءֲӱɽȵء

ܵƾ

ݱ߿ɴ1סнڡֱһҶ46ƬΣ813ף1.52ףȶ˽ޱ13ҸͲ״ɫ6ѡΣʱȺɫ45¡

ʪɽ»ľСֲϵȵء

ݾҶƾμ"ϻ"

ֲͬõƾ ½ƾֲμ"Dz"仨ƾģƾຣࣩƾ㽭ɽƾ㽭ƾʹá

ֲݡϡ㽭ӱɹšɽ

״ʲԲ׶״Ƽͷϰ"ͷƾ"ʽڿ״ƽΣϰ"λƾ"֦ٶ̴֣310ףֱ13סưɫɫ͸ȫϸƼ¡ʲ״ĻڣϾ۳Բ״ijݣ۶ʵ״ͻ𣬷ֲȫ༯󲿷֡Ӳ۶ϣδȫͣ浭ɫʰ͸״жưɫС㡣޳ζ΢ճԡԿɫơ͸ϰ""Ϊѡ

ѧɷ֡ƾĸճҺʡۼǷ֡

˿ƾĸ߹ᡢŶᡢ˿ᡢᡢëػ߰Լֻ໯Ҷĵľ߰54′-ǻͪ߰

ҩáٿ

ƾԹڶԿãʵԽ˲ڸȾ˾ͬʱҩȾܰ״ٸҩŵ־Чܸƽ״Ч½ӽ˺˾΢ãŨΪ5001000ˣԽɫãŨȣ1000ˣҲбƾƼˮҺϸá110Ũȶ2ӻãá

ڿ

ƾˮҺ2Ũȱ㿪ʼԶãɫëѢɫƤѢȣˮʯëѢ-ֶϱƤѢãб10ǶëСӾȵãЧ

۽ѹ

ƾˮҺҴ-ˮҺ30ҴҺнѪѹá

ơƾϴƬɹɡƻƾȡ𾻵ĻƾϴþưȣװڣܱգˮУˮȡжΣɡÿƾ100ûƾ50

ζʣƽ

١¼"ζʣƽ޶"

ڡݡ""

龭ƢΡ

١׹ҩԽ⡷"Ƣζ"

ڡҩ⡷"̫Ƣθ"

ۡ¡"ģƢΡ"

ΡķΣǿǡȣѪʳ٣ʪʹѢ

١¼"ʪࡣ"

ڡջӱݡ"ˣǣֹͺƢθķΡ"

ۡϱݡ""

ܡĿ"飬ֹȣ裬ʬ档"

ݡݴ¡"ƽѪ"

ޡִʵҩ"ڼЪȡʹ硢Ĥס׳桢Ѫѹ"

ߡĴҩ־"ΣƢƣԣѪ˥"

ࡶũ峣вҩֲᡷ"Ƣǿ׳ǣ"

÷ڷ35Ǯ12衢ɢãˮϴ

ע⡿кйк̵ʪƦ߼ɷ

١Ŀ"÷ʵҶӲͬ"

ڡԭ"˥ʢ˷֮ÿйкƦ"

ۡ䱾ݡ"߽á"

ܡ塷"ʪ̵߸θɲߣر֮"

׳ǣ澫裬׷ƾĽ轸ҶŶ֭һʯͬʮŴһʯ糣Ŀ

ڲӣ߼ѣƾȷ֡Ϊϸĩζͣɿ飬ӣɸΪĩΪ裬ͩӴÿʮ裬ˮ¡Ч裩

ƢθƾΡɽҩһʳũ峣вҩֲᡷ

ηͿѪ״ʻƾͷһˮݡ

ηνˣ飺ƾǮһˮʳũ峣вҩֲᡷ

С֫ƾһһˮݡ

θȿڿʣƾǮءɽҩǮ컨ۣŶǮˮɽвҩֲᡷ

ۣĿݼһˮԾƾݼˮŴΣظɣҩϸΪɢÿ¶Ǯʳˮٵʥݷݼɢ

壬÷񮣬ǻɫܣƤƾȥƤϴ׷֮ͬΪȣʱʥ¼

ͳ没ƾǮӱǶҽҩ6441965

١ԭ"ƾʹصͣʢǿᣬDz֮"

ڡݱ"ƾΪ֮Ʒ÷˲Ƣʪߣ˷֮Ҳҩζ£ƽΪ֮Ʒ"

ٴӦáƷν

ȡƾɹϴ飬ˮ5Ļ尾24СʱȥٽҺĻ尾Ͻ裬ɽ״ȴװƿáһ5ƾƻƾ1ÿ൱ڻƾ5ˡÿ4Σÿ10ٴ۲19ͷνˡн9ܽ2ܽⲥɢڼպתڸ1ֹ6ಡ11пն6ڷƾ2º󣬲ȫ4պת12޸ı36ն2պϣ4в̶ͬȵС̵תѪ󲿷ֲֵָؼٴ֢״Ҳơ

Ѣ

ȡƾ飬95ƾ12죬ȥ󲿷־ƾʹŨ3ˮȡҺȥƾŨϡ״ΪƾҺʹʱֱӲͿÿ2ΡһԡѢһЧԶѢˮͼЧѡѢĽǻЧϲùڽǻͽϺıƤڣƾްѻ͸Ƥ֮ʡƾҺʱʹ࣬δ仵IJӦȱȾ·

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


лݡƾ

ҩơƾ

ƴHuán Jn

ӢManyflower Solomonseal Rhizome Siberian Solomonseal Rhizome King Solomonseal Rhizome

Ρ׼񡢴顢׸¹¥֥ήިҰJҰɽɽƾ׼ƾޮ֥ϻɽʡͷΡ

ԡ׹ۡ

1׹ۡʹƾùǣƣֻҶëӶDZϴˡƾҶҶ

2¼ƾɽȣ²ɸɡ

3պ뾰ƾ񴦴Сʼһ֦ҶҶ״̣ήިήިݶѣڶƽֱƾʡڶƽ֬󡣸ҶʵԿɶɢˡƾҶ빳ƣΩϣ

ԴҩĻԴΪٺϿֲƾ໨ƾ͵ƾĸ

ֲﶯ1.Polygonatum sibiricum Delar.ex Redoute[P.chinense Kunth] 2.Polygonatum cyrtonema Hua [P.multiflorum brachynema Hand. -Mazz.] 3.Polygonatum kingianum Coll.et Hemsl.[P.agglutinatum Hua]

պʹأԺ3ջ9-10ȥˣϴɳȥð̣͸ĺɹɡ

ԭ̬1.ƾݱ50-90cmż1mϡߣԲ״Ҷޱÿ4-6ƬҶƬ״Σ8-15cm4-16mmȶ˽ⲢȭҸ´2-4ɡλԣܻ1-2cm4-10mmĤСƬλ״Σ1Ͳ״ɫɫȫ9-13mmƬ6Σ Լ4mmڻͲ1/2ϴ˿̣0.5-1mmӷ3mm5-7mmΣֱ7-10mmʱϺɫ5-6£7-9¡ 2.໨ƾ ƾڣֲߴ׳ͨԴ״״Ҷͨл3-7䣬ܻ1-4cm

ֲ̬1.ƾɽ¡Իɽµİ 2.໨ƾɽ֡ԡԵʪУ˹ࡣ

Դֲ1.ƾֲڶġࡢϡɽաա㽭ȵء 2.໨ƾֲϼաա㽭Ĵݵȵء

ࡿѧ ϲůʪʪĻͺӦԽǿѡɽƽ࣬񡢷֡ɡʪΪˡ ༼ øֳΪ9-10±ջ߷ԣѡѿĸõгΣÿн30cm×20cmѨ֣ÿѨ1θԺʩ븯Ƿʻӷʣ󸲸һϸ 󾭳ݣҪdz˸иݣڴĸ׷1ΣˮΪֲήʩӷʡ 溦 Ҷ߲65%ɭпʪԷۼ500ҺΡ溦󩣬Ϊ50%׶ˮ1000ҲÿҶˮܸ

״״1ƾ״һ˴֣Բ״һ˽ϸԲ״ȫƼͷ25-11cmֱֶ1-2cmж̷֦澥ԣԲΣ΢ֱ2-3mmΧԼɼڣϸ˳25-4cmֱ5-10mmԣڼ5-15mmн϶ֱۣԼ1mmɫеİ͸ƣԲδӲͣ۶ϣưɫ״ɫС㡣΢ζ΢

2໨ƾ ״״ԴԲΣֱ2-3cmÿһϾԣԲ״ֱԼ1cmԲδԣڶֱۣԼ1mmɫϸơʼʵԴͣ۶״ڶɫάСɢС΢ζ΢

3ƾ ʺ񣬽״״ֱ2-4cmϣÿһԾۣԲ״԰ݣ5-8mm۶࣬ͻ˾Լ2mmưɫɫԻڼ塣ʵͣ۶ϣưɫƽ̹״ڶɫάС㡣΢ζճԡ

΢ 棺1ƾ Ƥϸ1Уⱻʲ㣻еIJλɼ4-5ľ˨ϸƤխƤ㲻ԡάɢУƤ㴦άСгɻ״򽥴󣬶ͣżľ֯͡зֲн϶ճҺϸ37-11μm̾20-50μmں뾧 2໨ƾ Ƥϸ1Уⱻʲ㣻ֲľ˨֯ƤԡάɢУͣżľ͡ճҺϸΣ50-140μm̾25-50μmں뾧

3ƾ Ƥϸ1Уⱻʲ㣬ʱֲ4-5ľ˨ϸάɢУľͣټ͡ճҺϸ36-110μm̾20-66μmں뾧

ѧɷ֡ƾĸ״߰ѷ2߻ϩ߰2ϩ߰ǰߵǣ26-O-β-D-ǻ-22-O-׻-25S-߻-5-ϩ-3β26-3-O-β-ʯ߰[26-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-22-O-methyl-25S-furost-5-ene-3β26-diol3-O-β-lycotetraoside]ޤ߰Asibiricoside-A26-O-β-D-ǻ-22-O-׻-25S-߻-5-ϩ-3β14α26- 3-O-β-ʯ߰[26-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-22-O-methyl-25S-fruost-5-ene-3β14α26-triol 3-O-β-lycotetraoside]14α-ǻޤ߰A14α-hydroxysibiricoside Aںߵǣ[23S25R-5-ϩ-3β14α23- 3-O-β-lycotetraoside]ޤ߰ Bsibiricoside B°߰Ԫ-A3-O-β-ʯ߰neoprazerigenin A 3-O-β-lycotetraosideƾABCߵԷ20򣬾ǣglucose¶ǣmannoseͰȩᣨgalacturonicacidĦ6261϶ɣֺƾ;ABCԷֱΪ1 630862472ϵɹǣfructoseǰĦ814121϶ɡ

ҩá1.ԭ΢ãƾˮҺ1 320˺˾ɫ˾ã2%ƾɳڶԳ²в̶ͬȵá

2.ѪǵӰ죺ùθƾ࣬ѪǺߣȻ󽵵͡ƾѪǹ߳á

3.ƣãƾ17.67%Ũ0.3ml/ֻǻע䣬ӳСӾʱ䡣

4.ãƾҺ20%Ũȣ13ml/ֻι27죬ʹС೬绯øSODߣļ֬ʺ͡

5.ӻ˥ãƾ20%ŨȽɣҶιҲϣӳҲ׳ڵá

6.ֹѪãƾ״ȡ40mg/ֻ20mg/ֻˮ㲿20mg/ֻǻע䣬Ըɱ״䶳Сβ1ӣβʵֹѪãʹСѪ١

7.Ѫãƾˮ0.16-0.26g/kg ע䣬Ȯ1.5g/kg ע䣬ԴҶļȱѪжԿãԿҶTߣٽT쳣ǰָ12g/kg ǻע䣬ǿСȱ

8.ãƾ0.2%Һۣ6/죬ӷƾ10mg/kg2/죬ʵԵԽĤ׾á

9.ãƾ6g/kg θ10죬СϸĤNa+K+ -ATPøԡ40%ƾҺ0.3ml/ֻǻע䣬СļΡƢ֯ϸDNA3H-TdRIJʡƾ0.5g/ֻθʹСѪcAMPcGMP½cGMP½࣬cAMP/cGMPֵڶ飬Ƣ֯cAMPcGMPcAMP/cGMPֵԱ仯

1ȡ1gˮ20mlˮԡ30min˹Һ顣ȡҺ2mlԹУa-Լ2-3Σҡȣعܱڼ1mlҺ潻紦кɫ෴ӦȡҺ2mlӻϵFehlingԼ3mlҡȺˮԡмƬ̣שɫ෴Ӧ2ֽɫ ȡĩ3gӼ״50ml4bȥ״ҩˮ2h˹ҺԼ20mlҴʹɺ65%Һðɫ״عҹ˹1mol/L1ml÷ˮԡм2b͸Һˮ̼ᱵPH6-7˹Һмǿӽ֬1Сףùҹȥ֬ҺҺ԰ȩᡢ¶ǡΪƷֱͬһWhatman NOlֽϣһˮһŨˮ40g10ml5Σչڱһ166g093mlˮں͵㣬 105ȿ20minƷɫƷɫ׵Ӧλͬɫߡ

ơƾϴʿƬɹɡƻƾȡ𾻵ĻƾϴþưȣװڣܱգˮУˮȡжΣɡ(ÿƾ100ûƾ50)

ζʣƽ

龭ƢΣ

ΡΣƢԣԣƢ鷦ʳٿڸɣʣϥžĿ뷢ףӮݣѢ

÷ڷ10-15gƷ30-60g衢ɢࡣãϴͿƲ롣

ע⡿кйк̵ʪƦ߼ɷ

׳ǣ澫裬׷ ƾĽ轸ҶŶ֭һʯͬʮŴһʯ糣ա(Ŀ)ڲ(߼)ƾȷ֡Ϊϸĩζкͣɿ飬ӣɸΪĩΪ裬ͩӴÿʮ裬ˮ¡ (Ч)ƢθƾΡɽҩһʳ (ũ峣вҩֲᡷ)ηͿѪ״ ʻƾͷһˮ (ݡ)ηνˣ飺ƾǮһˮʳ (ũ峣вҩֲᡷ)С֫ ƾһһˮ(ݡ)θȿڿʣ ƾǮءɽҩǮ컨ۡŶǮˮ(ɽвҩֲᡷ)ۣĿ ݼһ(ˮԾ)ƾ(ݼˮŴΣظ)ҩϸΪɢÿ¶Ǯ ʳ ˮٵ(ʥݷݼɢ)壬÷񮣬ǻɫܣƤ ƾ(ȥƤϴ) ׷֮ͬΪȣʱ(ʥ¼)ͳ没 ƾǮӱһ ҽҩ(6)441965)

1.ԭƾʹصͣʢǿᣬDz֮

2.ݱƾΪ֮Ʒ÷˲Ƣʪߣ˷֮Ҳҩζ£ƽΪƢ֮Ʒ

ٴӦá1.Ʒνˣ ȡƾɹϴ飬ˮ5Ļ尾24СʱȥٽҺĻ尾Ͻ裬ɽ״ȴװƿáһ5ƾƻƾ1ÿ൱ڻƾ5gÿ4Σÿ10mlٴ۲19ͷνˣн9ܽ2ܽⲥɢڼպתڸ1ֹ6ಡ11пն6ڷƾ2º󣬲ȫ4պת12޸ı36ն2պϣ4в̶ͬȵС̵תѪ󲿷ֲֵָؼٴ֢״Ҳơ

2.Ѣ ȡƾ飬95%ƾ 1-2죬ȥ󲿷־ƾʹŨ3ˮȡҺȥƾŨϡ״ΪƾҺʹʱֱӲͿÿ2ΡһѢѢһЧԶѢˮͼЧѡѢĽǻЧϲùڽǻͽϺıƤڣƾްѻ͸Ƥ֮ʡƾҺʱʹ࣬δ仵IJӦȱȾ·

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