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2017-05-06 15:26 Ķ:

йҩ䡷

ҩơ

ƴKn Bù

ӢTHALLUS LAMINARIAE/THALLUS ECKLONIAE

ԴƷΪֲLaminaria japonica Aresch.ֲƲˣEcklonia kurome Okam.ĸҶ״ġ̣ɹɡ

״۵״ɰѡȫʺںɫ̺ɫ渽а˪ˮͳɱƽ״50150cm1040cmвϺ񣬱Եϱʲ״ʣдԲ״ȣζ̡

ɲ״ȫʺɫϱˮͳʱƽҶ״ԼΪ1626cmԼ1.6mm״ѣƬʳ״ԵСݻȫԵỬ

𡿣1Ʒˮݼͣ𤻬͸ҺʡֲΪֲΪ

2ȡƷԼ10g,飬ˮ200ml,Сʱ˹ҺŨԼ100mlȡŨҺ23ml 1ҺΣɻɫ״ڰҺ΢ܽ⣬вܽ⡣

ơȥʣƯп˿ɹɡ

ζ̣

龭Ρθ

Ρɢᣬ̵ˮߣغʹ̵ˮס

÷612g

ءøﴦ

ժ¼йҩ䡷

ͼƬ

ҩǵ䡷

ҩơ

ƴKn Bù

ڲձݡɽҩ

ձݡ

ԴΪֲֲȹҶ״ġգɺ̳ɹɡ

ԭ̬ٺ

ͺ壬ֲʱɴ״ɴ6ϡ״ά״ֲ״ļٸɣٸĩ̡ΪԲ״Ķ̱515סϲΪҶ״壬Ҷ״ʱʳ״쳤ɴ״ƽ26ף2050ף񣬸״вԺ߽ϱв״ޡֳҶ״ҡ

ڽĺУ฽ڴɳ13ҽϡֲɽһغĿǰ˹ֳ

ֲĸ״๩ҩãר

ˡƲˡ

ͺ塣״֦״״ٸɣصԲ׶״ֱ515סԲ״ԱԲΣʵ8100ףֱ1015ףճҺǻʲĻ״ɢƤСҶ״ƽʣ΢ɫ23ף12״ѣƬ״ШΣҶԵһд־ݡȺҶ״γɣ911²ӡ

ڵͳ߸ҽϡֲ㽭غ

ȹˣҦɳɡʳﱾݡ

ͺ壬ֲ峤Լ12ףɴ1ס״ά״״֦ڱ¶̣ԲΣֱԼ1015סҶ״ƽغɫʣ¡ߣϱͨγɶ״ƬƬԵọ̇̄ʱѣΣɢɫСߣȫճҺ١ڱľ״ʵص壬ںȺӡ

ڵͳ14ʯϡֲ㽭غ

״ٺĸҶ״壬۵ţɰѡȫ̺ɫںɫ渽а˪ˮͳɱƽĴ״50150ף1050ףвϺ񣬱Եϱʲ״ʺ񣬸״ճֲ֮㡣дԲ״ζ̡

ɽȵء

ĸҶ״壬ɲ״ȫʺɫ渽а˪ʽϱˮͳʱƽҶ״Ϊ1526ףԼ1.5ס״ѣƬΣԵСݡỬ֮ɰΪ㡣ζ̡

ȹ˵̬ƣȫɫʱ򣬶顣ˮͳʱƽҶ״һߣܳճҺ֬װΪ㡣ȣζ̡

־롢ʺΪѡ

ѧɷ֡ɷ彺ء¶޻ΡƷ2035޻ˮкؿɵ400.270.72Լ1.06Լ22΢ˣ1.89p.p.m.ֺܲ0.0420.77Ʒ1.2291.710Ʒ˻810΢ˣ940΢ˣݸƷкάCʡȰᡣ

彺25.6ֵ9.97¶7.21ҷ26.034.920.28

ȹ˺⡢塢Լ1.8彺ᡢ14--3-S-˻2101000΢ˣݸƷάB12-0.7΢ˣƷᡢʰᡢᡢȰᡢлԼ1.6Ӽ״лֲﴼᡢ޴β޴ơ¶

Laminaria angustataEcklonia cavaл⣬ڶֺҲᡣ

ҩáٶԼ״ٵ

ĵ⡢⻯ġȱļ״ٻܲ㣬ͬʱҲʱƼ״ٻܿ³´лʶ֢״ܳ־ãǰ׼⻯֯ѪҺܴٽ֢աʹ̬֯ܽ⣬ʶԻԷνһ㲻á

֮⣬ϵĵ⡢⻯ڱʱ䳤ųҲ

ڽѹ

нѹãᵥζþע䣬ʹѪѹ½òƷϣӰྱܶעȥ֮ѹӦ弰УӰƵʡƽнãС֧ܵȡܶԿ5-ɫȻ֮СϣԿ֮ЧΪڼ0.8侫ǿȥصáֱܸ֮úᵥܽѹó˷á

ƽ

ȡҺƽã֯Դ0.59򷨣è̼񾭷Ŀһáжʹ˶١Զɴͬ

ԸȾѪβʵļãбãЧ2ˣڸȾ1쿪ʼڷ90죬Ѫ϶٣رǸಡԶ϶Ϊ΢ṹ±棬ѽγɣΧάѺҵСڷ塢ȫЫ֮԰ϸˮáضԴ״IREˮͣӰ졣Ϊ࣬ͳ̶ȵữÿһǵλ0.62ƣѪ֬ãĿѪãڶӲˡL.cloustoniõMע䣨ˣѪ֮֬֬Ӿıֲ֮֬ƣΨʱ϶̣46Сʱע䣨100ˣЧڼȡ彺ƣԶ֮ѪֹѪáü""

ơȥʣˮƯгɿ˿ɡ

ζ̣

١ձݡ"̣޶"

ڡ¡"ζ࣬Ժ޶"

龭١Ҫҩּ"θ"

ڡ¡"Ƣ"

Ρᣬˮߣҭˮףغʹ¡

١¼"ʮˮף۽"

ڡҩۡ"ˮȥףȥ"

ۡʰš"ס"

ܴʳ"ξȣֽ۱ԣ֮ˡ"

ݡͨ"ҭ"

Ҧɳɡʳﱾݡ"ȹˣŮ˳״£Ӿйš"

ߡҩ⡷"йˮȥʪƻᡣ""ˮˮͣ޶񴯣뺣塢ͬ"

ࡶִʵҩ"ˮףܼʪԽμ״ףףԡ"

÷ڷ13Ǯ衢ɢ

ע⡿Ƣθ麮ʪ߼ɷ

١ʳƱݡ"÷ˡ"

ڡƷ㾫Ҫ"಻ɷ"

ۡҽѧš"θ"

ˣeeӲһϴȥζΪɢÿһǮںôнʽҩζٺ֮ʥݷ

ξң񨣺ȷ֡ĩ֮Ӻ˴󣬺֭ġ塣󷽡

ᣬʺƣμ״ϴȥ̣ϴȥˮҩΪĩۺ裬СӴ󣬳һʽ򡣣ʥݷ

񨣬ʺ֣ϴȥ֭ͨһ̶ߣˣһУβһϴȥ֭ζ絯ӣϸϸ֭ˡ桢⡢⡢񡣣÷裩

ҭʳϴĩһ׮ͷϸһϣСţһϣٺ֭һϣ۽ɸ࣬ĩ裬ʵÿһ裬¡ʥ¼

׼һ֭һޣϴȥζˮһ죬뢳硢ġ֣ȡаһգж֮ãΡֵͣһGᣬƤĩȵͣʳ׷࣬˷Чɡ÷G

١ݾ衷"ᣬ£ܳɢᣬʮˮס۽ԫƣʯߣǴ˲֮Ҳζƣ뺣ͬ"

ڡݻ㡷"֮ԣں壬ҭ֢֮ȡ̵Ҳ"

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


лݡҩǵ䡷

ҩơ

ƴKn Bù

ӢKelp Tangle

ڲ

ԡձݡ

ݸĿձݡڲһ򡶶šνڣ֮ߣҲأ˿ҲΪպ뾰Ϊ̦ϲ˱νΪ²νڡǶ壬ͬˡǡߣ֮״ߣҶƲˡǺˣζһ£вͬ޴Ҳ

ԴҩĻԴΪ()ֲֲȹ˵Ҷ״塣

ֲﶯLaminaria japonica Aiesch.[L.ochotensis Miyabe]Ecklonia kurome Okam.Undaria pinnatifida(Harv.)Sur.

պʹأġգɺ̳ɹɡ

ԭ̬1. 魺ɫ,ɺΪɫʳʴ״,һ㳤2-6m,20-50cm,ҶƬƽߵdz,мϺIJΪ“д”,Լ2-5mm,Ե,в״,ҶƬШ,ɽ׶ΪԲ,һԲλԲεĶ̱,5-15cm,ҶƬڲ貿Ƥ㼰ƤɡƤճҺǻ,ǻзϸ,ɷճҺҶ,ɽʲ,ʹճ𱣻á貿˿,˿ϸһȹ״Ҷ⻬,СҶƬְ͹һҶƬ²,ܼͨȺ,ʽԲΰ߿״;弸ȫҶƬ϶ȺΪ״֦ļٸɡӳ^

2. 尵ɫɫ,,30-100cmࡣҶ״ƽ,вԺ,һ״,Ƭ״һЩ,,Եһߴ־ݡҶ״,ԲλԱ,4-12cm,ֱ3-8mmƤϸճҺǻ״,Ϊ1-2㡣貿ɲȹ˿ɡȺڳҶ״벿ֺͲƬγɡɶʽ֦ļٸɡҳγ,^졣

3.ȹ ƺɫ,,1-2m,50-100cm,Ҷ״ƽ,в¡,ཥ,γɶ״Ƭ,ʴСȱ,޾ݡҶɢɫСߵ,ΪճҺϸƤĿڴʱ,Ҷľ״صҶ,ճ,ҡҶ¶Ϊ״֦ļٸɵĹ

ֲ̬1.һڴɳ1-3mҽϡ

2.ˮʡĵͳ߸Դɳ7-8mҽϡ

3.ڷ˲̫ˮʷֵĺ,ɳ1-5mҽϡ

Դֲ1.ȻķֲΧ,ҹɶɽ뵺ķֺ˹ֳƹ㵽㽭㶫ȵغΪ´ࡣ

2.ҹֲ㽭غΪů´ࡣ

3.ҹȹɷΪ:(forma distans Miyabe et Okam.)Ϊϸ,״ȱӽ,ҶҶ൱ľ롣ڴɽغϺ(forma typica Yendo)ǡ෴,ν϶,״ȱdz,ҶӽҶ㽭еȻ,͡

ࡿѧ ԭΪˮԺ塣¶Ϊ013,27Ϊ¶ȡй㹻Ĺ,ӺˮӪ,ںˮǻ͸Ȳͬ,ˮҲdz֮,ڴڳ23m,dzˮlm(ںˮ׷ʩ׷)ٴĺ,֮Ⱦһ5080cm/s ˡ

һֲ,屦ͷζ,ȷγ,Һ;ҽγɺ,ȷ,徭ԷֳΪ

ֳ ж,67·,ҹֳҪԴֳѡҽסȾĺ޽ϵͳӴ󺣳ˮĹˮϵͳ,ܵڹյIJṹҡҹϱ²ϴ,Ӧ68·,ˮ23ǰɺӡӺѡҶƬƽֱ󡢺ʵ׳ɫ֡ӸСûиõĸ,ᵽˮмˮ±1318֮,Ȼ,׷ʩ400mg/m3520mg/m3,14dҶȺΪʹɢ,ɽ24h,Ͷˮ,ˮ2022,̼ɢ,ܸ,Ȼˮ10,ÿձ10hϹʱ,ݲͬ׶ͨڹ豸ڹ,500lxߵ3000lxʩ,ڵ3xl0һ60.15x10һ6,ڵ4×l0һ60.2×l0һ6,ڵ5×10һ60.15×l0һ6ڸһֺˮ,һ,ʹÿСʱˮܴﵽ1/61/3,ˮࡣ100d,糤12cmʱ,Ƶ,Ӧʱʩʺ͵ˮ,ʹ糤1015cmʱɼ,“ҡ”ķ,1.52mļϡüþ2.53cm,ؼ23Ϊһ,ؾ57cm,Ȼڷ,ɲôƽбʽ

ͷ ҪòòȲ,ͨʵӸŵܶ(ܹ),߹,ǿϴˢ,0.05%0.01% 什,𵽷Чڼ,ע,1mʱϡ,ͬ,õڹǿ,ϴ,李淋Ȼ,ˮȴʩ,áá״ò

״״ (1) ۵״ɰѡȫ̺ɫںɫ,渽а˪ˮչɱƽ״,50-150cm,10-40cm,Ϻ,Եϱʲ״,дԲΡ,ζ̡

(2) ƬλԲ,1-2״,Ƭ״,ԵݻȫԵ,ζ̡ˮ,ֲ㡣

(3)ȹ Ƭ1״,¡ߡ,ζ̡ƬɫΪѡ

Ʒʱ־ л񹲺͹ҩ䡷1995涨:ԸƷ,(I)0.35%,(I)0.20%

ѧɷ֡1. ǻ,Ҫ:һǺ(alginate),ϵ(alginic acid)ơء¡ε,β-1,4ϵD-¶ȩ(D-mannuronic acid)α-1,4ϵL-ȩ(L-guluronic acid)ľۺ;Ϊ(fucoidan),ϵ(fucose)ֵĶǻ;Ǻ(laminarin),ϵβ-1,3Ͼ(β-1,3glucan)ֱۺ֬(lipopolysaccharide)3ˮԺǡֺɷ:(laminine),Ȱ(glutamic acid),춬(aspartic acid),(proline),(alanine),鰱(histidine),ɫ(tryptophane),(methionine)ȡ¶(mannitol),ţ(taurine),ʮ̼ϩ(eicosapentaenoic acid),ͩ(palmitic acid),(oleic acid),(linoleic acid),γ-(γ-linolenic acid),ʮ̼ϩ(octadecatetraenoic acid),ϩ(arachidonic acid),޴(fucosterl)ȡӷ,ںɷ:ϩ(cubenol),ȩ(hexanal),(E)-2-ϩȩ[(E)-2- hexenal],(E)-2-ϩ[(E)-2-hexenol],(hexanol),ױ(xylene),1-ϩ-3-(1-octen-3-ol),(E,E)-2,4-ϩȩ[(E,E)-2,4-heptadienal],(butylbenzene),(E)-2-ϩȩ[(E)-2-octenal],(E)-2-ϩ[(E)-2-octenol],(E,E)-2,4-ϩȩ[(E,E)-2,4-octadienal],(E,Z)-2,6-ɶϩȩ[(E,Z)-2,6-nonadienal],(E)-2-ϩȩ[(E)-2-nonenal],α-ʹ(α-terpineol),β-ȩ(β-cyclocitral),β-߻ȩ(β-homocyclocitral),(E)-2-ϩ[(E)-decenol],(E,E)-2,4-ϩȩ[(E,E)-2,4-decadienal],β-ͪ(β-ionone),ʮ(pentadecane),ϩ(epicubenol),Լⶹޢ(myristic acid),ω-ʮ̼ϩ(ω-hexadecenoic acid),ֲﴼ(phytol),-2-[C] ߻ͪ(dibutylphthalide)ֺܲ(carotene),άB1B2CP,,þ,,,,,,,,,̼,ȡ

2. ἰ,,¶,ά,±,,,΢Ԫء߿ѪõĶɷ:(fucan sulfate)B-B-C-C-ֺøĶ˫(dibenzo-1,4-dioxin):Ʋ˷(eckol),6,6'-˫Ʋ˷(6,6'-bieckol),8,8'-˫Ʋ˷(8,8'-bieckol),Ʋ˷(dieckol),䱽Ʋ˷(phlorofucoeckol)A,2-O-䱽ӻƲ˷(2-O-phloroeckol),2-O-䱽ӻƲ˷(2-O-phlorodieckol),2-O-䱽ӻ-6,6'-˫Ʋ˷(2-O-phloro-6,6'-bieckol)

3.ȹ ȫ庬ǻ,ҪǺ,ۼ֬ǡӷ,ɷΪϩԼβ-ֺͪ֬,֬ռ80%,֬е40.6%42.9%Ϊ֬(phosphatidylcholine);ϸ̼õĶǻ(digalactosyldiacylglycerol),ǻ(monogalactosyldiacylglycerol),ǻ֬(sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol)ͺ֬޴ɷ,Ҫ24-Ǽ׻޴(24-methylenecholesterol),޴(cholesterol),޴(fucosterol),β޴(saringosterol)ֺȵ֬֯еĽõijɷ:۾(ophthalmic acid)γ-L-Ȱ-L-α-ʰ(γ-L-glutamyl-L-α-aminobutyrylglycine),ȥ۾(norophthalmic acid)γ-L-Ȱ-L-ʰ(γ-L-glutamyl-L-alanylglycine)(digiprolactone),(friedelin),ֲﴼ(pnytol)],N'-׻(N'-methylnicotinamide),ά(vitamin) B12 3.2μg/100gֺ(linolenic acid),ϩ(arachidonic acid)Ȳ֬ἰ±,,,,þ,ƺ΢Ԫء

ҩá1.Լ״ٵãĵ⡢⻯ġȱļ״ٻܲ㣬ͬʱҲʱƼ״ٻܿ³´лʶ֢״ܳ־ãǰ׼⻯֯ѪҺܴٽ֢գʹ̬֯ܽ⣬ʶԻԷνһ㲻á֮⣬ϵĵ⡢⻯ڱʱ䳤ųҲ

2.ѹã(Laminine)нѹãᵥζþע䣬ʹѪѹ½òƷϣӰྱܶעȥ֮ѹӦ弰УӰƵʡƽнŵãС֧ܵȡܶԿ5-ɫȻ֮СϣԿ֮ЧΪڼ0.8%侫ǿȥصáֱܸ֮úᵥܽѹó˷á

3.Ѫã30ml/kgθСԵĽѪã100mg/kgʱ7СʱѪǽ49%ƵĽѪýϲθЧ100mg/kgǻעԽѪǹã300m/kgʱ7СʱѪǿɽ38%ĵԸѪǣ300mg/kgθ24СʱѪǽ61%300mg/kgǻע䣻Ѫǽ39%θЧü

4.Ѫ֬ͿãǶιθԵƸѪ֬Ѫ̴ܵĺܼټĤ߿γɼչпѪã俹Ϊ7u/mgٹIJ߳иѪ֬⣬ѪҺڸ״̬ˣͬʱнѪ֬Ϳãٴһ塣

5.ã1ע䣬Ե900СʣҩӴߣŵر䶯Ѫ֯ˣǶԤѪ֯ˣ̼Ѫָǿ֢ߵ߹ܣϲƿһʵ塣

6.ãԸȾѪβʵļãб(Ч)2g/kgڸȾ1쿪ʼڷ90죬Ѫ϶ż٣رǸಡԶ϶Ϊ΢ṹ±棬ѽγɣΧάţѺҵСڷ塢ȫЫ֮()԰ϸˮáضԴ״IRE(ˮ)Ӱ졣L.CloustoniõMע()Ѫ֮֬֬Ӿıֲ֮֬ƣΨʱ϶(4-6Сʱ)ע(100mg)Чţڼȡ彺ƣԶɶ֮ѪֹѪá

ԡСLD50עΪ394mg/kgǻעΪ2.98-3.57g/kgСǻעLD50Ϊ1013mg/kgȡĺۼСǻעLD50ֱΪ980mg/kg689.8mg/kgÿշ3Σÿ330mng2£δӦԣǸǻע䣬СLD50Ϊ158.5±67.0mg/kg

ȡƷ10g,,ˮ200ml,4h,ȡҺŨ1/2ȡŨҺ23ml,1,Һ,ɫ״,ڰҺ΢,вܡ()

ơȥʣˮƯгɿ˿ɡ

ζ̣޶

龭ΣθƢ

Ρ̵᣻ˮסߣҭǣ޽ˮ

÷ڷ5-15g衢ɢ

ע⡿Ƣθ麮ʪ߼ɷ

Ƽҩˮ

1.ݾ衷ᣬ£ܳɢᣬʮˮס۽ԫƣʯߣǴ˲֮Ҳζƣ뺣ͬ

2.ݻ㡷֮ԣں壬ҭ֢֮ȡ̵Ҳ

3.ҽ¼ʮˮף۽

4.ҩۡˮȥףȥ

5.ʰšס

6.ʳξȣֽ۱ԣ֮ˡ

7.ͨҭ

8.ҦɳɡʳﱾݡȹŮ˳״£Ӿйš

9.ҩ⡷йˮȥʪƻᡣˮˮͣTUI޶񴯣뺣塢ͬ

10.ִʵҩˮףܼʪԽμ״ףףԡ

ժ¼лݡҩǵ䡷

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