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ҽҩȫ > ҩ > ҩ > R > ⶹޢ

ⶹޢ

2018-08-01 14:14 : Ķ:

йҩ䡷ⶹޢ

ҩơⶹޢ

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ӢSEMEN MYRISTICAE

ͷ

ԴƷΪⶹޢⶹޢֲⶹޢMyristica fragrans Houtt. ĸ

״ƷԲλԲΣ23cmֱ1.52.5cmɫһɫʱⱻ׷ۣʯҷĩȫdzɫйƼ״ơλڿˣdzɫԲͻ𣬺ϵʰݡּݹ״ˡʼᣬػɫӵĴʯƣ˿ɼߣԡŨңζ

𡿣1Ʒ棺ɼ֯10бƽϸɣںɫżС֯СάɫdzɫУγɴʯƣںϸϸڱԲΣ֬ͼɢdzɫϸ۶Ϊֱ1020μm,Ϊ2 6 ɵĸֱ2530μm,ԡԵҺȾɫװ۲죬ɼڶɫнϴĺˮȩװù۲죬ɼ֬ͳʿƬ״Ƭ״ȼ͵״

2ȡƷ[ⶨ]µĻӷͣȷƳÿ1ml0.2mlҺΪƷҺȡⶹޢҩ20gͬƳɶҩҺձɫ׷¼ B飬ȡҺ10μl,ֱͬһ轺DZϣʯѣ6090棩1:1ΪչչȡɣȩҺ105ߵɫ

ƷɫУҩɫӦλϣͬɫİߵ㡣

ⶨȡƷַԼ20g,ܳƶջӷͲⶨ¼ Dⶨ

ƷӷͲ6.0ml/g

ơⶹޢ ȥʣϴ

ⶹޢ ȡⶹޢۼˮȣˮⶹޢʪˮ跨34㣬뼺ȵĻʯۻɳУ賴ƤʽɫʱȡɸȥƤÿ100kgⶹޢ,ûʯ50kg

ζ¡

龭Ƣθ󳦾

ΡɬֹкƢθ麮кֹ丹ʹʳŻ¡

÷39g

ءﴦ

ע1ȫвҩࡷⶹޢϵȡⶹޢӵļƤãЧⶹޢͬ

ժ¼йҩ䡷

ⶹޢ
ⶹޢͼƬ

ҩǵ䡷ⶹޢ

ҩơⶹޢ

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ȾգʰšޢŷĿ

ҩۡ

ԴΪⶹޢֲⶹޢ46¼1112¸һΡ糿ժȡʵʿƤȥƤѿ״Ƥȡʯһ󣬻𱺸ɡ

ԭ̬ľ߿ɴ20סҶԲ״λԲ״Σ515ףʣȶβ״⣬ȫԵ浭ɫɫкɫҶҶ612סꣻۻ״2.55ףСƬƬ״ưɫԲλΣ6ף´ҩ912ϳԲ״бʵλԲΣ´3.56ףɫɫѳ2꣬Գ糺ɫƤӳΣƤɫľʡ

ֲļƤⶹޢ£๩ҩãר

ֲȴΪࡣֲǡӡǡȵءǼӡǡ

״ԲλԲΣ23.5ף1.52.5סɫɫֲڣ״ƣһԵݹּλdzɫԲ¡겿λаɫݣϵ㲿λʼӲɼİɫɫ飬ɴʯڿаףпɼߡǿңζ΢ࡣԸءʵŨΪѡ

ѧɷ֡ӷ29d-ݨϩα-ϩȡ֬УⶹޢẬ7080жⶹޢѡ

ҩáⶹޢͳз⣬оŵܡԵ͵ȶͫ󣬲̬ȣ֮˯ߣٴʧè֮ͬʱ¸֬Զ˷7.5ⶹޢۿѣ˯зIJ棻è1.9/˯״̬24Сʱ֬ԡⶹޢ͵ĶԳɷΪⶹޢѣж֢״ƣⶹޢѶèΪ0.51.0/θղȫƤע0.12㷺ĸԡⶹޢ0.030.2θľֲ̼

ⶹޢѡ֬ض»ãһԳɷľ޴ãⶹޢѶ˵Ĵж˷ãⶹޢȫͬ߿Ѫ״̬ȶʱ졢½͡ҺͫС׳嶯¶СܽȡⶹޢⶹޢǿɫãڼԵøжȵáɷпá

ơⶹޢϴȡˮͰȡۻʯùڼȣõⶹޢ룬賴ʽɫȡȥƤƬһԭҩˮ𣬷12СʱƤùڼȳϻɫΪȡȡɸȥƤƬ

ζ¡

١ҩۡ"ζ"

ڡҩݡ"ζ£޶"

ۡ"ζɬ¡"

龭Ρ󳦾

١Һݡ""

ڡ׹ҩԽ⡷"Ρθ"

ۡݾ衷"̫󳦡"

ΡУʳ̳ĸʹкŻ£ʳ

١ҩۡ"С治飬ʹʳ̵"

ڡҩݡ"ĸʹƢθйȡ԰ѣ"

ۡջӱݡ"УֹкθʳƤ磬ƶλҡ"

ܡݡ"УλĸʹжŻĭʳֹйС"

ݡĿ"ůƢθ̴󳦡"

ޡݾ"ξ䡣"

ߡԭ"йʢ飬ϳ壬Ԫϸͷʹ"

÷ڷ0.52Ǯ衢ɢ

ע⡿١׹ۡ"ʹͭ"

ڡݾ衷"лȼйעѪθʹʪȻͷʢ³𣬽Բ˷"

ˮʪģʳߣ£ⶹޢơ۸һ֣ǣţһ루ȡͷĩΪĩΪ裬̶ÿʮʮ裬£ʳ۷ⶹޢ裩

ƢйкʳⶹޢһöСӣСڣУΪȣȥ棬ΪϸĩÿһǮ£СǮϼҲطⶹޢɢ

Ƣ㲻ʵʳ˼ⶹޢ֬ζӡǸΪĩʮöˮһ룬󽪡棬ȥˮɣȡͩӴÿ塢ʮ裬ʳǰڿժҪ裩

Ƣйޢţ״׵֮ûƽĩԳĩһֽ͡ΪĩÿöǮߣǰǮذĺһŷ

ˮк޶ȡʹⶹޢȥǣΪĩһ֭ϣζ֭ӣⶹޢĩ죬ΪϸɢÿǮذ£ٷʥ¼ⶹޢɢ

λŻ²ֹⶹޢһȥǣ˲һȥ«ͷһȥƤͿ֭죩ҩΪɢÿǮˮһյ֣׶飬֣ȥңʱ·ʥݷ

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


лݡҩǵ䡷ⶹޢ

ҩơⶹޢ

ƴRòu Dòu Kòu

ӢNutmeg

Ⱦաޢͷ⡢ءʧ

ԡҩۡҩǵ䡷ҽ¼лҩ1.ͼⶹޢΩ˼֮磬ʵƶޢԲСƤϽ¡²ɡ

2.Ŀⶹޢʵ״ƲݶޢƤ֮ͬ࣬ƣаӣƣΩܷ⣬Կ

ԴҩĻԴΪⶹޢֲⶹޢʡ

ֲﶯMyristica fragrans Houtt.

պʹأֲ6-7꿪10࣬25ʢڡΪ60-70꣬ʢΣ5-7¼10-12¡ժʵȥƤȥƤ45ɣҡ֮ʱɡ45棬֬ܽ⣬ʧȥζ½

ԭ̬ⶹޢľ߿ɴ20mҶԲ״λԲ״Σ5-15cmʣȶβ״⣬ȫԵ浭ɫɫкɫҶҶ6-12mmꣻۻ״2.5-5cmСƬƬ״ưɫԲλΣ6mm´ҩ9-12ϳԲ״бʵλԲΣ´3.5-6cmɫɫѳ2꣬Գ糺ɫƤӳΣƤɫľʡ

ֲ̬ȴΪࡣ

Դֲֲǡӡǡȵء

ࡿ1.ѧ ϲȴȴΪ25-30棬6ʱܺ꽵Ӧ1700-2300mm֮䣬ɻˮϲϲ⡣ֺˮõΪˡ

2.༼ ҪӷֳӦѡȲ߲ʱ޲溦ĸϽ˵ȫȻѿĹʵ沥ʪɳءʧˮTɥʧѿ紲Ҫ֣10cm×5cmѨ£ʪԼ60dѿҶչʱԡҪܵΣ20-30cmʱֲڴ3-4»^8-10ѡֲ5m×4mѨ60cmÿѨֲ1ꡣ

3. Σмֲ߸̷ʣڽˮڹڷ󣬸ϵdzֲʱҪֲִ̨Ƶз硣ÿʩ3-4ΣлΪϻʡÿ׷ʩл5-10kg25-50gʩѷʡԺӣ𽥼ʩϡ

4.溦 аߵ㲡߲òҺ11120Һп500Һ䣻ⸯ˲50%׻в500ҺಡѨλݲΪ溦󩡢ϻȡ

״1.״ ԲλԲΣ2-3.5cm1.5-2.5cmɫɫ״ƣаɫʯҷۣdzɫԲ¡IJλаɫݴϵIJλ˼ԵݹּIJλʼӲ飬ɼػƻɫ룬ɫ齻γɴʯʱɼСǻ϶ڲС͸ߣҶǿҷ㣬ζ΢ࡣ

ԸءʵƿŨΪѡ

2.΢ ʻ棺㣬ϸƽӳںɫʣڲϸΣɫʣγɴ֯гһάжϸɢڣϸֱ42-140cmӷ͵ΡϸΣ֬͡⾧塣кɫʵϸɢڡ

ѧɷ֡ʺ֬25%-46%ӷ8%-15%ںжⶹޢѣmyristicinԼ4%ӷϩsabineneα-β-ϩpinene-4-ϩterpinen-4olγ-ϩγ-terpineneϩlimoneneƬϩbornyleneβ-ˮϩβ-phellandreneԾɡأp-cymeneα-ϩα-terpinoleneα-ʹα-terpineolδ-ϩδ-cadineneⶹޢѣ֬أelemicinϩcamphene¹ϩmyrceneα-ˮϩα-phellandrene34-׻պϩ34-dimethylstyrenelinalool˳ʽɴcis-pinperitolʽɴtrans-piperitolԣborneol˳ʽϩcis-caryophylleneécitronellolԾɡ-α-p-cymen-α-olѣsafroleȻnerolβ-ϩβ-cubebeneᠽţgeranylacetateͷӣeugenol׻ͷӣmethyleugenol֬أisoelemicin֬ⶹޢtrimyristintrioleinȡӻľ֬أ1-34-Ǽ׶-2-4-ϩ-26--1-1-34-methylenedioxyphenyl-2-4-allyl-26-dimethoxyphenoxy-propan-1-ol1-3--4--2-4ϩأ6--1-1-3-methoxy-4-acetyloxyphenyl-2-4-allyl-2dimethoxyphenoxypropan-1-ol acetate1-34-Ǽ׶-2-4-ϩ-26--1-1-34-methylenedioxyphenyl-2-4-allyl-26-dimethoxyphenoxypropan-1-ol acetate1-345--2-4-ϩ-26-顲1-345-trimethoxyphenyl-2-4-allyl-26-dimethoxyphenoxypropane ȥ춡ͷӣdehydrodiisoeugenolAlicarin A5'-ȥ춡ͷӣ5'-methoxydehydrodiisoeugenol2-34-Ǽ׶-23--7--3-׻-5-ϩ߻ૣ2-34-methylenedioxyphenyl-23-dihydro-7-methoxy-3-methyl-51-E-propenylbenzofuranBlicarin B2-34-Ǽ׶-5--23--7--3-׻-5-ϩ߻ૣ2-34-methylenedioxy-5-methoxyphenyl-23-dihydro-7-methoxy-3-methyl-5-1-E-propenylbenzofuran1-34--2-4-ϩ-26--1-1-34-dimethoxyphenyl-2-(4-allyl-26-dimethoxyphenoxy)propan-1-ol1-34-)-2-4-ϩ-26--1-1-3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenyl-2-4-allyl-26-dimethoxyphenoxypropan-1-olȡָʺⶹޢᣨmyristic acid߰߰ԪΪչᣨoleanolic acid

ҩá1.򾲴ñƷӷļ׻춡ãöiv50mg/kg󣬿ɼ˯ʱ䡢ʹʧ˯ʱƽ208sмǿͱ׵İá

2.ü׻춡ӶԽɫͷ˫MICֱΪ0.4mg/ml0.6mg/mlͪBԽɫݲݸ˾ͼнǿ־ãǰߵMICΪ1ug/mlΪ2ug/mlͪCԿݲݸ˾MICΪ2ug/ml

3.ñƷӷеļ׻Ӻ֬ضСáè͹ivҩá

4.4.1. θ̼:ƷӷͶθд̼ãҾáܴٽθҺķںʹ̼θ䶯ơ

4.2.͹ȱתø:нʹѪȱתøá

ԡⶹޢѶèLDΪ0.5-1.0ml/kgsc0.12ml㷺ĸԡèⶹޢ1.9g/kg˯״̬24СʱⶹޢѺ֬ض»á

𡿣1ȡƷĩ2g8mlҡ2hȡҺ2mlУѻɢ󣬼ȩҺ0.5mlԷۺɫɫӷͣ2ɫ ȡƷĩ1g4ml2h˹ҺΪƷҺȡܽΪƷҺֱȡƷƷҺͬһ轺GңϡԱ-ҷ955չչ13cmɺ5%ҴҺȣƷɫƷɫӦλͬɫİߵ㡣

ơ1.ⶹޢϴȡˮͰȡۻʯùڼȣõⶹޢ룬賴ʽɫȡȥƤƬһԭҩˮ𣬷12СʱƤùڼȳϻɫΪȡȡɸȥƤƬ

2.ƣȡⶹޢ1Сʱ̳ڣһƤһⶹޢ䣬Լ2СʱͼƤڣȥƤʱкƬá

3.ƣС۵ڣĻȣⶹޢ룬΢ɫʱɸȥۣ̯䷽ʱ顣ÿⶹޢ100kgС50kg

4.ƣȡϸùڼȵݣⶹޢϷⶹޢ͸ֹڣȡɸʱ顣

5.˪ȡⶹޢࡣöֽѹեȥͣѹեȥΪȡ

ζࣻ

龭Ƣθ󳦾

Ρɬʳк丹ʹʳŻ£ʳ

÷ڷ1.5-6g衢ɢ

ע⡿1.׹ۡʹͭ

2.ݾ衷лȼйעѪθʹʪȻͷʢ³𣬽Բ˷

1.(֤׼)Ƣ麮кй˼ʳкʹ֫䣬ƣȡ2.(̫ƽͼַ)ξкƢ麮㻬Ѳʹϲϲ£ףŧѪҹ޶ȣQأ긹ʹ뵡ʳ١3.ⶹޢ(̫ƽʥݷ)СƢθ棬Ż²ֹ4.ⶹޢɢ(̫ƽʥݷ)λкֹ5.(ȫҩҩ)θͣвʹʳζŻˮӣʹ

1.ҩۡС治飬ʹʳ̵

2.ҩݡĸʹƢθйȡ԰ѣ

3.ջӱݡУֹкθʳƤ磬ƶλҡ

4.ݡУλĸʹжŻĭʳֹйС

5.ĿůƢθ̴󳦡

6.ݾξ䡣

7.ԭйʢ飬ϳ壬Ԫϸͷʹ

8.塷ⶹޢйƽ

9.岹šⶹޢвƢΪ衣ջӳƢò˻ҲƤ㸽֮iй塷ʵá֮Ϊɶ

10.ҩⶹޢвƢйò֮ʡݡй飬ǸҲ

11.ݾ衷ⶹܣζɢܺͨҷƢƢºͶ㣬ʿθθϲůҲΪƢθʳֹйк֮Ҫҩ

12.ݻԡⶹޢΪƽ֮Ʒʳˣʵ֮Ҳ㸽Ƥ֮йҲֹйкɬڭӡڿ֮жڷڱаҲ

13.ⶹޢ̴ܹ󳦣ȹԪߣƢԽԻƢθ䣬ʵܲҲ

14.塷ⶹޢʪרƢθݹ֮ЧͬΩɬζܹ̼֮ѣ֮ƢΪ֮ҩݹ֮רн΢𡣴νθƶȨνʳ̵ֹС治飬ʹνĸʹרͺʪһߡʪͶΪ֢زһΡνƢθйνůƢθ̴󳦡ҪԲΪСΩνʪ߶࣬麮٣֮ӡ㡢ɰޢ֮࣬㷼㣬Ƣˣнνʳйߣ̲֮һۡ

ժ¼лݡҩǵ䡷

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