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2017-07-03 22:38 Ķ:

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ԴտƷëֲͷѩSaussurea laniceps Hand.-Mazz.ëͷѩS. eriocephala Franchȫҩļգȫ𣬶ɳɡ

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ηʪԹؽףŮСʹվ̥²£ѩǮӰ׾ƻƾ100졣ÿ10һնΡ½вҩֲᡷ

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ƴXu Lián Hu

ӢSnow Lotus Herb

ѩѩɻĴľ

ԡݸĿʰš

1.԰Сʶѩأ лѩĺģѩУ״缦ڣҶФ߳ಢ߻Բ߻⣬ɫ졣

2.Ŀʰšѩɻ𴨵ȴ֮أѩIJɢѩвݣɻͤͤѩɰϺɻϸ걡Ĵ磬Ʊͷƽɫ΢졣

ԴҩĻԴΪտֲͷѩѩˮĸѩָѩҶѩĴȫݡ

ֲﶯ1.Saussurea laniceps Hand.-Mazz.2.Saussrea gnaphaloides (Royle) Sch.-Bip.3.Saussurea medusa Maxim .4.Saussurea tridactyla Sch.-Bip.ex Hook. F.5.Saussurea quercifolia W.W.Smith

պʹأÿ6-7¼䣬ʱȡȫ꣬ȥɡ

ԭ̬1.ͷѩ ݱ15-30cm֣ɫдҶ׳ֱϲаɫëҶܼҶƬλΣ8-15cm1.5-2cmȶԼ⣬ҶԵв״ݣ˿״ë䣬ɫëͷ״޹ھϲųԲ״Ҷ״Σɫëܰ״ܰƬ״ΣԼ2.5cmȶ˳⣬аɫëڲܰƬΣ״⣬кںɫëɫ10-12mmܲԲ״ԼΪͲݹԼ3mmëںɫ̣ë״䣬ڲë״6-7

2.ѩ νʵİСݱ1.5-6cmϸ1״ҶӣкɫдҶֱҶܼҶƬԲλΣ2-4cm3-8mmȶ˶ۻԶۣɱϲԵԲݻȫԵ汻ɫƺɫëҶɫϲҶСҶ״״ܱҺɫëͷ״޹ھ˼״ֱܰ7-10mmܰƬ3-4㣬Ϻɫ㳤Բ״ΣȶԶۣëڲΣȶ˽⣻dzɫ8-10mmݹԼ3mmëɫë״ڲ״

3.ˮĸѩ ݱ8-15cmϸкɫдҶԾ״Ҷԡֱ˿״ëҶܼҶλ״ΣȶԲۣϰ벿Ե8-12ֳݣШΣɳ2.5cmɫ״ҶϲҶСλ״Σ˼򽥼⣬汻ɫëϲҶλ״ΣԵѻϸݡͷ״ھܼ״޹ܰͲ״10-15mmܰƬ״ԲΣɫаɫɫëڲ㵹ΣɫԼ12mmݹ״ĴΣ8-9mmëɫڲë״7-8£8-9¡

4.ָѩ ݱߴ15cmɫغɫֱԼ6mmϽ֣ڶɫдҶֱ֦ȫܱҰɫëҶܼھϣȫԵ3-6dzƬƬȶ˹Ϻɫͷ״򼯳ɰ״ھ˰¶ڰɫҶͰƬ֮ȫΪ״дëݹĹëë״ɫ

5.Ҷѩ ݱ4-6cm֣֦кɫдҶֱɫëҶԲλΣ3-4cm6-15mmȶԶۣШΣԵд־ݣаɫëܱɫëϲҶСλ״Σȶ˽⣬ԵݻȫԵͷ״λ״Σȶ˽⣬ԵݻȫԵͷ״޹ھܼ״аɫëڲ״ΣƬë״̣ɫ8-10mmݹ3-4mmëںɫë״䣬ڲë״

ֲ̬1.ڸɽʯ̲ʯ϶С

2.ڸɽɽʯ䡣

3.ں4100-4800mĸɽʯɽºʯ̲ϡ

4.ں4000mϵĸɽʯ̲ϡ

5.ڸɽϡ

Դֲ1.ֲĴϡصȵء

2.ֲ½Ĵصȵء

3.ֲڸࡢຣĴϡصȵء

4.ֲϡصȵء

5.ֲĴϵȵء

״״ 1ͷѩ ȫݸ޻״ϿԳʵԲ׶Σ10-30cmȫܱ֯İɫ򵭻ɫë׳غɫװ䣬кɫҶҶܼλΣ̻ɫ8-15cm1.5-2cmȶԼ⣬ɳԵв״dzݣ˿״ë䣬ɫëͷ״޹ھϲųԲ״Ƭ״ɫɫëܰΣܰƬ״ΣаɫëڲΣкںɫëɫ䡣ݹԼ3mmëںɫ΢ζ

2ѩ ϲֳ1.5-6cmϸ1״ҶԡҶԲλΣ2-4cm3-8mm汻ɫƺɫëϲԵԲݹȫԵҶɫϲҶС״򡣻dzɫëɫë״ڲ״

3ˮĸѩ ϲֳ8-15cmԼ15cmϸкɫҶصλλΣϰ벿Ե8-12ֳݣШΣϲҶСλ״Σ汻ɫëϲҶλ״ΣԵѻϸݡɫ򵭺ɫëɫڲ״

4ָѩ ϲֳ15cmԲΣʡҶ״ѣƬȶ˹ͷ״ϺɫɰΣ¶ڰɫҶƬ֮⣻ó дëëɫë״

5Ҷѩ ϲֳ4-6cm֣֦ҶԲλΣ3-4cm6-15mmԵд־ݣӰɫëܱëϲҶСΣݻȫԵͷ״ܼ״ɫëںɫ䣬ڲë״

ѧɷ֡1.ͷѩ ȫݺݹأscopoletinɡλumbelliferone-ǻͪp-hy-droxyacetophenoneʮһ飨n-hentriacontaneؼѣphyscionβ-޴β-istosterol

2.-D-߰chrysoeriol-7-O-β-D-glucoside۲-7-O-β-D-߰api-genin-7-O-glucoside߰[luteolin-7-O-α-Drhamnopyra-nosyl(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranoside]۲-7-O-α-L-ǻ1→2-Βd-߰[apigenin-7-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranoside]Ƥ-3-O-β-D-߰quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside۲أapigeninľϬأluteolinţ߰arctiinˮĸѩѩǣsaus-surea polysaccharideȫзֳṹδѩͪ߰saussurea flavone glucosideA1A2A3A4A5[5]

3.ѩSaussurea tridactyla Sch.-Bip.var. maid-ugonla S. W. Liouȫֲﺬ۲أ۲-7-β-D-߰ɡλɡλ-7-β-D-߰߰umbelliferone-7-β-D- glucoside ݹأ-ǻͪ-3ᣨ3-indolylacetic acidˮʲcolchicineβ-޴[6]

ҩáʹѩܼ100mg/kgƤע䣬СĸǻëϸѪͨ͸Ӱ죬20mg/kgǻעԴԹؽáѩͪ0.55mg/kgǻע䣬Դã20mg/kgǻע䣬СȰ巨ʹã100mg/kgǻעʹάC½ѩעҺ0.4g/ml1ml/ֻǻעԴԹؽã0.2ml/ֻǻע䣬СȰ巨ʹá

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ѩIJݣݾ(ԭвҩֲᡷ)θŮ ѩΡΣԡ (ԭвҩֲᡷ)ηʪԹؽףŮСʹվ̥²£ ѩǮӰ׾ƻƾ100졣ÿ10һնΡ(½вҩֲᡷ)ѩäʹ ѩǮԻˮ(вҩ)˳Ѫ ѩ󻼴(вҩ)

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