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2017-06-10 23:49 Ķ:

йҩ䡷

ҩơ

ƴZé Lán

ӢHERBA LYCOPI

ع϶硢񡢸¶ӡ

ԴƷΪοֲëҶع϶Lycopus lucidus Turcz. var.hirtus Regelĸϲġ^Ҷïʢʱɸɹɡ

״ƷʷΣٷ֦dzݹ50100cm,ֱ0.20.6cmɫɫڴɫԣаɫëʴ࣬ưɫ貿пաҶж̱ҶƬչƽλԲΣ510cmϱɫ±ɫܾٵ㣬жëȶ˼⣬ԵоݡҶҸ״ڶ䣬Ƭ޴棬ƺɫ޳ζ

ơȥʣϴ͸жΣ

ζࡢ΢¡

龭ΡƢ

ΡѪˮס¾գʹѪʹˮס

÷612g

ءͨﴦ

ժ¼йҩ䡷

ͼƬ

ҩǵ䡷

ҩơ

ƴZé Lán

棨ѣ¼С׹ۡع϶磨̻ıݡ칣ݣϱݡҩĿ̺Ŀʰšݡա߲ݣϲҩ¼ӹŲݣֲ㡷ػӱҩġ¶ҩֲᡷҩ־

ԴΪοֲع϶Ҷġ侥Ҷïʢʱȡȫݣȥɳɹɡ

ԭ̬ݱ40100ס¸ߣԷʺ񣬰ɫֱΣǣпգɫϺɫɫ⻬ëڽڴëԡҶΣΣ4.511ף885ףȶ˳򽥼⣬ШΣԵݣʱ֮ϸݣʣйëܱٵ㣬ëëҶ̻ޱɡҸСƬΣԵëΣԼ4ףȶ5ѣƬΣȶ˳⣻ڰɫΣ¶ڻ࣬4.55ףٵ㣬ϴֱ´3ѣƬȣ2ӷΣ4ѣڻϣ2ѣСƽԼ1ףɫ79¡910¡

ֲĸ๩ҩãר

ֲɽҰĵݵػϪذĹľԼݴСֲ֡ӱݡϡĴȵءȫ󲿵

״ȫݣ3040סķΣֱ25ףԣƺɫ΢ɫÿһݹ࣬۶ϣаɫпաҶΣԵд־ݣɫ΢ɫеҶҸС״ޣζҶࡢɫ̡顢̡Ϊѡ

ѧɷ֡ع϶ȫݺӷ߰͡ʺ֬ͪ߰ࡢᡢлᡢ߰ǡǡǡǡǡˮǡǡʵǡǡǡǡǡˮǡ

ëҶع϶Ҳӷͺʡ

ҩáع϶ȫƼǿá

ơȥʣȥиˮжɹɡ

׹ۡ"ϸ֮þʢϽϣá"

ζ΢¡

١"ζ࣬΢¡"

ڡձݡ"ũƵۡ᪲ͩᣬ޶ϣ¡"

ۡ¼"ʣ޶"

ܡҩۡ"ζ"

龭ΡƢ

١ϱݡ"иΡƢ"

ڡ׹ҩԽ⡷"С"

ΡѪˮξգ֢͸ʹ渡ףˣ𴯣Ӹס

١"鸾з༲ˮף֫ףǽˮ𴯣Ӹ״ŧ"

ڡ׹ۡ"Ѫͨû"

ۡ¼"󡢽"

ܡҩۡ"ʹƵѪ˥ͣͨĿףѪʹ"

ݡջӱݡ"ͨϣѪѪ֢ǰٲͨСѪαǺѪͷĿʹݣɷơ"

ޡҽҪ"кƢѪθѪ֣ȥ"

ߡϲҩ¼"ˣɢ"

÷ڷ1.53Ǯ衢ɢãˮѬϴ

ע⡿Ѫ

١ݾע"Ϊʹ"

ڡ䱾ݡ"Ѫ߽á"

ξ΢٣ͨⷳʹվݣȣ΢Ҷ顢ҩһʲݰΪĩÿǮذˮյһյȥ·ʱռ÷

ξոʹǮ޲ݡĸݸǮţϥһǮͬ㽭ҩ

βˮףѪ鸡ףȷΪĩÿǮ¡

βȣɷѬϴΣݷϴ֮򷽡

С촯ķ֮ĸ¼

δ׳𣬼ף֮򷽡

ӸҷȫݶȡҶһգ۵÷ջΡҩ

ҧˣȫݶˮȡҶһյã˿ڡҩ

١Ŀ"Ѫ֣һ⣬ߡҩкԲͬҲ...֡ӡƣǣν֮㣬ͨҲ"

ڡݾϡ"йȣܺѪΣͨӪѪƢ֮ҩ÷Ϊ֮ʹˮף֫ףǽˮջӡ…ҩۡ…йȺѪж֮Ҳ"

ۡͨ"ƢԿøΣѪӪϣΪŮϼ"

ܡԭ"רβѪܡɣʹѪYˮף֫סӸ״ŧȡɢѪ֮Ϊ֮Ҫҩܺ顢֮ͯЧʤĸ"

ݡ桷"кѪƢ֮ȻƢˮѪ֮ζԾͨؽʳƣ¾ܵYˮɢѪʹֹѪѪĿʹ̱ӸΡ۴ˣƢѪˮѪ֮⣬ƢѪ֮ζҲ벹Ѫ֮ζͬͶв棬ϼƷҲ"

ޡ塷"ʪ֮ԣƣˮף֫ףǽˮԿʤʪ֮Ч༴ˮ֮⡣νӸ״ŧߣרѪֶŧҲΩν鸾IJɽ⣬Ǽ²֮ͨ⡣¼¶֮ͨȨνβʹ֮̿νƵѪ˥䣬ѪʹºѪ֮Ȼ֮ͨƷδأ˵֪֤֮÷֮ҩӡ"

עƷ⣬ֲͬҩɽëҶع϶̨ع϶磻Сع϶硢Ҷع϶ͳʵع϶磻½ŷع϶

ڳϸʡԾտֲ绪ֲ̬μ"㶫ţϥ"ɽֲ̬μ"Ӹ˲"ݣֲ̬μ""ȫʹá

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


лݡ

ҩơ

ƴZé Lán

ӢHiraute Shiny Bugleweek Herb, Herb of Hirsute Shiny Bugleweed

桢ˮ㡢Сع϶硢칣ݡҩ̺ݡա߲ݡӹŲݡػ¶ع϶硢Ұ黨

ԡũݾ

1.ձݡµˮԡҶ㣬ڣҶֲ֧ڼ䡣²ɡ

2.׹ۡʹҪʶ۴ƣβͬҶԲƣСҶϰߣͷ⡣

3. պ뾰񴦴УʪءҶ΢㣬ɼͣ㣬ԡ˼Ҷ֮ҶС졣ɽһƣҶСǿ㡣

ԴҩĻԴΪοֲëҶĵϲ֡

ֲﶯ1.Lycopus lucidus Turcz.2.Lycopus lucidus Turcz. Var. hirtus Regel

պʹأֳ꣬ӷֳ2ġ^ڣҶïʢʱաȡϲжΣɹɡ

ԭ̬ݱ߿ɴ1.7m߶ڵԲ״º߸Ƭֱ֦Σ϶ϺɫëڽëԡҶ߼̱ޱ²Ҷ䣬ϲҶԲΣԲλΣ5-10cm1.5-4cmȶ˽⣬ʿΣԵ߲Ĵݣ氵ɫëй߰ݵٵ㣬ëëɡ໨ҸСƬ״Σȶ˴̼⣬ϻ̻ȳëΣԼ4mmë4-6ѣƬΣȶâ״ΰɫ4.5-5mmëлɫ 㣬ϡ´ȳϴȶ΢´3ѣƬϴ󣬽ԲΣ2ƬԶСǰ2ڻڣҩԲ濪˻˿дʱȫʧʱ4öȫ˻л˿ҩIJӷԲΣ4ѣڻϣڻ⣬ëͷ2ѲȣƽСƽ״Σ1-1.5mmɫ6-9£8-10¡

ֲͬڣϱɫСӲëܼӲëҶΣɫ̽⣬ܱϸë״ӲëҪ߼ϱë״ӲëԵݣԵë

ֲ̬ں2100mµءɽҰݵءˮߵȳʪ

ءˮߵȳʪ

Դֲֲڶϼȵء

ֲȫ󲿷ֵ

ࡿѧ ϲůʪ67¸¶꼾ʢͺˮԣϲʣֵïʢѡ񡢸ֳʵɰΪˣڸƶ޹ࡣ

༼ øӷֳԸֳΪֳڲڸʱѡɫס׳۵ĸг10-15cmСΣо30-45cm15-20cm֣ÿѨ2-3Σ5cmѹˮֵڴ괺磬10dҳ硣ÿ1hm2750-900kgӷֳӲպ3-4¼о30cmԼѹӷѿ50%-60%¶17-20ң㹻¶ȲֺԼ10dҳ硣ÿ1hm23.75kg

עݡ30cm¢Ժ󣬿ԲǬسݣʱӦע⽽ˮʪ10-15cm1ոԺ󣬶Ӧ׷ʣʩøˮʩÿ1hm2 225-300kgֲ2-3ֲӦзԡ

溦 ⲡõ200-300Һϳϴ·ۣΡ溦г󶣬67·90%аٳ800-1000ҺҰ׳ΪҶ7-9¼֣η԰꣬ջ󷭸أԽԴ

״״ 1 ʷΣdzݹ50-100cmֱ2-5mmɫԴɫԣڼ䳤2-11cmʴ࣬۶ϣ貿пաҶչƽλԲΣԵоݣϱɫ±ɫɫٵ㡣ҶҸ״ڶ䣬Ƭ޴档΢ζ

2ëҶ ڼҶܱӲëơ

ۡҶࡢɫΪѡ

΢ 1 ҶۣϱƤϸܱڽƽֱëʲֲ״ơëʲֲ״ơë1-5ϸ״ͻ𣬳75-360μmҶϵëɴ520μmϸϿֱ32-80μmëͷ1-2ϸֱ16-28μmϸ±Ƥϸܱڲ״۽϶࣬ͷֱ55-80μm6-8ϸϸͷëҶϷë϶࣬80-520μm״ͻֱʽ

ۣƤϸΣʲëͷ1-2ϸϸͷֱʲëͷ1-2ϸϸͷֱ56-60μm6-8ϸϡ١żë

2ëҶ ҶۣϱƤϸܱƽֱë϶࣬1-5ϸ45-495μֱ32-50μmԵ״ͻ𣬲ë±Ƥϸڲ״ë϶࣬Ͼڶë3-6ϸ62-600μmͷֱ64-72μmֱʽ

ۣƤϸλ򳤷Σʲëۡϸë20-28μm⴦ϸëɴ750μm״ͻ

ѧɷ֡1.ǣglucose)ǣgalactose)ǣlycopose)ˮǣstachyose)ǣraffinose)ǣsucrose)[12]lacceroic acid)֬ᣨbetulinic acid)ܹᣨursolic acid)β-޴[3]

2.ëҶ ȫݺӷͺ[4]

ҩáع϶ȫƼǿáع϶缰ëҶȫݵˮ࣬2g/kg ǻע䣬ʹģ⺽ʧѪԸ΢ѭϰ4g/kg θ4g죬쳣ѪҺҲнϺõĸãʹѪҺճȡάԭϸۼָڶ顣

ɫףȡƷַ100gûӷͲⶨнôֻӷˮˮѵûӷ͡ȡӷ0.1mlʯ1mlƷҺα-ϩƷֱڹ轺G-CMCϣչƣ365nm۲죬ƷҺɫУƷɫӦλãͬɫߡ

ơȥʣȥиˮжɹɡ׹ۡϸ֮þʢϽϣá

ζζࣻ΢

龭ΣƢ

ΡѪˮףⶾӸŮգʹ͸ʹ֢ףˣӸ״

÷ڷ6-12g衢ɢãƷ󣻻ˮѬϴ

ע⡿Ѫ䱾ݡѪ߽á

ռ÷ǧҪѪĦеüɢ켯

1.ĿѪ֣һ⣬ߡҩкԲͬҲהԴߵѪѪͨ϶Ρ֡ӡƣǣν֮㣬ͨҲ

2.ݾ衷йȣܺѪΣͨӪѪƢ֮ҩ÷Ϊ֮ʹˮף֫ףǽˮջӡҩۡйȺѪж֮Ҳ

3.ͨƢԿøΣѪӪϣΪŮϼ

4.ԭרβѪܡɣʹѪ֢ˮף֫סӸ״ŧȡɢѪ֮ΪҪҩܺ顢֮ͯЧʤĸ

5.桷кѪƢ֮ȻƢˮѪ֮ζԾͨؽʳƣ¾֢ܵˮɢѪʹֹѪѪĿʹ̱ӸΡ۴ˣƢѪˮѪ֮⣬ƢѪ֮ζҲ벹Ѫ֮ζͬͶв棬ϼƷҲ

6.塷ʪ֮ԣƣˮף֫ףǽˮԿʤʪ֮Ч༴ˮ֮⡣νӸ״ŧߣרѪֶŧҲΩν鸾IJɽ⣬Ǽ²֮ͨ⡣¼¶֮ͨȨνβʹ֮̿νƵѪ˥䣬ӮѪʹºѪ֮Ȼ֮ͨƷδأ˵֪֤֮÷֮ҩӡ

7.鸾,з༲ˮף֫ףǽˮ𴯣Ӹ״ŧ

8.׹ۡѪͨû

9.¼󡢽

10.ҩۡʹƵѪ˥ͣӮͨĿףѪʹ

11.ջӱݡͨϣѪѪ֢ǰٲͨСѪαǺѪͷĿʹݣɷơ

12.ҽҪкƢѪθѪ֣ȥ

13.ϲҩ¼ˣɢ

ժ¼лݡ

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