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2017-06-20 22:03 Ķ:

йҩ䡷

ҩơ

ƴKun Dn Hu

ӢFLOS FARFARAE

ԴƷΪտֲTussilago farfara L.ĸ12»ضǰδʱڣȥɳɡ

״ƷʳԲ״2312.5cmֱ0.51cm϶˽ϴ֣¶˽ϸж̹汻ж״ƬƬϺɫ򵭺ɫڱܱɫ״ëᣬ˺ɼɫë㣬ζ΢

ơȥʼй

ۿȡ˷¼ Dˮճ֡

ζ΢࣬¡

龭ξ

ΡֹȻ̵¾ÿԣ̵࣬ԿѪ

÷59g

ءøﴦ

ժ¼йҩ䡷

ͼƬ  www.zyydq.cn/tp/15078.html
ͼƬ

ҩǵ䡷

ҩơ

ƴKun Dn Hu

ϼҳȫ顷ƻݳԭ˵ɽҩ־žŻҩ־

ԴΪտֲ10Ѯ12Ѯڻδʱڣժȡ٣ȥɡ

ԭ̬ǡɡŶšᡢ루ͣšص¼궳塷˽ڣֲʵͼ

ݱ1025סҶλΣ715ף810ףȶ˶ۣԵʲ״ݣȶɫγԲΣʽϺƽɫɫë״59Ҷ820ףԲΣҶҶɫëס510ףëףСҶ10ƬҶƬԲΡͷ״ܰƬ12㣬Ƭ2030ʱԲΣëף״Χһ֣ʻɫԣȶ˰1ӷλͷ2ѣͲ״ԣȶ5ѣƬ״5ҩϣ1ϸͷ״ݹԲΣ⣬ëɫ23¡4¡

ֲҰںӱߡɳءֲӱϡĴɽࡢɹš½ຣصȵءɽϡࡢຣĴɹŵȵء

״ﻨٳʲ״23һ𣬳12.5ףֱ610ס϶˽ϴ֣вԷ¶˽ϸж̹ͷ汻ж״ƬϺɫ򵭺ɫƬڱ沼ɫ״ëס㣬ζ΢֮״ԶɫϺ졢޻Ϊѡ

ѧɷ֡޴ࡢܿ߰˿߰߰ʡӷͺѹӢʡ

Ҷζ߰2.63ûʳ ʡճҺǡֲ޴Ӳ֬ἰʯᡢƻᡢתǡ̼⻯߰ҷкп࣬3.26

ʸӷ͡ʯǡʡ0.015ϩȡ

ҩáٶԺϵͳ

ֹȣ̵ƽáŷһЩÿҶƼס׼֧1ҺעèĤǻȷڷã־áСڷֹáèڷʹӣǿȲ۹áè-ι֤ȡҺСʱʹ֧ţ֯ľΣ⾷Ч簱ȷʵΪֹȳɷ֡

ڶѭϵͳ

èע䴼ȡҺѪѹȽͺߵãݳɷַѿܵIJֳѹãѲܵIJֳʽѹãѹԭΪڽ񾭽ڵ˷ܡ⽻á˷úͶѪƽֱ˷ܵȶ¡ȡҺáȡҺܺ֫ȫѪܹá

ȡθƽáӹȡҺСʱ˷ܣ˷ܺƣһʼơҶȡҺСʽ⾷á

ԡȡСǻע䡢ͼþע䡢ܺܰǻע䣬ʼֹͣСڷȡҺΪ112ҩ/ǻעȡΪ43ҩ/

ơȥйɳʯ顣۶ȡ𾻵ĿͬۼˮȣƣŹĻ΢ɫճΪȣȡÿ10025

ζ¡

١"ζ¡"

ڡ¼"ʣ޶"

ۡҽѧԴ"ࡣ"

ܡҩƷ塷"ζ΢ƽ"

龭ξ

ùţ"̫"

ڡ׹ҩԽ⡷"ġζ"

Ρ̵ֹԡο洭Ϣԡ

١."ƴԣа"

ڡ¼"ʣϢ"

ࡶҩۡ"ƷĴ٣ȷͣٳճηӸŧ"

ܡջӱݡ"ķΣ࣬ӣ̵ֹԣѪ龪£ϴĿз硣"

ݡҽѧԴ"·ֹԡ"

ޡ"̵֤֮"

ߡɳҩ⡷"ܣֹʺϴķζ泤"

÷ڷ0.53Ǯ衢ɢ

ע⡿١ݾע"ΪʹԡΡηĸġơˡȡ١"

ڡݳԭ"λƣ߲á"

ۡԭ"Խá"

αԣɣƤﱣĸȥģζӡʲݣˣﱣ֪ĸһ֣ʣȥƤ⣬У֡ζֵɸÿǮذˮ-յ߷֣ȥ·ʥ¼

ξԲֹҩֵΪɢÿǮˮһյ֣֣ȥ·ķʥݷɢ

ηӸԶ񺮣ʸɣʣʱȳŧ羬״ߣһǮȥʲһˣ۹޲һʮˮȫ顷

δԲȣ̵ѪٺϣϵȷΪϸĩΪ裬۴ÿһ裬ʳϸ£߻ȼѡٻࣩ

ξԣÿȡ缦۰軨ʹһУһһףڰһСͲʹãͲԳϼͲ֮©̿ʱԴͲںͲȡ֮ƣͷָͷͲͷʹ©ʹֹһΪ֮գʳAһ١֪㩣

޾ÿȲ糿ȡһСţ߹̣ȱһ䣬̳Կ¡գգһӣӴ˲

߿ᴯÿȷΪĩҺɱӣߴ˼ͬ־ӷ󻼴

١ҩƷ塷"ζɢһü汸β˳֮֮Ѫרοȴ٣̵ѳճȳΪ֤֮ҪԷ飬Ȳȱ"

ڡݳŰʡ"οƴԣPκ䣬ʪʼˡ̽𣬻˸ӡ"

֤ۡ"ҡپãڷƪ֮Сȥ֦ҩʲݣɡҡҲҡ䲻ΪǷȻַ֮תƣʵҡ䡣ʡǧ𡷡̨οԣҡߣʮţӴ˷಻ɲΪҪҩӡȻߣһ򿪽ᣬʹн֮Ѫһ¹飬֮ͬڡǧ𡷡̨ԼԿɼǷŧѪʧߣ纮ˮʢߣ಻ÿҡÿͬ¼Ϊ࣬Dzɵּա"

ܡ塷"βܿйᣬֹרԣʹãҾơԡΣิͬںν֮аˡȻζ£֮аڷξйߣ֮ҿΣȽ֮ر֮ңһаᣬӸŧ̵֮Ե˼ɡȨνӸʯӶ֮δסʯνԼ֮ҲζڷӸη?Ҫ֮书ô٣ҡ"

ٴӦá

Ƴɴ࣬ÿ5൱ҩ2Ǯշ3Ρ۲36֧21֧׺ϲ15Чҩ12ڼƽȼԸĽߣ8תҩ3ϴȼᣬ־δƽߣ19Ч9ݹ۲죬л֮ЧýԶЧ಻롣γУձķӦΪģķʧߵ

ȡ͵ӹƳɸעҺÿμע2ҩ10졣68ٴȬ8Ч32ת24Ч4۲ע34κ󣬿ԡ̵ϢԼᣬʳ˯иƣͬʱһĽѹá

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


лݡ

ҩơ

ƴKun Dn Hu

ӢCommon Coltsfoot Flower

ƻžŻ

1. պ뾰һӱݻδ߼ѣ丹˿γټã仨ƴջ񱱲崲硣䶬ڱʮ¡µȡ֮

2.ͼ֮ɫϣҶƲݣʮ¿ƻ࣬ȥһ磬ջֱͨʵӣνټߣҲк컨ߣҶɶֱһСϣ׺Ϊ䶷Ҷ

ԴҩĻԴΪտֲĻ١

ֲﶯTussilago farfara L.

պʹأ12ҩδʱȡ٣ˮϴɫͨ紦ɣʱɸȥȥȫɱáɹַֹѩɫڡ

ԭ̬ ݱɫ¡ҶڹɵĸҶƬλΣ3-12cm4-14cmȶԲλۼ⣬Եв״ĺںɫݣ˿״ëаɫձë״5-9Ҷ5-19cmɫë֮5-10cmëƬԲΣϺɫ10Ƭܽӻڻϣͷ״ʻɫδʱ´ܰΣܰƬ1-2㣬ëԵ״ԣ㣬ӷλͷ2ѣ״ԣȶ5ѣ5ҩβ״ͷ״ͨһݹԲΣ5-10⣬ëɫ1-2£4¡

ֲ̬ůˮԡ

Դֲֲڻϵȵء

ࡿѧ ϲˬʪϺɸ¡ɺ¶Ϊ15-25棬ѡɽ֣ƽԭԸֳʶ΢ɰΪá

༼ ֳ紺ⶳ󣬽ڳس10-13cmΣÿѿ2-3о25-30cm6-10cmָƽʩڹڣ5cmԼѹɺ载ˮÿ1hm2ָ450-525kg,20dҳ硣׷ⶳǰջ٣ٳĸؽѻУһһһ45-60cmԷ2괺֡

4²Ѯи磬У2-3Ρ׷1Σֹ¶ɫӰˮˮʪ

溦 ҪήҶݲְ߲ȡֲҶժ󣬲ʩ׼طʡǰͷ11140IJҺ1-2Ρ约ҪΪ棬Ҷ4kg,̼4kg8飬ˮ120kgƳˮ䡣ûҩΡ

״״ δŵͷ״ҩʲ̰״2-3׳“”1-2.5cm϶˽ϴ֣˽ϸж̹汻ж״ƬƬɫ򵭺ɫڱܱɫ״ëᡣ˺ɼɫ˿״ë״Ͳ״Ͳ״ϸСԼ2mm㣬ζ΢ࣻճԣ֮״

Ը󡢷׳ɫϺ졢ΪѡľϹѿ߲ɹҩá

΢ ĩɫ״ٷë϶࣬1-4ϸϸŤƳţֱ5-17μmڱëԳʰΣ104-216μmֱ16-52μmͷ״ԲΣԼ4-6ϸϸ2У1У۹ëΪԷ֦״ë֦ϸȶ˽⡣ܻɫԲΣֱ28-40μm3׹ڽϺ񣬱г6μmĴ̡ݻڱϸ۳೤Σ״ڡްƬƤۣϸ೤λΣܱڱԳ״񣬾ϸ״ԵıƤϸë״ײʽϸ4-7Ͳ״ƬԵڱƤϸ೤ԲΣнϸȺͻ𡣢ͷ״Ƥϸͻͷأеķֻɶë״ڱϸΣֱ17-28μm΢ľбƿסϸڱ֯УԲԲΣɫϷĩˮȩҺװƬɼſʷΡ

ѧɷ֡(Faradiol)޴ࡢܿ߰(Butin)˿߰Hyperin)߰ʡӷͺѹӢ(Taraxanthin)Ҷζ߰2.63%ûʳ(Gallic acid)ʡճҺ(Inulin)ֲ޴Ӳ֬ἰʯ(Tartaric acid)ƻ(Malic acid)תǡ(Choline)̼⻯(C26H56 C28H58)߰ҷкп࣬3.26%( ZnCO3)ʸӷ͡ʯǡʡ0.015%ϩ(Bauerenol)ȡ (faradiol)ɽ𳵶(arnidiol)Ϊ칹壬ѣֲ޴ܿ߰0.36%˿߰0.28%ѹӢʡʼճҺʡ־ݱӿзֵÿ(farfaratine)(tussilagine)Լ(14-acetoxy-7β-[3'-ethyl crotonoloxy]-notonipetranome)׻(14-acetoxy-7β-3'-ethylcrotomoyloxy]-1α-[2'-methylbutyryloxy]-notonipetranone)׻3,14-Z-ȥ(7β-[3'-ethyl-crotonoyloxy]-lα-[2'-methylbutyryloxy]-3,14-dehydro-Z-motomipetranone)ȡҶζ߰2.63%߰޴ʯᡢûʳᡢƻᡢǡܲءάCʡ΢ӷͼճҺʡ⣬ǡ

ҩá1.ȡ̵ƽã40%4mlkg θȮáȡ̵ãҴȡáúܡι֤ȡҺСʱ֧ãϴʱ֧鰷ܾΣ޿϶Ľ⾷á

2.˷ãȡᄇע䣬èк˷ãʱں˷ǰкͣÿɱ˷ɲףɶԿĺá

3.ѪϵͳãҺͼע䣬èѪѹȳʶ΢֮άֽϳʱ䡣èáȮʹһڽѹ󣬶ѹøΪԡʧѪݿè0.2gҩkgѹüΪšصΪСÿǿʱ÷ҩ޿󡣿ͪTusŵйصļѹã˷áTusԼèѹãעTus 0.2mgkgѹkPaΪ16.7±3.5125±27mmHgè׵iaTus 0.02mgkgʹѪѹ½1.73±0.4kPa13±3mmH˷ܡѹò񾭽ϼӰ죬ɱaϼѪƽͪòάϣ Ca2+ҺżʾͪѹλܣѹǴٽӰͷֱѪƽۺϽ

4.ԶѪѧӰ죺ͪȮѪѧоͪǿѪǿڶͰDAļάٶָVpmľѹ״Ÿı䡣IJsVӡʼȻʧѪȮͪʹļάٶȣVpmCOӡͰȽϣͪʧѪݿȮѹǿάʱ䳤ʹļһٶָ̬øӽ

5.ãء׻ͼ׻314-ȥѪСѪСۼáضԸͨͼʵʾϻԣIC50Ϊlμgml

ԡȡСǻע䡢ͼþע䡢ܺܰǻע䣬ʼֹͣСڷȡҺΪ 112gҩkgǻעȡΪ43gҩkgԣСθΪ124g/kgȡҺθΪ112g/kgȡ︹ǻעΪ43g/kgȡܡܡС󡢴õȣжʱﲻ˷ܡšΡ

СθİΪ124g/kgȡ︹ǻעİΪ112g/kgȡ︹ǻעİΪ43gkgÿܻܰעȡ1.051.75g70gkgС80gkg10.7gkgԼ0.4g/kg עʱ겻˷ܡšΡ

ȡƷַ1gɳȡУҴȡȡҺɫŨԼ5ml飺1ȡҺҺ1mlˮԹУþټ2-3ΣҺغԡͪ2ȡҺҺ1mlУˮԡɣ̶1mlܽ⣬תԹУعܱڻŨ1mlʹ㣬ȷ²ɫӫ⣬Ժɫӫ⡣Ѵ

ơȥйɳʯ顣۶ȡ𾻵ĿͬۼˮȣƣŹĻ΢ɫճΪȣȡ(ÿ10025)

ζζ΢ʣ

龭ξ

Ρ̵ֹȡ¾ÿԣԿѪ

÷ڷ3-10g򰾸ࣻ衢ɢãĩ

ע⡿1.ݾעΪʹԡʯΡηĸġơˡȡ١

2.ݳԭλƣ߲á

3.ԭԽá

αԣ ɣƤ()ĸ(ȥ)ζӡʲ(ˣ)֪ĸһ֣(ȥƤ⣬)֡ζֵɸÿǮذˮһյ߷֣ȥ·(ʥ¼)ξԲֹ ҩֵΪɢÿǮˮһյ֣֣ȥ·ķʥݷɢ)ηӸԶ񺮣ʸɣʣʱȳŧ羬״ߣ һǮ(ȥ)ʲһ()۹޲һʮˮ(ȫ顷)δԲѣ̵Ѫ ٺ()ϵȷΪϸĩΪ裬۴ÿһ裬ʳϸ£߻ȼѡ (ٻ)ξԣ ÿȡ缦۰軨ʹһУһһףڰһСһ١(֪)

1.ƴԣа

2.¼ʣϢ

3.ҩۡƷĴ٣ȷͣٳճηӸŧ

4.ջӱݡķΣ࣬ӣ̵ֹԣѪ龪£ϴĿз硣

5.ҽѧԴ·ֹԡ

6.̵֤֮

7.ɳҩ⡷գֹʺϴķζ泤

ٴӦá1.Ƴɴ࣬ÿ5ml(൱ҩ2Ǯ)շ3Ρ۲36֧21֧׺ϲ15Ч(ҩ 1-2ڼƽȼԸĽ)8ת(ҩ3ϴȼᣬ־δƽ)19Ч9ݹ۲죬л֮ЧýԶЧ಻롣γУձķӦΪģķʧߵ

2.ףȡ͵ӹƳɸעҺÿμע2mlҩ10졣68ٴȬ8Ч32ת24Ч4۲ע3-4κ󣬿ԡ̵ϢԼᣬʳ˯иƣͬʱһĽѹá

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