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2018-08-24 15:38 Ķ:

йҩ䡷

ҩơ

ƴShè Gn

ӢRHIZOMA BELAMCANDAE

ȡ񡢽ʼݡݡɽȡҰ滨

ԴƷΪβֲBelamcanda chinensis L.DC.ĸշѿĩҶήʱڣȥɳ

״Ʒʲ״310cmֱ12cmƺɫغɫںɫнܵĻơԲ״ݵľۣżод棻вϸۡӲɫԡ΢ζࡢ΢

𡿣1Ʒ棺Ƥʱд档ľ˨ϸСƤϡҶάƤ㲻ԡάΪľͼͣнϽܡ֯в͵ΡĩȻɫ϶࣬Σ飬߳49240315μmֱԼ49μm ԲλԲΣֱ217μm״٣2 5 ɡϸԲλԲΣԺ״еƿסľ˨ϸɫ۶Σڱ΢״еĺɫ

2ȡƷĩ1gӼ״10ml30ӣ˹ҺŨ15mlΪƷҺȡɶҩ1gͬƳɶҩҺձɫ׷¼ B飬ȡҺ1μlֱͬһĤϣȷ£ͪ-״3:1:1ΪչչȡɣȻҺƣ365nm¼ӡƷɫУҩɫӦλϣͬɫӫߵ㡣

ơȥʣϴ͸бƬƷΪλΣɫ[]µķⶨ18.0

ζ࣬

龭ξ

ΡȽⶾ̵ʡȶ̵ᣬʺʹ̵ʢ

÷39g

ءøﴦ

ע1ȶʹţӡ۹ʲݵӦáο̵ơҡӦá

Ϊ̵ʵҩ֮⣬ڱ׼л֢űĸͨաΪȡţӻˣʣƣ̵ƽ

ժ¼йҩ䡷

ҩ
ҩɵƬͼƬ

ҩǵ䡷

ҩơ

ƴShè Gn

ȡѣԶձݡҹɣݾעҪڴݽ¼ȣȱ󷽡ʰšơϽţޱݡҰ滨񣨡Ŀq񣨡򽭸־ϼݡƻҩԱҪ֪ĸҩԡϼֲ־ˮˮϾҩݡҩԾ𷨡ʼ㽭ҩֲᡷⵣֲҩ־׻ȰѲݡݣ

ԴΪβֲڣȥȥ缰ϸɹɣǾë룬ɹɡ

ԭ̬ݱ50120ףʻɫֱҶ2УƽǶ״㽣Σ2560ף24ףɫ׷ۣȶ˽⣬ҶƽС״磻ĤʰƬƬ״Σ1ңֱ35ף62֣3ƬСƬԲΣ22.5ףԼ1ףȶ˶Բٻɫаɫߵ㣻3ڻҩӷλ3ҡ״ͷdz3ѡԲΣ2.53.5ף3⣬ʱ3ѡӺɫΡ79¡810¡

ֲɽ¡ԭҰأΪࡣֲȫʡϡաաϡ㽭ݡϵȵ

״ʲĽ״Լ310ףֱ11.5סҺɫкںɫߣбŤĻ״ƣܣԲ״ۣвϸۡʼӲɫ״΢ζࡣԷ׳ɫơëΪѡ

ڹ㶫õϵȫݡ

ѧɷ֡ɶβ߰βͪ߰βͪҶâ߰

ҩáٿ΢

110ɼԹжԳ²ƤѢã120ŨмʺеijЩҲƻӻ֮֯ϸֲֺܲ϶á

βͪ߰βͪԹп͸øãҲΪװϣƴ͸øԵĸ׶ƽDz˽ԸסԴǻע䵪ĸˮá

ɵĴˮȡڷע䣬ܴٽҺڣעϿڷøǿβͪ߰дá⣬дƼáСX˺ޱãҲӳͱ׵˯ʱ䡣伱ԶԺС䴼ȡԼע䣬Ѫѹ½

ơȥʣˮϴԽݣ̳͸Ƭɹɣɸȥ롢м

ζ࣬ж

١"ζ࣬ƽ"

ڡ񱾲ݡ"΢"

ۡϱݡ"΢С"

龭Ρξ

١׹ҩԽ⡷"ΡΡƢ"

ڡݾ衷""

Ρ𣬽ⶾɢѪ̵κʹ̵ʢ߽ˣűĸŮգӸ״

١"ʹϢɢа棬ʳȡ"

ڡ¼"ѪƢ䣬٣ɢ"

պ뾰"ƶס"

ܡҩۡ"κˮ룬ͨٱգѪ"

ݡջӱݡ"̵֢ᣬͣ񱣬θʳ׶Ŀ"

ޡҡ"ȥθӸ"

ߡϱݡ"ʺʹʱպ磬꣬ףãɢӸһȶ֢"

ࡶĿ"ʵ󳦣űĸ"

ᡶҩԱҪ"ϴףζɢѪá"

⡶ҩԡ"θ˰״"

ϡϾҩݡ"ӣݾƷνʹ"

÷ڷ0.81.5Ǯɢõ֭ãĩ

ע⡿ʵƢ߲ˡиɷ

١¼"÷顣"

ڡĿ"кˡ"

ۡݾ衷"ƢθຮѪˣʵ߽á"

κԣɣϸﱡÿ彤ذˮһյ룬˷֣ȥңʥ¼

ɣȡߣж١ȡ֭£󸭼⡣ͬȡ֭ߣѸҽۡ

˺ȲбͨһУ֬һ϶ζϼ壬ҩȥҡȡ뼦ӣ֮ɺУ֮ȡǧ𷽡

ʺʹɻɽΪĩ䷽

οȶˮʮöһϸҡζӰöģߣϴöһϾζˮһУȥĭҩȡҪԡ

ףʸǮüˮ壬շΡҩ

߽ˣߣɡ̡Ŀݲݸȷ֡Ϊ衣ÿǮ¡ݻԡ

Ӹף罩ߣͬݸΪĩ۵ЧԷ

ˮƸ󣬶ҡˮƤڣ״̣ϸ֭缦ӣˮȱ󷽡

ʺʹɻɽΪĩЧ

ԲͨһƬں֭

϶㲻ͨҩЧɸˮΪã֭һ룬¼ͨ

١岹š"ɣ̵̫֮ʹݡα㶾ʪƣͶȡ磬ͬ壬ʳǰЧκʹһƬ֮Ч"

ڡĿ"ɣܽ𣬹ʹŷκʹΪҪҩˡǧ𷽡κࡣپ񺯡οȶˮűĸ׼裬չȡ併ҲѪɢ̵Խ⣬֢Գӡ"

ۡݾ衷"ɣйƽɢʹϢɢа档Ƚɢ΢ʳȡ¼Ȩջӡڊ]ţԴҲϪ̵̫֮ʹݡʪƣͶΪ㶾Ϥȡйɢ֮""ܽйɢʹȻ֮ԣʡ¼ƾ÷顣"

ٴӦáˮƤףȡ1.5ˮ261Сʱˣʳ4ͿϴǰҩҺ¶3040ҡ۲253ЧͿϴһΣмʧϴ1ΣСˡ

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


лݡ

ҩơ

ƴShè Gn

ӢBlackberrylily Rhizome

ȡѡԶSҹɡڴݽȡơϽţҰ滨񡢵q񡢽ϼݡƻ֪ĸˮˮʼⵣ׻ȰѲݡݡɽȡݡϾȡɽ˲

ũݾĿɣҲ֣ϻߣΪϺ仨¿滨᷿ĴָͩӣһĸһʮӣӴɫϣӲҧ֮ƣʼݡպ뾰νɡβһ֣չ²νϱ̻β컨ɣνƻɣνɣ׻ࣻνϻɣ컨߷ǣִһ˵ƾ?Ҿ

ԴҩĻԴΪβֲ

ֲﶯBelamcanda chinensis(L.) D C.[Ixia chinensis L.]

պʹأԺ2-3ջ񣬴^ھϴɹɣȥɹȫɡ

ԭ̬ ݱ׳ʻɫʲĽ״ϸֱ50-150cmʵģ²ҶҶƽΣۣǶų2У20-60cm 2-4cmȶ˽⣬ȫߣɫ׷ۣҶƽСɡɡ״2״֦֦ĤʰƬƬΣƬ62ֻ֣ƬλԲΣԼ2.Scm1cm3ƬСλԲΣ2-2.5cm1cmٻɫаɫߵ㣻3⻨Ƭҩ򣻴1ӷλ3ң̥ͷ3dzѡλԲΣ2-4cm3⣬ʱұѣӶԲΣɫйֱԼ5mm6-8£7-9¡

ֲ̬ɽ¡ԭҰءľԵࡣ

Դֲֲȫء

ࡿѧ ϲůͺͺѡ㡢ɷ֡ˮõɰΪˡ

༼ øֳӷֳǤ己ֳֳڶ紺ϲգھ۳С飨ÿѿ1-2 20cm×20cmѨÿѨ1-2飬ѹʵӷֳӲպӦʪɳأһֱҲԲԷֱ3»10-11²֡20cm×15cmѨѨ6-10cmÿѨ 5-10ţԼǤ己ֳȡĵϲ֣ȥҶƬгСΣÿ2ڡпԸɺѨڣѨֳͬˮԼΡ

Ժ1и4Σ1ڳУԺ5711¸1Σ2Ժֻ3611иݸ1Ρ׷ÿ3Σ36¼УˮΪʩӷʡֵ2꿪ֵ⣬Ӧʱժ٣ģԹ²г֣֤

溦 ⲡڿ25%2000Һ溦ij棬Խʢ5%άۣ׳ǰ90%аٳҺࡣ

״״ʲ״з֦3-10cmֱ1-2cmɫɫɫƽԵĻڼơԲ״ݵľۣʱдо漰вдϸۡӲ۶ɫԡ΢ζࡢ΢Դ׳ӲɫΪѡ

΢ 棺Ƥϸд档ľϸУ2-3ϸɫɫƤҶάƤ㲻ԡάľͼͣΪࡣƷϸ40-150μm͵Ρ

ĩȻɫ϶࣬Σ飬߳49-240-315μmֱԼ49μmԲλԲΣֱ2-17μm״٣2-5ɡϸԲλԲΣԺ״еƿסľ˨ϸɫ۶Σڱ΢״еĺɫ

Ʒʱ־л񹲺͹ҩ䡷1995涨ƷȽⶨҴﲻ180%

ѧɷ֡ͪɷ֣β߰Ԫirigeninβͪtectorigeninβͪ߰tectoridinͪbelamcanidin׻Ჴβͪmethylirisolidoneβͪ߰ԪiristectorigininAβأirisflorentinҰβ߰iridin5-ȥβأnoririsflorentinȡͪsheganoneҶapocyninͪacetovanillineȩbelamcandal28-ȥȩ28-deacetylbelamcandal¹βȩisoridogermanal16-O-¹βȩ16-O-acetylisoiridogermanalģ6R10S11S14S26R-26-ǻ-15-Ǽ׻β-16-ϩȩ[6R10S11S14S26R-26hydroxy-15-methylidene spiroirid-16-enal]Լ¹βȩģ28-ȥȩȩĺͣ6R10S11S14S26R-26-ǻ-15-Ǽ׻β-16-ϩȩⶹޢӲ֬ȡ ӺɴbelamcandolABbelamcandaquinoneAB1-2-ǻ-35--10-ʮϩ[1-2-hydroxy-35-dimethoxyphenyl-10-pentadecene]1-3-ǻ-5--10-ʮϩ[3-hydroxy-5-methoxyphenyl-10-pentadecene] Ҷx߰mangiferin

ҩá1׽ã1.1.ëϸѪͨ͸ԵӰ죺 70%Ҵȡ1 1Сθ 22g/kg1Сʱβע0.5%˼ˮҺ20μl/ֻ淽󣬹۲ëϸѪͨ͸ԣȽp0.01

1.2԰ͶõӰ죺 Сθ 22g/kgҺͬʱÿ4%Ͷ 0.03ml4Сʱȡأ19.30±164mgX±sȽΪ16.43±3.20p0.05

1.3Դ͸øԽŸ׵Ӱ죺θҺ1113g/kgÿ1Σ 3գĩθҩ30ظҩ1Σٸ30Һ Ƥע500μ/ml͸øҺ0.1ml/ֻˮʱⶨצ1Ρ׺0.51.03.5Сʱá

1.4ԴȩԽͺʹѿף13g/kgŴٽȩ´͵˺ԣP0.05ѿ֯á

1.5ã θ 13g/kgԴĸµķһĽá

2.ã10%Һ8ѪλA186-11ͣв

3.ãƷβ߰Ƥע25mg/kgԵá飬ӹϸϵJTCһ26ã90%ϡ

ԡԣҴȡθСİΪ66.78g/kg

СθɴҺ1lİΪ66.78g/kgβ߰ƤעõΪ8-10g/kg

ơȥʣˮϴԽݣ̳͸Ƭɹɣɸȥ롢м

ζࣻ

龭Σξ

ΡȽⶾ̵ʣɢᡣʺʹտȴ߽ˣűĸLӸ״

÷ڷ5-10g衢ɢƷ֭ãĩ÷

ע⡿ʵȣƢ缰и

κԣһɣϸﱡÿǮذˮһյ룬˷֣ȥң(ʥ¼) ɣȡߣж١ȡ֭£󸭼⡣ͬȡ֭ߣѸ(ҽۡ)˺Ȳбͨһ()֬һ϶ζϼ壬ҩȥҡȡ뼦ӣ֮ɺУ֮ȡ(ǧ𷽡)ʺʹɻɽΪĩ(䷽)οȶˮʮö(һ)ϸҡζӰö(ߣϴ)ö(һ)ϾζˮһУȥĭҩȡ(Ҫԡ)ףʸǮüˮ壬շΡ(ҩ)߽ˣߣɡ̡Ŀݲݸȷ֡Ϊ衣ÿǮ¡(ݻԡ)Ӹף(罩)ͬݸΪĩ۵(Է)ˮƸ󣬶ҡˮƤڣϸ֭缦ӣˮ(ȱ󷽡)

1.ʹϢɢа棬ʳȡ

2.¼ѪƢ䣬٣ɢ

3. պ뾰ƶס

4.ҩۡκˮ룬ͨٱգѪ

5.ջӱݡ̵֢ᣬͣ񱣬θʳ׶Ŀ

6.ҡȥθӸ

7.ϱݡʺʹʱպ磬꣬ףãɢӸһȶ֢

8.Ŀʵ󳦣űĸɣܽ𣬹ʹŷκʹΪҪҩˡǧ𷽡κࡣپ񺯡οȶˮűĸ׼裬չȡ併ҲѪɢ̵Խ⣬֢Գӡ

9.ҩԱҪϴףζɢѪá

10.ҩԡθ˰״

11ϾҩݡӣݾƷνʹ

12岹šɣ̵̫֮ʹݡα㶾ʪƣͶȡ磬ͬ壬ʳǰЧκʹһƬ֮Ч

13ݾ衷ɣйƽɢʹϢɢа档Ƚɢ΢ʳȡ¼缫ջӡڊ]()ԴҲϪ̵̫֮ʹݡʪƣͶΪ㶾Ϥȡйɢ֮ܽйɢʹȻ֮ԣʡ¼ƾ÷顣

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