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2016-12-21 21:26 : Ķ:

̶


йҩ䡷̶

ҩơ̶

ƴRn Dn Tén

ӢCAULIS LONICERAE

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ԴƷΪ̶̶ֲLonicera japonica Thunb.ĸ֦ɸɹɡ

״ƷʳԲΣ֦Ƴֱ1.56mmغɫɫеĻɫ⻬ëƤװ䡣֦϶ڣڼ䳤69cmвҶҶۡʴ࣬۶ϣưɫпա޳֦ζ΢֦࣬ζ

ơȥʣϴжΣ

ζʣ

龭Ρθ

ΡȽⶾͨ硣²ȣȶѪӸ״񣬷ʪȱԣؽںʹ

÷930g

ءøﴦ

ժ¼йҩ䡷


ҩǵ䡷̶

ҩơ̶

ƴRn Dn Tén

롢ιɡ޵ˮ١ǧ٣ԧݣīׯ¼٣Ďfұݡ̶ݣ֤Ҫ٣ʿѡ淽̺ݣϼ鷽ͨݡͰ٣ޱݡ٣Ϫķ٣Ǭ蹡ˣϱݡ٣׭٣ҩԡ٣䷽ҩҩֲᡷ

ݾע

ԴΪ̶̶ֲҶȡҶľ٣Сɹɡ

ԭ̶̬¼

볣̲ƹľߴ9סпգ֦ëҶҶ410ףܱëҶƬԲΣΣ2.58ף15.5ףȶ˶̼⣬ԲԲλΣȫԵͱԵëɶҸܱëƬ2öҶ״ΣСԼ1ףС5ѣƬΣȶ˼⣻ϰ껨ҶԳƣ5ףΣϴ4dzѣͲϸԼ봽ȳ汻ëʱΪɫ23պɫ5ڻڹܿڸӷλϸ⡣ΣֱԼ6ףʱɫ57¡710¡

ֲɽҰУࡣֲӱϡɽաա㽭㶫ϡĴݡϡȵء

㽭Ĵաϡɽϵȵءⰲաࡢɽϡӱȵ

״ᆬϸԲΣֱ1.56ף氵ɫɫϸë֦ΪࡣƤװ䣬˺ά״ϳԲΡ̻ɫҶ鲻ȫʼ࣬Ұɫưɫ貿п϶ζƤɫ۴ҶΪѡ

ѧɷ֡Ҷ̶߰ľϬ-7-߰ľϬصȻͪࡣʡ

ҩáľϬضƽԢСн⾷ãڼȻƵųá

ľϬ״2528죩ڷ󣬿ʹή봹-ϵͳйأ俹áľϬ⣬ŨΪ1350000ʱݲݸ˾

ơȥʣˮݣ͸Ƭɹɡ

ζʣ

١¼"ʣ£޶"

ڡҩۡ"ζ"

ۡʰš"С"

ܡ¡"ζʿ࣬΢"

龭ġξ

١Ҫҩּ"ξ"

ڡ¡"ġζ"

Ρȣⶾͨ硣²ȣȶѪȾԸףӸ״ʹ

١¼"ס"

պ뾰"֭ƣƷ硣"

ۡҩۡ"ݡ"

ܡʰš"ȶѪˮ"

ݡĎfұݡ"νʹ"

ޡϱݡ"̵ȣʺʹ"

ߡĿ"һзʪ׶ӸҽѢ÷񴯣ɢȽⶾ"

ࡶ¡"УԣӸ

ᡶϾҩݡ"Ҷ۾ʱЧ"

⡶䷽ҩ"Ҷεˡ"

Ϲݲӡвҩֲᡷ"ʪʹ"

÷ڷ0.31衢ɢơãˮѬϴĩ

ʱСȿڿʣ֫ʹߣ̶٣Ҷ򻨣ߣһƵȪݱݡ

ȶѪ̶Ũ忲ʥݷ

ӸҷӸӸʹ׳ȣ˺̶ݣȥΣȥ«һǮʲݣˣΪϸĩÿǮһյ룬һյʳʳǰٽڶδŧѳŧ߼ַЧɢ

һӸң̶٣ȡʲݽһˮ룬һ룬޻Һþһ룬ټУȥңһҹþҹСͨΪȣ̶һУܡƾҪ̶ƣ

ʹ˴񴯣ʯǮһȥңƵˮɢ糣̯áǬ蹡̶ࣩ

ζ񴯲һѡãۻ֣ˮ߹޼ֽ֮أһףԴԿѬ֮ʱ.ˮҩȡЧ۶Ӹʿѡ淽

δó©̶ݽƳ֤Ҫ

ηʪԹؽף̶һϡݲǮѪǮϺײǮޱǮˮɽҩ

ζжʽ۾Ҷ俪ˮϴϸ¡Ϻвҩ

١Ŀ"̶Ҷýͬ˳η硢͡ΪҪҩ֪ãסɢδΪҪҩ˲δԼ֪Ž֮䲻ͬδһҲƾҪƣ̶Ӹҷ㵱ˣЧ棬ʤںꡣ"

ڡҽѧ洫"ÿ˶֮νӸ֮?֮٣֮ͨҩҲͨѪβˣӸ֮ա"

ۡ塷"̶¼£ʵιЧȽⶾز¡ʳ²νΪС£ȨζΩɢԽȶȨ˵Ҳ˶仨ʵ֦֮ζ񡣹̶ֻΪ򲢲ûҩԿ֮ۡĿҶΪ֤࣬¼νκףָӸ֮ԣƾҪ̶֮ơ̶Բͬ⣬ܷһ͡Ȩνθ᣻ζɢԱط֮ͨҩȨνֹݣȶڳ֮£̳֮²νȶѪνˮν֮ˮйΩ֮Ƣ鱹֮ˡν׶ӸҽѢ÷񴯣ɢȽⶾ˶仨νҶ֮Ҳ֮룬üϴ洦Уȡ֮ߣν򡢱㡢ֱϱ֮ҩҲ"

ٴӦáƴȾԸ

ȡ̶2ˮ1000400ַ15ΪһƳ̣ÿƳ̼13졣22֢״ʧι12֢״ʧԼᣬιԺת6֢״Ա仯4

ϸ

̶100飬߹ڣˮ20012СʱĻ3Сʱˮʹ100ˡÿÿط1.62.4أһ20ÿ4Сʱ1Σ֢״ת󣬸Ϊ20һ4Σйкֹͣ2Ϊֹƾ60904ҩ12δ⣬146Ч֢״ƽʧʱΪʹ3죬2죬Q2.5죬йкֹͣ2죬4.4졣δӦ̶1.5ÿ2μͬʱ̶5Ǯˮ೦ÿ1Ρ7ΪһƳ̡ƼԾ167һƳ13178.44Ч36ҩƽ2ȣ״ָƽֱΪ5.64.54.9죬ϸת3ң鳦10ڵתΪ84.680Ծ80һƳ̵Ϊ73.9Ȳƽ1.5ȣ״ֱƽ5.54.6ָϸƽ3.7ת飺24ͽԻָ3810Ȭռ84.2

⣬̶4ϱ֤ҩβһЧ

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


лݡ̶

ҩơ̶

ƴRn Dn Tn

ӢJapanese Honeysuckle Stem, Honeysuckle Stem, Japanese Honeysuckle

롢ιɡ޵ˮ١ǧ١ԧݡ١̶ݡ١̺ݡͨݡͰ١١١ˡ١׭١١١١̶١̶ݡ

ԡݾע

̶˵Ϊҩδξҡ󲻻ֻøҶΪɢÿذʲݷذ֮ɣȻߡ

ԴҩĻԴΪ̶̶̶ֲ̿ƺë̶ȵľ֦

ֲﶯLonmicera japonica Thunb. L. confusa (Sweet) DC. L. hypoglauca Miq. L.fuluotomentosa Hsu et S.C.Chneg

պʹأȡȥʣţɹɡ

ԭ̬1.̶ 볣̲ľٱ9mпգ֦֦ܱëëҶҶ4-10cmܱëҶֽʣҶƬΡԲλ״Σ2.5-8cm1-5.5cmȶ˶̼⡢ԲԲλΣȫԵͱԵëɶҸܱëëܻͨС֦ϲҶҸԱȳԶ̣²߳2-4cmܱëëƬ2öҶ״λԲΣԼ3.5mmëëСƬԼ1mmëëСͲԼ2mmë5ѣƬ״λΣȶ˼⣬ͱԵܱëڴΣ3-5cmϴ4dzѣͲϸ汻ëëϴ4Ƭȶ˶Σ´״ʱΪɫ2-3dɫ5ڻͲڸ⣻1ӷλϸΣֱ6-7mmʱɫй󡣻4-7£6-11¡

2.̶ ̿Ƶڣ֦ҶܻƬСƬһɫë豻΢ëС֦ɫɫҶƬ״ԲΣʱ汻̲ëʱëƬΣ1-2mmСƬȶ˾ԵëͲëʵɫ4-5£10¡

3.̶ ǰֵڣҶʱɫб߼̱ĻɫٺɫĢ塣Ƭ״ΣͲȳ߶̲ëԵëڰɫʱеΣɫ豻΢ëޱж̱١ʵʱ߰׷ۡ4-6£10-11¡

4.ƺë̶ ǰֵڣ֦ҶҶ桢ܻƬСƬݾܱչĻƺɫձëزëë2mm֦ҶɢٺɫëҶƬֽʣ״ԲԲ״ΡƬΣСƬ״Σ˫治߰ҶںͰƬ϶̣ܱƺɫëͿչĶë6-7¡

״״ Ʒš֦ԲΣֱ֦1.5-6mmڼ䳤3-6cmֳҶҶۡغɫɫϸƣ֦⻬ϸ֦еɫëףƤװ¶ҰɫͬƤӲ࣬۶ϣưɫĿն΢֦ζ΢֦࣬ζ

Աɫغ졢Ϊѡ

΢ ϸ֦棺Ƥϸ1Уϸëں״ͻëϳƤϿάɻڲƤϸСѲľ˨㡣Ƥխеϸƴؾϴ־ƤάγɲɻľʲɢУľ߿1-2ϸƿסϸľʿն

ѧɷ֡ٺԭᣨchlorogenic acidԭᣨisochlorogenic acid[1]ϲֺǮ߰loganinǮ߰׻ȩsecologanin dimethylacetalǮ߰ȩvogelosideǮ߰ȩepi-vogeloside[2]߰Ԫ-3-O-α-L-૰߰hederagenin-3-O-α-L-arbinopyranoside߰Ԫ-3-O-β-D-ǻ1→2-α-L-૰߰[hederagenin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→2)-α-L-arabinopyranoside]߰Ԫ-3-O-α-L-૰ǻ-28-O-β-D-ǻ1→6-β-D-߰[hederagenin-3-O-α-L-arabinopyranosyl-28-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→6)- β-D-glucopyranoside]߰Ԫ-3-O-β-D-ǻ1→6-β-D-߰[hederagenin-3-O-β-D-glucpyranosyl(1→2)-α-L-arabinopyranosyl-28-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→6)-β-D-glucopy-ranoside]߰Ԫ-3-O-α-L-ǻ1→2-α-L-૰ǻ-28-O-β-D-߰[hederagenin-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1→2)-α-L-arabinopyranosyl-28-O-β-D-glucopy-ranoside,]߰Ԫ-3-O-α-L-ǻ1→2-α-L-૰ǻ-28-O-β-D-ǻ1→6-β-D-߰[hederagenin-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1→2)-α-L-arabinopyran-nosyl-28-O-β-D-glucopyrananosyl(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside]߰Ԫ-3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside]߰Ԫ-3-O-α-L-ǻ1→2-α-L-૰ǻ-28-O-3--β-D-ǻ1→6-β-D-߰[hederagenin-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1→2)-α-L-arabinopyran-nosyl-28-O-6-acetyl-β-D-glucopranosyl(1→6)-β-O-glucpyrano-side]չ-3-O-β-D-ǻ1→2-α-L-૰߰[oleanolic acid-3-O-β-D-ǻ1→2-α-L-૰߰[oleanolic acid]-3-O-β-D-ǻ1→2-α-L-૰߰-28-O-β-D-ǻ1→6-β-D-߰[oleanolic acid-3-O-α-L-ara-binopyranosyl-28-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl (1→6)-β-D-glucopyran-noside]չ-3-O-β-D-ǻ1→2-α-L-૰ǻ-28-O-β-D-ǻ1→6-β-D-߰[oleanolic acid-3-O-β-D-glucopyansoyl1→2-α-L-arabinopyran-nosyl-28-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside]չ-3-O-α-L-ǻ1→2-α-L-૰ǻ-28-O-β-D-ǻ1→6-β-D-߰[oleanolic acid-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl()1→2]-α-L-arabinopyranosyl-28-O-β-D-glu-copyranosyl(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside][3]߰Ԫ-3-O-α-L-ǻ1→2-α-L-૰ǻ-28-O-3--β-D-ľǻ-α-L-૰ǻ1-α-L-૰ǻ6-β-D-߰[hederagenin-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1-α-L-૰ǻ1→6-β-D-߰[hederagenin-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1→2)-α-L-arabinopyranosyl-28-O-3-acetyl-β-D-xylopyranosyl(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside]߰Ԫ-3-O-α-L-ǻ1→2-α-L-૰ǻ-28-O-β-D-ľǻ1→6-β-D-߰[gederangenin-3-O-β-D-ľǻ1→6-β-D-߰[hederagenin-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyr-ranosyl(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside][4]̡пѡȡͭ΢Ԫ[5]

֦Ǯ߰secoxyloganin[6].

ҶľϬأluteolin̶أloniceraflavone3--574-ǻͪ3-methoxy-5,7,4-trihydroxyflavaoneľϬ-7-̶߰߰luteolin-7-rhamnoglucoside,loni-cerinľϬ-7-O-˫߰luteolin-7-O-digalactoside̶-6-߰loniceraflavone-6-rhamnohlucosideԭἰᣨcaffeic acid[7]ᣨvanillic acidϲμvenoterpine[8]

̶ϲֺ-4-ǻ-26--4-ǻ-3--37-˫[330][4-hydroxy-26-di-(4-hy-droxy-3-methoxy)phenyl-3,7-dioxobicyclo[3,3,0]octane]-10-ʮŴn-10-nonaconsanolݹأscopoletinᣨsyringic acidβ-޴β-sitosterolβ-޴߰β-sitosterol glucoside[9].

ҩá1.ãƷľϬ1350000ŨʱͿݲݸ˾Կɫ顢˺εȾá̶ϲ50%ƽڹ˺˾˾ɫŧ˾ãҶ50%֭˺˾˾ɫãڸɵϲ֡нǿĿȾáH.Su-isкǿáڼ20mgkg7dƴֲëµķ׹̡

2.ѪܵãľϬ510ŨʱܽĵڷȣڷȽͣʱ١210Ũʱڼڷȣʱ죬Թ״ѪֱӰ졣Թķװã5-10mgľϬؿʹѹӶ;ѹ10mgʹ֫Ѫ٣33%5-15mgʹèȮѪѹ12-30%òܱα-ͼϡ0.5gkgƤעǿëϸѪܵáʵԶӲнѪ޴á

3.⾷ãľϬضСƽسн⾷á

4.ãСӺ취ʹëϸܷ飬ľϬнϺõ̵áľϬضNKLyˮϸá

ԡľϬСǻעLD50Ϊ180mgkg

ơȥʣˮݣ͸Ƭɹɡ

ζζʣԺ

龭ģξ

ΡȽⶾͨ硣²ȣӸ׶ȶѪʪȱ

÷ڷ10-30g衢ɢơãˮѬϴ򰾸ĩܣƷ

ע⡿Ƣθ麮йкֹ߽á

1.ݸĿ̶Ҷýͬ˳η硢͡ΪҪҩ֪ãסɢδΪҪҩ˲δԼ֪Ž֮䲻ͬδһҲƾҪƣ̶Ӹҷ㵱ˣЧ棬ʤںꡣ

2.ҽѧ洫ÿ˶֮νӸ֮棿֮٣֮ͨҩҲͨѪβˣӸ֮ա

3.塷̶¼£ʵιЧȽⶾز¡ʳ²νΪС£ȨζΩɢԽȶȨ˵Ҳ˶仨ʵ֦֮ζ񡣹̶ֻΪ򲢲ûҩԿ֮ۡĿҶΪ֤࣬¼νκףָӸ֮ԣƾҪ̶֮ơ̶Բͬ⣬ܷһ͡Ȩνθ᣻ζɢԱط֮ͨҩȨνֹƧȶڳ֮Ƨ£̳֮²νȶѪνˮν֮ˮйΩ֮Ƣ鱹֮ˡν׶ӸҽѢ÷񴯣ɢȽⶾ˶仨νҶ֮Ҳ֮룬üϴ洦Уȡ֮ߣν򡢱㡢ֱϱ֮ҩҲ

4.ҽ¼ס

5.պ뾰֭ƣƷ硣

6.ҩֹۡƧ

7.ʰšȶѪˮ

8.ģұݡνʹ

9.ϱݡ̵ȣʺʹ

10.ݸĿзʪ׶ӸҽѢ÷񴯣ɢȽⶾ

11.¡УԣӸ

12.ϾҩݡҶ۾ʱЧ

13.䷽ҩҶεˡ

14.ݲӡвҩֲᡷʪʹ

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