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2017-06-02 08:30 Ķ:

йҩ䡷屶

ҩơ屶

ƴW Bèi Z

ӢGALLA CHINENSIS

ӡҩ塢ٳ

ԴƷΪֲηľRhus chinensis Mill.Rhus potaninii Maxim. Rhus pun-jabensis Stew.var.sinica DielsRehd. et Wils.ҶϵijҪMelaphis chinensis BellBakerγɡ^ժ÷ˮʻɫɱ棬ȡβͬΪ“DZ”“DZ”

״DZ:ʳԲλĴ״2.59cmֱ1.54cmҺɫɫ΢ëӲ࣬飬й󣬱ں0.20.3cmڱƽкںɫ漰ɫ״й죬ζɬ

DZ:Σ߲Ľ״֦ëԣڽϱ

ȡƷĩ0.5gӼ״5ml15ӣ˹ҺΪƷҺȡ屶Ӷҩ0.5gͬƳɶҩҺȡûʳƷӼ״Ƴÿ1ml1mgҺΪƷҺձɫ׷¼ B飬ȡҺ2μlֱͬһ轺ǣ254ϣȷ--ᣨ5:5:1Ϊչչȡɣƣ254nm¼ӡƷɫУҩĺͶƷɫӦλϣֱͬɫİߵ㡣

ⶨȡƷĩɸԼ2g[ͬʱȡƷĩⶨˮ֣¼ H һ]ܳƶʺⶨ¼ Bⶨá

ƷƷ㣬ʲ50.0

ơÿȥʡ

ζᡢɬ

龭Ρ󳦡

ΡνɬֹкֹѪʪڷÿȣ̵ԣкʣѪѪ˳ѪӸ״Ƥʪá

÷36g

ءͨﴦѹ

ժ¼йҩ䡷

屶ͼƬ
屶ͼƬ

ҩǵ䡷屶

ҩơ屶

ƴW Bèi Z

ĸ򡢰ٳ֣ݡľӣִʵҩ

ʰš

ԴΪDZηľγɵֱֲμ""""""

DZij񨣬Ϊ"DZ"910¼գijΪ"DZ"56¼աղɹʱ񨿪ѣӰɵúˮм35ӣڲгɱɹɻɡ

ԭ̬ٽDZ

ɳгͼ޳֡гɳΪƳ棬ȫҺɫԼ2ףͷ5ڣ3оѿֽԣȱԵë2ԣ͸ǰ᳤Լ3ףƳ״3ԡԳԲ׶Ρ޳ɳ棬ɫ̣ɫ֣˻

ֵļֲΪηľ紺ηȷѿʱĴǨԽ𻯺г̥Ƴ棩ҶѿϲԵĴ޳棬޳ᵥ۳棬Ϊĸĸ֯γɶǵij񨡣ĸڳڼ䣬ʢӪֳڳв׳棬910¼䣬γгijɳ棬Ϊ^ǨʱȻѣ^Ǩӳзɳһյֲ̦ͬϣֳС档̶ڼľϣʣΧ壬γɰɫ״Խڶ괺죬ԽڼڳɳΪгɳ棬ǨַɵηľϽзֳ

ֲĴݡϡϡϡࡢ㶫ա㽭ɽȵء

ڱ

̬ʷƣΩ^ǨĴǣ3ڽϵ5Զ̣оѿ粻񨵰ΡֲΪֲͬ֡

ڵ׳棨屶ڳ棩๩ҩãר

״ٽDZ

ⱶ.ʲ״״״ͻ״֦ɫɫлҰɫëʼ࣬пգɼںɫʬ弰ɫƤͷ״йں12ףڱdzɫƽ΢죬ζɬԡƤɫءΪѡ

ڶDZ

DZʷĴ״ԲΣͻ֦ë׽٣ں23ף۶ϽDZԸƤʼᡢΪѡ

ҩIJĴݡϡȵء⣬ϡϡࡢ㶫ա㽭ɽȵԽDZIJΪ󣬶DZΪѡ

ѧɷ֡ηľ񨺬屶ἰ֬֬ۡ

ơ𾻡ÿȥʡ

ζᣬƽ

١ݡ"ζᣬƽ޶"

ڡĿ"̣ƽ޶"

ۡݱҪ"ɬ"

龭Ρθ󳦾

١׹ҩԽ⡷"󳦾"

ڡݾ衷"̫"

ۡ¡"ΡΡ"

ΡΣɬֹѪⶾηÿȣкѸأĿžѪѪ©˳Ѫ׶ܣë

١ʰš"γй"

ڡջӱݡ"ҩƶ"

ۡݡ"ƳX綾ƤʪŧˮѪֹСᴯ"

ܡͼ"Һ"

ݡ塷"ڴĩ֮"

ޡ岹š"̵Ȳ"

ߡݻܡ"ϴĿĿֹۣרΪ֮"

ࡶĿ"ν𣬻̵ֹԣʣŻ£ʧѪƲĸʹСҹ䣬۳ʪã׶ԣ𴯣Ѹءӳ׹¡"

ᡶҩԾ𷨡"ڻ˼ˡ"

÷ڷĩ0.52Ǯ衢ɢãѬϴĩ

ע⡿з纮ʵ֮Լδ֮кɷ

кֹһգΪĩӴÿʮ裬վ£ˮ£ˮй¡Ŀ

Ѹزգ屶ĩǮ׷һ飬ˮһ룬ϴ֮

βѣ屶ĩ֮屶ӡ׷Ѭϴ

е屶ĩȷ֡ˮ壬졣ҹԴʱɳԶˮĿ

Ժ屶ĩУĿ

ǣ屶һǶΪĩˮ裬Ӵÿʮ裬ʳǰ£ַ

ˮ屶ΪĩˮذնҽЧ

ηѪдС屶ĩһǮȫļ

СѪ屶ĩ÷裬ӴÿľƷʮ衣򷽡

αdzѪ屶ĩ֮ĩͬҵȷ֣ǮĿ

Ѫֹ屶ӣմԣĩ֮׼

и©̥屶ĩƷǮϼҽ

νѪֹ屶ӣΪϸɢʥ¼屶ɢ

һ׶屶ӡơưظһvΪɢ¼ˮȣͿ󻼴ʥ¼屶ɢ

ӲܣȶҴ屶ӣΪĩ͵ֽһˮͿ㡣÷ࣩ

ͷȴʪ屶ӡƵȷ֡ĩ֮ŧˮɡߣ͵Ϳ׼򷽡

Ӹʹ屶ĩ׽ĩʲĩȷ֡÷⵷裬ӴʣӸơϼҽ

᣺屶ӡ졢ݷ޵ȷ֡Ϊĩ֮

Ƹ屶ӣɣĩС÷

η綾Ϲɬʹߣã־屶һһ롣ͬĩÿǮˮյͭʯڼ弰һյңϴҶǰϴ÷Чɢ

21ʪˮ屶ӡǮĩԴнϴ͵롣ʥݷ

22δڲգ屶ӣĩ׽ŵͿΧĿ

23ѣ屶ĩͬţɷСҽۡ

ٴӦáٷˮƤ

屶1гϸĩ״8ܽ⣬ˮǰͿĨ֫ˮݴʹһɫ㡣ѻˮƤףͿĨ1ڣֹͣʹᡣ

Ƶ

屶гϸĩÿ˯ǰȡ13Ǯ俪ˮɺ״ѣɴǣ̶֢ÿɷ2Ρһ13μЧ۲νˡκϲν˵Ȳĵ61ȡò̶ͬȵЧ

ƹ

屶ӡݷϸĩӸ͵ɺôߵСɴͿҩڹô12СʱȡÿܸһΡ۲184ôȫ⻬14ת

ͷγŧ˨屶ӷ׵ɸ״ϣԼ2סÿո12Σÿλҩഴ档202ϳ⣬1839

ƽë

屶1ϸĩۻȣɺ״ʱϴƤȻٽĺͿھԵ2״ÿ1ΣһͿ310Σ޽

ڰֹѪ

ݰγѪֹ屶ӷĩڴڣҺ룩35ڰ漴ΪһưɫĤǣѪڱĤ֮£ҧɴѹȡϰγĩ벻ףʱԼѹԴٽѪ̡ô˷ڰֹѪ54ˣ63ֹֻѪЧ⡣

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


лݡ屶

ҩơ屶

ƴW Bèi Z

ӢChinese Gall, Chinese Nut-gall

Ҷӡĸ򡢰ٳ֡ľӡᱶӡҶҡӡݡ

ԡݸĿʰšĿ屶ӣΡݡݲӱݡľ֪ڷľ֮ϣ֪˳ҲľηľҲľִߣ塢гϣʳ֣֭СҶ䣬t˻֮ȸ֮ͣҲСᣬȭС⣬״Բȡʱ̣öϸƣ׺֦ҶɣǼ࣬п飬ϸ󷡣ɽ˪ǰȡɱ֮

ԴҩĻԴΪֲηľRhus chinensis Mill.R.potaninii Maxim.ͺR.punjabensis Steward var.sinica(Diels)Rehd.et Wils.ϼDZ򱶵γɵij񨡣

ֲﶯ1.Rhus chinensis Mill.[Schinus indicus Burm.Rhus semialata Murr.R.javanica Thunb.]2.Rhus potaninii Maxim.3.Rhus punjabensis Stew.var.Sinica(Diels)Rehd.et Wils.[R.sinica Diels]

պʹأDZ9-10¼ժDZ6¼ɣ񨿪ѡ÷ˮ3-5minɱڲг棬ɹɻɡ

ԭ̬1.η ҶСľľ2-10mС֦غɫɫëԲСƤס״ҶҶἰҶг᣻СҶ5-13СҶޱСҶֽʣΣΪλԲ״λԲΣ6-12cm3-7cmȶ˼⣬ԲΣԵߴ־ݻԲ⣬Ҷ氵ɫҶɫ׷ۣҶ豻ëëҶɫëԲ׶󣬶֦ۻ30-40cmƻ϶̣ܱɫëСԣưɫۻƬΣԼ1mm굹״ԲΣԼ2mmʱ˿ΣҩΣƻƬ϶̣Լ0.6mmԲ״ΣԼ1.6mmëӷΣԼ1mmܱɫ΢ë3ͷͷ״˹Σѹ⣬Լ4-5mm߽ëëʱɫ˾3-4mm8-9£10¡

2. Ҷľ5-8mƤҺɫС֦ë״ҶҶԲͲΣʱϲСҶ᣻СҶ7-11߶̱СҶ״ԲλԲ״Σ5-10cm2-4cmȶ˽⣬ƫбԲΣȫԵ΢ëëԲ׶10-20cm΢ëƬΣԼ1mm΢ëɫ2.5-3mmԼ1mm΢ë汻΢ëƬΣԼ1mm汻΢ëԵϸëʱȶ˿ΣԼ2mmڴƻн϶̣ҩΣ̺ëӷΣԼ0.7mmܱɫë´˹Σֱ3-4mmܱ߽ëëʱɫں1š

3. ҶľСľ4-15mƤҺɫС֦΢ë״ҶҶϲ᣻СҶ7-13ޱޱ״ԲλԲΣ5-12cm2-4.5cmȶ˽򳤽⣬ԲλΣȫԵϸëԲ׶15-20cmܱ΢ëСԣɫĺƬΣ곤ԲΣʱȶ˿ΣҩΣ̺ϺɫëӷΣԼ1mm1ң3´˹Σѹ⣬Լ4mmʱϺɫ߽ëëС5£9-10¡

ֲ̬1.ں350-2300mʯɽԡС

2.ں900-2500mɽֻС

3.ں460-3000mʯɽԻС

Դֲ1.ֲȫأ½ຣ⣩

2.ֲɽࡢϡĴϵȵء

3.ֲࡢϡĴݡϡصȵء

״״ 1DZΡԲλĴΣ3-8cmֱ2-5cmвĽ״֦һɫ򵭻ɫҰɫëӲ࣬пգ״йűں1-2mmڱƽжںɫ桢ɫĩ״Ѽй︽ڱϣʱ1-2ڽDZеİɫ˿ţ˿űָжʬ壬ڱϸаɫ˪״ᾧ״죬ζɬ

2DZԲλĴΣԱ⣬޽״֦氵һɫжdzƣë٣ںԼ3mmԸںɫҺ֡ΪѡΪڱڲΪš

΢ 棺Ƥϸ㣬ֻ1-3-6ϸķë70-140μmʱ350μmƤڲΪ֯ϸеֱԼ10μmѺɼƴؾڲı֯άɢάд͵֬ǻֱɴ270μm

ĩɫɫٷëڶ࣬1-6ϸɣ70-350μmڱϸеֱԼ10μm۴ؾ٣ֱԼ25μmֱܵ10-15μm֬ǻ飬֬ɢڣɫ

ѧɷ֡ηľ屶ʡЩʰ12346--O-ûʳ-β-D-ǣ12346-pen-ta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose3-O-ûʳ-1246--O-ûʳ-β-D-ǣ3-O-digalloyl-1246-tetra-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose2-O-ûʳ-1346--O-ûʳ-β-D-ǣ2-O-digalloyl-1346-tetra-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose4-O-ûʳ-1236--O-ûʳ-β-D-ǣ4-O-digal-oyl-1236-tetra-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose23-O-ûʳ-146--O-ûʳ-β-D-ǣ23-bis-O-digalloyl-146-tri-O-galloyl-β-Dglucose3-O-ûʳ-1246--O-ûʳ-β-D-ǣ3-O-trigalloy-1246-tetra-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose34-˫-O-ûʳ-126--O-ûʳ-β-D-ǣ34-bis-O-digalloyl-126-tri-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose24-˫-O-ûʳ-136--O-ûʳ-β-D-ǣ24bis-O-digalloyl-136-O-g alloyl-β-D-glucose

ҩá1.ϸĵʱƣճĤĩҵʵijɳ΢ľֲɽ߰γɲܽ⻯ⶾȥˣɽԱ棬̼ʹҺɥʧкܴȱ㣨ɽɽ裬ڸǸȾ֮֯رǴտ˺ȣִѲӦáС˶Ӱ죬ö᳦֢ʿֹкθϸȴ̼شڣӦʹƼٿɸʳ֮գʣС֮ԻУʿ±ͳʳк޺ģʱ裬ӻʳ֮ա̼ʴرڿոʱɵʹŻ¡кء

2.ãԽɫԼ˺˺̿ҡ׺ŧ˾ȾԵ־ɱá屶ӳкЧɷ֣ҪֲƤ屶ĵļ޿á屶ӼԽڼߵмPR8겡ãйء100%ƽ򶴷ŧ˾˾θ˾󳦸˾˺˾׸˾̿Ҹ˾׺˾ɫã־òԣԵãʺ屶Һпá

3.ⶾܺͺܶؽӡ߰γɲԵĸʿѧⶾ

4.θգͨθʱˮûʳᣬûʳãױղڷֽ⡣ճĤ˱类չɵ¸СҶĻûʳἰƻģBradykininسá

ԡСǻע100%屶Ӽ0.25ml12СʱΪ1/10ʱδ쳣ڷ20g/kgδ쳣Ƥע󣬾ֲáֲжٶۣήңʳ٣24Сʱ󼸺ȫֽΪᣨGallicacid뽹ᣬԸϸ

Сǻע100%屶0.25ml12Сʱ1/10ʱδ쳣屶ʰ1.875mg/kg94ֻСƤע??372ֻڷ20g/kgδ쳣Ƥע??󣬾ֲáֲ24Сʱ󼸺ȫֽ⣬Ըϸ

ȡ Ʒĩ0.5gˮ4ml΢ȣ˹ȡҺ1mlȻҺ1ΣɫȡҺ1ml10ʯҺ2Σɫ屶ʣƷʱ־л񹲺͹ҩ䡷1955ʺⶨ涨Ʒʲ50.0

ơ𾻡ÿȥʡ

ζ᣻ɬ

龭Σθ󳦣Σ

ΡΣֹɬֹ̾ѪⶾÿȣԺкѸأžǣֳѪӸ״

÷ڷ3-10gĩ1.5-6g衢ɢãѬϴĩ

ע⡿з纮ʵ֮Լδ֮кɷ

1.ɢ(ȽϾ鷽)εԿǻס2.Һ(ҽȫ)ᡣ3.Ԫ(̫ƽͼַ)㣬Ԫ֫뵡ؽʹͷѣʹĿϥʹܾмܸ䣬ƦƣʹͣˮȲģʳ٣ٴļµžǵ֢4.屶(ҩٴӦá)θʮָ5.ֹ(ݸĿ)кֹ6.Ѹط(ݸĿ)7.ֹ(ݸĿ)8.βѷ()9.ʷ(ҽЧ)10.ηѪ(򷽡)11.Ѫ(׼򷽡)12.©̥(ϼҽ)13.ν𴯳Ѫ(ʥ¼)14.屶ɢ(ʥ¼)һ׶15.(ռ÷)Ӳܣȶ崯16.Чɢ(÷)η綾Ϲɬʹߣã־17.ʪ(ʥݷ)ʪˮ18.(ݸĿ)δڲա19.ѷ(ҽۡ)ѡ

1.ʰšγй

2.ջӱݡҩƶ

3.ݡƳNI綾ƤʪŧˮѪֹСᴯ

4.ͼҺ

5.塷ڴĩ֮

6.岹š̵Ȳ

7.ܡϴĿĿֹۣרΪ֮

8.Ŀν𣬻̵ֹԣʣŻ£ʧѪƲĸʹСҹ䣬۳ʪã׶ԣ𴯣Ѹءӳ׹¡

9.ҩԾ𷨡ڻ˼ˡ

10.ࣺ屶ӣ̵֮ȶҩƻԣ˻Уҩ屶ζ֮

11.ĿӼľҶ̵̺ܳԣֹʣȶƶκԡѪѪ屶˳ʳҺߣ֮ͬζֹ̣Ѫ̵ֹʣպɢȶףգܳйʪá

12.ݾ衷屶ӣNIʪѢСᴯߣԴΣȡɱ棬ƽȣʪŧˮѪߣ󳦻ҲΪε࣬ҲƳйջӡҺƶʱνν𣬻̵ֹԡʡ𴯣Ѹءӳ׹ߣϤ֮

13.桷屶ӣζɬξȣΪ̵ʪɬ֮ڷʪѢĿʹ֮Ч÷ɢֽ֮ζڪ֪𸡷У޴Σ̵ᡢԡӡ֢й̡ѪѸءŧˮʪáӳ׹µ֢ƤðаؼзѢڲĿؼгϡôֹ࣬ԣסηѬϴʪɱ档ҩһζ⣬øͬνܸڱΪа֮ҩãʵˡ

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