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ҽҩȫ > ҩ > ҩ > Y > ޲ʣ޲ף

޲ʣ޲ף

2017-08-16 23:20 Ķ:

йҩ䡷޲

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ƴYì Y Rén

ӢSEMEN COICIS

޲ӡס޲ס

ԴƷΪֲ̱޲Coix lacryma-jobi L. var. ma-yuen Roman.Stapfĸ^ʵʱɸֲ꣬ɹɣ¹ʵɹɣȥǡƺɫƤʣռʡ

״ƷʿλԲΣ48mm36mmɫ⻬żвдĻƺɫƤһ˶Բ˽Ͽ΢1ɫ״ꡣԲ͹1Ͽݹʼʵɫԡ΢ζ΢

𡿱ƷĩɫΪԲλΣֱ220μm״ټһ23ɣӵҺغɫ

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ﳴ޲ȡ޲ʣﳴ¼ D΢ɫ

ζʡ

龭Ƣθξ

ΡƢʪֹкŨˮףС㲻ʪԾΣƢйкӸӸƽࡣ

÷930g

ءͨﴦ

ע1޲Ӹ޲ͬȣãγʹ

2ʪ֢֮С̳࣬뻬ʯͨݵͬãʪ²а֣ʪаƫʤߣʡޢʡҶľͨͬáƷ־߽Ƣ֮ƢˮסʹߡזXľϡǵͬáƢʪйк£זXߵ顣ʪƤıʹΣ֦ԖXӦáηӸʹŧ̵«ӡʡȲݵ飻γӸܽݡӵͬá

ժ¼йҩ䡷

޲ͼƬ

ҩǵ䡷޲

ҩơ޲

ƴYì Y Rén

󻣨ʵף¼ףǧ·ʳΡ޲ӣͼػסӡ飨Ȼıݡ飨ϱݡܻʵĿ޲ףҩƷ塷ʣݳԭ޲ʣ±ࡷʣָ֤ϡףԭӣֲ㡷ףҩԾ𷨡ף䷽ҩ飨ҩ顢ѻ飨ҽҩֲ飨ֲҩ־ҩסˮס

ԴΪֲ̱޲^ʵȺ󣬸ȡȫ꣬ɹɣ¹ʵȥǼƺɫƤȥʣռʣɹɡ

ԭ̬޲ӣӣ˵ġI¼Ͼ鷽ᣨľ㷽޲򡢹ݡϹ򡢱žա

һݱϴֱ֣ɴ3סֱ11.5ףԼ10ڡҶƬ״Σ30ף1.53ףԵֲڣֺڱ͹Ҷʹ⻬ϲ߶ڽڼ䣻ҶӲԼ1ס״ҸСλڻ֮²Թ״ܰܰԼСȳСһӱ²Ĥʣϲֽʣȶ˶ۣڶӱΣڵһӱУȶ˺ֽʣ⣻ڶڵһƶС3˻߳С˻ɳԲͲ״ӱС볣23öһڣޱСһӱƽ۳ɼ߲ȿ֮ȶ˶ۣ߶ڶӱΣ߶ΪĤʣ3бСޱƣСи˻ߡӱӲܰλ״Ρ79¡910¡

ֲĸ޲ӸҶ޲Ҷ๩ҩãר

ֲԡҰӱߡϪʪɽСȫ󲿵зֲһΪƷҹ󲿷ֵӱ

״ʣԲλԲΣϿƽ˶Բ57ףԼ35ףɫưɫ⻬вƣʱƺɫƤ1ݹ״ֲڣɫ룬һɫС㡣ʼӲƿڲɫзԡ΢ζʵ󡢱ɫסΪѡ

ѧɷ֡ʺ16.2֬4.65̼ˮ79.17άB1330΢ˣӺᣨΪᡢᡢᡢҰȣ޲ء޲ƻ

ҩá޲͵

걨ʯѽ޲ͶܵĺƼ˶ĩңŨȳ˷ãŨȳáעܵܰǻ賦ڣܼټ֮ƣߡܵ񾭼걾֤õ㲻񾭸ɶڼⲿ֡һоָͻC1018ıֹ֬򽵵ͺƼ񾭼ͷλ֮ã֬ᣨᣩ޴á޲ͣ0.5/ƤעãC12ϵ֬ԿʹѪ½˿ñͪ׿֮ѪͣCϵ͵֬ᣨᣩѪǡѪƽӰ졣޲ͣҪΪἰԺС˷ܣԣԣʹѪšļóŨȳ˷ãŨȳãԼüӹһ˷ãؿɷת˷ãпãʹԣֹͣСƤע䣩Ϊ510/ˣãע䣩Ϊ11.5/

޲ص

ԺƼá񾭼걾ĵ̼Ӧȡǽͽ⣬Ƽ򵰰-߰ϵͳķӦбȽãΪԴСã뿧׿ڼõԵͼϣֲƵʼ٣ʾϵͳĻȡڴ飨β̼Уʹãǿ백ơнãTTGľƸ϶ࣩԷȵĽýϺãԶ֮áԶͻ䣨è-賦걾жݵáܽʿĵáþעѪѹ½ƤעʹѪ½༰óãöѪӰ졣ĶԺܵͣСڷ0.5/һ²쳣ı䡣

б޲ʶ԰ϸֹɳ˺á

ơʣȡ𾻵޲ùĻ΢ɫȡɡƤͬɡÿ100Ƥ10

׹ۡ"ʹ޲ʣһŴ׶ͬŴ죬ȥŴףȡʹһƣá"

ζʵ

١"ζʣ΢"

ڡ¼"޶"

ۡʳƱݡ"ƽ"

ܡ"ζʵ΢"

龭ƢΡ

١Ŀ""

ڡ׹ҩԽ⡷"ΡƢΡθ󳦡"

ۡ±ࡷ"Ƣ"

ΡƢΣȣʪйкʪԣΣ첻ˮףӸӸǣ״

١"Σ죬ʪԣ"

ڡ¼"аʣθˮףʳ"

ۡҩۡ"ŧѪ֮Ϫס"

ܡʳƱݡ"ȥʪ"

ݡʰš"ʡ""ɱ׳档"

ޡҽѧš"ؼ״"

ߡĿ"ƢθȣȥʤʪʳСܡ"

ࡶҩҩѧ"θлˮ"

ᡶйҩֲͼ"ηˮףʪĤףϰθ"

÷ڷO.31ɢ

ע⡿ƢԼѼѸ

١ݾ衷"Сˮ٣תƢʪ߼֮á"

ڡͨ"ߣҲ"

βһۣȣߣʪ˲ں磬ȡ£ƣȥڣݣʲһˣ޲ʰʮȥƤ⣬鶹ÿǮˮһյ룬˷֣ȥ·΢ܷ硣Ҫԡ޲Ӹʲ

ηʪ֫ԣۣ޲һɣϡˮˮʮˮ÷

ξ÷ʪԣθˮףаνΣ޲Ϊĩͬ࣬ʳ֮Ŀ޲ࣩ

ȥʪǿǣƢθ޲ʷۣͬƣʢ֮Ŀ޲ʾƣ

ˮ״ʶУˮ֭޲ʷնʳ֮з

ηŧѪ޲ʮ飬ˮһ֮÷ʦ鷽

ηӸ٣ؼ״ߣԴ޲Ũ΢¶ٷ֮Ѫ³

ηӸѪ޲̨ãˮյֶ

γӸ״Ƥ֮״޻ۣȣΪӸŧ޲ʮ֣Ӷ֣ܽ֡ζΪĩȡذˮ룬ٷС㵱¡Ҫԡ޲ӸӰܽɢ

γӸ޲һĵƤʸϰ˶ζˮȡٷǧ𷽡

ˮ޲ʳ֮Ŀ

ɳʯܣʹ̣ӡҶԿãˮͨΪȡϾ鷽

١塷"޲ʣƣ΢ΡȣʡעУȣ̣̹μ죬ȶҲʿ޲ʣʡ򺮼ߣɸôҲ֮뱶ҩƺͻ뱶üЧܺʹ˽ȹʹ˽Σȶܺʹ˽ʪ"

ڡĿ"޲ҩҲܽƢθĸʷӸ֮֮Ϊʾν֮ʤˮʪйˮ֮ŷСעƣзΣ٣ߣ޲ʣƢָ֮塣֡顷ƣԮڽֺ޲ʵʡʤҲʦ¼ƣ޼׹籭һ˽޲öڻϳˮΪɳ没ˣ֮Чݡ޲Ʒҩд˹"

ۡ衷"޲ʣܳʪζƢƢ浭йβ켰ʪԣаʣθˮףʳ֮ʪаȥƢθƢθнΣн֫ͨѪҲƢԳʪƢʵƢǿʳǣӡ"

ܡ"޲ӣζʵ΢΢ȥʪˮȥʪؽڣʪԣˮʹСܣɱ׳档΢οŧθȣֹʡ书Ϊʹ˱"

ݡҩƷ塷"޲ףζͣƷܽƢ泦θйк³ˮףʪ³졣ʪʤ߰ܣʤȡΣԴϽʣӸӸȡζ£ֲ²νʹ©Ѫöʳߣ޲Ч"

ޡ"޲ʣʪȶˡΡʪȣΪҪҩȻζ粻ȺԼãͶȻ֮ЧҲܺ?"

ߡ±ࡷ"޲ˮ֮ʪʢߣ֮Ӳ֮أ׼ҩ֮ѣˣʪȥʷˮʪ֢֮޲һΪ֮Ƣȥʪ֮ζδвЧҲȱζ֮ƽͶ֮Ҳ"

ࡶ֤"νʪСƢ޲ƣ֪к֮ǧ֮Ҳƺˮ¶޲΢ƺζ޲Ӹʵζ޲ζ㱡ΪIJٰҲǼڡҪ·ʪƪԻʪۣƼ亹ΪˣԻ֮Իһۣߣʪ˲ں磬ȡҲ޲Ӹʲߣʪ溮һߣʪ硣ߣ̫ղߣ̫˷ȣйаа֮˨Ϊ޲ΪӡȻ޲ӼηʪΣ죬˷ʪಫǽ۷죬ʪಫ۷ת࣬޲ӺҮ?ʹ֮ӣ޲ξ÷ʪԣαʪҲȻ޲Ӹʲ֤DZҮ?溹磬ȡ֮򣬾֪ƱʵDZҲ硣ʪƽȣ޲Ӻʸʲݣӭ֮˷ʪಫߣϼȹ˺ˡգѿ֪Ǿò³֮ȡȡӹ֦Ҿ䲻޲Ӿӡ޲ӷ෴Ҳô˼ñߣԼ޲Ի϶֮Ӧ٣ڻӦ٣Ҳ"

ٴӦáƱƽࣺȡ֮2׻󷹻ԣÿ1ΣãȬΪֹ23ҩ716죬11Ȭ6Ч6ЧڷҩƤʧǰƷӦ𺦲죬֢磻ַҩպ𺦲мˡ

עֲﴨͬҩá

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лݡ޲

ҩơ޲

ƴYì Y Rén

ӢCoix Seed Seed of Jobstears

󻡢Ӣסס޲ӡػס顢޲סʡ޲ʡʡססҩסˮססԣס

ԡũݾ

1.׹ۡʹ޲YUףŴζYUʱ˺ΪYUҲ

2.¼޲涨ƽҰ²ʵɸʱ

3.Ŀ޲ӣж֣һճߣDZ޲ҲװɫŴף෹ĥʳƣһԲǺӲߣҲ٣YUҲɫױZHAζҲ

ԴҩĻԴΪֲ̱޲ӵʡ

ֲﶯCoix lacryma-jobi L.var.ma-yuen(Roman) stapf[C.ma-yuen RomanetC.lacryma-jobi L.var.frumentacea Makino].

պʹأ9-10¾Ҷݻƣʵʺɫ󲿳죨Լ85%죩ʱֲ꣬3-4dɸȥҶɹɻ򿾸ɣѿǻеȥܰƤ

ԭ̬޲ һݱ1-1.5mϴֱ֣ɴ3mmֱԼ10ڡҶƬ״Σɴ30cm1.5-3cmԵֲڣֺڱ͹Ҷʹ⻬ϲ߶ڽڼ䣻ҶӲԼ1mm״ҸСλڻ֮²Թ״ܰܰԼСȳС1ӱ²Ĥʣϲֽʣȶ˶ۣ2ӱΣڵ1ӱУ2ڵ1С3˻߳С룬˻Ͳ״ӱС볣2-3öڵ1ڣޱС1ӱƽ۳ɼ߲ȿ֮2ӱΣΪĤʣ3бСޱСƣϲи˻ߡӱӲܰλ״Σ7-9£9-10¡

ֲ̬ԡҰӱߡϪʪɽС

Դֲҹ󲿷ֵзֲһΪƷ

ࡿҪ ѧϲůʪ¸ɺͷʡֲμءصκͳʪԽǿֵʿճΪˡҲ̱ڳʪˮ࣬رڳﻨڸdzˮ㣬༼ ӷֳΪԤ벡ǰ60ˮ10-20min̳Ӱ5%ʯˮн1-2dעⲻҪˮϵıĤȡˮƯϴ֣1:1:100IJҺ24-72h34£Ѩ27-30cmѨ5-7cmÿѨ5-6ţ2-3cmѹÿ1hm275-90kg

3-4ƬҶʱ磬ÿѨ4-5ꡣиһ3Ρ޲ϴͷԽǿǰڿʩ磬Ӧʩ׷ʡطʣٽ׳룬ˮֹʪɡˮʪԭ򣬼ʪ磬ɺνڣˮ룬ʪཬջ޲껨ھڷʢȹֲ꣨10-12ʱʹ۷߽ʵʡ

溦 к벡עѡֺӴֲӦγջ١ҶݲΪ溦ճΪ

״״ ʿλԲΣ4-8mm3-6mmɫ⻬żвдĻƺɫƤһ˶Բ˽Ͽ΢1ɫ״ꡣԲ͹1޿ݹʼʵɫʡ΢ζ΢ʵɫסƤΪѡ ΢ ĩɫΪԲλΣֱ2-20μm״״λѷ״ټ2-3ɡ

ѧɷ֡ʺ޲coixenolideֵ13%-14%֬2%-8%֬61%-64%6%-7%һ4%޴9%֬17%-18%ᣨlinoleic acidɴ25%-28%֬ẬΪ27%-28%֬ỹᣨpalmitic acidӲ֬ᣨstearic acid˳-8-ʮ̼ϩᣨcis-8-oc-tadecenoic acidȡһо߸õα-α-monoolein޴оߴõ˳--κ޴cis-trans-feruloylstigmasterol˳--κ޴cis-trans-feruloylcampesterolȡʻõϾǺԶCA-1CA-2Ѫõ޲ӶǣcoixanABC ӻӷͺ69ֳɷ֣Ҫȩhexanalᣨhexanoic acid2-һ-3-ǻ2-ethyl-3-hydroxy-hexylbutrateγ-γ-nonalactoneᣨnonanoic acidᣨoctanoic aidethylpalmitatemethyllinoleateȩvanillinethyllinoleateȡ

ҩá1.ã1.1Сǻע޲ʵҴȡưϸˮECAϸֳӳʱ䡣Ӹȡһ2֣һϸԭʱԣһʹϸ˵ķֹͣࡣ

1.2޲ʵıͪȡСǻעҲECAֿԿתƵʯѿܵԲУƤע䣬ʹˮ͸ϸʧһֵĶҲӦϸߡ޲ʱͪȡﻹӹ14U14ˮ͸ΰHCAʵá

1.3ٴӦ޲ļܹ۲쵽ڰ֢ӳЧָ֢߸ǻע޲ʱͪȡ󣬾ˮ飬ϸԭʷűԡ޲50%ҴȡɴٽıƽƤϸĽǻ

2.ã2.1޲ˮȡֵõԶϾǻPԶǢa-123b ־ʾԡ

2.2ԶϾǻǸ߶ԵģHPLCɷֵ7Ͼǣ0-6λǻ1→4ӵa-D-ϾǣÿϾڵⷴӦвͬգ530nm>550nm>500nm-ϾDZ530nm-ϾǸΪЧΪ൱Ŀԡ

2.3ԶǢ a-123b һ봿ÿCA-1CA-2к8-11%ʣֱΪ16000070000ڵͼʱCA-2CA-1 ʾǿĿԡ

3.ѪǡѪơѪѹãƤע޲ʵȡ޲ͣʹѪֵѪֵ͡޲ʵˮȡСǻע䣬ŽѪŨȣзֵЧɷ֣޲ӾABCЩɷֿСͰ壨AlloxanյĸѪСĵѪá޲ؾעѪѹʱ½

4.ȵøãǵ޲ƤзһȶȵøƼΪһּ򵥵ʣԼ12000װװлţȵøķӱΪ12˫ͷģdoubleheadedpH3-11͸100ijЩȶģƻԵȶԳ̶Ҫܼࡣ

5.շã֢߷޲Ϊҩķ󣬿ŸԵĻܡ޲ʵȡҲշѣѵĻǰκ޴Ͱκ޴91ʽκ޴ͷʽκ޴1200ug/ʱʾշá

ơ޲ʣȡ𾻵޲ùĻ΢ɫȡɡƤͬɡÿ޲100Ƥ10׹ۡʹ޲һŴףȡʹһƣá

ζʣ΢

龭ƢΣ

ΡʪƢԣŧˮףСʪ²йк£ʪʹΣӸӸƽ

÷ڷ10-30g衢ɢƣ࣬

ע⡿Ʒ˶÷Ƣʪἰи

1.޲ӣζʵ΢΢ȥʪˮ־ʪؽڣʪԣˮʹСܣɱ׳档΢οŧθȣֹʡ书Ϊʹ˱

2.ҩƷ塷޲ףζͣƷܽƢ泦θ Ƣк ˮףʪ̻³졣ʪʤܣʤȡΣԴϽʣӸӸȡζ£ֲνʹ©Ѫöʳߣ޲Ч

3.޲ʣʪȶˡΡʪȣΪҪҩȻζ粻ȺԼãͶȻ֮ЧҲܺգ4.±ࡷ޲ˮ֮ʪʢߣ֮Ӳ֮أ׼ҩ֮ѣˣʪȥʷˮʪ֢֮޲һΪ֮Ƣȥʪ֮ζδвЧҲȱζ֮ƽͶ֮Ҳ

5.֤νʪУƢ޲ƣ֪֮ǧ֮Ҳƺ¶޲΢ƺζ޲Ӹʵζ޲ζ㱡ΪIJٰҲǼڡҪ·ʪЫƪԻʪۣƼ亹ΪңԻ֮Իһۣߣʪ˲ں磬ȡҲ޲Ӹʲߣʪ溮һߣʪ硣ߣ̫ߣ̫˷ȣйаа֮ùΪ޲ΪӡȻ޲ӼηʪΣ죬˷ʪಫǽ۷죬ʪಫ۷ת࣬޲ӺҮ

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