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2017-06-12 11:45 Ķ:

йҩ䡷

ҩơ

ƴTín Lì Z

ӢSEMEN LEPIDII/SEMEN DESCURAINIAE

ԴƷΪʮֲֻвLepidium apetalum Willd. Descurainia sophia L.Webb ex prantlĸǰϰ“”ϰ“”ļʵʱɸֲ꣬ɹɣӣȥʡ

״ӣʱΣ11.5mm0.51mmɫɫ΢й󣬾ݹ21ԡһ˶Բ˼΢ɫλڰˡ޳ζ΢Խǿ

ӣʳԲԱ⣬Լ1mm,Լ0.5mmһ˶Բ΢ƽءζ΢࣬Դԡ

𡿣1ȡƷˮݺ󾵹۲죬͸״ҺϺ񣬺ȿɳӿȵ1/2 ϡ͸״Һ㱡ԼΪӿȵ1/5 ¡

2 ĩɫƤƤϸΪҺϸԳʳΣڱάά2434μm,˶ԲƫбƽأΧɼҺƤڱƤϸΪɫ۳ʶΡ෽ΡΣֱ1542μm,ں58μm

ƤƤϸ෽Σά̣818μmƤڱƤϸ۳Ρ

ơȥʼм

ȡӣ峴¼ Dб

ζ࣬󺮡

龭Ρ׾

Ρкƽˮס̵շΣ̵࣬вƽԣظˮףС㲻ԭಡˮס

÷39g塣

ءøﴦ

ժ¼йҩ䡷


ͼƬ

ҩǵ䡷

ҩơ

ƴTín Lì Z

ʡңs¼

ԴΪʮֲֻвˡļʵʱȡȫݣɹɣӣɸʡ

ԭ̬ٶвˣپвˡޡޡ׻ݡ

һݱ1030סֱϲ֦ж΢Сͷ״ëҶ²ҶԲΣ35ף11.5ףԵdzѻѣϲҶΣСȫԵǰݣҶж΢Сëë״򣬶С4ԲΣͨС˻״244С״ԲΣӷԲΣ2ңͷͷ״̽ǹ״ԲΣƽ2.5ף΢ϸͷ״ë뿪ѣٸĤĤʰɫӵ״ԲΣɫ56¡67¡

Ұĵء·ԡֲӱɹšɽɽࡢຣϡĴȵء

ڱвˣ޶вˡ

һݱֱϲ֦֦ëëҶ²ҶΣ23.5ף410ףȶ˽⣬ɱԵ״dzѣϲҶ״ΣСԵ״dzѻȫԵëëгɶ״4״Σ4ɫΣȶ΢צ״24˿ƽӷԲΣ2ңͷͷ״̽ǹƽԲΣԼ2.2ףȶ΢гᡣСԲζ⣬ػɫ6¡7¡

ɽ¡·ԵӲݴСֲ֡ӱա㽭աϡȵء

۲Ȼıݡüëüü

һݱ3070ףȫҰɫ״ëϲ֦ϸҶ23״ѣյƬΣȶ˽⣻ھ²Ҷб򽥶̻ޱ״ʱر쳤С4ʮУΣȶ˽⣬ѣ4ɫΣϻԳȶ΢״64ǿڻ⣬˿ƽӷԲΣ2ңͷʱѹͷ״ǹΣ23ףԼ1סС״ƽɫ46¡57¡

Ұ䡣ֲ֡ɹšӱɽաϡա㽭ࡢĴϵȵء

״ٱ

¡Ϊֲв˻в˵ӡӶ⣬ɫԼ1.5ףԼ0.75סһ˶Բһ˽΢λڰ봦ԣ󾵹۲죬״ϸСͻ𣬲2еdzۡ΢ζճԡʵȡɫΪѡ

ںӱɹţ⣬֡ɽࡢຣȵ

ڻ

¡ΪֲﲥӡԲζ⣬ɫ΢й󣬳Լ1ףԼ0.5ףһ˶Բһ˽Σȳ밼룬λڰ봦ԣӱϸܵƼ2еdzۡ΢ζճԡȡʵɫΪѡ

աɽա⣬ࡢϡɽӱ㽭ȵ

⣬ТٿҶв˵ຣʹãμ"Ҷв"ٶв˵ڸʹá۹ǽɽӱɹŵȲֵʹãɽΪӣμ"ǽ"

ӵԭֲﲻֹһ֡Сͱص¾Ϊвֲ֮ҩıӡͼݸĿֲʵͼصģΪGˣӳΣԾǣ1ףƺɫĿǰڰաȵʹá

ѧɷ֡вӺ֬߰͡ʡࡣ

ӺӷͣΪϩϩ֬ͻ15207.5432.525.121.49.64Ӳ֬3.81ֺ޴ɫʡзֳǿ߰һ߰ס

ҩáв˼в˵ĸ֮ȡǿãλĿʹֹ֮ͣڣλáèģèķװãèĵͼоʹǿʼĴͣ˥ߵ;ѹӾҪϴļ߰ãӲ߰һΪ߰һֿΪ߰京ܵͣһ0.2һ0.03в˵ĺ͡вǽȾʮֻƣÿơԣÿۺҩ㣨뷨ﴼȡ2.125/±0.116в4.36/±0.14ǰýǿ߰0.12/è0.249±0.01/뷨è֮Ϊ12붾ë߰ơèθΪ21.87ҩ6Сʱ24СʱԸ42.3߰24СʱԸ30.7±5.624Сʱ뷨ΪЧ߰

ơӣʣɸȥмӣȡùڣĻ΢𣬲Ϊȡȡ

׹ۡ"ʹ£Ŵϣ΢΢죬ȥףá"

ζ࣬

١"ζ"

ڡ¼"࣬󺮣޶"

ۡҩۡ"ζᣬС"

龭Ρ׾

١׹ҩԽ⡷"ΡġƢľ"

ڡݾ衷"Ϊ̫ҩ̫"

ۡ桷"Σθ"

ܡ¡"Ρζ"

Ρˮηմ̵ԣˮ

١"֢۽ʳȣƼаͨˮ"

ڡ¼"°ˮƤаˮϳĿףзС"

ۡҩ١"С㣬ϴϢֹԡ"

ܡݡ"Ʒԣ٣̵"

ݡ˺Ҫ"ɡ"

ޡĿ"ͨ¾"

÷ڷ1.53Ǯ衢ɢ˦ˮϴĩ

ע⡿鴭ȡƢ߼ɷ

١ݾע"ƤΪ֮ʹþ񽩲ϡʯǡ"

ڡ¼"÷顣"

ۡݾ衷"Ƣθ֮ˡƢ鲻ˮˮ磻С㲻ͨڰԻߣ̼ɡ"

ܡݱ"ˮ֤ߣҲ"

ηտŧѪԲ˯ԣ¶루ֽϣΪĩÿǮˮһյ֣ʱ·ҽЧɢ

ԣһֽİڣ֪ĸһĸһͬɸɳһ룬ͬҩΪ裬絯裬ÿһ躬֮ʽ߲衣з裩

ԣԣˮףףףף΢ɸΪɢ֮գﶬաҹһնҹȡ΢Ϊȣ综ߣôϸʼ̨Ҫ

ο̵Ѵ°ģ֭ƬӣͶʮȥƤͬ϶ζһĻΪȣϼͶãֻ϶ζΪϸĩÿһǮ֭ͬ£ʳ󡣣ϼҲطɢ

ηӸԣ£ɫ絯Ӵ󣩣ʮöˮȡȥ£ȡһٷҪԡ´к

ˮһʶʮöɫʮСȥȱ󷽡

ˮףෳʣСɬһ루ĩĩͷѼѪͷϵƣӴߣոʮ裬裬ķֹСΪ顣̨Ҫ

֫ݣСɬǣ£ֽ˸ȷ֡Ϊĩ絯Ӵÿһ裬Ƥ£ֻ裬С壬裬ɡ򷽡´裩

ŮСͷף³У裬Сÿʮ裬£С࣬Ҳ䡣ƾ塷

θ˳ˮĿ£Ƹһζĩ֮Ӵʳһ裬нҺߣâҪ¸ѽ»裩

ͷʹΪĩԾ֭ͷĶȡ󷽡

߽ˣӶϣҩ죬Ǯ񣬰ϣ԰Сָ󣬾ıϣһȣ׳ʥݷ±ӷ

СͺµĩϴͿϡĸ¼

¾ͨһΪĩ絯ӴУ磬ÿһֹ֭֮ǧ𷽡

ʴݣ£ۻƵȷ֡Ϊĩ֬ͳɣ֦պ㡣Ҫԡ

١塷"ӣ֮ζȣһҲζ߲࣬ҩҲˮйΪãԻ÷飬ȡй֮壬ҩۡ˵ӣζᡣ"

꽣"´ͬԵʮƣйȥգ¡֮˶ζԴຮһйѪգһйա֮ຮζ񣬲ƣԹҩйַ֮գй㣬ΪҲ"

ۡҺݡ"£ࡢζͬپÿ࣬෽ߣв𡢿ߡֿйٻʵ֮ɲ󡣱ͬ𡢿֮ζò졣"

ܡĿ"¸ʿ֣ǣţڰ׶ɫͬ«ʿζ졣й֮Իйζθй֮ԼйζθԴ渨֮ȻˮďߣǴ˲ܳˮȥֹɹȲ÷ˣӡƣȥˮ֮ͣڣ˷ɲ֮нڡ"

ݡݾ衷"£Ϊ̫ҩپк̫֮ƤëˮؽҺɣƩ֮ϱϲͨϲͨˮʪΪΪ͡Ϊۣ֮ӡɢй󺮳ˮơ"

ޡݾ¼"»㣬רкˮԴкμкˮۺȴˮߣҩ֮""֮кнʼ֮кϽʼʡ˺ۡгôƣҲ"

ߡ塷"ӿཱུɢԺͿᣬֹˮסΣйΪ塣Ωй֮Ʒͨа֮֮࣬ܲ㣬ʵϣԵ֪˼ɡ¼÷飬Ȼμ̵٣Ϊ͵ִ֤֮ţԳɵѨ֮֮ͥţ"ʮ"֮йȥգżԴơ¶ﲢ٣ԫνζ񣬲ƣӶ֮ʯνຮƣϪԼߣɱ֮˵˲ǷηЫѰ̵֤֮༸в֮⣬֪ʵʣй֣ʱᣬ˷Σζ˶"

ٴӦáԷԭಡ˥

Աĩ36ˣÿշ3ʳһ֢ͿԿƸȾ10Чáҩڵ4տʼӣ׽ˣ˥ߵ23ʱżʧҩδκθá

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


лݡ

ҩơ

ƴTín Lì Z

ӢSeed of Pepperweed,Seed of Peppergrass, Seed of Flixweed Tansymustard, Pepperweed Seed Tansymustard Seed

ʡҡ

ԡũݾ

1.׹ۡʹóӣƣֻζ΢ʿ࣬붥ࡣ

2.ҽ¼£޻ƽҰĺʵɡ

3. պ뾰£ʤСĸϸƣ֮࣬

4.񱾲ݡ£ĩ߶ߣƣӻϸ죬֮ɡ

5.ͼ£񾩶

ԴҩĻԴΪʮֲֻ¡ҶºͲӡ

ֲﶯ1.Lepidium apetalum Willd.2.Lepidium virginicum L.3.Descurainia sophia(L.)Webb ex Prant[Sisymbrium sophia L.]

պʹأ4µ5Ѯգʵʻɫʱʱո䡣ɹɣȥҶʣװŸﴦճͷù

ԭ̬1. һݱ5-30cmֱԻ߶֦ɫ΢Сͷ״ëҶбҶ1-2cmҶƬλΣһ״dzѻѣ3-5cm1-1.5cmȶ˶̼⣬Եϡȱ״ݣҶλԲΣвҶƬ1.5-2cm2-5mmԿޱԵݣϲҶΣȶ˼⣬ԵݻȫԵëͷ״ë״ڿӳ5cmСɣƬ4ΣԵɫĤ״İɫë겻˻˿״Ƭ̣24ȳ4С1ӷԲζ⣬޻ͷԲζ⡣̽ǹԲλԲΣ2-3mmƽ΢޴漫̻֦궥߼ᣬٸĤlmmԲ״Σƽغɫƺɫ5-6£6-7¡

2ҶҶ һݱ20-50cmֱһ״ëϲ֦֦ëëҶҶ߱Ҷ1-1.5cmҶƬΣl-5cm״ѻͷ״ѣƬСȣλԲΣ˹Եоݣж̷ëҶж̱ҶƬλΣ1.5-5cm2-10mm𼱼⣬״Ƭ4ɫλԲΣԼ1mm4,ɫΣƬȳԳ24ȳ1.5-2mm1ӷԲζ⣬ 2ңԣͷͷ״̽ǹԲΣ3mml-2mmƽȶ΢Եխᣬ̡ÿ1ΣԼ1mm⻬ɫԵаɫխᡣ4-5£6-7¡

3 һݱ20-80cmȫʻҰɫֱϲּ֦ۣܱ״ëҶΪԲλ򳤹״Σ3-7cm1-4cm״ȫѻѣƬλ״ԲΣ2-5mmȶ˶ۣȫԵ汻֦ë²ҶҶҶ̻ޱ״߶Ƭ4״ԲΣȶ˶ۣԼ2mmԵĤʣз֦ϸëɫΣƬȳ6뻨ȳצ1ӷԲΣ̣ͷʱѹͷ״ǹԲͲ״2.5-3cmëֱߣԡÿ1УСԲΣԱ⣬ɫϸƣʪճʡΪ4-7¡

ֲ̬1.ں 400-2000mɽ¡ԡ·ԼׯΪӲݡ

2.·ԡĵؼҰ

3.ɽ¡Ұũ

Դֲ1.ֲڶϵȵء

2.ԭޣҹֲɽաա㽭̨塢ϡȵء

3.ֲڶϵȵء

ࡿѧ ϲůʪĻ֡ɡˮõµء

༼ ӷֳ9Ѯǰ֣40cm×20cmѨ11-12½ϳ硢磬ÿѨ׳4-5ꡣ2½иݣ׷ʩ˷1Ρ

溦 ˲ʱ5ʳˮ20min5ʯˮѨ

״״ 1 ӱΣ1-1.5-mm05-1mmɫɫ΢й󣬾߶ϸ΢״ͻ𣬲ɼ2еdzۣһԣһ˶Բ˽΢λڰ´ԡ޳ζ΢ճԽǿ

2 ԲԱ⣬0.8-1.2mmԼ0.5mmɫһ˶Բһ΢ƽأ밼룬λڰ´ӱϸܵƼ2еdzۡ΢ζ΢Դճԡ

΢ Ӻ棺lӱƤΪ1ճҺϸػճҺ㣬ȿɴ216μmڱάسγɾά24-34μmȶ˶ԲƫбƽأΧɼճҺդ״ϸ1УԳʷΣ26-34μmںڱǿľɫزϸǷ״·1бƽϸںҶռ󲿷֣ϸʲΣԺں

2 ճҺϸڵճҺϱԼ100μmڱά8-28μmͬӡ

ѧɷ֡1 Ӻڽ߰sinigrin

2 Ӻᣨsinapic acidë߰Ԫstrophanthidinưǽ߰helveticoside[ǽ߰erysiminǽ涾߰߯erysimotoxin]ì߰evomonosideì˫߰evobiosideǽ߰erysimo-sideӼsinapineӵĻӷͺ߰giucosinolateᣨerucic acidbenzyl isthiocyanateϩallyl isothiocyanateϩallyl disulfide֬ͣ֬Ϊᣨlinoleic acidᣨlinolenic acidᣨoleic cidᣨpalmitic acidӲ֬ᣨstearic acidᣬֺβ-޴β-sitosterolȫݺ˳ʽ߰cis-sinapic acid glu-cosideʽ߰trans-sinapic acid glucoside

ҩá1.ǿãв˼ĸ֮ȡǿãλĿʹֹ֮ͣڣλáèģèķװãèĵͼоʹǿʼĴͣ˥ߵ;ѹӾҪϴļ߰ãӲ߰һΪ߰һֿΪ߰(Evomonoside)京ܵ(һ0.2%һ0.03%)в˵ĺ͡вǽȾʮֻƣÿơԣÿۺҩ(뷨)ﴼȡ2.125gkg±0.116в4.36gkg±0.14ǰýǿ߰0.12mgkg(è)0.249±0.01mgkg(뷨)è֮Ϊ12붾ë߰ơèθΪ21.87%(ҩ6Сʱ)24СʱԸ42.3%߰24СʱԸʣ30.7±5.6%(24Сʱ뷨)ΪЧ߰ӺͶвӵĴࣨܡáèèĵͼǷķƱǿ߰ãǿļʣʹٶȣĶ١Ҳǿ߰ж֢״뾲עСΪ2.125g/kgвΪ4.36g/kg

2.ãá

1ȡƷˮݺ÷Ŵ󾵹۲죺͸״ճҺϺȿɳӿȵ1/2ϣͶȲ12͸״ճҺ㱡ԼΪӿȵ1/5£ͶȲ32ȡĩԼ1gӲԹڣ1Сþƾȣ䣬ˮ2mlʹܽ⣬˹ȡҺlml5ữͨƵĴǦֽйغɫȡ軯1Сð״ɰϣˮ1-2ʹܽ⣬Һ1-2ΣϺɫࣩ߰

ơӣʣɸȥмӣȡùڣĻ΢𣬲Ϊȡȡ׹ۡʹ£Ŵϣ΢΢죬ȥףá

ζࣻ

龭ΣģΣθ׾

Ρкν̵ƽˮףйа̵շ̵֮ࣻӸˮףظˮС㲻ԷԴಡ˥֮ף߽

÷ڷ3-9g衢ɢãˮϴĩˮã̵˳ã̵ á

ע⡿鴭ȡƢ߼ɷ

1.¼÷顣

2.ݾ衷Ƣθ֮ˡƢ鲻ˮˮ磻С㲻ͨڰԻߣ̼ɡ

3.ݱˮ֤ߣҲ

ηտŧѪԲ˯ԣ¶(ֽ)ΪĩÿǮˮһյ֣ʱ· (ҽЧɢ)ԣ һ(ֽİ)֪ĸһĸһͬɸɳһ룬ͬҩΪ裬絯裬ÿһ躬֮ɣ߲衣 (з)ԣԣˮףףףף ΢ɸΪɢ֮գﶬաҹһնҹȡ΢Ϊȣ综ߣôϸʼ (̨Ҫ)ο̵Ѵ °(֭Ƭ)Ͷʮ(ȥƤͬ϶ζһĻΪ)ϼͶãֻ϶ζΪϸĩÿһǮ֭ͬ£ʳ(ϼҲطɢ)ηӸԣ (ɫ絯Ӵ)ʮöˮȡȥ£ȡһٷ(Ҫԡ´к)ˮ һʶʮöɫʮСȥ(ȱ󷽡)ˮףෳʣСɬһ(ĩ)(ĩ)ͷѼѪͷϵƣӴߣոʮ裬裬ķֹСΪ顣 (̨Ҫ)֫ݣСɬǣ(ֽ)˸ȷ֡Ϊĩ絯Ӵÿһ裬Ƥ£ֻ裬С壬裬ɡ(򷽡´)ŮСͷף ³У裬Сÿʮ裬£С࣬Ҳ 䡣 (ƾ塷)Ĥ ˳ˮ Ŀ()Ƹһζĩ֮Ӵʳһ裬нҺߣâ (Ҫԡ»)(11)ͷʹ ΪδԾ֭ͷĶȡ(󷽡)(12)߽ˣ Ӷϣ()ҩ죬Ǯ񣬰ϣ԰Сָ󣬾ıϣһȣ׳(ʥݷ±ӷ)(13)Сͺµĩ ϴͿϡ(ĸ¼)(14)¾ͨ һΪĩ絯ӴУ磬ÿһֹ֭֮(ǧ𷽡)(15)ʴݣ¡ۻƵȷ֡Ϊĩ֬ͳɣ֦պ㡣 (Ҫԡ)

1.塷ӣ֮ζȣһҲζ߲࣬ҩҲˮйΪãԻ÷飬ȡй֮壬ҩۡ˵ӣζᡣ

2.꽣´ͬԵʮƣйȥգ¡֮˶ζԴຮһйѪգһйա֮ຮζ񣬲ƣԹҩйַ֮գй㣬ΪҲ

3.Һݡ£ࡢζͬپÿ࣬෽ߣв𡢿ߡֿйٻʵ֮ɲ󣬱ͬ𡢿֮ζò졣

4.Ŀ¸ʿ֣ǣţڰ׶ɫͬ«ʿζ졣й֮Իйζθ»֮ԼȻζθԴ渨֮ȻˮߣǴ˲ܳˮȥֹɹȲ÷ˡӡƣȥˮ֮ͣڣ˷ɲ֮нڡ

5.ݾ衷£Ϊ̫ҩپк̫֮νƤëˮؽҺɣƩ֮ϱϲͨϲͨˮʪΪΪ͡Ϊۣ֮ӡɢй󺮳ˮơ

6.ݾ¼»㣬רкˮԴкμкˮۺȴˮߣҩ֮֮кнʼ֮кϽʼʡ˺ۡгôƣҲ

7.塷ӿཱུɢԺͿᣬֹˮסΣйΪ塣Ωй֮Ʒͨа֮֮࣬ܲ㣬ʵϣԵ֪˼ɡ¼÷飬Ȼμ̵٣Ϊ͵ִ֤֮ţԳɵѨ֮֮ͥţʮ֮йȥգżԴơ¶ﲢ٣ԫνζ񣬲ȮƣӶ֮ʯνຮƣϪԼ鿴ɱ֮˵˲ǷηЫѰ̵֤֮༸в֮⣬֪ʵʣй֣ʱ᣻Σζ˶

8.֢۽ʳȣƼаͨˮ

9.¼°ˮƤаˮϳĿףзС

10.ҩۡС㣬ϴϢֹԡ

11.ݡƷԣ٣̵

12.˺Ҫɡ

13.Ŀͨ¾

ٴӦáԷԭಡ˥ߡԱĩ3-6gÿշ3ʳһ֢ͿԿƸȾ10Чáҩڵ4տʼӣ׽ˣ˥ߵ2-3ʱżʧҩδκθá

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