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2017-07-11 11:07 Ķ:

ȫвҩࡷϸ

ҩơϸ

ƴWán Gu Gn

ϡϡ

ԴΪ«¥ֲTrichosanthes cucumeroides Maxim.ڸϴȥжɹɡ

ζ࣬С

ΡȽⶾףɢֹʹڶҧˣԱףʺףӸ׶ˣС㲻θʹ

÷23Ǯĩˮ󻼴

ע1ڽպ㽭ʡнƷĹƤ“¥Ƥ”ӵ“¥”ʹõġЧ¡

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ϸ
ϸͼƬ

ҩǵ䡷ϸ

ҩơϸ

ƴWán Gu Gn

ϸҪԡͷҩݡۣݡɽϣȫչѡ·

¼

Դ«ֲġڡ

ԭֲ̬̬""

״ԲλĴΣ׳ɫʣζࡣ

ζ࣬

١"ζ࣬"

ڡ¼"޶"

ۡҩۡ"ƽ"

ܡʰš"С"


١䱾ݡ"֡"

ڡԼҽ"ġΡ"

ΡкȣѪȲʣ㣬ȽأС㲻գ֢񱣬Ӹס

١"ڱԣѪ±գۣ"

ڡ¼"аȽᣬɢӸѪ˴²ֹ֭ͨС֫ǽˮǴ˴"

ۡƱݡ"ƻ㣬Ѫ"

ܡʰš"С񱣬Ʀ̵űȡҶ֭"

ݡջӱݡ"ͨѪȼƻƲ׳ķƣŧ͡ѪưY񱣬̥"

ޡĿ"С㣬洯"

ߡݱҪ"кȣˮѪ˺ߡ"

÷ڷ1.53Ǯ23֭ãĥ֭Ϳ

ע⡿Ƣθ麮и

ݴ¡"ʵ֮飬Ͷ"


˺ʲֹϸһŶһȥģʲ΢࣬ﱣҶȥë΢ƣҩΪɢÿǮˮһյ֣ʱȥ·ʥݷϸɢ

λɺ㣺ϸ֭ٷһСƽʳ뺹Сٷ󷽡

λ㣬Сɫ˵֮ƹˣϸһʯ֬һһһ˿һƽһգظɣΪĩĵһΪۣҩΪɢÿ¶Ǯķʥݷϸɢ

С㲻ͨظϸȡ֭ˮ֮Ͳд²ȡͨ󷽡

δ㲻ͨϸ֭ˮ֮ڡ㲻ͨǰ֮ȡͨ󷽡

δ£ˮٸʹһټߣϸҩ֦V֡ζǤΪɢƷذҪԡϸɢ

Ӹҳϸüˮɰ룬շΣͺǵãȷҩ

غ״ϸϾݡ

ηʺʹ꣺ϸɹɣмϸĩÿڻںƬ̣ȥ̵ѡմ塢Ρҩ鷽

θкϸǮʮ͸һǮˮΣַÿһ

οǻãʺʹϸǮƬںҺÿպһΡ

ָۣϸĩվƵɺ״ѼëպͿһȡƵƵͿЧ١ߣøĩǵɱ״󻼴ÿջҩһΡ

ˣϸӾȪˮ޳ɺ״ͿÿĴ.

ζҧˣϸϸĩӾȪˮɱ״󻼴ȡվƳ״ƵͿ˿ΧʹڷϸǮһˮ壬һηÿһΣøĩˮͷⷽ³ҩֲᡷ

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ӵ뷨40һ˹޸á÷ȡɽϿ2飬30ƾ50025죬Һ8x12׵ϣǰϵԴ󾱽35ÿ20ӣÿ1Σ졣

ֹʹ

ȡɽϸɸƬÿ12̷֣ݲÿҩʹʹθʹ6548ֹʹ11ʹᡣһҩ530ӼЧҩЧСʱ72Сʱ

ɽϸгӸĩȡɽϿѡгۼ߰ȡ棬ʳбá÷ڴںΧͿĨҺף̶ÿջҩ1Ρ֢״תɸջҩ1Ρ21ЧԣǡɽϷЧáɽƳɽҺαǣڷҩƱʰ

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лݡϸ

ҩơϸ

ƴWán Gu Gn

ӢJapanese Snakegourd Root, Root of Japanese Snakegourd

ౢӡӡۡɽϡ

ԡҽ¼

ԴҩĻԴΪտֲϵӡ

ֲﶯTrichosanthes cucumeroides(Ser.) Maxim.

պʹأġգûƬɹɡ

ԭ̬ٱĴΣʴ󡣾ϸ෢֦Ͳۣë2磬ëҶҶ3-10cmƣܱë̸ë״ëҶƬֽʣλԲΣȶ˶ۻ򽥼⣬ΣԵϸݻ״ݣ5-13-19cm5-12-18cm3-5dzѣʱ룬ƬλΣɫëɢ̸ë浭ɫرë״5-7ϸ״ꣻۻ״򣬻1䲢ܻ5-10cmƣẹ̈Լ5mmëСƬ״Σ2-3mmȫԵëϡСƬͲΣ6-7cmԼ2mmȫԵëϡСƬͲΣ6-7cmԼ2mmȶ˾Լ7mmëƬ״Σ3-6mmԼ1.5mmڰԣƬԲ״Σ14-15-20mmԼ6-7mm߼˿״գ3˿̣룻˻ë״ƻ̣0.5-1cmӷԲΣܱë໨ۻͬʵԲΣ״ԲλΣ6-7cm4-5.5cmʱȺɫƽ˶Բ๣Լ5-20mmëӺ᳤ԲΣ7-12mm7-14mmëӺ᳤ԲΣ7-12mm7-14mmɫҴ󣬽ԲΣԼ4.5mm״ͻ𡣻5-8£8-11¡

ֲ̬ںΣ250-600-1700mɽɭлɽлС

ԴֲֲڻСϺϵȵء

״״ ĴΣ2-9ʴ״ֱԼ3cm׻ưɫۻζԿɬ

΢ ĩưɫٵ2-7Ⱥֱ195μmʯϸΣ335μmֱ75μmݷֱ11μm󡢱Ϊѡ

΢ ĩɫƤƤϸΪ1դ״ϸ۳೤Σ̲һʲ㵭ɫɫ񱡲ȣԼ22μm۳Ρ೤λ򲻹Σɼ״ĽϸƣеıƤϸϸСƽᾧںϸΪƤϸƬڣϸϴ󣬱ڽϺ񣬻ɫʯϸȺ򵥸ɢڣϸС񣬺ɫ෽ΡԲΡԲλ೤Σеֱ֦25-68μmԼ132μmں6-23μm׹ԣǻڳɫɫавƷҲ1ʯϸ2ᾧ״ϸ״򣬾֦ͻϸֱ11-27μmԺɫɫϺɫľƿԡƷ෽˫׶λΣֱ3-11μm17μmɫؿɫСһһɢڡҶϸԲκκֱ2-12μm֬͵κ֬ʡ

ѧɷ֡߰11--5-«ϩ-3β24R25--3-O-߰[11-oxocucurbit-5-ene-3β2425-triol 3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1→2β-D-glucopyronlsyl(1→2β-D-glu-copyranoside]25-O-β-D-6-O-ǻ-5-«ϩ-3β24R25--3-O-߰[25-O-β-D6-O-acetyl)ghucopyranosyl-11-oxocucurbit-5-ene-3β24R25-triol 3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1→2β-O-glucopyranosyl(1→2β-D-glucopyra-noside]25-O-β-D-ǻ11-«ϩ-3β24R25--3-O-߰[25-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-11-oxocucurbit-5-ene-3β24R25-triol 3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1→2β-D-glu-copyranosyl(1→2β-D-glucopyranoside][1]޴޴߰α޴α-spinasterol)7-ϩ7-stigmastenol)α-޴-3-O-β-D-߰α-spinasterol 3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside)7-ϩ-3-O-β-D-߰7-stigmastenol 3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside)[1,2]α޴-3-O-β-D-6-߰[α-spinasterol-3-O-β-D-(6-palmitoyl)glucopyranoside]α-޴-3-O-β-D6-߰[α-spinasterol-3-O-β-D6-linoleoyl)glucopyranoside)]7-ϩ-3-O-β-D-6-߰[7-stigmasterol-3-O-β-D-6-palmitoyl)glucopyranoside]7-ϩ-3-O-β-D-6-linoleoyl)glucopyranoside][1]лἰɷ֣ᣨpalmitic acid)methyl palmi-tate)ᣨvanillic acid)[1]ᣨlinolic acid)ᣨlinlenic acid)ᣨarginine)choine)[2]ȡһµЧףβ-trichosanthin)ԷӼ20 000вװᣨcysteine)컨۵ףtrichosanthin)2[3]ݱһЧףЧ۱¥Thichosanthes kirilowii)ձ¥Trichoseanthes japonica)ĸ6[4]ֺԷΰƻԵǵףglucoprotein)Dzаǣgalactose)ľǣxylo-se)[5]

ζζࣻԺ

龭󳦣θ

Ρкͨ᣻ɢסȲʣ㣻ȽأС㲻գ֭£֢Ӹ

÷ڷ5-15g60-90g֭ãĥ֭Ϳ

ע⡿Ƣθ麮иݴ¡ʵ֮飬Ͷ

1.ڱԣѪ±գۣ

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4.ջӱݡͨѪȼƻƲ׳ķƣŧ͡Ѫ֢񱣬̥

5.ĿС㣬洯

6.ݱҪкȣˮѪ˺ߡ

7.ݾ衷ϸܳʪȶԼ¥ͬھʣаȽᣬӸ׵֤¥ƣѪΪ

8.ƣѪΣԿຮ»Ѫ֮ãǹۡʡڱԣ˼Ѫ±գ֪֮ѪҲ¼аȽᣬջӡȼӡȻϸãרͨΪҲ硶¼ֹС֫ǽˮСˮ֫ǽˮ֮ѪǶһپѡξˮСһټߣϸɢ߲֮רͨΪ֮գ֣书ƣYAOѪ粨Ҳ

9.֤ϸ֮Σʽͨʵ֮򣬹ʡ¼أƸ˴£Բͨ֫ǽڼˮС롶ѡνˮһߣϷڡҺڽߣ㲻֮ͨߣԴ˵ּ֪֮Ȥ֮ӡ

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