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2017-07-06 22:01 Ķ:

йҩ䡷

ҩơ

ƴZ S Z

ӢFRUCTUS PERILLAE

ӡ

ԴƷΪοֲPerilla frutescens L.Britt.ĸʵ^ʵʱգȥʣɹɡ

״ƷԲλΣֱԼ1.5mmɫҺɫ΢¡İɫƣԼ⣬лҰɫ״ۡƤ࣬ѹ顣ӻưɫƤĤʣҶ2,ɫԡѹζ΢

ơȥʣϴ

ȡӣ峴¼ Dб

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龭ξ

Ρ̵ƽ󳦡̵棬ء

÷39g

ءͨﴦ

ժ¼йҩ䡷

ӵͼƬ

ҩǵ䡷

ҩơ

ƴZ S Z

ӣݾעӣƬ²ΡҰӡӣֲҩ־

ҩۡ

ԴΪοֲաȵʵ^ʵʱȡȫ룬¹ʵȥʣɹɡ

ԭֲ̬̬"Ҷ"

ֲաϡɽ㽭Ĵȵء

״ĹʵԲλԲΣ0.63ף̾0.52.5סҰС󡣱Һɫɫɫ¡״ƣϼһйۼƤӲ࣬ѹ顣ʻưɫʡ㣬ζ΢ԿȡɫΪѡ

ѧɷ֡Ӻ֬ͣ45.30άB1

ơӣȥмϴɹɡ

ӣȡùڣĻΪȣȡ

ζ¡

١¼"ζ¡"

ڡҩۡ"޶"

龭Ρ󳦾

١ҩƷ塷"ξ"

ڡ¡"Ρ"

Ρ̵Σο棬̵ͣء

١¼"С"

ڡҩۡ"档ʪ"

ۡջӱݡ"Уֹ࣬ҡŻ¡θͣʽˣС㣬֢ᣬֹȣķΣ̵"

ܡ塷"η"

ݡĿ"η˳з"

ޡͨ"Ȯˡ"

÷ڷ1.53Ǯ֭衢ɢ

ע⡿ݷԭ"йԡ鴭桢Ƣ㻬߽Բá"

Сÿԣ̵⣬˿Ժ𴭣һǮ˴һȥƤ⣩˼Ӱ۶ǮΪĩÿǮСһǮ׹ˮ¡ϱݡɢ

ԣʳƦ̵ӡ׽ӡܲӡζϴ΢飬֤࣬Ϊ֮ÿǮСʢּ֮ˮã˼尾̫ʵߣٷƬҽͨ

˳㣺ӡʡ϶ζж٣ãˮȡ֭ʳࣩ֮

ν纮ʪԣ֫μ಻ɼأӶ飬ˮȡ֭֭׶࣬ʹСʳ֮ʥݷ

ʱˮˮСӣܲӣΪĩÿǮɣƤնΡʥ¼

ʳзжӵ֭֮Ҫԡ

պ뾰"ӣƤͬҲ"

ڡĿ"ҶͬɢҶҲ"

ۡҩƷ塷"ζɢɢר̵ͣԴ̵գ̵ʹԴ˻̵ɢᡣƣΪ棬纮ͷξöɢа֣ʳ̵ԷȣԴΪЧ"

ܡ"ÿ֮ʤҶߡҶӾܺҶͶɢͶͨ˺Ͷϸ֮"

ݡݻ㡷"ӣɢݣ̵йͨ㣬纮ʪԡߣҲͬʩɡ"

ޡݷԭ"ΩӶΪͿ֮רҩ֮ٺͬΪԡ̵˳֮"

ߡҽҪ"ӹͬվҶΣ̵ȶֹʹʣ⣬󡣷ι϶УкΣ߿˳ӡߣ˳Ҳ˳Ҳ"

ժ¼ҩǵ䡷


лݡ

ҩơ

ƴZ S Z

ӢPerilla Fruit

ӣӣӣ

ԡҩۡ

ԴҩĻԴΪοֲպҰյĹʵ

ֲﶯPerilla furtescens (L.) Britt. Var .arguta (Benth.) Hand.-Mazz P. frutescens (L.) Britt .var .purpurascens (Hayata )H. W. Li

պʹأ^ʵʱգȥʣɹɡ

ԭ̬һݱ30-200cmⷼ㡣ֱ֦ɫɫɫΣܱëҶҶ3-5cmϺɫɫëҶƬΡ״Բλ״Σ4-13cm2.5-10cmȶ˽ͻ⣬ʱʶβ״ԲλШΣԵߴ־ݣʱݽdzѣɫɫëҶܣҶϸٵ㣻7-8ԣλ²Կбɡ2ƫһɼ״򣬶ҸܱëƬΡ״λΣȫԵԵëٵ㣬ԵĤʣ1-1.5mmܱë״Լ3mm10沿ܱëлɫٵ㣬5ݣ2ϴ3ݣ´2ݣʱ󣬻״ڴΣ3-4mmɫϺɫͲë汻ëϴ΢´3ѣƬԲΣƬϴ4ǿڻͲв⣬ҩ2ңǰ󣻴1ӷ4ѣͷ2ңǰ󣻴1ӷ4ѣͷ2ѡСΣɫɫֱ1-1.3mmƣ೤Լ10mm6-8£7-9¡

һյڣС4-5.5mm汻ëٵ㣻ëҶСΣ4.5-7.5cm2.8-5cm汻ëССɫֱ1-1.5mm6-8£7-9¡

״״ 1 СԲλΣֱ0.6-2mmɫҺɫ΢¡İɫ״ƣԼ⣬лҰɫ״ۡƤ࣬ѹ顣ӻưɫƤĤʣҶ2öɫԡѹζ΢

2Ұ Сֱ0.6-1.5mmٷ2mmɫɫ㳣䣬¶dzɫʯϸ㡣

΢ ʵ棺1йƤΪ2-3бϸάɢڣΪ1ɫϸ۳ʶΣɫΪ1ڹƤʯϸ120-140μmʯϸ8-10״ͻԲ״ͻ𣬿׹ϸխľƤڱƤϸ΢ľܼСҲƤΪ1бڳƻϸԲλԲΣǰֱ40-52μm߳48-80μmΪ2-3бϸҶ͵Ρ

2Ұ ƤǼϱƶ֣ɫϸгɫʡ

ѧɷ֡Ӻ17%51.7%и֬ᣨlinolenic acid)56.8%ᣨlinoleic acid)17.6%[1]

ػӺ֬25.7%аռ0%-80%ͣһͣ޴޴֬֬ᡣ֬а֬lecithin)Ѫ֬lysolecithin)ǻͶmonogalactosyldiglyceride)߰֬cere-broside)֬cephalin)˿ᣨphosphatidylserine)޴ҪΪβ-޴β-sitosterol)ey gku vlf sgyb(.exj od r exj eyn sgc xeg dn yg sv yl fgh wty dmd dg oqd sgc (45%-50%)Ϊʮ̼ϩᣬʮ̼һϩᣬʮ̼ἰʮ̼[2]

ҩá1. 712-׻12-׻շ᳦ٰĸϸĴιǺ10%ͣα-ᣩп[1]

2. зԷԸѪѹSHR-SPιͿӳʣʹʱӳ[2]ͻߴѧϰ[3]

3. 2.3-15.5g/kgιţɲǵͼԷף˪ں޴˶[4]

1ȡƷĩ2g20ml½0.5h˹ȡȡҺ2mlòϣ»ӳѣ̶ˮ1-2ֱӼȣݲд̼سİɫ壨ϩȩ֬໯2ɫ ȡƷĩ200gɳȡУʯѣ30-60棩Ȼ8h䣬ʯѵ͡ȡ2g0.5mol/Lҡȥʣ25ml×4Σˮ6mol/L40mlȡ25ml×4Σˮϴʣ25ml×4Σˮˮѣ2%Ũ-״1530ml2hˮ60mlʯȡ25ml×4ΣʯѼ֬ȡգڹ轺G-10%AgNO3)310ϣԱչΣ0.2%27-ӫҴҺΪҪ254nm¹۲죬ͬĻɫߵ㡣

ζζ

龭Σ󳦾

Ρ̵ƽ󳦡̵棻

÷ڷ5-10衢ɢ

ע⡿ԭйԡ鴭桢Ƣ㻬߽Բá

Сÿԣ̵⣬˿Ժ𴭣 һǮ˴һ(ȥƤ)˼Ӱ۶ǮΪĩÿǮСһǮ׹ˮ¡(ϱݡɢ)ԣʳƦ̵ ӡ׽ӡܲӡζϴ΢飬֤࣬Ϊ֮ÿǮСʢּ֮ˮã˼尾̫ʵߣٷƬ(ҽͨ)˳㣺 ӡʡ϶ζж٣ãˮȡ֭ʳ֮()ν纮ʪԣ֫μ಻ɼأӶ飬ˮȡ֭ ֭׶࣬ʹСʳ֮(ʥݷ) ʱˮˮС ()ܲ()ΪĩÿǮɣƤնΡ(ʥ¼)ʳзж ոɵ֭֮ (Ҫԡ)

1. պ뾰ӣƤͬҲ

2.ĿҶͬɢҶҲ

3.ҩƷ塷ζ̣ɢר̵ͣԴ̵գ̵ʹԴ˻̵ɢᡣƣΪ棬纮ͷξöɢаʳ̵ԷȣԴΪЧ

4.ÿ֮ʤҶߡҶӾܺҶͶɢͶͨ˺Ͷϸ֮

5.ݻ㡷ӣɢݣ̵йͨ㣬纮ʪԡߣҲͬʩɡ

6.ԭΩӶΪͿ֮רҩ֮ٺͬΪԡ̵˳֮

7.ҽҪӹͬվҶΣ̵ȶֹʹʣ⣬󡣷ι϶УкΣ߿˳ӡߣ˳Ҳ˳Ҳ

8.¼С

9.ҩۡ档ʪ

10.ջӱݡУֹ࣬ҡŻ¡θͣʽˣС㣬ƽᣬֹԣأ̵

11.塷η

12.Ŀη˳з

13.ͨȮˡ

ժ¼лݡ

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