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ҽҩȫ > ҩ > ҩ > W > ҩ

ҩ

2017-06-02 08:18 Ķ:

йҩ䡷ҩ

ҩơҩ

ƴW Yào

ӢRADIX LINDERAE

̨ڡ̨ڡͭǮ񡢰Ƥ

ԴƷΪֲҩLindera aggregata SimsKosterm. ĸȫɲڣȥϸϴƬɹɣֱɹɡ

״ƷʷĴ״ев״615cmֱ13cmɫƺɫƼϡϸۡʼӲƬ0.22mmưɫ򵭻ɫ߷״ɼֻƣɫ㣬ζ΢ࡢС

ϡʷĴ״ֱɹҩá

𡿣1Ʒĩưɫ࣬ΡԲλԲ,ֱ439μm״״ѷ״ 24 ɡľάɫֱ2030μmںԼ5 μmеƿףǻƤάɫΣ൥ɢڣֱ1517μmڼ񣬿׹ԡԵƿ׵ֱԼ68μmԵƿнܡľϸƿ׽ܡϸԲΣɫ

2ȡƷĩ3gʯѣ3060棩30mlҡùҹ˹ҺӸɣ 1mlʹܽ⣬ΪƷҺȡҩҩ3gͬƳɶҩҺձɫ׷¼ D飬ȡҺ1μlֱͬһ轺 Hϣʯѣ3060棩-41Ϊչչȡ,1ȩҺƷɫУҩɫӦλϣͬɫİߵ㡣

ⶨոЧҺɫ׷¼ Dⶨ

ɫϵͳ ʮϹ轺Ϊ-ˮ56:44ΪࣻⲨΪ235nm۰ҩӦ2000

ƷҺƱ ܳȡҩƷ10mg100mlƿУü״ܽⲢϡ̶ȣҡȣȡ10ml25mlƿУӼ״̶ȣҡȣãÿ1mlкҩ40μg

ƷҺƱ ȡƷַԼ1gͬʱȡƷַ۲ⶨˮ֣¼ Hڶ,ܳƶȡУ50ml,ȡ4СʱȡҺӸɣü״ִܽ⣬ת50mlƿУӼ״̶ȣҡȣ˹ȡҺá

ⶨ ֱȡƷҺ빩ƷҺ10μlעҺɫǣⶨ,á

ƷƷ㣬ҩC15H16O40.030

ơȥʣδƬߣȥϸСֿ͸бƬ

ζ¡

龭ΡƢ׾

Ρ˳ֹʹɢظʹ洭䣬Ƶʹ

÷39g

ע⡿ϡʷĴ״ֱɹҩá

ءﴦܡ

ժ¼йҩ䡷

ҩͼƬ

ҩǵ䡷ҩ

ҩơҩ

ƴW Yào

ʰš

ԴΪֲҩڣԳIJ߷Դáȡ󣬳ȥϴɹɣƷΪ"ҩ"ȥ˨ƤƬߣΪ"ҩƬ"

ԭ̬ҩ䣨ʰšĿҶҶ񡢴ɢ㡢ǮǮͷӲ

̹ľСľߴ45סľʣ׳Գ״ƤɫС֦ʱܱɫëʱƽë֦ͣ׶ϡҶʣԲ㵹Σ38ף1.55ףȶ˽β״⣬ԲλШΣȫԵɫй󣬳⣬⻬ëҰɫɫë⻬Ҷ3ԣҶ̣жëɡλҸܹС1.53ףëСԣ꣬ɫ6ƬСȣԲΣۻ9öų3֣һֵĻ壬ҩ2ңƻ˻öӷλΣ1ң1ö˹Σɫɫ34¡1011¡

ֲҶҩҶʵҩӣ๩ҩãר

ֲڻɽľл߲ݴ㡢ֲִաա㽭̨塢㶫ϡȵء

״ҩ

ʷĴΣͷԼ⣬в󣬻״1015ףֱ12סɫƺɫкۣ弰ƣʼӲ۶ϣԲΣdzɫ΢죬ԷԣɫƤɫľʲз״ơ΢㣬ζ΢.״ۡԴ󡢺dzɫΪѡ

ҩƬ

ֱƬƬΪԲƬ״ƬʱбгԲΣֱ12ףԼ1.5ףƬ1¡ƽеԡưɫɫ΢죬з״ơƽɫ޺ڰߡΪѡ

㽭ϡա㶫⣬Ĵϡȵϰ㽭̨Ʒѣʳ"̨ҩ""̨ҩ"

ѧɷֱ֡ɷϩǻҩҩѡҩѡҩͪ

ơȥʣֿСˮ͸ݼע⻻ˮֹʱ̳ƬʱƬߣɸȥм

ζ¡

١ݡ"ζ£޶"

ڡҩƷ塷"ζ΢࣬¡"

龭ƢΡ׾

١Һݡ""

ڡ׹ҩԽ⡷"ΡƢ"

ۡݾ⡷"ξ̫ξ"

ܡݴ¡"ƢΣͨ"

Ρ˳ɢֹʹظʹʳθʳޣСƵ

١ʰš"жĸʹʳΣ屳ѪС档"

ڡջӱݡ"һһ䣬Ҽθʳ.кӸܽ񮣬ȡ"

ùţ"Ԫ"

ܡĿ"ͷʹʹϢֹСǡ"

ݡͨ"ᣬѪͣк̵ʳ"

ޡҩ⡷"йֹʹ͡"

÷ڷ1.53Ǯĥ֭衢ɢ

ע⡿顢߼ɷ

١ҽѧš"ɢͨ㸽ɶ"

ڡݾ衷"߼֮""ڣС̳࣬ȣڿʣڸɡ࣬ߣһ֮Բ˷"

ۡԴ"ɼ"

ءﴦ

η֫ǽʹ飬ͷĿΣ̱ɬΣļѣϥѪ磬ϹܣвʹĸͣкأƣȥڣƤȥȿҩȥľ׽ϣȥ˿죬ܺ׿ǣﳴʲݣơ۹һɽڣΪϸĩÿǮˮһյƬһö߷֣·ַҩ˳ɢ

ѪϢʹ亹Ϣ̨ҩСߣƽһҹ㣨ƤȥףȷΪĩ¾ơͯ¡ұ

ĸʹҩˮĥŨ֭һյƤһƬһҶ򷽡

Ʀ˼£̨ҩ㸽㡢ɰʡٺ졢ģΪĩÿǮˮ顷ҩ˳ɢ

λʹѪߣ㸽Ρơ㡢ķ֮ҩϸĩġ֡ի顷㸽ɢ

˸УϢƲʳ˲Ρơ㡢̨ҩҩŨĥˮ߷յУ·ĥ

ͷʹʢͷʹͷʹܺ˕̨ҩȷ֣ΪĩÿǮС¡Ŀ

βʳʹƤ޽㡢׿ǸǮ룬һǮкҩ㸽Ǯľ߷һǮ顷

̥ǰѪͣʹҩ㸽顢ܺƳǮˮҪ

βʹ̨ҩŵ飬ΪĩܾƵ¡ϼҽҩɢ

СҩһǮˮӣһӣ¶һޣȷʼЧ

θʪҩһݪһ֣ζɫͬΪĩ¾¶ǮǸɽÿһؽˮһϣ¡÷ҩɢ

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麮С㻬ǵȼ̨ҩϸﱣӣߣȥƤϵȷ֣ΪĩɽҩΪĩ裬ͩӴظɡÿʮ裬ʮξ¡κϼҲط浤Ȫ裩

С򴤣ҩĥˮ֮üɷ

С̨ҩڽȳȷ֣죥5̨ҩĩһ֣ϸĩȡÿո¿ˮͷһǮһ¡㽭ҽ־ڽɢ12325601958

кѪѪҩԶ٣̿մԣΪĩ׷裬ͩӴÿʮ裬¡ʥ¼ڽ裩

εˣˣҩһǮˮҩ

׷ʪԡҩһʮ˲ʲΪĩÿǮķ¡˷""

һʹҩƽһҹ󳴣㣨ƤȥףȷΪĩ¾Ƽͯ¡

21ֳ㸽ҩȷΪĩÿһǮʳ£űɽ£г棬£ͷף£Ů£ѪġƢʹͯ£ŮѪʹʹ¡

22СҩһǮˮ룬һ룬¶һޣȣķ

23ʹҩмһޣ·йá

24ѪҩմԣΪĩӳ׷ӣӴÿʮ裬¡

25ʺʹҩ׶룬һ룬ߺʣ³̵Ѻ

עһҩֲΪ׽ľ̬뱾ƣҪҶɫɫëй󡣲μ"ǧ"

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


лݡҩǵ䡷ҩ

ҩơҩ

ƴW Yào

ӢCombined Spicebush Root, Root of Combined Spicebush

䡢̨ҩͭǮľ㡢㽪㡢Ҷ

1.ݸĿʰšҩݡݼϡƲ裬ࡣһҶѾҶס״ɽҩɫں֣ƣ²ɸֱ߲á

2.ͼҩľƲ蘖塢߳ߡҶ΢Բ⣬Ѿ౳סġ¿ϸưɫ½ʵɽҩмִߣƵȻж֣ߺںɫӲ̨߰׶²ɡ״߼ѣ

ԴҩĻԴΪֲҩĸ

ֲﶯLindera aggregata(Sims.)Kosterm.[L.strychnifolia(Sieb.et Zucc.)F.-Vill.]

պʹأڸȥϸϴɹɣ“ҩ”ʹȥɫƤƬ“ҩƬ”

ԭ̬ҩ̹ľСľߴ4-5mľʣ׳Գ״ƤɫС֦ʱܱɫëʱƽë֦ͣ׶ϡлʣԲ㵹Σ3-8cm1.5-5cmȶ˽β״⣬ԲλШΣȫԵɫй󣬳⣬⻬ëҰɫɫë⻬Ҷ3ԣҶ̣жëɡλҸܹС1.5-3mmëСԣ꣬ɫ6ƬСȣԲΣۻ9öų3֣һֵĻ壬ҩ2ңƻ˻öӷλΣ1ң1ö˹Σɫɫ3-4¡10-11¡

ֲ̬ɽ¹ľлԵԼɽ´Ұȵء

Դֲֲա㽭̨塢ϡĴȵء

ࡿ1.ѧ ϲȴӦǿ㣬ɷֵΪˡ

2.༼ ӷֳʵ9-10³죬ժɳء֣30cmԡ

״1.״ ҩĴλԲΣев״ϰ“ҩ”5-15cmֱ1-3cmɫɫϸƼϡϸۡʼӲ۶ϣưɫ㣬ζ΢ࡢС

ҩƬΪԲαƬ1-5mmưɫػɫ΢죬з״֡ʴࡣ

Ը󡢷׳ۡ۶ŨΪѣϡʷĴεֱҩá

2.΢ ֱ1.4cm棺ľ˨Ϊ5-6ľ˨ϸѡƤխɢн϶Բϸںɫӷ͵ΡƤеάϸɢڡγɲɻľʲռľ󲿷֣ԣܳʾϡУľάľ߿1ϸϸټƷϸеĺɫں

3.ĩ ưɫٵΡԲλԲΣֱ4-39μm״״ѷ״2-4ɡľάɫֱ20-30μmںԼ5μmеƿסƤάɫΣֱ15-17μmڼ񣬿׹ԡܾԵƿ׵ֱԼ68μmԵƿнܡϸԲΣɫϸƿ׽ܡ

ѧɷ֡(LinderolBorneol)Ƴɷ֣(Linderane)(Linderalactone)(Isolinderalactone)µ(Neolinderalactone)(Lindestrenolide)ȥϩ(Linderene)ϩ(Lèndeneneϩͪ(Lindenenone)ϩ(Lindestrene)ϩ(Linderene acetate)(Isolinderoxide)ҩ(Linderaic acidC15H18O3)ʠ(Linderazulene)Ͱ(Chamazulene)ȡкľӼ(Laurolitsine)

ҩá1.ӷ͵˷ãڷʱ˷ܴƤʵãдٽ˷ļѪѭѪѹáֲʹֲѪţѪѭ٣ͼ⾷ʹ

2.־ãԽɫѪ˺˾θ˾ŧ˾󳦸˾á

3.Ӱ죺бҩθƽ˫ã⣬ҩҺķڡ

4.ֹѪãʵ֤ҩɷ̼Ѫٸƻʱ䣬ٽѪõֹѪá

5.ãҩι󣬿ʹӣС-180áԿɷ˷ܡ򾷡ȡ

ȡƷĩûӷͲⶨûӷ͡ȡһϡͣãԡβ-ϩΪƷֱͬһ轺DZϣԼ-8515չ15cmԣ%ȩŨҺƷɫƷɫ׵Ӧλͬɫߡ

ơ1.ȥʣֿСˮ͸ݼע⻻ˮֹʱ̳ƬʱƬߣɸȥм

2.ƣȡҩƬĻɫȡ

3.ƣȡҩƬﳴ΢ƣɸȥTá

4.ƣȡҩƬװȣƣùĻ΢Ϊȣȡÿҩ500gô60g

5.ƣȡҩƬӻƾưȣƾʱùĻ΢ɣȡŸɣÿҩ500gûƾ60g

6.ƣȡȣ뾭ˮСʱҩƬ3-4ʵɫɸȥTɡÿҩ16kg0.4kgˮ2kg2kg

ζ

龭ƢθΡ

Ρֹʹɢвƣ丹ʹͷʹʹʹʹƵ

÷ڷ5-10g衢ɢãĩ

ע⡿鼰֤߽и

1.̨ҩɢ(ҽѧ)Σɢֹʹκ͵Сٸغʹƫ׹ʹʹ2.ůμ(ȫ顷)ڸСʹȡ3.ĥ()棬ɢᣬˣƣƦ˼ʳ4.ҩ˳ɢ(ˮ顷)أ˼µƦ֤֮5.()ͣβʳʹ6.Ȫ()ֹţԪ䣬СƵС7.ĥ(ҽ⡷)˳͡8.ĥ(֤׼)˳ͣƢͨ㵼ͣ־ʧͣƢ֮ᵼ´ؽᣬ㲻ãƵвƦʹʳС9.(ҽָĴ)ᣬƢθѪᣬѪ¸飬Ӳʹƣݣɼʱкȣ²С

1.̧šжĸʹʳΣ屳ѪС档

2.ջӱݡһһ䣬ҼθʳкӸܽ񲣬ȡ

3.ùţԪ

4.Ŀͷʹ,ʹϢֹСǡ

5.ͨᣬѪͣ,к̵ʳ

6.ҩ⡷йֹʹ͡

7.塷ҩ٣й࣬ͣͬĥظȵ

8.ĿҩܣɢʡͼַᣬĥߣмlдҲϼ鷽麮СƵȪ裬ȡͨҲ

9.ݾ衷ҩɢ߼֮˶㸽ͬãŮһ֪ʵкȣ֮ˣ顢֮ݺҮ

10.ҩƷ塷ҩ£ʿͨɢͣ㸽ڿж˳֮ɢͺʹԳаμȴжʹȻɼ辭з֫죬ѪͣͨԽ֮Ҳ

11.ҩ֮ãʳ߱ڿ'й'һΪרɢѣ纣ν'Ԫ'ԺһҲֹɢʳܻѪֹܽڣ֢ͷ֮ɳг֮ɾ˲Ѫ漰Ѫʹ֮ƣСۻ׳漰֮ɰջӡν书ܾߣͽɢΪDzڲ֮಻ͬں֮ζʵ֮Ԫ֮ߡʹֹɢΪܣãνϪÿڲҩҶƼζڴ֮жк֮ܺ򲻵ںļӡ㸽ѪҩкѪѪν֮ģν֮֮֮Ҳ

12.±ࡷҩ̥˳ߣвḁ̃顣Ϊ˳֮˭֪ҩ˳̥֮ʵ˳̥̥֮ߣ㲻˳ΩѪ֮

13.桷ҩľ㡢㸽ͬΪһ࣬ľ£Ƣˬͣʳˣ㸽࣬Ρɢᣬÿаأ޴ΪظаҪҩ

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