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ҽҩȫ > ҩ > ҩ > S > ɽҩ

ɽҩ

2019-03-05 11:15 Ķ:

йҩ䡷ɽҩ

˵ɽҩɣɽҩصĹ£ɽҩڡũݾмԭΪ̫ڵֽԥͬˣ˵ʱҩǵδΪӢڵֽͬˣȻոΪɽҩɽҩΣΪʵ۵ͬˣɽҩ

ҩơɽҩ

ƴShn Yo

ӢRHIZOMA DIOSCOREAE

ɽɽҩɽɽҩ

ԴƷΪֲDioscorea opposita Thunb. ĸҶήڣȥͷϴȥƤѬ󣬸Ҳѡʴ˳ֱĸɽҩˮУ޸ģ͸ѬˣľԲ״ɹɣ⣬ϰ“ɽҩ”

עֲͬҰɽҩDioscorea japonica Thunb.ҰҹءɽҩҩЧͬ

״ƷԳԲΣԱ⣬1530cmֱ1.56cmưɫ򵭻ɫݹƼۣżdzɫƤأʼʵ۶ϣɫԡ޳ζ΢ᣬ֮𤡣ɽҩԲΣƽ룬918cmֱ1.53cm⻬ɫưɫ

𡿱ƷĩɫΡԲΡ״λԲΣֱ835μ״״ʮ״̷״ɼƣϡ٣23ɡ뾧ҺϸУԼ240μ뾧25μԵƿסơƼƵֱ1248μ

ơɽҩȥʣֿС͸кƬ

ﳴɽҩȡɽҩƬﳴ¼ Dɫ

ζʣƽ

龭ƢΡ

ΡƢθΣɬƢʳ٣кֹ鴭ȣž£ƵʡﳴɽҩƢθƢʳ٣йк磬״ࡣ

÷1530g

ءͨﴦ

ժ¼йҩ䡷

ɽҩͼƬ
ɽҩ

ҩǵ䡷ɽҩ

ҩơɽҩ

ƴShn Yo

˟vԤɽɽ󣨡ԥӣ޴ࡢݣձݡ˟ɽ豴ɽ˟¼ӲݣԷ󣨡Ҫҩ¼ɽҩƬ²Ρ󣨡㽭ҩֲᡷҰɽֲҩ־ɽҩ־棨Ĵҩ־ŻƽҰҩ־ҩѧҩӣҩֲ־

ҩס

ԴΪֲ1112²ڣȥͷϴ񵶹ȥƤɹɻɣΪëɽҩѡִëɽҩˮȣټ΢ȣޱǺãʪ͸ȻľϴԲ״ͷ룬ɹɴ⣬Ϊɽҩ

ԭ̬Ʋݱ龥óʺԳԲΣֱɴ1ףֱ27ףƤҺɫϸԣͨɫ⣬⻬ëҶ3ҶҶҸ䳣ѿӣҶƬ״仯״״Σ3.57ף24.5ףͨ״3ѣƬȶ˽⣬ƬԲ״״Σ⻬ëҶ79Ҷϸ1.53.5סԣꣻСɫ״ۻֱ2ҶҸ״СޱƬ״Σ6ԲΣȶ˶ۣ6˿̣ܶƻ´ÿĻ2öСȵİƬƬΣȶ˳⣻6ӷλԲΣ3ңͷ3ѡ3ᣬ᳤ڿӱԲΣᡣ78¡910¡

ֲ٣ɽҩ٣ҶҸѿӣ๩ҩãר

ɽҩ
ʲڵɽҩͼƬ

ֲɽҰָؽࡣ

״ëɽҩԲΣԱ⣬Լ1530ףֱ1.56ϻףưɫػɫ弰δ֮˨ƤۡʽӲɫ״ʡ΢ζ΢ᣬ֮ճ

ڹɽҩƽԲΣ1020ףֱ24ס浭ưɫ⻬ʼӲ۶ϣɫʡ΢΢ζᣬ֮ճʼʵ㣬ɫΪѡ

ϡ⣬ϡɽϡӱա㽭ݡĴȵһԺϲ졢صȵأŻѣϰ"ɽҩ"

Ʒɽҩ⣬ձϸʡҰ龥ϰҰɽҩɽҩԭֲμ"糵"ҶֲϡĴأȶֲĿ龥Ҳɽҩʹá

ơɽҩȥʣˮɽҩIJΪȣ̳ƬɹɻɡɽҩȽƤȹڣٹ𣬼ɽҩƬ賴ɫΪȣȡɸȥƤÿɽҩƬ100ƬƤ10

塷"ɽҩҩ䷨Բ֣ӹȥƤ·羶ʢɸУüɫһϦ֣ٹȫ֮Ω١"

ζʣƽ

١"ζʣ¡"

ڡ¼"ƽ޶"

ۡҩ"ζʣ"

ܡҩƷ塷"Ϊ¡"

龭ΡƢ

١Һݡ"̫"

ڡ˺Ҫ"̫֡"

ۡ䱾ݡ"̫֡Ѫ֣֡"

ΡƢΣ澫ƢйкͿԣʣž£СƵ

ƢθΣɬƢʳ١кֹ鴭ȡž¡ƵʡﳴɽҩƢθƢʳ٣йк磬״ࡣ

١"У飬а⣬÷Ŀ"

ڡ¼"ͷη磬ͷһ’ͷ’ѣֹʹݣ࣬ȣǿԿ"

ۡҩۡ"ˣȥ磬ֹʹ񣬲㣬Ӷ֮"

ܡʳƱݡ"ͷۣ"

ݡջӱݡ"࣬ǿǣ־й"

ࣺ"Ӳɢ"

ߡ˺Ҫ"㣬ȡ"

ࡶĿ"Ƣθֹй̵ѣƤë"

÷ڷ36Ǯ衢ɢã

ע⡿ʵа߼ɷ

١ݾע"֥Ϊ֮ʹ档"

ڡҺݡ"ŶΪ֮ʹ"

Ƣθ˼ʳɽһ˲֡ζΪϸĩΪ裬С·ÿʮ裬ʳǰ¡ʥ¼ɽ裩

ʪйɽҩȷ֣裬鷽

ɽҩһ보ɫãΪϸĩ¡һѡ

ĸ䣬ɬδʳŻʳ£˼ʳƢθɽҩһζСһ보ȣһãΪĩ¡ռ÷

ݲ½䣬СƵɳϸУԾһף㣬һյȣ֮ÿһʥݷ

ѣˣ澫裬׳Ƣθۣͬƣͬɽǡζӡ˲ҩĿɽҩƣ

С࣬ߣȥƤɽҩȥƤ׷ˮտ𱺸֮϶ζȷ֣Ϊϸĩϡס

̵ɽҩð룬֭룬ȣ֮㵥

׶ɽҩӣŴΪһˮΪ࣬״ռ÷

ˣӲʹɽҩһͦȥƤӶ֮ͬȼ׷

鼰ʹվãӲɽҩܺ˕˪ͿͿϺ̣֮ýֹԭ

ζɽҩĥΪ࣬Ϳϡס

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷

ҩɽҩ
ƬҩɽҩͼƬ


лݡɽҩ

ҩơɽҩ

ƴShn Yo

ӢCommon Yam RhizomeWinged Yan Rhizome Rhizome of Common Yam

vԤɽԥӡ޴ࡢɽҩɽҩ󡢰桢ŻƽҰɽ

ҩס

ԴҩĻԴΪֲɽҩĿ龥

ֲﶯDioscorea opposita Thunb.[D.batatas Decne.]

պʹأ«ͷֵգѿֳ2գ˪Ҷʻɫʱڡϴ񵶻ƬȥƤɹɻɣΪëɽҩѡִ˳ֱëɽҩˮȣټ΢ȣޱǺãʪ͸ȻľϴԲ״ͷмɹɴ⣬Ϊɽҩ

ԭ̬Ʋٱ龥ԲΣֱɴ1mʱɫճԣɺɫʡͨϺɫëҶھ²ĻвϵĶ3ҶҶƬ״״Σ3-9cm2-7cmȶ˽⣬ΡλΣԵ3dz3ѣƬ״ԲΣƬ״ԲΡԲΣƬмƬժԿɲͬĻߣҶεı켴ʹͬһֲҲг֡ʱһҶƬΪλԲΣΡҶҸڳѿӣꡣۻΪ״򣬳2-8cmֱ2-8ҶҸżԲ׶״УԵس“֮”ۣƬͻƬϺɫߵ㣻ۻֻƬΣΣ6ƻΪ״1-3ҶҸۣ״Բλ״ԲΣ1.2-2.0cm1.5-3.0cmа׷ۡÿвĤʳᡣ6-9£7-11¡

ֲ̬ɽ¡ɽ¡Ϫߡ·ԵĹԻӲУΪࡣ

Դֲֲڻͻе

ࡿѧ ҰɽĵطϲůͺڱиǿԽɽҩһֲӦѡˮáɷֵɰãΪԣ֧͸ӰIJܳˣҹϲ࣬ڽӦʩʯңкȡ ༼ Ҫ«ͷѿɽҩֳ«ͷֳÿ10·ݽ¸ڳɽҩϲ«ͷ15-25cm£չɹʹˮɹ2-3d˿ϣڻڿءӵȼԲʹ«ͷܶΪȣϿΪ40cm6cmʱ10cmʪ4£꣩ȡڰо30-45cm18-20cm֣«ͷ˳ƽڹڣѿֳ4Ѯѿɽҩӿȡɹɽ֣о30cm10-15cm6cmѿ빵ڣ6cmԼ1ҵʱ䣬ɳѿ Ӧ֧ܣʹ֧ܲϲޣ͡ոѼ֦ɡ5-8ڼ䣬Ӧִ׷ʣԷˮǷΪɽϽˮʩûڸԡˮ꣬ʪʹγɲˣ꼾ӦעˮˮҪˮҲⲡʹҶӰIJ 溦 Ҫаⲡְ߲ⲡڴְ߲ļΣٴ֧ܣʹͨãʪˮĵطֲòҺ11140ҺΡ溦Ҫ󩡢ϻҧʳΣʱöɱ

״״ 1ëɽҩ ԳԲΣԱ15-30cmֱ1.5-6cmưɫdzػɫ弰˨Ƥδĺۼɼۣͷ롣ʼʵ۶ϣɫ״ԣɢdzػɫ״޳ζʣ΢ᣬ֮ճ 2ɽҩ ԲΣƽ7-16cmֱ1.5-3cmϸȣֱͦ⻬ף㡣֡ʼʵ㡢ɫΪѡ ΢ 龥棺֯ճҺϸԲΣֱ34-85μm85-115μmں뾧Լ52μmάɢڣͣһбάʣľʲֱԼ50μmֲ֬ڱϸ䣬ڳƺɫ֬Ʒϸڶ ĩɫ򵭻ɫٵ൥ԲΡԲλΣֱ6-17μm17-31μm״״λڽٶˣԡڲ뾧ճҺϸУ뾧80-240μm۵ΪԵƿ׼ƵܣҲƼƵܣֱ12-48μmɸܷӸɸϵɸΪԣų״άϸֱԼ14μmľƷ Ʒֹɽҩëɽҩ

ѧɷ֡ɽҩ龥߰Ԫdiosgenin0012%Ͱdopamineɽҩbatatasine hydrochlorideøpolyphenoloxidaseأallantoinֹأabscisinֺǵףglucoproteinˮãᣨlysine鰱ᣨhistidineᣨarginine춬ᣨaspartic acidհᣨthreonine˿ᣨserineȰᣨglutamic acidᣨprolineʰᣨglycineᣨalanineӰᣨvalineᣨleucineᣨisoleucineᰱᣨtyrosineᣨphenylalanine͵ᣨmethionineװᣨcystineγ-ᣨγ-aminobutyric acidڵɰᣬ߽ѪõĶǣɸ¶ǣmannoseǣglucoseͰǣgalactoseĦ6.4511.26ɵɽҩǣֺ롢桢ܡͭء硢ﮡ̡ꡢסȡʡѡơпԼơءơþȡͰӰcatecholamineԼ޴cholesterol޴ergosterol޴campesterol޴stigmasterolβ-޴β-sitosterolճҺкֲᣨphytic acid¶ǣmannanIa,IbIc˵ճҺ40%2%3%ͻҷ24%Dz80%ĸ¶Ǻİǣľǣxyloseǣfructoseɡѿӣ5ֲַڼΪɽҩأbatatasin񡢢򡢢󡢢ֹأͰͶ޴鴼cholestanol24R-α-׻鴼[24R-α-methyl cholestanol]24S-β-׻鴼[24S-β-methyl cholestanol]24R-α-һ鴼[24R-α-ethyl cholestanol]޴޴24S-β-׻޴[24S-β-methyl cholestanol]24-Ǽ׻޴24-methylenecholesterolβ-޴޴޴isfucosterolXͩ޴clerosterol24-Ǽ׻-25-׻޴24-emthylene-25-methyl cholesterol7-ϩlathosterol814-ϩ[cholest-814-enol]24R-α-׻-814-ϩ[24R-α-methyl cholest-814-enol]24S-β-׻-814-ϩ[24S-β-methyl cholest-814-enol]24R-α-һ-814-ϩ[24R-α-ethyl cholest-814-enol] ֲͬձ龥߰أcholine17ְᣨɽҩ龥ɰȱγ-ᣩ޻ɽҩ龥޻ȱ磩ֺѪǻԵձǣdioscoranABCDEF

ҩá1.Ѫ1.1СѪǵӰС20.6±1.3gԣ顣ʵСiv9mg/kg72hۿȡѪѪǣѡѪ250mg/dlʵ飬ʱƽѪ10mg/dlҩֱigɽҩˮ30.0g/kgÿ1Σÿ2ΣΪ60g/kgҩ10աͬʱ顣ĩθҩǰʳ2hҩ3hۿȡѪڼױⶨȫѪǡҩȽϿŽССѪǡ

1.2СѪߵӰСΪ顢鼰ʮɽҩ顣ɽҩˮĸҩҩ;ͬǰ鼰ÿˮĩθҩ2Сʱʮɽҩip0.2mg/kgipˮע30ȡѪѪǣigɽҩˮ60g/kgx10տԶԿСѪߡ

1.3ԤҩСѪߵӰС飬ҩigɽҩˮ3060g/kg10գͬʱ顣ĩθҩ3Сʱҩ鼰Сiv90mg/kg72СʱȡѪѪǣȽϣҩѪԽͣɽҩԤҩܶԿѪСѪߡ

1.4СѪߵӰС7飬3ҩ飬ÿigɽҩˮ30g/kg4Ϊ飬ĩθҩǰʳ2СʱȻ1ȡѪѪΪʱѪǣ3ҩ鼰3ĩθҩ1Сʱip2g/kgע3060120Ӹ1ҩ鼰1ȡѪѪǣȽϣҩڲͬʱѪԵӦ飬ɽҩܶԿԴСѪߡ

2.ڻԷ̼Ӧ ѹȱ С22ֻ2飬ֱipɽҩˮҺ0.2ml/ֻҩ1g/mlעˮ0.2ml/ֻ30Ӻװװ20gʯҵĹĥƿУʿܷ⣬¼Сʱ䡣ȽϣɽҩӳСʱ䣬мŵijѹȱãԼСȱ𺦣ԡ

3.߹ܵӰ3.1ӰС20ֻʵ7ipɽҩˮҺ0.2ml/ֻҩ1g/mlעˮ0.2ml/ֻĩθҩ24Сʱ󣬴ءغƢأָƢָȽϣɽҩСƢá

3.2С̼ӰС12ֻʵ7ipɽҩˮҺ0.2ml/ֻҩig/mlעˮ0.2ml/ֻĩθҩ24Сʱÿβivл̼īˮ0.1ml/10gīˮˣϡ3ע0.510ӣֱۺȡѪ20ml21%NaHCO3о1Сʱ650nmⶨֵָɽҩǿС̼áֵ̼ʵΪָ꣬оɽҩƷﳴƷƷС߹ܵӰ죬ҩȽϾзdzԲ죬ƷǿﳴƷƷʾɽҩƷΪˡ

3.3ԻߵӰС20ֻʵ鸹ǻעɽҩҺ0.2ml/ֻ10գdllע价0.4ml/ֻ5mg/mldl3ȡѪưϸɽҩܼЧضԿá

4.СС˶ӰС20ֻ2飬ʳ24hʵɽҩˮҺ10mlҩ1g/ml0.5gۣ̿10mlˮ0.5gֱ̿ig20ӺüѾʷȡСƽ̼۴ԼСĩ˵ľ루cmһռСȫİٷɽҩд̼С˶ٽſá

5. ӪɷֺճҺʡøйأ̲ãֹк̵

1ȡƷַ5gˮУ˹ҺãȡҺ1ml5%Һ2ΣټϡͭҺ2Σɫ鵰ʣȡҺ1mlӷҺ1mlˮԡȣɫ黹ԭࣩȡҺֽϣμ1%ͪͪҺ2ΣȺɫԿհԼΪӦ鰱ᣩ 2ȡҩķĩƬŨ1mlʻɫ鵰ʣ

ơɽҩȥʣˮɽҩIJΪȣ̳ƬɹɻɡɽҩȽƤȹڣٹ𣬼ɽҩƬ賴ɫΪȣȡɸȥƤÿɽҩƬ100ƬƤ10塷ɽҩҩ䷨Բ֣ӹȥƤ·羶ʢɸУüɫһϦ֣ٹȫ֮Ω١

Լó˶Ӱ ӹ˵ȱɽҩ峴ﳴ4ɽҩƷԼ峦ܽԻáزԽʱ4ɽҩȴʹָܻɣ׿ԡ𳦹ܽʱ4ɽҩδܽ½ԻָԻ4ɽҩԳòΪ峴ƷԺá

ζʣƽ

龭ΣƢ

ΡƢΣ澫Ƣйкʳٸףȴʣž£ƵӸף

÷ڷ15-30g60-250g衢ɢã󡣲ãƢֹк˳á

ע⡿ʪʢʵа߽

1.꽣پζøɽҩܲҲƤԴ֮

2.ҽ䧼ɽҩ̫Ȼ书ǿ̫Ϊ֮ԭԭ̣档

3.ɽҩܽƢ飬̾ˡԻǿרΣʲƢαΡˮؾأɬƹͬУй˿á̱ҩ˵ĩΪ֮ζʹ

4.ҩƷ塷ɽҩ²裬΢ѭѭе֮ηԣȵζ㣬֮ƢƢ鸹кԣ֫롣ȡܲ⣬ΪƢҪҩ𣬽ʢˮԣζ֮ʹţԻ΢˱á

5.桷ɽҩʳν䲹ƢȡȻ¶ȴƽΪƢ֮Ƥë⣬ƻܲܲƢҲɬžζʼ̣ǿζػôػơȻͲʪֹйкӸӲDz֮⡣Ʋףͣͨǣ죬Ʒ˵λΣ֢ͼض֮Ժͻʶҩã벹Ƣ˳á

6.ݾɽҩܲǿĿϡƷѰʳ֮β֮ҩũ÷֣ɼÿȡƷ֮ҩP˲Ρءި˿ӡɳԷ޼֮࣬Ϊһδ󲡣㡣DzȥԪˣ˼Ʒ֮ҩ˾÷֮꣬ٿ󲡶ôҩΪƢһƷƢ֮ˣǿʳȣɱϲƢ֮£7.֤вҲ֮ιʣ˸ǵ¾СаߣƲж֮ж֮аҲһΪȣ༰֮ߡа֮գ飬Ȼ֣֮֮죻֮֮а󡣲ȻѪɺȣֺαɡ¼ݣ࣬ȣ롶ӡΩֹʹǿΪسͷη硢ͷ硢ѣҽҲôζ޴ӲȻ֮پηټаĬּӡ

8.ƱݡոɵϸɸΪۣʳ֣֮һ߰׶Ҽѣһڣζ಻ͼԤ񴦴֮ԱΪѡһɽУϸָʵĥ֮鲻ɢζʳ֮ˣڼ԰ߡֽгһָ罪֮Ƥϣдߣһοؽ࣬ȥƤʳ֮ڱ߶ֲʵͼ٣ɽ֮̾ۡβҶϸͣɽҩҶֱη缲±룺һζѪЧѪͷз㣬衣˻ߣƬɢϣԲ֮ԼһʱУ飬а⣬÷Ŀ¼ͷη磬ͷһ'ͷ'ѣֹʹݣ࣬ȣǿҩۡˣȥ磬ֹʹ񣬲㣬Ӷ֮ʳƱݡͷۣջӱݡ࣬ǿǣ־йࣺӲɢ˺Ҫ㣬ȡĿƢθֹй̵ѣƤë

ժ¼лݡ


ȫвҩࡷɽҩ

ҩơɽҩ

ƴShn Yao

ɽɽҩɽɽҩ

ԴΪֲDioscorea oppo-sita Thunb.[D.batas Decne.],ҩ^ڣȥϲֺϴٹȥƤɹɣƬɡ

ԭ̬Ʋݱ״ֱ̣ʷʺ񣬳Բ״Σɴ1ףֱ2~7ףƤҺɫʴ࣬ɫճԡϸͨɫߣ⻬ëҶ3ƬҶҸѿ“”׳“ɽҩ”ҶƬ״仯״״Σ3.5~7ףͨѣƬԲ״Ƭȶ˽⣻Ҷ7~9Ҷ6~8¿꣬Сɫ״ۻֱƻ´ɫ6Ƭۻ6ƻ3ͷ2硣3⣬ʳ״ӱԲΣпᡣ

ֲҰɽȫֵзֲںϡɽӱʡ

ࡿϲůͺѡˮáɷֵɰࡣ«ͷֳÿ10½¸ڳϲ«ͷ5~8糤ӣɹ˿ϺҤءڶ4£~꣩ȡڰо1~1.5߿5磬˳ƽ֣5~6磬2~3硣ѿֳѿɽҩɹءڶ4ȡѡԲΡ˵ԣо1߿2磬3~4磬ѿ빵ڣ2磬һҳѿ1ңܣʹ5~8׷ʣԷϡǷΪ꼾עˮˮⲡҶ

ѧɷֺ֡߰ճҺʡأallan-toincholineᣨarginineø2.7%֬0.2%16%ʵȡ

ơɽҩ ɽҩƬŹڣɫȡ

ζʣƽ

ΡƢֹкƢкԳף鴭ȣף򲡣ž򣬰״3~6Ǯ

1.Ƣкɽҩθ4Ǯ߸3Ǯ2Ǯˮ

2.Скˮкɽҩ3ǮʯۡǰӸ1Ǯʲ0.5Ǯˮ

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עֲͬҰɽҩDioscorea japonica Thu-nb.ǰֵǾҶɫ˿״ҰҹءɽҩҩЧͬ

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