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ҽҩȫ > ҩ > ҩ > X > Ŀݲ

Ŀݲ

2017-09-20 16:20 Ķ:

йҩ䡷Ŀݲ

ҩơĿݲ

ƴXià K Co

ӢSPICA PRUNELLAE

鳲ݡɫݡͷĿͷ

ԴƷΪοֲĿݲPrunella vulgaris L. ĸļغɫʱգȥʣɹɡ

״Ʒʰ״Ա⣬1.58cmֱ0.81.5cm,ɫغɫȫ10ƬɣÿжƬ2ƬΣȶ˼β״ԣаëÿһƬл3䣬ڶ䣬ΣС4öԲΣɫаɫͻᡣ΢ζ

𡿣1ȡƷĩ1gҴ15mlȻ1 Сʱ˹ȡҺ1ml,УɣӴ1 ʹܽ⣬ټ΢ɫ䰵ɫ

2ȡ[]1µҺֽϣ0.9 ȻҺ0.6 軯ҺĵݻҺɫߵ㡣

3ȡƷĩ1gҴ20mlȻ1 Сʱ˹Һɣʯѣ3060棩2 Σÿ15mlԼ2 ӣȥʯҺҴ1ml ʹܽ⣬ΪƷҺȡܹƷҴƳÿ1ml 1mg ҺΪƷҺձɫ׷¼ B飬ȡҺ2μlֱͬһ轺DZϣԻ飭ȷ£ᣨ20:5:8:0.5Ϊչչȡɣ10ҴҺ100 ߵɫֱչ⼰ƣ365nm¼ӡƷɫУƷɫӦλϣֱͬɫİߵӫߵ㡣

ζ࣬

龭Ρ

ΡĿɢᣬסĿʹĿҹʹͷʹѣΣߣӸʹ״״ܰͽˣѪѹ

÷915g

ءøﴦ

ע1ëĿݲPrunella hispida BenthϡҲĿݲҩ

2ڸλסĿʹĿʹͷʹѣ֢ĿݲйλΪθλµĿࡢͷʹͷεҪҩջʯͬãĿʹҹȾ磬뵱顢ֵӦá

3̵ˡ̵ˣɸᣬö̵ɡĿݲλɢᣬΪ̵һζҩڷһЧٴΡĸ̡ĵáͬá

ĿݲΪλɢҪҩεĴǸξIJ֢ƷԾջӣĿĿʹʯ٣ƽͷʹͷΣΡĸĵõƷɢᣬˡٴ

ժ¼йҩ䡷

Ŀݲ

ҩǵ䡷Ŀݲ

ҩơĿݲ

ƴXià K Co

Ϧ䡢˶棨¼ĿݲݡĿݡĿݣϱݡɫݣĿͷйҩֲ־ͷ㽭ҩֲᡷͷ򳦲ˡͷݣֲҩ־׻ݣӱҩġͱݣɽҩ鳲ݣҩ־ҶҶҩ־സݡ硢ţݲݡؿţȲݣҩ־¸ɡͷݡ

ԴΪοֲĿݲļʱ£ɹɡ

ԭ̬ݱΣ룬Լ30ףȫϸëҶҶбϲҶޱҶƬԲ״ΣȫԵоݡɡ״ƬΣλԳΣͻɳβ״ΣдëഽΣǰдë󷽹⻬ϴԲΣ3ѣչɰΣ´2ѣƬΣȶ˽⣻ɫɫΣ²״ϴñ״2ѣ´ƽչ3ѣ42ǿ˿˷ֲ棬һҩӷ4ѣ˿״СɫԲΣ3⡣56¡67¡

ֲڻĵء·Լɽ²ݴСȫ󲿵зֲ

״ʳԲλΣ2.56.5ףֱ11.5ףɫϺɫʮ֣״Уÿ56߶̱࣬·Ƭ2öƬΣƺɫԣШΣȶ˼β״ɫëഽΣϴ㣬ȶ΢3ѣ´2ѣƬΣëڼﶼ䡣С4öɫйʴ࣬΢ζɫϺ֡Ϊѡ

ڽաա㽭ϵȵأʡ

ѧɷ֡ȫݺ߰߰Ԫչᣬкչᡢܹᡢܿ߰˿߰˳-ᡢ-ᡢάB1άCάKܲء֬ζʡʡӷ͡ˮࣨԼ3.5Լ63Ȼأȡ

뺬غʸصĻɫ߰d-ԡd-Сܹͪᡣ

ҩáٽѹ

ĿݲݵˮҺҴ-ˮҺ30ҴҺнѪѹá100/עȮɲų־õĽѹãײܣƤŵȮĿݲݡÿ2Σÿ2/ҲʹѪѹ½ԸѪѹȮҩ2ܺѪѹеȳ̶֮ͣͣҩָֻԭˮƽĿݲݾҶ뼰ȫݾнѹã֮ýж񾭺ĿݲݵĽѹżλġ࣬˷󣬾Ϊѹڶ֫УѪܵáĿݲݵ޷ε൱ʱδԵĽѹã൱ڼһʱѹ̶Ƚ1/41/6θҩ併ѹóֽϳ٣ȴϾãΪĿݲݵĽѹ޻޹ء˶ظ֤ĿݲݾҶ30к൱ߣԼ83/к٣ڷȮδԽѹãڳȥ޻κ󣬽ѹü΢Ŀݲݾע䣬Ľѹãų޻ΣҪǼأأ併ѹɷּѹԭдо

ڿ

飬Ŀݲݼ˾˺˾һ󳦸˾θ˾ŧ˾ãϹ㡣ˮ14ԹڶijЩ²ƤҲЩáСʵԽ˲Ŀݲݿʹβᡣ

Ŀݲݼ1501200ʹӹǿֱóŨǿ䶯ĿݲݼСS-160ϸˮʷϲҩߣʵΪ䶾á

ζ

١"ζ"

ڡ¼"޶"

ۡ"ζ΢࣬΢"

龭Ρ

١ϱݡ"Ρ"

ڡݾ衷""

ΡΣɢᡣߣӸ鰩ĿҹʹᣬͷĿѣΣбʹνˣԻʹȾԸףѪ¡

1ĿڸĿʹϿ֮ͷʹĿѣѪѹඡ衢Ұջ

2ɢ᣺סף֡㱴ĸߣܰٽˣ絥Լ״״󣩣ĵá㱴ĸ

١"ȡߡͷ֢ɢʪԡ"

ڡ岹š"Ѫ"

ۡϱݡ"η磬о磬οбиֹʹĿʹɢԡˡ"

ܡҩԱҪ"ȥ̵ŧߣϲ£ȥĤֹʹ"

ݡݴ¡"ߡYᡢӸҡ"

ޡѧҩݡ"ɱáϴڣλŧ֢ϴӹճĤס"

ߡִʵҩ"ΪҩܲӹЧθѪѹʹѪѹ½"

÷ڷ25Ǯ衢ɢãˮϴ򵷷

ע⡿Ƣθ

١ݾע"Ϊ֮ʹ"

ڡ䱾ݡ"߽á"

δվó©Ŀݲˮӣ߷֣ȥңʳԶŨͿơĿݲ

ӸĿݲݡѹӢȷ֡Ƽɡݻԡ

θĿۣ᲻ֹʹգĿݲݰ㸽һΪĩÿһǮ£ʱҪڷɢ

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γ״£ĿݲݻʱɣΪĩÿǮʳǰ¡Ŀ

βѪΣߣĿݲݵ֭һյĿ

οбĿݲһǮ֣һǮһǮˮ壬ˮʱϱݡ

ͷĿѣΣĿݲݣʣǮˮݡ

硢ѪѹĿݲݣʣһˮݡ

ԤĿݲǮˮһһ졣ݡ鷽ҽƷѡࡷ

С£Ŀݲһ֦Ǯ꣬Ŀݲݡ֦һʮ꣬Ŀݲݡ֦һ롣ˮȫչѡ·Ⱦ

μԱףʺʹĿݲȫݶˮҽҩ鷽ࡷ

˽𴯣ĿݲݵãOϡ׼򷽡

ҴˡˡĿݲڿн˴

Ӻ߰׵㡣ĿݲݼŨ֭ÿϴ

ࣺ"ݡĿݲݴɢвѪ֮Լ˺ȣ߿ʹʵɢ֮ҩ֮԰ģཥȡЧ"

ڡĿ"ʿ׼򷽡ĿݲĿۣɳˮһҹãȡܽȣλҲ.¥ȫƣĿݲĿҹߣЧÿຮҩ֮ߣЧĿĿϵҲ֮ҹຮҩߣҹ뺮ҲĿ֮ѪδҲ"

ۡͨ"ĿݲݣѪͨĿʹ߽ϵ֢ʽ񹦡ȻθΡͬУɾ÷ޱס"

ܡ桷"Ŀݲݣ΢ιɢȣһʪԣĿҹʹ֢ƵԺ֮ӡѪìƽ?ڪ֪亮ζɢ亮£ԲѪҲһξ֤ô޲Чýɢ֮ڻβá"

ݡʡ"Ŀݲݣ΢ʣɢ֮Ук֮ʧѪ߷֮£Կɼӡ¾ζȸʣҩΪʤ"

ޡ塷"Ŀݲ֮ԣԿ޺֣ʾñ֤ԡǧԺ󣬽Լһ֮£Ȼ˲ԿݣʵôϪν֮ߣưYɢᣬʪԣͨйؾº֮ͼͨͣк֮áʯ硶ԭΪ£й軯ͨйεľ֮ϣ˳Ѫ֮С̵纮ţרְ"

ٴӦáƷν

Խ͡άն͡ѪͲɢͷνˣһЧȡĿݲ2ˮ23οڷĿݲ20ˮ5000ʱӺ2нո࣬1Σÿ8151ΪһƳ̡ҩԡʹ̵աѪ֢״ʧᣬ̶ͬȵպתԷν˿ѪߣĿݲ1Իƾ2ˮݣȻ޾ζʱˣÿ2040շ34ΣֹѪЧ

Ĥ

Ŀݲ1ˮ200010001200ÿοڷ3050շ3ΣҪʱ֢ƣӿҩ9Ĥ׻ߣ2תԶԺ⣬ȬƽסԺ35.6죬7.7죬Һ24.7졣

ϸ

ȡĿݲ2ˮ10СʱĻ2Сʱңÿ4ηַ7ΪһƳ̡ȡĿݲݸɿݻƳ100࣬Сÿÿ12ÿ2030շ23Ρҩƽ3ȣQؼƽ46ʧתΪʹճĤʧƽ10.ҩδָá

ƼԻʹȾԸ

ĿݲΪƱ7562ٴ׼÷ÿĿݲ2lˮ1500Ļм壬࣬ȡ300ȥ3ηַ֢ÿĿݲ22޳֬ˮ1200ֱһСʱ࣬ٽߺϲĻ300ȥ3ηַһ30ΪһƳ̣Ҫʱͣҩ23պڶƳ̡ڼ䣬ɸάBCΪơߵٴԾ֢״ʧʱΪ214죻ƢʱΪ1065죻ʱΪ321죻״ǶתʱΪ771졣ƹδֶá

עءëĿݲĻ뼰ͬҩ

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


лݡĿݲ

ҩơĿݲ

ƴXià K Co

ӢFruit-spike of Common Selfheal, Common Selfheal Fruit- Spike

Ϧ䡢˶桢Ŀݡɫݡͷͷ鳲ݡസݡţݡȲݡͷ¸ɡĿͷͷݡţݡţͷ˿ߵͭ

ԡũݾ

ԴҩĻԴΪοֲĿݲݻ򳤹ĿݲݵĹ롣

ֲﶯ1.Prunella vulgaris L.2.Prunella asttica Nakai [P.uulgaris L.subsp. Asdiatica (Nakai) Hara]

պʹأĿݲÿ5-6£غɫʱѡ죬ȫݣСѣ»룬ɹɻá

ԭ̬ݱ15-30cmϵĸ״ڽ²أԻ֦ΣdzۣϺɫϡIJëëҶ߱Ҷ0.7-2.5cm²Ͻ̣ҶƬ״ԲλԲΣСȣ1.5-6am0.7-2.5cmȶ˶ۣԲΡШΣҶᣬԵԵIJ״ݻ򼸽ȫԵɡܼгɶ2-4cmļ״򣬻ʱ϶̣쳤ƬλԲΣͷ״10mmΣϴƽȶ˽ƽ3ԵĶ̳ݣгݿ´2ѣƬΣʱ´2бͱպϣϡϻɫԼ13mmԳ࣬೤֮2´Ƭ󣬱Ե״СƬ4ǿ˿ȶ2ѣ1Ƭ߻ҩҩ2ңҼ濪ӷëСƺɫԲ״Σ1.8mm΢߹ơ4-6£6-8mm

Ŀݲݼƣ䲻ͬڣֲϴ׳Գܶ࣬ԼΪ೤218-21mm

ֲ̬ڻĵء·Լɽ²ݴС

Դֲֲڶɽɽ䡢㽭աȵء

ࡿѧ ϲºʪͺҪϣˮõɰΪˣճػʪزࡣ

༼ ӷС7-8²֣1.3m裬о27cmṵԼ6cm10cmÿ1hm27500gѨ23-27cmdzѨÿ1hm24500g

10-11³ݡ׷1ΣΪÿ23£иݡ׷1ΡĿݲոֿٷջӦиݡ׷1Σ͵3괺ٽ1Σֿջ񣬵3-4Ӧִ֡

״״ʳԲλΣ2.5-6.5cmֱ 1-1.5cmɫϺɫʮ֣״Уÿ5-6߶̱࣬·Ƭ2öƬΣƺɫԣШΣȶ˼β״ɫëഽΣϴ㣬ȶ΢3ѣ´2ѣƬΣдëڼﶼ䡣С4öɫйʴ࣬΢ζɫϺ֡Ϊѡ

2Ŀݲ ƷĿݲڣڽϳ18-221mm

΢ ĩĿݲ ɫͻƴ滨ϸϸӳܱ״ֱ31-57μmԼ121μmľϡϸСҲǻɫɫڷëϣ1-14ϸϸ߶׶Σ16-54μmϸ߳߳1򼸸ϸԼ2075μmϸС״ͻеİǻںɫ۰ƬƬëͷ1-2ϸϸһӳɹ״ǻڳɫ1-2ϸͷԲΣ4ϸںɫйƤʯϸ۳೤λ෽Σڲ״ں5-13μmǻ״֦еĺɫ޹Ƥϸ۳ΣںɰƤϸ೤Σھϸܻ״񡣢ƬƤϸΣܱϸܽƣеϸɫɫԣֱʽ⣬Ҷϸк֬͵Ρ

ѧɷ֡뺬ܹᣨursolic acid)[12]չᣨoleanolic acid)ܹἰչΪҪ߰Ԫ߰ܲ߰daucosterol)β-֬β-mayrinĶʮᣨtetra-cosanic acid)ʮᣨhexacosanic acid)ʮᣨocta-cosanic acid)ʮᣨtriacontanic acid)[2]

ȫݺ߿ȱݲHIVԶĿݲݶǣprunellin)[3]չᣬܹᣬչΪ߰Ԫ߰[4]ܿ߰rutin)˿߰hyperoside)ᣨcaffeic acid)[5]άأvitamins)CDDܲأcarotene)ʣtan-nin)Уalkaloids)[6]ӷͣкԣcamphor)Сͪfenchone)[7]

ϲֺ㶹໯coumarins)ɡλum-bellifrone)Ϭأluteolin)Ƥأesculetin)[8]ͪ໯ľϬأluteolin)ģݦأhomoorientin)ֳݦأisoorientin)ľϬ-7-O-߰cinaro-side)[9]ֵܿ߰߰Ƥ߰isoquercitrin)[10]

򺬷أdelphinidin)ʸأcynidin)߰[5]-35-߰hirsutidin-5-diglucoside)Ƥأquercitin)ɽͷӣkaempferol)[11]ӷͣкԼʯСͪ[7]

Ҷ֬᣺ᣨoleic acid)ᣨlinolenic acid)ⶹޢᣨmyristic acid)ᣨpalmitic acid)Ӳ֬ᣨsteraric acid)¹ᣨlauric acid)[12]

ҩá1.ѹãƷˮҺҴһˮҺ30%ҴҺнѹáȮעĿݲݼ100mg/kgԽѹãײעl-1.5gĽѹȮƣԴƤȮÿ2Σÿ2g/kg θнѹá͸ѪѹȮҩ2ҲһĽѹãͣҩָԭˮƽΪ併ѹ뱾Ʒ޻йϵ

2.߹ܵӰ죺ñƷעƤעʹ١Ƣή󣻸ǻעʹѪƤʴˮƽߡɼƤԱ䱡ܰϸϡ裬ƢԼСܰϸϡֽģʹƤ״ϸѪšƷһƼijЩ߹IJ˿ܾDZڵ塣ڳڡñƷԷֹ߹ܵơ

3.ѪãĿݲȡһδĻأԽ50mg/kgƤע С󣬿СѪߣP0.001ЧΪ15mg/kgС󣩡ǿΪ100mg൱22.6uȵء

4.ãƷ˾˺˾һ󳦸˾θ˾ͽ˾в̶ͬȵá䴼Һ֬϶ŧ˾áˮҺ1 4ԹڶijЩƤ²в̶ͬȵáƷȡпI͵á

1ȡƷĩ1gҴ15mlȻ1h˹ȡҺ1mlˮԡɣ̶Ӵ1ʹܽ⣬ټ΢Ϻɫ䰵ɫܹᣩ2ȡҺֽϣ0.9%ȻҺ0.6%軯ҺĵݻҺɫߵ㡣ʣ3ɫ ȡƷĩ10gˮˮҺPh2.0-3.0ȡѣ̶Ҵ0.2mlܽ⣬ƷҺȡܹҴΪƷҺֱͬһ轺G-CMCϣԱ-82չȡɣԴ-ŨҺ11ɫƷɫƷɫϵӦλϣͬɫİߵ㡣

ζζࣻԺ

龭Σ

ΡĿɢⶾĿĿʹͷʹѣΣߣӸӸ׶ԸףѪѹ

÷ڷ6-15g30g衢ɢãˮϴ򵷷

ע⡿Ƣθ

1.ݾעΪ֮ʹ

2.䱾ݡ߽á

δվó©Ŀݲˮӣ߷֣ȥңʳԶŨͿơ(Ŀݲ)ӸĿݲݡѹӢȷ֡Ƽɡ(ݻԡ)θĿۣ᲻ֹʹգĿݲݰ㸽һΪĩÿһǮ£ʱ(Ҫڷɢ)ѪֹĿݲΪĩÿذ¡(ʥݷ)γ״£ĿݲݻʱɣΪĩÿǮʳǰ¡(Ŀ)βѪΣߣĿݲݵ֭һյ(Ŀ)οбĿݲһǮ֣һǮһǮˮ壬ˮʱ(ϱݡ)ͷĿѣΣĿݲ()Ǯˮ(ݡ)G硢ѪѹĿݲ()һˮ(ݡ)ԤĿݲǮˮһһ졣(ݡ鷽ҽƷѡࡷ)11.Сһ£Ŀݲһ֦Ǯ꣬Ŀݲݡ֦һʮ꣬Ŀݲݡ֦һ롣ˮ(ȫչѡ·Ⱦ)12.μԱףʺʹĿݲȫݶˮ(ҽҩ鷽ࡷ)13.˽𴯣ĿݲݵãOϡ(׼򷽡)

1.岹šѪ

2.ϱݡη磬о硣οбиֹʹĿʹɢߣˡ

3.ҩԱҪȥ̵ŧߣϲ£ȥĤֹʹ

4.ȡߡͷ֢ɢʪԡ

5.ݴ¡ߡ֢ᡢӸҡ

6.ѧҩݡɱáϴڣλŧ֢ϴӹճĤס

7.ִʵҩΪҩܲӹЧθѪѹʹѪѹ½

8. ࣺݡĿݲݴɢвѪ֮Լ˺ȣ߿ʹʵɢ֮ҩ֮԰ģཥȡЧ

9.Ŀʿ׼򷽡ĿݲĿۣɳˮһҹãȡܽȣλҲ¥ȫƣĿݲĿҹߣЧÿຮҩ֮ߣЧĿĿϵҲ֮ҹຮҩߣҹ뺮ҲĿ֮ѪδҲ

10.ͨĿݲݣѪͨĿʹ߽ϵ֢ʽ񹦡ȻθΡͬУɾ÷ޱס

11.桷Ŀݲݣ΢ιɢȣһʪԣĿҹʹ֢ƵԺ֮ӡѪìܺ?ڪ֪亮ζɢ亮£ԲѪҲһξ֤ô޲Чýɢ֮ڻβá

12ʡĿݲݣ΢ʣɢ֮Ук֮ʧѪ߷֮£Կɼӡ¾ζȸʣҩΪʤ

13塷Ŀݲ֮ԣԿ޺֣ʾñ֤ԡǧԺ󣬽Լһ֮£Ȼ˲ԿݣʵôϪν֮ߣ֢ɢᣬʪԣͨйؾº֮ͼͨͣк֮áʯ硶ԭΪ£й軯ͨйεľ֮ϣ˳Ѫ֮С̵纮ţרְ

ٴӦá1.ƷνˣԽ͡άն͡ѪͲɢͷνˣһЧȡĽ۲2ˮ2-3οڷĿݲ20ˮ5000mlʱӺ2нո࣬1Σÿ8-15ml 1ΪһƳ̡ҩԡʹ̵աѪ֢״ʧᣬ̶ͬȵպתԷν˿ѪߣĿݲ1Իƾ2ˮݣȻ޾ζʱˣÿ20-40mlշ3-4ΣֹѪЧ

2.ĤףĿݲ1ˮ2000ml1000-1200mlÿοڷ30-50mlշ3ΡҪʱ֢ƣӿҩ9Ĥ׻ߣ2תԶԺ⣬ȬƽסԺ35.6죬7.7죬Һ24.7졣

3.ϸȡĿݲ2ˮ10СʱĻ2Сʱңÿ4ηַ7ΪһƳ̡ȡĿݲݸɿݻƳ100%࣬Сÿÿ1-2mlÿ20-30mlշ2-3Ρҩƽ3ȣQؼƽ4-6ʧתΪʹճĤʧƽ10졣ҩδָá

4.ƼԻʹȾԸףĿݲΪƱ7562ٴ׼÷ÿĿݲ2 1ˮ1500mlĻм壬࣬ȡ300mlȥ3ηַ֢ÿĿݲ22(޳֬)ˮ1200mlֱһСʱ࣬ٽߺϲĻ300mlȥ3ηַһ30ΪһƳ̣Ҫʱͣҩ2-3պڶƳ̡ڼ䣬ɸά B CΪơߵٴԾ֢״ʧʱΪ2-14죻ƢʱΪ10-65죻ʱΪ3-31죻״ǶתʱΪ7-71졣ƹδֶá

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